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SAGA:

* Original trilogy :

* _IV – A New Hope _ (1977) * _V – The Empire Strikes Back _ (1980) * _VI – Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
_ (1983)

* Prequel trilogy :

* _I – The Phantom Menace _ (1999) * _II – Attack of the Clones _ (2002) * _III – Revenge of the Sith _ (2005)

* Sequel trilogy :

* _VII – The Force Awakens _ (2015) * _VIII – The Last Jedi
Jedi
_ (2017) * _IX _ (2019)

ANTHOLOGY FILMS :

* _ Rogue One _ (2016) * Untitled Han Solo film (2018) * Untitled Anthology film (2020)

ANIMATED FILMS:

* _The Clone Wars _ (2008)

TELEVISION SERIES

* _The Clone Wars _ (2008–14) * _Rebels _ (2014–present) * _Forces of Destiny _ (2017–present)

LEGENDS :

* _Droids _ (1985–86) * _ Ewoks _ (1985–86) * _Clone Wars _ (2003–2005)

TV Specials:

* _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Holiday Special
Special
_ (1978) * _ Caravan of Courage _ (1984) * _The Battle for Endor _ (1985)

GAMES

VIDEO GAME(S) List of video games

AUDIO

RADIO PROGRAM(S) _ Star Wars
Star Wars
_

ORIGINAL MUSIC Music of _Star Wars_

MISCELLANEOUS

TOYS

* Action figures * Die-casts and model toys * Chess and soldiers * Other

THEME PARKS

* _ Star Tours
Star Tours
_ * _ Jedi
Jedi
Training: Trials of the Temple _ * _ Star Tours–The Adventures Continue _ * _Star Wars: Galaxy\'s Edge _

_STAR WARS_ is an American epic space opera franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas . It depicts the adventures of various characters "a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away".

The franchise began in 1977 with the release of the film _ Star Wars
Star Wars
_ (later subtitled _Episode IV: A New Hope_ in 1981), which became a worldwide pop culture phenomenon . It was followed by the successful sequels _ The Empire Strikes Back _ (1980) and _ Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
_ (1983); these three films constitute the original _Star Wars_ trilogy. A prequel trilogy was released between 1999 and 2005, which received mixed reactions from both critics and fans. A sequel trilogy began in 2015 with the release of _Star Wars: The Force Awakens _. All seven films were nominated for Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(with wins going to the first two films) and have been commercial successes, with a combined box office revenue of over US$7.5 billion, making _Star Wars_ the third highest-grossing film series . Spin-off films include the animated _Star Wars: The Clone Wars _ (2008) and _ Rogue One _ (2016), the latter of which is the first in a planned series of anthology films.

The series has spawned an extensive media franchise including books , television series, computer and video games , and comic books , all of which take place within the same continuity as the films, resulting in significant development of the series's fictional universe , with the non-canonical works falling under the defunct _Star Wars_ Legends label. _Star Wars_ also holds a _ Guinness World Records _ title for the "Most successful film merchandising franchise. In 2015, the total value of the _Star Wars_ franchise was estimated at US$42 billion, making _Star Wars_ the second highest-grossing media franchise of all time .

In 2012, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
bought Lucasfilm for US$4.06 billion and earned the distribution rights to all subsequent _Star Wars_ films, beginning with the release of _The Force Awakens_ in 2015. The former distributor, 20th Century Fox , retains the physical distribution rights for the first two _Star Wars_ trilogies, owns permanent rights for the original 1977 film and continues to hold the rights for the prequel trilogy and the first two sequels to _A New Hope_ until May 2020. Walt Disney Studios owns digital distribution rights to all the _Star Wars_ films, excluding _A New Hope_.

CONTENTS

* 1 Setting

* 2 Theatrical films

* 2.1 Original trilogy

* 2.1.1 _A New Hope_ * 2.1.2 _The Empire Strikes Back_ * 2.1.3 _Return of the Jedi_

* 2.2 Prequel trilogy

* 2.2.1 _The Phantom Menace_ * 2.2.2 _Attack of the Clones_ * 2.2.3 _Revenge of the Sith_

* 2.3 _The Clone Wars_

* 2.4 Sequel trilogy

* 2.4.1 _The Force Awakens_ * 2.4.2 _The Last Jedi_ * 2.4.3 _Episode IX_

* 2.5 Anthology films

* 2.5.1 _Rogue One_ * 2.5.2 Untitled Han Solo film * 2.5.3 Untitled Anthology film

* 3 In other media

* 3.1 Television

* 3.2 Print media

* 3.2.1 Novels * 3.2.2 Comics

* 3.3 Video games * 3.4 Audio * 3.5 Theme parks and park attractions

* 4 Merchandising

* 5 Themes, comparisons and influences on other franchises

* 5.1 Comparisons with historical events

* 6 Cultural impact

* 6.1 Fan works

* 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 Bibliography * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

SETTING

" Star Wars
Star Wars
galaxy" redirects here. For the video game, see Star Wars Galaxies . For the comic series named _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Galaxy_, see Star Wars (UK comics) . See also: The Force (Star Wars) and List of Star Wars planets and moons

The _Star Wars_ franchise takes place in a distant unnamed fictional galaxy at an undetermined point in the ancient past, where many species of aliens (often humanoid ) co-exist. People own robotic droids , who assist them in their daily routines, and Space travel is common.

The spiritual and mystical element of the _Star Wars_ galaxy is known as "The Force ". It is described in the original film as "an energy field created by all living things surrounds us, penetrates us, binds the galaxy together". The people who are born deeply connected to the Force have better reflexes; through training and meditation, they are able to achieve various supernatural feats (such as telekinesis , clairvoyance , precognition , and mind control ). The Force is wielded by two major factions at conflict: the Jedi
Jedi
whom harness the light side of the Force, and the Sith whom use the dark side of the force through hate and aggression.

