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Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
(Bulgarian: Стара Загора, pronounced [ˈstarɐ ˈzaɡorɐ]) is a city in Bulgaria, a nationally important economic center. Located in Southern Bulgaria, it is the administrative capital of the homonymous Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Province. According to Operative Program Regional Development of Bulgaria, the agglomeration of Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
is the fifth largest in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and has a population of 213,444 inhabitants.[2] Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
is known as the city of straight streets, linden trees, and poets.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Augusta Traiana 2.2 Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
official day

3 Geography and climate 4 Population

4.1 Ethnic linguistic and religious composition

5 Sports 6 Main sights 7 Districts 8 Famous people 9 Other 10 Twin towns and sister cities 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Name[edit] The name comes from the Slavic root star ("old") and the name of the medieval region of Zagore ("beyond the [Balkan] mountains" in Slavic)[3] History[edit]

The General Post office of Stara Zagora

The Roman Amphitheatre

Stronghold Ulpia Augusta Traiana over city's modern map

Augusta Traiana[edit] A city was founded by Phillip II of Macedon[4][5][6][7] at 342 BC. Under the Roman Empire, the town was renamed to Ulpia Augusta Traiana in honour of emperor Trajan. ohn's Byzantine army, and many of the captives were settled as foederati within the Byzantine frontier. In 1208 the Bulgarians defeated the Latin Empire
Latin Empire
in the battle of Boruy, also fought nearby. The Ottomans conquered Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
in 1371. A grade school was built in 1840 and the town's name was changed to Zheleznik (Железник; a Slavic translation of Beroe) in 1854 instead of the Turkish Eskizağra (Also called Zağra-i Atik), but was renamed once again to Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
in 1870. It was an administrative centre in Edirne Province
Edirne Province
before 1878 as "Zağra-i Atik".[8] After the Liberation of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
from Ottoman rule in 1878, it became part of autonomous Eastern Rumelia
Eastern Rumelia
as a department centre before the two Bulgarian states finally merged in 1886 as a result of the Unification of Bulgaria. Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
official day[edit] Every year October 5 is celebrated as the official day of Stara Zagora with multiple events, concerts, activities for kids and a fair.

Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78

Kızıl Tepe Simnitza Svistov Nikopol Stara Zagora Plevna 1st Shipka Pass 2nd Shipka Pass Lovcha 3rd Shipka Pass Gorni-Dubnik Erzurum Kars Tashkessen Sofia 4th Shipka Pass Plovdiv Harmanli

Geography and climate[edit] Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
is the administrative centre of its municipality and the Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Province. It is about 231 kilometres (144 mi) from Sofia, near the Bedechka river in the historic region of Thrace. The city is in an area of a transitional continental climate with a considerable subtropical influence. The average yearly temperature is about 13 °C (55 °F).

Climate data for Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
(2002-2014)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 6.5 (43.7) 8.7 (47.7) 14.1 (57.4) 18.6 (65.5) 24.5 (76.1) 28.0 (82.4) 31.5 (88.7) 31.2 (88.2) 26.7 (80.1) 20.5 (68.9) 13.8 (56.8) 7.8 (46) 19.3 (66.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.0 (35.6) 3.5 (38.3) 8.0 (46.4) 13.4 (56.1) 18.7 (65.7) 23.0 (73.4) 25.2 (77.4) 25.0 (77) 21.0 (69.8) 15.3 (59.5) 9.5 (49.1) 3.9 (39) 13.0 (55.4)

Average low °C (°F) −1.5 (29.3) −0.8 (30.6) 3.1 (37.6) 8.2 (46.8) 13.0 (55.4) 17.1 (62.8) 18.9 (66) 18.8 (65.8) 14.5 (58.1) 10.2 (50.4) 5.8 (42.4) 1.0 (33.8) 9.0 (48.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 47 (1.85) 35 (1.38) 37 (1.46) 51 (2.01) 71 (2.8) 66 (2.6) 57 (2.24) 48 (1.89) 32 (1.26) 45 (1.77) 57 (2.24) 52 (2.05) 598 (23.55)

