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The Info List - State Emblem Of India





The State Emblem
Emblem
of India, as the national emblem of India
India
is called, is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka
Lion Capital of Ashoka
at Sarnath, preserved in the Varanasi Sarnath
Sarnath
Museum in India. A representation of Lion Capital of Ashoka was initially adopted as the emblem of the Dominion of India
India
in December 1947.[1] The current version of the emblem was officially adopted on 26 January 1950, the day that India
India
became a republic.[2]

Contents

1 Usage and description 2 Emblems of national bodies 3 Historic seals and emblems

3.1 Pre-colonial India 3.2 British rule in India 3.3 Portuguese rule in India 3.4 Dominion of India

4 See also 5 References

Usage and description[edit] The emblem forms a part of the official letterhead of the Government of India
India
and appears on all Indian currency as well. It also functions as the national emblem of India
India
in many places and appears prominently on Indian passports. The Ashoka Chakra
Ashoka Chakra
(wheel) on its base features in the centre of the national flag of India. The usage of the emblem is regulated and restricted under State Emblem of India
India
(Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005. No individual or private organisation is permitted to use the emblem for official correspondence. The actual Sarnath
Sarnath
capital features four Asiatic lions standing back to back, symbolizing power, courage, confidence and pride, mounted on a circular base. At the bottom is a horse and a bull, and at its centre is a wheel (Dharma chakra). The abacus is girded with a frieze of sculptures in high relief of The Lion of the North, The Horse of the West, The Bull of the South and The Elephant of the East, separated by intervening wheels, over a lotus in full bloom, exemplifying the fountainhead of life and creative inspiration. Carved from a single block of sandstone, the polished capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra). In the emblem adopted by Madhav Sawhney in 1950, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus, with a bull on the right and a galloping horse on the left, and outlines of Dharma Chakras on the extreme right and left. The bell-shaped lotus beneath the abacus has been omitted.[3] Forming an integral part of the emblem is the motto inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari
Devanagari
script: Satyameva Jayate सत्यमेव जयते (English: Truth Alone Triumphs).[4] This is a quote from Mundaka Upanishad,[5] the concluding part of the sacred Hindu
Hindu
Vedas. Dinanath Bhargava
Dinanath Bhargava
was the man handpicked by legendary painter Nandalal Bose to design the National Emblem
Emblem
as a 21-year-old. He died at his home in Anand Nagar, Indore, on Saturday evening, the 24th December 2016. He was 89 years old.[6]

The original Lion Capital of Ashoka

Ashoka Stambha at Indian Museum, Kolkata

Early photograph.

Photograph at time of discovery.

Sarnath
Sarnath
pillar capital of Ashoka.

Emblems of national bodies[edit]

Emblem
Emblem
of the Supreme Court of India

Emblem
Emblem
of the Central Bureau of Investigation

Emblem
Emblem
of the Research and Analysis Wing

Historic seals and emblems[edit] Pre-colonial India[edit]

Seal of the Mughal Empire

Coat of arms of the British East India
India
Company which ruled most of the subcontinent after the Marathas
Marathas
until 1857

British rule in India[edit]

Coat of arms of the United Kingdom, used for all official documents, publications and correspondence during the British Raj
British Raj
(1858-1947)

Unofficial emblem of India
India
during the British Raj
British Raj
called the Star of India

Portuguese rule in India[edit]

Coat of arms of Portuguese India
India
(1600-1935)

Lesser coat of arms of Portuguese India
India
(1935-1961)

Greater coat of arms of Portuguese India
India
(1935-1951)

Greater coat of arms of Portuguese India
India
(1951-1961)

Dominion of India[edit]

Coat of arms of the United Kingdom
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom
used by the Dominion of India (August–December 1947)

Emblem
Emblem
used by the Dominion of India
India
(December 1947-January 1950) [1]

Emblem
Emblem
of the Constituent Assembly of India

See also[edit]

Symbols of Indian states and territories

References[edit]

^ a b "Press Communique' - State Emblem" (PDF). Press Information Bureau of India
India
- Archive. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 February 2018.  ^ "State Emblem". Know India. Government of India. Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ "The State Emblem
Emblem
Of India
India
(Prohibition Of Improper Use) Act, 2005" (PDF). 20 December 2005. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2012.  ^ Kamal Dey v. Union of India
India
and State of West Bengal (Calcutta High Court 2011-07-14). Text ^ " Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Parliamentary Standing Committee On Home Affairs: 116th Report on The State Emblem
Emblem
Of India
India
(Prohibition Of Improper Use) Bill, 2004" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 March 2013.  ^ "Artist who sketched national emblem dies". Times of India. Times of India. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 

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