THEATRICAL FILMS

Main article: List of Star Wars
Star Wars
films and television series

_ It has been suggested that portions of this section be split out into another article titled List of Star Wars
Star Wars
films and television series _. (Discuss ) _(July 2017)_

Film trilogies FILM RELEASE DATE DIRECTOR(S) SCREENWRITER(S) PRODUCER(S) DISTRIBUTOR(S) RUNNING TIME

ORIGINAL TRILOGY (EPISODE IV-VI)

Episode IV – A New Hope May 25, 1977 (1977-05-25) George Lucas Gary Kurtz 20th Century Fox 121 minutes

Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back May 21, 1980 (1980-05-21) Irvin Kershner George Lucas, Leigh Brackett & Lawrence Kasdan 124 minutes

Episode VI – Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
May 25, 1983 (1983-05-25) Richard Marquand George Lucas & Lawrence Kasdan Howard Kazanjian 133 minutes

PREQUEL TRILOGY (EPISODE I-III)

Episode I – The Phantom Menace May 19, 1999 (1999-05-19) George Lucas George Lucas Rick McCallum 20th Century Fox 133 minutes

Episode II – Attack of the Clones May 16, 2002 (2002-05-16) George Lucas and Jonathan Hales 142 minutes

Episode III – Revenge of the Sith May 19, 2005 (2005-05-19) George Lucas 140 minutes

SEQUEL TRILOGY (EPISODE VII-IX)

Episode VII – The Force Awakens December 18, 2015 (2015-12-18) J. J. Abrams Lawrence Kasdan & J. J. Abrams and Michael Arndt Kathleen Kennedy , J. J. Abrams & Bryan Burk Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures 135 minutes

Episode VIII – The Last Jedi
Jedi
December 15, 2017 Rian Johnson Kathleen Kennedy & Ram Bergman TBA

_EPISODE IX _ May 24, 2019 Colin Trevorrow Colin Trevorrow & Derek Connolly and Jack Thorne TBA

Standalone theatrical releases FILM RELEASE DATE DIRECTOR(S) SCREENWRITER(S) PRODUCER(S) DISTRIBUTOR(S) RUNNING TIME

ANIMATED FILM

Star Wars: The Clone Wars August 15, 2008 (2008-08-15) Dave Filoni
Dave Filoni
Henry Gilroy , Steven Melching & Scott Murphy George Lucas & Catherine Winder Warner Bros. 98 minutes

ANTHOLOGY FILMS

Rogue One: A Star Wars
Star Wars
Story December 16, 2016 (December 16, 2016) Gareth Edwards John Knoll and Gary Whitta (story) Chris Weitz and Tony Gilroy (screenplay) Kathleen Kennedy, Allison Shearmur & Simon Emanuel Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures 133 minutes

UNTITLED HAN SOLO FILM May 25, 2018 (2018-05-25) Ron Howard Lawrence Kasdan & Jon Kasdan Kathleen Kennedy, Lawrence Kasdan, Jon Kasdan, Jason McGatlin ">_ George Lucas , the creator of Star Wars_, the director of _A New Hope_ and the prequel trilogy, and the script supervisor of both the original and prequel trilogies. In 2014, Lucas ceased creative involvement with the franchise. _ The main cast members of the original Star Wars_ trilogy, _from left_: Carrie Fisher , Mark Hamill , and Harrison Ford (SDCC, July 2015).

Near the orbit of the desert planet Tatooine , a Rebel spaceship is intercepted by the Empire. Aboard, the deadliest Imperial agent Darth Vader and his stormtroopers capture Princess Leia Organa , a secret member of the rebellion. Before her capture, Leia makes sure the astromech R2-D2 , along with the protocol droid C-3PO , escapes with stolen Imperial blueprints stored inside and a holographic message for the retired Jedi
Jedi
Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi , who has been living in exile on Tatooine. The droids fall under the ownership of Luke Skywalker, an orphan farm boy raised by his step-uncle and aunt. Luke helps the droids locate Obi-Wan, now a solitary old hermit known as Ben Kenobi, who reveals himself as a friend of Luke's absent father, the Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker. Obi-Wan confides to Luke that Anakin was "betrayed and murdered" by Vader (who was Obi-Wan's former Jedi apprentice) years ago, and he gives Luke his father's former lightsaber to keep. After viewing Leia's message, they both hire the smuggler Han Solo and his Wookiee co-pilot Chewbacca to, aboard their space freighter the _ Millennium Falcon
Millennium Falcon
_, help them deliver the stolen blueprints inside R2-D2 to the Rebel Alliance with the hope of finding a weakness to the Empire's planet-destroying space station: the Death Star .

For _The Star Wars_ second draft, Lucas made heavy simplifications. It added a mystical energy field known as "The Force " and introduced the young hero on a farm as Luke Starkiller. Annikin became Luke's father, a wise Jedi
Jedi
knight. The third draft killed the father Annikin, replacing him with mentor figure Ben Kenobi. Later, Lucas felt the film would not in fact be the first in the sequence, but a film in the second trilogy in the saga. The draft contained a sub-plot leading to a sequel about "The Princess of Ondos", and by that time some months later Lucas had negotiated a contract that gave him rights to make two sequels. Not long after, Lucas hired author Alan Dean Foster
Alan Dean Foster
, to write two sequels as novels. In 1976, a fourth draft had been prepared for principal photography. The film was titled _Adventures of Luke Starkiller, as taken from the Journal of the Whills, Saga I: The Star Wars_. During production, Lucas changed Luke's name to Skywalker and altered the title to simply _The Star Wars_ and finally _Star Wars_. At that point, Lucas was not expecting the film to have sequels. The fourth draft of the script underwent subtle changes it discarded "the Princess of Ondos" sub-plot, to become a self-contained film, that ended with the destruction of the Galactic Empire itself by way of destroying the Death Star. However, Lucas previously conceived of the film as the first of a series. The intention was that if _Star Wars_ was successful, Lucas could adapt Dean Foster's novels into low-budget sequels. By that point, Lucas had developed an elaborate backstory to aid his writing process.

Before its release, Lucas considered walking away from _Star Wars_ sequels, thinking the film would be a flop. However the film exceeded all expectations. The success of the film, as well as its merchandise sales, and Lucas desire to create an independent film-making center. Both led Lucas to make _Star Wars_ the basis of an elaborate film serial , and use the profits to finance his film-making center, Skywalker Ranch
Skywalker Ranch
. Alan Dean Foster
Alan Dean Foster
was already writing the first sequel-novel _Splinter of the Mind\'s Eye _, released in 1978. But Lucas decided not to adapt Foster's work. Knowing a sequel, would be allowed more budget. At first, Lucas envisioned a series of films with no set number of entries, like the _James Bond _ series. In an interview with _ Rolling Stone _ in August 1977, he said that he wanted his friends to each take a turn at directing the films and giving unique interpretations on the series. Also adding that the backstory in which Darth Vader turns to the dark side, kills Luke's father and fights Obi-Wan Kenobi on a volcano as the Galactic Republic falls would make an excellent sequel.