Source: [Stringmeteo.com]

Population[edit]

Stara Zagora, 1930's

Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
was possibly the biggest town in today's Bulgarian territory before liberation from Ottoman rule. But the town was burned and destroyed by Turkish army during the Liberation war in 1877-1878. During the first decade after the liberation of Bulgaria, in the 1880s the population of Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
decreased and numbered about 16,000.[9] Since then it started growing decade by decade, mostly because of the migrants from the rural areas and the surrounding smaller towns, reaching its peak in the period 1989-1991 exceeding 160,000.[10] After this time, the population has started decreasing because of the low birth rate. Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
is one of the richest cities in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
with much better economic situation than average for the Bulgarian provinces.

Stara Zagora

Year 1887 1910 1934 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2009 2011 2013

Population 16,039 22,003 29,825 38,325 55,094 88,857 122,454 151,163 150,451 143,420 141,597 140,710 138,272 137,834

Highest number 151,272 in 1985

Sources: National Statistical Institute,[10][11][12] „citypopulation.de“,[13] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,[14] Bulgarian Academy of Sciences[9]

Ethnic linguistic and religious composition[edit] According to the latest 2011 census data, individuals who declared their ethnic identity were distributed as follows:[15][16]

Bulgarians: 117,963 (93.2%) Gypsies: 5,430 (4.3%) Turks: 1,965 (1.6%) Others: 579 (0.5%) Indefinable: 617 (0.5%) Undeclared: 11,718 (8.5%)

Total: 138,272 Sports[edit] PFC Beroe Stara Zagora is a football (soccer) club in Stara Zagora. It was established in 1916 and plays at Beroe stadium. The team is a member of the "A grupa" league. Beroe has won the Bulgarian Cup two times (2009-2010 and 2012-2013).[17][18] Main sights[edit]

A Communist era statue at a park in the center of town.

Historical sites Regional Historical Museum The Antique Forum Thracian Tomb The Roman Baths The Samarsko Zname Monument Ayazmoto Park Defenders of Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Memorial Complex Memorial House of Geo Milev The South Gate of Augusta Trajana The Opera House, built in 1925 Stara Zagora Transmitter with one of the few Blaw-Knox Towers in Europe Neolithic Dwellings Museum[19]

Districts[edit]

Districts of Stara Zagora

Bedechka - Gradinski (Бедечка - Градински, named at river Bedechka) Central City Part (includes Supercenter, Chayka & Zagorka) (Централна градска част (Суперцентър, Чайка и Загорка) - Chayka - Sea-gull, Zagorka
Zagorka
- named after Zagorka
Zagorka
brewery) Makedonski (Македонски - Macedonian) know also as Chumleka (Чумлека) Dabrava (Дъбрава - former village of Dabrava) Eastern Industrial Zone (Източна индустриална зона) Geo Milev
Geo Milev
(Гео Милев - named after the Bulgarian poet) Golesh (Голеш) Industrial Zone (Индустриална Зона) Kazanski (Казански) Kolyo Ganchev (Кольо Ганчев - named after the famous Bulgarian revolutionary) Lozenets (Лозенец - from лозе - vineyard) Mitropolit Metodiy Kusev (Митрополит Методий Кусев - named after a famous Starozagorian bishop) Opalchenski (Опълченски - Volunteer's district named after Bulgarian voluntary army units) also known as Chaika (Чайка - Sea-Gull) Samara 1, 2 & 3- (Самара 1, 2 и 3 - named after the sister city of Samara, Russia) Slaveykov (Славейков - named after the famous Bulgarian poet Petko Slaveykov) Studentski grad - (Студентски град - Student town) Tri Chuchura north, center & south - (Три чучура север, център и юг - "Three spouts") Vasil Levski - (Васил Левски - named after the famous Bulgarian revolutionary) Vazrazhdane - (Възраждане - Renaissance) Zheleznik (small & big) (Железник - like one of the former names of the city) Zora (Зора - Dawn)