_The Empire Strikes Back_

Main article: The Empire Strikes Back _ Boba Fett (left) was introduced in the television film Star Wars
Star Wars
Holiday Special
Special
_ before appearing in _The Empire Strikes Back_. Darth Vader (right) is one of the most iconic characters of the franchise. Ralph McQuarrie 's sketches and conceptual art defined the aesthetics of the original trilogy, including the definitive designs of characters like Darth Vader, R2-D2, C-3PO, Chewbacca and sets like the Death Star, Dagobah, Bespin. Right: Ben Burtt
Ben Burtt
created many of the iconic noise effects of the saga, among them the lightsaber sounds, the beeps of R2-D2, and Chewbacca's growls.

Three years after the destruction of the Death Star, the Rebels are forced to evacuate their secret base on Hoth as they are hunted by the Empire. At the request of the late Obi-Wan's spirit, Luke travels to the swamp-infested world of Dagobah to find the exiled Jedi
Jedi
Master Yoda and begin his Jedi
Jedi
training. However, Luke's training is interrupted by Vader, who lures him into a trap by capturing Han and Leia at Cloud City , governed by Han's old friend Lando Calrissian . During a fierce lightsaber duel with the Sith Lord, Luke learns that Vader is his father.

After the success of the original film, Lucas hired science fiction author Leigh Brackett to write _ Star Wars
Star Wars
II_ with him. They held story conferences and, by late November 1977, Lucas had produced a handwritten treatment called _The Empire Strikes Back_. It was similar to the final film, except that Darth Vader does not reveal he is Luke's father.

Brackett finished her first draft in early 1978; in it, Luke's father appeared as a ghost to instruct Luke. Lucas has said he was disappointed with it, but before he could discuss it with her, she died of cancer. With no writer available, Lucas had to write his next draft himself. It was this draft in which Lucas first made use of the "Episode" numbering for the films; _Empire Strikes Back_ was listed as _Episode II_. As Michael Kaminski argues in _The Secret History of Star Wars_, the disappointment with the first draft probably made Lucas consider different directions in which to take the story. He made use of a new plot twist: Darth Vader claims to be Luke's father. According to Lucas, he found this draft enjoyable to write, as opposed to the yearlong struggles writing the first film, and quickly wrote two more drafts, both in April 1978. This new story point of Darth Vader being Luke's father had drastic effects on the series. After writing these two drafts, Lucas revised the backstory between Anakin Skywalker, Kenobi, and the Emperor.

With this new backstory in place, Lucas decided that the series would be a trilogy, changing _Empire Strikes Back_ from _Episode II_ to _Episode V_ in the next draft. Lawrence Kasdan , who had just completed writing _ Raiders of the Lost Ark _, was then hired to write the next drafts, and was given additional input from director Irvin Kershner . Kasdan, Kershner, and producer Gary Kurtz saw the film as a more serious and adult film, which was helped by the new, darker storyline, and developed the series from the light adventure roots of the first film.

_Return Of The Jedi_

Main article: Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi

A year after Vader's shocking revelation, Luke leads a rescue attempt to save Han from the gangster Jabba the Hutt
Jabba the Hutt
. Afterward, Luke returns to Dagobah to complete his Jedi
Jedi
training, only to find the 900-year-old Yoda on his deathbed. In his last words Yoda confirms that Vader is Luke's father, Anakin Skywalker, and that Luke must confront his father again in order to complete his training. Moments later, the spirit of Obi-Wan reveals to Luke that Leia is his twin sister, but Obi-Wan also insists that Luke must face Vader again. As the Rebels lead an attack on the Death Star II, Luke engages Vader in another lightsaber duel as Emperor Palpatine watches; both Sith Lords intend to turn Luke to the dark side of the Force and take him as their apprentice.

By the time Lucas began writing _Episode VI_ in 1981 (then titled _Revenge of the Jedi_), much had changed. Making _Empire Strikes Back_ was stressful and costly, and Lucas' personal life was disintegrating. Burned out and not wanting to make any more _Star Wars_ films, he vowed that he was done with the series in a May 1983 interview with _Time_ magazine . Lucas' 1981 rough drafts had Darth Vader competing with the Emperor for possession of Luke—and in the second script, the "revised rough draft", Vader became a sympathetic character. Lawrence Kasdan was hired to take over once again and, in these final drafts, Vader was explicitly redeemed and finally unmasked. This change in character would provide a springboard to the "Tragedy of Darth Vader" storyline that underlies the prequels.

PREQUEL TRILOGY

After losing much of his fortune in a divorce settlement in 1987, George Lucas had no desire to return to _Star Wars_, and had unofficially canceled the sequel trilogy by the time of _Return of the Jedi_. At that point, the prequels were only still a series of basic ideas partially pulled from his original drafts of "The Star Wars". Nevertheless, technical advances in the late 1980s and 1990s continued to fascinate Lucas, and he considered that they might make it possible to revisit his 20-year-old material. After _Star Wars_ became popular once again, in the wake of Dark Empire and other comics in Dark Horse 's comic book line and Timothy Zahn 's trilogy of novels , Lucas saw that there was still a large audience. His children were older, and with the explosion of CGI technology he was now considering returning to directing.

The prequel trilogy consists of _Episode I: The Phantom Menace _, released on May 19, 1999; _Episode II: Attack of the Clones _, released on May 16, 2002; and _Episode III: Revenge of the Sith _, released on May 19, 2005. The plot focuses on the fall of the Galactic Republic , as well as the tragedy of Anakin Skywalker's turn to the dark side.

_The Phantom Menace_

Main article: Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace _ John Williams composed the musical scores for the original trilogy, the prequel trilogy, The Force Awakens_ and _The Last Jedi_.

About 32 years before the start of the Galactic Civil War, the corrupt Trade Federation sets a blockade around the planet Naboo . The Sith Lord Darth Sidious had secretly planned the blockade to give his alter ego, Senator Palpatine, a pretense to overthrow and replace the Supreme Chancellor of the Republic. At the Chancellor's request, the Jedi
Jedi
Knight Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice, a younger Obi-Wan Kenobi, are sent to Naboo to negotiate with the Federation. However, the two Jedi
Jedi
are forced to instead help the Queen of Naboo, Padmé Amidala , escape from the blockade and plead her planet's crisis before the Republic Senate on Coruscant . When their starship is damaged during the escape, they land on Tatooine for repairs. Palpatine dispatches his first Sith apprentice, Darth Maul , to hunt down the Queen and her Jedi
Jedi
protectors. While on Tatooine, Qui-Gon discovers a nine-year-old slave named Anakin Skywalker. Qui-Gon helps liberate the boy from slavery, believing Anakin to be the "Chosen One" foretold by a Jedi prophecy to bring balance to the Force. However, the Jedi
Jedi
Council (led by Yoda) suspects the boy possesses too much fear and anger within him.

By 1993, it was announced, in _Variety _ among other sources, that Lucas would be making the prequels. He began penning more to the story, now indicating the series would be a tragic one examining Anakin Skywalker's fall to the dark side. Lucas also began to change how the prequels would exist relative to the originals; at first they were supposed to be a "filling-in" of history tangential to the originals, but now he saw that they could form the beginning of one long story that started with Anakin's childhood and ended with his death. This was the final step towards turning the film series into a "Saga". In 1994, Lucas began writing the screenplay to the first prequel, initially titled _Episode I: The Beginning_. Following the release of that film, Lucas announced that he would also be directing the next two, and began work on _Episode II_.

_Attack Of The Clones_

Main article: Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones From Right to Left: Anthony Daniels
Anthony Daniels
has portrayed C-3PO in all the theatrical films released to date, while Warwick Davis
Warwick Davis
has appeared in films in all three trilogies.

Ten years after the Battle of Naboo, Anakin is reunited with Padmé, now serving as the Senator of Naboo, and they fall in love despite Anakin's obligations to the Jedi
Jedi
Order. At the same time, the entire galaxy gets swept up in the Clone Wars between the armies of the Republic, led by the Jedi
Jedi
Order, and the Confederacy of Independent Systems, led by the fallen Jedi
Jedi
Count Dooku .

The first draft of _Episode II_ was completed just weeks before principal photography, and Lucas hired Jonathan Hales , a writer from _ The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
_, to polish it. Unsure of a title, Lucas had jokingly called the film "Jar Jar's Great Adventure". In writing _The Empire Strikes Back_, Lucas initially decided that Lando Calrissian was a clone and came from a planet of clones which caused the "Clone Wars" mentioned by both Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia in _A New Hope_; he later came up with an alternate concept of an army of clone shocktroopers from a remote planet which attacked the Republic and were repelled by the Jedi. The basic elements of that backstory became the plot basis for _Episode II_, with the new wrinkle added that Palpatine secretly orchestrated the crisis.

_Revenge Of The Sith_

Main article: Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith

Three years after the start of the Clone Wars, Anakin and Obi-Wan lead a rescue mission to save the kidnapped Chancellor Palpatine from Count Dooku and the droid commander General Grievous
General Grievous
. Later, Anakin begins to have prophetic visions of his secret wife Padmé dying in childbirth. Palpatine, who had been secretly engineering the Clone Wars to destroy the Jedi
Jedi
Order, convinces Anakin that the dark side of the Force holds the power to save Padmé's life. Desperate, Anakin submits to Palpatine's Sith teachings and is renamed Darth Vader. While Palpatine re-organizes the Republic into the tyrannical Empire, Vader participates in the extermination of the Jedi
Jedi
Order ; culminating in a lightsaber duel between himself and his former master Obi-Wan on the volcanic planet Mustafar
Mustafar
.

Lucas began working on _Episode III_ before _Attack of the Clones_ was released, offering concept artists that the film would open with a montage of seven Clone War battles. As he reviewed the storyline that summer, however, he says he radically re-organized the plot. Michael Kaminski, in _The Secret History of Star Wars_, offers evidence that issues in Anakin's fall to the dark side prompted Lucas to make massive story changes, first revising the opening sequence to have Palpatine kidnapped and his apprentice, Count Dooku, murdered by Anakin as the first act in the latter's turn towards the dark side. After principal photography was complete in 2003, Lucas made even more massive changes in Anakin's character, re-writing his entire turn to the dark side; he would now turn primarily in a quest to save Padmé's life, rather than the previous version in which that reason was one of several, including that he genuinely believed that the Jedi
Jedi
were evil and plotting to take over the Republic. This fundamental re-write was accomplished both through editing the principal footage, and new and revised scenes filmed during pick-ups in 2004.

_THE CLONE WARS_

On August 15, 2008, the animated film _Star Wars: The Clone Wars _ was released theatrically as a lead-in to the animated TV series with the same name .

SEQUEL TRILOGY

Main article: Star Wars
Star Wars
sequel trilogy

Lucas often exaggerated the amount of material he wrote for the series; much of it stemmed from the post‐1978 period when the series grew into a phenomenon. Michael Kaminski explained that these exaggerations were both a publicity and security measure. Kaminski rationalized that since the series' story radically changed throughout the years, it was always Lucas' intention to change the original story retroactively because audiences would only view the material from his perspective.

A sequel trilogy was reportedly planned (Episodes _VII_, _VIII_ and _IX_) by Lucasfilm as a sequel to the original _Star Wars_ trilogy (Episodes _IV_, _V_ and _VI_), released between 1977 and 1983. While the similarly discussed _Star Wars_ prequel trilogy (Episodes _I_, _II_ and _III_) was ultimately released between 1999 and 2005, Lucasfilm and George Lucas had for many years denied plans for a sequel trilogy, insisting that _Star Wars_ is meant to be a six-part series. In May 2008 (2008-05), speaking about the upcoming _Star Wars: The Clone Wars_ film, Lucas maintained his status on the sequel trilogy: "I get asked all the time, 'What happens after _Return of the Jedi_?,' and there really is no answer for that. The movies were the story of Anakin Skywalker and Luke Skywalker, and when Luke saves the galaxy and redeems his father, that's where that story ends."

In January 2012, Lucas announced that he would step away from blockbuster films and instead produce smaller arthouse films. Asked whether the criticism he received following the prequel trilogy and the alterations to the re-releases of the original trilogy had influenced his decision to retire, Lucas said: "Why would I make any more when everybody yells at you all the time and says what a terrible person you are?"

Despite insisting that a sequel trilogy would never happen, Lucas began working on story treatments for three new _Star Wars_ films in 2011. In October 2012, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
agreed to buy Lucasfilm and announced that _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode VII_ would be released in 2015. Later, it was revealed that the three new upcoming films (Episodes VII–IX) would be based on story treatments that had been written by George Lucas prior to the sale of Lucasfilm. The co-chairman of Lucasfilm, Kathleen Kennedy became president of the company, reporting to Walt Disney Studios chairman Alan Horn . In addition, Kennedy will serve as executive producer on new _Star Wars_ feature films, with franchise creator and Lucasfilm founder Lucas serving as creative consultant.