Future districts :

Atyuren (Атюрен - future district of the city) Bogomilovo (Богомилово - village of Bogomilovo) Hrishteni (Хрищени - village of Hrishteni) Malka Vereya (Малка Верея - Vereya - old name of the city, Malka - small, village of Malka Vereya)

Famous people[edit]

Anna Tomowa-Sintow, dramatic soprano opera singer Vesselina Kasarova, coloratura mezzo-soprano opera singer Vesselin Stoykov, bass-bariton opera singer[20] Kiril Hristov, writer Stefan Kisyov, writer Stefan Slivkov, revolutionary, mayor of Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
(1885–1886) and Bulgarian National Assemblyman Martin Kalchev, European Karate champion, European Full-contact Sanda champion Zhelju Tsvetkov Zhelev, first recipient of the State Title "Honoured Railworker" in 1952[21]

Other[edit]

Beroe Hill
Beroe Hill
on Livingston Island, West Antarctica
West Antarctica
is named after this city, in its previous incarnation as Beroe. One of the two lighting factories Svetlina is situated here.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Bulgaria Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
is twinned with:

Radom, Poland[22][23] Larissa, Greece Samara, Russia Downpatrick, United Kingdom Sheffield, United Kingdom Kruševac, Serbia Barreiro, Portugal

See also[edit]

Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Airport Coat of arms of Stara Zagora Kalvacha Airport

References[edit]

^ "Population by districts, municipalities, place of residence and sex". NSI. 2015-12-31. Retrieved 2016-05-13.  ^ [1] (page 39) Archived September 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Стара Загора" (in Bulgarian). Верея Тур. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  ^ Women and slaves in Greco-Roman culture: differential equations by Sandra Rae Joshel, Sheila Murnaghan,1998,page 214,"Philip II founded cities at Beroe, Kabyle, and Philippopolis in 342/1, and Aegean-style urban life began to penetrate Thrace." ^ Late Roman villas in the Danube-Balkan region by Lynda Mulvin,2002,page 19,"Other roads went through Beroe (founded by Philip II of Macedon) " ^ Philip of Macedon by Louïza D. Loukopoulou,1980,page 98,"Upriver in the valley between the Rhodope and Haimos Philip founded Beroe (Stara Zagora) and Philippolis (Plovdiv)." ^ The cities in Thrace
Thrace
and Dacia in late antiquity: (studies and materials) by Velizar Iv Velkov,1977,page 128,"Founded by Philipp 11 on the site of an old Thracian settlement, it has existed without interruption from that time." ^ http://acikarsiv.ankara.edu.tr/fulltext/3066.pdf[dead link] ^ a b (in Bulgarian) Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b (in Bulgarian)[2] ^ "Таблици на населението по настоящ и по постоянен адрес". ГД ГРАО. Retrieved 2016-05-13.  ^ (in English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - 2014 ^ (in English) „WorldCityPopulation“ ^ "„pop-stat.mashke.org"".  ^ (in Bulgarian) Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (in Bulgarian) ^ Website: /beroe.eu ^ "Loading". www.tararadam.com.  ^ "Neolithic Dwellings".  ^ www.vesselin-stoykov.com ^ [3][dead link] ^ " Radom
Radom
- Miasta partnerskie" [ Radom
Radom
- Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom
Radom
[City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.  ^ " Radom
Radom
- miasta partnerskie" (in Polish). radom.naszestrony.pl. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stara Zagora.

Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Regional museum of history Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Tourist Information Centre Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Economic Development Agency Maps, Population, Info & Facts about cities and villages in Stara Zagora municipality Programata Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
— the free cultural guide of Stara Zagora Information and links about Stara Zagora Information from Visit Bulgaria Chamber of commerce Real Photos from Stara Zagora News and videos from Stara Zagora [4]

v t e

Cities and towns of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(2011 census)

1,000,000+

Sofia
Sofia
(capital)

300,000+

Plovdiv Varna

200,000+

Burgas

100,000+

Pleven Ruse Stara Zagora

50,000+

Asenovgrad Blagoevgrad Dobrich Gabrovo Haskovo Pazardzhik Pernik Shumen Sliven Veliko Tarnovo Vratsa Yambol

20,000+

Aytos Botevgrad Dimitrovgrad Dupnitsa Gorna Oryahovitsa Kardzhali Karlovo Kazanlak Kyustendil Lom Lovech Montana Nova Zagora Petrich Razgrad Samokov Sandanski Sevlievo Silistra Smolyan Svishtov Targovishte Troyan Velingrad Vidin

10,000+

Balchik Bankya Berkovitsa Byala Slatina Cherven Bryag Chirpan Elhovo Etropole Gotse Delchev Harmanli Ihtiman Karnobat Kavarna Knezha Kostinbrod Kozloduy Mezdra Nesebar Novi Iskar Novi Pazar Panagyurishte Parvomay Pavlikeni Peshtera Pomorie Popovo Provadia Radnevo Radomir Rakovski Razlog Stamboliyski Svilengrad

5,000+

Aksakovo Bansko Belene Belogradchik Beloslav Bobov Dol Bozhurishte Byala, Ruse Province Chepelare Devin Devnya Dolni Chiflik Dryanovo Dulovo Elena Elin Pelin Galabovo General Toshevo Hisarya Isperih Kostenets Kotel Krichim Krumovgrad Kubrat Kuklen Levski Lukovit Lyaskovets Lyubimets Madan Momchilgrad Omurtag Oryahovo Perushtitsa Pirdop Rakitovo Saedinenie Septemvri Simeonovgrad Simitli Slivnitsa Sopot, Plovdiv
Plovdiv
Province Sredets Straldzha Svoge Tervel Teteven Topolovgrad Tryavna Tsarevo Tutrakan Tvarditsa Varshets Veliki Preslav Yakoruda Zlatitsa Zlatograd

2,000+

Aheloy Apriltsi Ardino Batak Batanovtsi Belitsa Belovo Borovo Bratsigovo Bregovo Breznik Byala Chernomorets Dalgopol Debelets Dobrinishte Dolna Banya Dolna Mitropoliya Dolna Oryahovitsa Dolni Dabnik Dospat Dragoman Dunavtsi Dve Mogili Dzhebel Glodzhevo Godech Gulyantsi Gurkovo Hadzhidimovo Ignatievo* Iskar Ivaylovgrad Kableshkovo Kalofer Kameno Kaspichan Kilifarevo Klisura Kocherinovo Koprivshtitsa Kostandovo Koynare Kresna Kran Krivodol Kula Laki Letnitsa Loznitsa Maglizh Malko Tarnovo Marten Мizia Nedelino Nikolaevo Nikopol Obzor Opaka Pavel Banya Polski Trambesh Pordim Pravets Primorsko Rila Roman Rudozem Sadovo Sapareva Banya Sarnitsa Shabla Shivachevo Slavyanovo Slivo Pole Smyadovo Sozopol Strazhitsa Strelcha Sungurlare Suvorovo Sveti Vlas Tran Trastenik Tsar Kaloyan Ugarchin Valchedram Valchi Dol Varbitsa Vetovo Vetren Yablanitsa Zavet Zlataritsa

1,000+

Ahtopol Alfatar Antonovo Balgarovo Boboshevo Bolyarovo Boychinovtsi Brusartsi Byala Cherkva Chiprovtsi Dimovo Glavinitsa Gramada Kaolinovo Kermen Merichleri Momin Prohod Plachkovtsi Senovo Shipka Suhindol Zemen

500+

Kiten Madzharovo Pliska

499-

Melnik

Notes

city status after the census of 01.02.2011: Ignatievo, Kran

v t e

Municipalities of Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora
Province

Bratya Daskalovi Chirpan Galabovo Gurkovo Kazanlak Maglizh Nikolaevo Opan Pavel Banya Radnevo Stara Zagora

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159441810 GND: 4349944-2 BNF:

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