The sequel trilogy began with _Episode VII: The Force Awakens _, released on December 18, 2015.

_The Force Awakens_

Main article: Star Wars: The Force Awakens _ Lawrence Kasdan has co-written The Empire Strikes Back_ and _Return of the Jedi_, and the scripts for _The Force Awakens_ and an untitled Han Solo spin-off.

About 30 years after the destruction of the Death Star II, Luke Skywalker has vanished following the demise of the new Jedi
Jedi
Order he was attempting to build. The remnants of the Empire have become the First Order , and seek to destroy Luke and the New Republic , while the Resistance opposes, led by princess-turned-general Leia Organa and backed by the Republic. On Jakku , Resistance pilot Poe Dameron obtains a map to Luke's location. Stormtroopers under the command of Kylo Ren , the son of Leia and Han Solo, capture Poe. Poe's droid BB-8 escapes with the map, and encounters a scavenger Rey . Kylo tortures Poe and learns of BB-8. Stormtrooper FN-2187 defects from the First Order, and frees Poe who dubs him "Finn", while both escape in a TIE fighter that crashes on Jakku, seemingly killing Poe. Finn finds Rey and BB-8, but the First Order does too; both escape Jakku in a stolen Millennium Falcon. The Falcon is recaptured by Han and Chewbacca, smugglers again since abandoning the Resistance. They agree to help deliver the map inside BB-8 to the Resistance.

The screenplay for _Episode VII_ was originally set to be written by Michael Arndt , but in October 2013 it was announced that writing duties would be taken over by Lawrence Kasdan and J. J. Abrams . On January 25, 2013, The Walt Disney Studios and Lucasfilm officially announced J. J. Abrams as _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode VII_'s director and producer, along with Bryan Burk and Bad Robot Productions .

_The Last Jedi_

Main article: Star Wars: The Last Jedi
Jedi

On November 20, 2012, _The Hollywood Reporter_ reported that Lawrence Kasdan and Simon Kinberg will write and produce _Episodes VIII_ and _IX_. Kasdan and Kinberg were later confirmed as creative consultants on those films, in addition to writing standalone films . In addition, John Williams, who wrote the music for the previous six episodes, has been hired to compose the music for _Episodes VII_, _VIII_ and _IX_.

On March 12, 2015, Lucasfilm announced that _Looper _ director Rian Johnson would direct _Episode VIII_ with Ram Bergman as producer for Ram Bergman Productions. Reports initially claimed Johnson would also direct _Episode IX_, but it was later confirmed he would write only a story treatment. Johnson later wrote on his Twitter that the information about him writing a treatment for _Episode IX_ is old, and he's not involved with the writing of that film. When asked about _Episode VIII_ in an August 2014 interview, Johnson said "it's boring to talk about, because the only thing I can really say is, I'm just happy. I don't have the terror I kind of expected I would, at least not yet. I'm sure I will at some point."

Principal photography on _The Last Jedi_ began in February 2016. Additional filming took place in Dubrovnik from March 9 to March 16, 2016, as well as in Ireland in May 2016. Principal photography wrapped in July 2016. On December 27, 2016, Carrie Fisher died after going into cardiac arrest a few days earlier. Before her death, Fisher had completed filming her role as General Leia Organa in _The Last Jedi_. The film is to be released on December 15, 2017.

_Episode IX_

Production on _Episode IX_ is scheduled to begin sometime in 2017. _Variety _ and Reuters reported that Carrie Fisher was slated for a key role in _Episode IX_. Now, Lucasfilm, Disney and others involved with the film will need to find a way to address her death and what will become of her character. In January 2017, Lucasfilm stated they would not digitally generate Fisher's performance for the film. In April 2017, Todd Fisher and Billie Lourd gave Disney permission to use recent footage of Fisher for the film, but later that month, Kennedy stated that Fisher will not appear in the film. Principal photography of _Star Wars: Episode IX_ is set to begin in January 2018.

ANTHOLOGY FILMS

On February 5, 2013, Disney CEO Bob Iger confirmed the development of two standalone films , each individually written by Lawrence Kasdan and Simon Kinberg. On February 6, _ Entertainment Weekly _ reported that Disney is working on two films featuring Han Solo and Boba Fett . Disney CFO Jay Rasulo has described the standalone films as origin stories . Kathleen Kennedy explained that the standalone films will not crossover with the films of the sequel trilogy, stating, "George was so clear as to how that works. The canon that he created was the _Star Wars_ saga. Right now, _Episode VII_ falls within that canon. The spin-off movies, or we may come up with some other way to call those films, they exist within that vast universe that he created. There is no attempt being made to carry characters (from the standalone films) in and out of the saga episodes. Consequently, from the creative standpoint, it's a roadmap that George made pretty clear."

In April 2015, Lucasfilm and Kennedy announced that the standalone films would be referred to as the _Star Wars_ Anthology films. _Rogue One: A Star Wars
Star Wars
Story _ was released on December 16, 2016 as the first in an anthology series of films separate from the main episodic saga.

_Rogue One_

Main article: Rogue One

The story about the group of rebels who stole the Death Star plans, ending directly before _Episode IV: A New Hope_.

The idea for the film was conceived by John Knoll who worked as a visual effects supervisor of the prequel trilogy films. In May 2014, Lucasfilm announced Gareth Edwards as the director of the first anthology film, with Gary Whitta writing the first draft, for a release on December 16, 2016. On March 12, 2015, the film's title was revealed to be _ Rogue One _, with Chris Weitz rewriting the script, and starring Felicity Jones
Felicity Jones
, Ben Mendelsohn , and Diego Luna . In April 2015, a teaser trailer was shown during the closing of the _Star Wars_ Celebration . Lucasfilm also announced filming would begin in the summer of 2015, and the plot synopsis. Director Edwards stated, "It comes down to a group of individuals who don't have magical powers that have to somehow bring hope to the galaxy."; and describing the style of the film as similar to that of a war film: "It's the reality of war. Good guys are bad. Bad guys are good. It's complicated, layered; a very rich scenario in which to set a movie." After its debut, _Rogue One_ received generally positive reviews, with its performances, action sequences, soundtrack, visual effects and darker tone being praised. The film grossed over US$500 million worldwide within a week of its release. Characters from the animated series appear, Saw Gerrera (from _The Clone Wars _) in a pivotal role in the plot and Chopper (from _Star Wars: Rebels _) in a cameo.

Untitled Han Solo Film

Main article: Untitled Han Solo film

A film focusing on Han Solo before the events of _Episode IV: A New Hope_.

The script was written by _Star Wars_ veteran Lawrence Kasdan , and his son Jon Kasdan . The film also stars Alden Ehrenreich as a young Han Solo , Joonas Suotamo as Chewbacca (after serving as a double for the character in _The Force Awakens_ and _The Last Jedi_), Donald Glover as Lando Calrissian , and also Emilia Clarke and Woody Harrelson . Directors Phil Lord and Christopher Miller began principal photography on the film, but due to creative differences, the pair left the project in June 2017 with three and a half weeks remaining in principal photography. Academy Award-winning director Ron Howard was announced as their replacement. While his first _Star Wars_ film, Howard had previously collaborated with producing company Lucasfilm as an actor in the George Lucas-directed film _ American Graffiti _ (1973) and as a director (_Willow _ (1988). Howard was one of the three directors George Lucas asked to direct _Episode I: The Phantom Menace _, though Howard declined, saying, "George, you should do it!"). The film is distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures and will be released on May 25, 2018.

Untitled Anthology Film

A third Anthology film will be released in 2020. A writer for the film has been hired as of September 2016.

On February 6, 2013, _ Entertainment Weekly _ reported that Lucasfilm hired Josh Trank to direct a _Star Wars_ stand-alone film, with the news being confirmed soon after. However in November 2016, Disney announced that their contract with Trank was terminated due to the overwhelmingly negative reviews of the _Fantastic Four _. It was reported that the film was still in early development at Lucasfilm, and it was rumored that the film would focus on bounty hunter Boba Fett . However Lucasfilm never confirmed what the plot was about, however it confirmed the film Josh Trank left, was a different film from the '_ Han Solo spin-off_.

On August 18, 2016, Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
told a fan on Twitter, that he would be open to return to the role of Obi-Wan, albeit for an Obi-Wan spin-off film, should he be approached; wanting to tell a story between _Episode III_ and _IV_. Fans have shown interest in the idea; a fan-trailer for an Obi-Wan film, with footage from the film _Last Days in the Desert _ became viral and widely praised by fans. Lucasfilm and McGregor have denied the development of such film, despite fans' continued interest, and rumors. The film was voted as the most wanted anthology film in a pool by _ The Hollywood Reporter _ despite being only rumors. Days before the _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Rebels_ episode "Twin Suns" (where Obi-wan appeared) aired, McGregor said again, that he would like to do it, if Lucasfilm wanted him to. Fellow cast member Joel Edgerton who played Luke Skywalker's step uncle, Owen, in the prequel trilogy, said he would like to reprise his role in an Obi-Wan standalone film, if it were to be made, and also expressed interest in playing Boba Fett without taking off the mask, in the rumored Boba Fett film. Samuel L. Jackson has expressed interest in returning as Mace Windu , insisting that his character survived his death. Rosario Dawson expressed interest playing Ahsoka Tano in a live-action film.

IN OTHER MEDIA

Main articles: Star Wars
Star Wars
canon and Star Wars
Star Wars
expanded universe

The defunct term _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Expanded Universe_ (1977–2014, abbreviated as _EU_), was an umbrella term for all officially licensed _Star Wars_ storytelling materials set outside the events depicted within the theatrical films, including television specials, animated series, video games, novels and comics. Lucasfilm maintained internal continuity between the films and the _EU_ material until Lucasfilm declared in April 25, 2014, that the _EU_ would be rebranded as _Star Wars Legends_, no longer be considered canon to the franchise, and cease production (reprints under the _Legends_ label are non-canon, Downloadable content for the massively multiplayer online game _Star Wars: The Old Republic _ is the only _Legends_ material still in production. The change was made "to give maximum creative freedom to the filmmakers and also preserve an element of surprise and discovery for the audience" on the development of the sequel trilogy and anthology films. The restructured _Star Wars_ canon only included the original six feature films, the animated film _Star Wars: The Clone Wars_ , and the ensuing _Star Wars: The Clone Wars _ animated series. All creative developments across all types of media would be overseen and coordinated by the Lucasfilm Story Group. The animated series _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Rebels _ was the first project released in the revised canon, followed by multiple comics series from Marvel , novels published by Del Rey , and the sequel film _The Force Awakens _.

TELEVISION

Main article: Star Wars
Star Wars
expanded universe § Television _ Dave Filoni supervising director on Star Wars_ animated series, since the beginning of _The Clone Wars_ until _Rebels_ second season, where he left his position, due to being promoted to oversee the development of all future Lucasfilm Animation projects.

The popularity of the 1977 film spawned a two-hour _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Holiday Special
Special
_ which aired on CBS
CBS
in 1978, chronicling Chewbacca's return to his home planet of Kashyyyk to celebrate "Life Day" with his family. Lucas loathed the special and forbade it to ever be aired again after its original broadcast, or reproduced on home video. A pair of television films centered on the Ewok
Ewok
Wicket from _Return of the Jedi_—_Caravan of Courage: An Ewok
Ewok
Adventure _ (1984) and _Ewoks: The Battle for Endor _ (1985) —were followed by the animated TV series _Star Wars: Droids _ (1985–1986) and _Star Wars: Ewoks _ (1985–1986). The animated micro-series _Star Wars: Clone Wars _ (2003–2005) debuted after the release of _Attack of the Clones_ and ended before the release of _Revenge of the Sith_, and depicts events occurring between both films. All of those programs were declared non-canon, in April 2014.

The next animated series all are considered canonical, to the franchise, and were CGI -animated. _Star Wars: The Clone Wars _ (2008–2014) premiered with an animated film of the same name and was set within the same time period as the previous series. _Star Wars Rebels _ (2014–present) is set between _Revenge of the Sith_ and _A New Hope_, and follows a band of rebels as they fight the Galactic Empire. The 2D-animated micro-series _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Forces of Destiny _ (2017–present) focuses on female characters including Princess Leia, Rey, Jyn Erso, Ahsoka Tano, and Padmé Amidala. The first eight episodes will premiere on YouTube
YouTube
in July 2017, with eight more episodes airing in Fall 2017.

A live-action television project has been in varying stages of development at Lucasfilm since 2005, when Lucas announced plans for a television series set between the prequel and original trilogies. The proposed series explores criminal and political power struggles in the decades prior to _A New Hope_, and as of December 2015 was still in development at Lucasfilm.

The _Star Wars_ website produces web shows featuring behind the scenes interviews with directors, producers, cast-members, and writers involved with the franchise.

PRINT MEDIA

_Star Wars_-based fiction predates the release of the first film, with the 1976 novelization of _Star Wars_ (ghost-written by Alan Dean Foster and credited to Lucas). The first _Expanded Universe_ story appeared in Marvel Comics ' _Star Wars_ #7 in January 1978 (the first six issues of the series having been an adaptation of the film), followed quickly by Alan Dean Foster
Alan Dean Foster
's novel _Splinter of the Mind\'s Eye _ the following month.

Novels

Further information: Star Wars
Star Wars
expanded universe § Novels , and List of Star Wars
Star Wars
books _ Timothy Zahn , author of the canonical novel Star Wars: Thrawn _ (2017), and the _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Legends_ novels where character originated, known as the _Thrawn_ trilogy (1991–1993).

Foster's 1978 novel, _Splinter of the Mind\'s Eye _, was the first EU novel to be released, set between the original 1977 film and _The Empire Strikes Back_. The EU novels additional content greatly expanded the _Star Wars_ timeline before and after the film series. _ Star Wars
Star Wars
EU_ fiction flourished during the time of the original trilogy (1977–1983) but slowed to a trickle until the 1990s, when Timothy Zahn 's _ Thrawn trilogy _ (1992-1994) sparked new interest in the franchise. Followed by _Shadows of the Empire _ (1996) a multimedia project consisting of a novel by Steve Perry , a video game, and a comic book; set between _The Empire Strikes Back_ and _Return of the Jedi_. Since then, several hundred tie-in novels have been published by Bantam and Del Rey . The events 20 years after _Return of the Jedi_ were explored in _New Jedi
Jedi
Order _ series, focusing on EU characters alongside series originals. For younger audiences, three other series, the _ Jedi
Jedi
Apprentice _ told adventures of Obi-Wan Kenobi and his master Qui-Gon Jinn in the years before _The Phantom Menace_. While The _ Jedi
Jedi
Quest _ followed Obi-Wan as the master of Anakin Skywalker in between _The Phantom Menace_ and _Attack of the Clones_. _The Last of the Jedi
Jedi
_ was about Obi-Wan and the last few surviving Jedi
Jedi
set almost immediately after _Revenge of the Sith_. Following Disney's purchase of the _Star Wars_ franchise, the _EU_ was rebranded as _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Legends_ and declared non-canonical. The _Legends_ banner is used for non-canon materials in re-print.

Disney Publishing Worldwide also announced that from September 2014, onwards Del Rey would publish a canonical line of _Star Wars_ books, guided by the Lucasfilm Story Group, and releasing on a bi-monthly schedule.

George Lucas canonized elements from the novels in the films, such as the name of capital planet Coruscant , in _The Phantom Menace_, while Dave Filoni
Dave Filoni
canonized the villain character of Grand Admiral Thrawn in _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Rebels_, both first appeared in the EU, in _Thrawn Trilogy_ of novels by Timothy Zahn.

Comics

Main articles: Star Wars
Star Wars
comics and List of Star Wars comic books

Marvel Comics published _Star Wars_ comic book series and adaptations from 1977 to 1986. A wide variety of creators worked on this series, including Roy Thomas , Archie Goodwin , Howard Chaykin , Al Williamson , Carmine Infantino , Gene Day , Walt Simonson , Michael Golden , Chris Claremont , Whilce Portacio
Whilce Portacio
, Jo Duffy , and Ron Frenz . The Los Angeles Times Syndicate published a _Star Wars_ newspaper strip by Russ Manning , Goodwin and Williamson with Goodwin writing under a pseudonym. In the late 1980s, Marvel announced it would publish a new _Star Wars_ comic by Tom Veitch and Cam Kennedy . However, in December 1991, Dark Horse Comics acquired the _Star Wars_ license, and used it to publish a large number of original adventures set in the _Star Wars_ universe, varying from ambitious sequels to the original trilogy like the popular _ Dark Empire _, to parody comics, like _Tag and Bink _.

On January 3, 2014, all previously published works were re-branded as _Legends_, , Dark Horse publishing rights to _Star Wars_ were transferred to Marvel —since 2009, also a Disney subsidiary—, to publish a series that would be considered canonical to the franchise, the first release arrived on January 14, 2015. In 2017, IDW acquired rights to publish _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Adventures_ a single comic series for all ages, published in parallel to Marvel publications.

George Lucas adopted elements from the comics in the films, such as the character Aayla Secura , who was introduced in Dark Horse Comics ' _Star Wars_ series, Lucas liked the character so much, that he included her in _Attack of the Clones_.

VIDEO GAMES

Main articles: Star Wars
Star Wars
video games and List of Star Wars
Star Wars
video games

_Star Wars_ videogames commercialization started in 1982 with _Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back _ published for the Atari 2600
Atari 2600
by Parker Brothers . Since then, _Star Wars_ has opened the way to a myriad of space-flight simulation games , first-person shooter games , role-playing video games , RTS games, and others released on all consoles including PS3 , PSP , PS2 , Xbox 360 , Nintendo DS
Nintendo DS
, Wii
Wii
, and the current Xbox One and PlayStation 4
PlayStation 4
. The mobile game _Star Wars: Uprising _, as well as the upcoming _Star Wars: Battlefront II _ to be released for Xbox One and PlayStation 4, are the only canonical videogames to the franchise.

The most critically acclaimed is the _first _ game in the _Knights of the Old Republic series _, which focuses on the Jedi
Jedi
Order 4000 years before the films. _Star Wars: The Force Unleashed _ and its _sequel _ focused on Darth Vader's "secret apprentice " hunting down the remaining Jedi, 3 years before _A New Hope_, also proved popular among fans, they released for the PS3 , Xbox 360 , with ports for the other consoles.

The best-selling games so far are the _ Lego
Lego
Star Wars_ and the _Battlefront_ series, with 12 million and 10 million units respectively both have recent installments. The _Battlefront series _ focuses on recreating the wars depicted on the films, while The _ Lego
Lego
Star Wars
Star Wars
series _ recreates: _The Original 6 films _, _The Clone Wars _, and _The Force Awakens _ on LEGO.

AUDIO

Main article: Star Wars
Star Wars
expanded universe § Radio and audio drama

A 13-episode radio adaptation of the original 1977 film written by science fiction author Brian Daley and directed by John Madden was first broadcast on National Public Radio in 1981. The broadcast was an overwhelming success, and a 10-episode adaptation of _The Empire Strikes Back_ followed in 1982. _Return of the Jedi_ was adapted into six episodes in 1996. In 1983, Buena Vista Records released an original, 30-minute _Star Wars_ audio drama titled _Rebel Mission to Ord Mantell_, written by Daley. In the 1990s, Time Warner Audio Publishing adapted several _Star Wars_ series from Dark Horse Comics into audio dramas.

THEME PARKS AND PARK ATTRACTIONS

Main article: List of Star Wars
Star Wars
theme parks attractions _ The original Star Tours_ ride at Disneyland
Disneyland
in 1996.

Before Disney's acquisition of the franchise, George Lucas had established a partnership in 1986 with the company's Imagineering division to create an attraction at Disney parks . The first such attraction, _ Star Tours
Star Tours
,_ opened at Disneyland
Disneyland
in 1987, with several versions opening at other Disney theme parks over the following years. The _Star Tours_ rides at Disneyland
Disneyland
and Disney\'s Hollywood Studios closed in 2010, while Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland
's version closed in 2012 and Disneyland
Disneyland
Paris ' in 2016. All of the original _Star Tours_ rides were then refurbished into _ Star Tours–The Adventures Continue _. The new attraction randomly shuffles several scenes, allowing up to 54 combinations of different adventures. The successor attraction opened at Disney's Hollywood Studios and Disneyland
Disneyland
in 2011, at Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland
in 2013, and at Disneyland
Disneyland
Paris in 2017.

Disney, which now owns the _Star Wars_ franchise, expressed plans to expand the franchise's presence in all of their theme parks since August 2014. At that time, there were rumors to include a major _Star Wars_-themed expansion to Disney's Hollywood Studios. When asked whether or not Disney has an intellectual property franchise that's comparable to _ Harry Potter
Harry Potter
_ at Universal theme parks , Disney chairman and CEO Bob Iger mentioned _Cars _, Disney Princesses , and promised that _Star Wars_, "is going to be just that." Iger formally announced a 14-acre _Star Wars-themed land_ expansion at the 2015 D23 Expo . In the 2017 D23 , it was revealed that the area would be named _Star Wars_: Galaxy\'s Edge . The area will debut at Disneyland
Disneyland
and Disney\'s Hollywood Studios at an unspecified date—will include two new attractions inspired by the _ Millennium Falcon
Millennium Falcon
_ and "a climactic battle between the First Order and the resistance ". A _Star Wars_-themed hotel , a deluxe resort to be built near Disney's Hollywood Studios, was also announced at the 2017 D23 Expo.

From 1997 to 2015, Disney's Hollywood Studios park hosted _Star Wars_ Weekends , an annual festival, during specific dates from May to June. Since 2007, the parks include the live show Jedi
Jedi
Training: Trials of the Temple , where children are selected to learn the teachings of the Jedi
Jedi
Knights and the Force to become Padawan learners ; the show is present at Disney's Hollywood Studios and at the Tomorrowland Terrace at Disneyland. Since November 2015, Disneyland
Disneyland
hosts a seasonal _Star Wars_-themed event entitled _Season of the Force_, which also runs in Disney's Hollywood Studios in Walt Disney World. An exhibition called _Star Wars_ Launch Bay , featuring exhibits and meet-and-greets was also added.

TITLE PARKS DEBUT DATE FINAL DATE

_ Star Tours
Star Tours
_ Disneyland
Disneyland
January 9, 1987 (1987-01-09) July 27, 2010 (2010-07-27)

Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland
July 12, 1989 (1989-07-12) April 2, 2012 (2012-04-02)

Disney\'s Hollywood Studios December 15, 1989 (1989-12-15) September 7, 2010 (2010-09-07)

Disneyland
Disneyland
Paris April 12, 1992 (1992-04-12) March 16, 2016 (2016-03-16)

_ Star Wars
Star Wars
Weekends _ Disney's Hollywood Studios 1997 (1997) 2015 (2015)

_Star Wars: Where Science Meets Imagination _ Multiple locations October 19, 1015 (1015-10-19) March 23, 2014 (2014-03-23)

_ Jedi Training Academy _ Disneyland July 1, 2006 (2006-19-01) November 15, 2015 (2015-11-15)

Disney's Hollywood Studios October 9, 2007 (2007-10-09) October 5, 2015 (2015-10-05)

_ Star Tours
Star Tours
– The Adventures Continue _ Disney's Hollywood Studios May 20, 2011 (2011-05-20) -

Disneyland June 3, 2011 (2011-06-03) -

Tokyo Disneyland May 7, 2013 (2013-05-07) -

Disneyland
Disneyland
Paris March 26, 2017 (2017-03-26) -

_ Star Wars
Star Wars
Launch Bay _ Disneyland November 16, 2015 (2015-11-16) -

Disney's Hollywood Studios December 4, 2015 (2015-12-04) -

Shanghai Disneyland
Disneyland
Park June 16, 2016 (2016-06-16) -

_ Jedi
Jedi
Training: Trials of the Temple _ Disney's Hollywood Studios December 1, 2015 (2015-12-01) -

Disneyland December 8, 2015 (2015-12-08) -

Disneyland
Disneyland
Paris July 11, 2015 (2015-07-11) -

Hong Kong Disneyland June 25, 2016 (2016-06-25) -

_Star Wars: A Galactic Spectacular _ Disney's Hollywood Studios June 17, 2016 (2016-06-17) -

MERCHANDISING

Main articles: Kenner Star Wars
Star Wars
action figures , List of Kenner Star Wars action figures , Star Wars: The Vintage Collection , Lego
Lego
Star Wars , List of Lego
Lego
Star Wars
Star Wars
sets , Star Wars
Star Wars
trading card , and Star Wars role-playing games

The success of the _Star Wars_ films led the franchise to become one of the most merchandised franchises in the world. In 1977, while filming the original film, George Lucas decided to take a 500,000-dollar pay-cut to his own salary as director, in exchange for fully owning the merchandising rights of the franchise to himself. Over the franchise's lifetime, such exchange cost 20th Century Fox , more than US$20 billion in merchandising revenue profits. Disney acquired the merchandising rights when part of purchasing Lucasfilm.

Kenner made the first _Star Wars_ action figures to coincide with the release of the film, and today the remaining 80's figures sell at extremely high prices in auctions. Since the 90's Hasbro holds the rights to create action figures based on the saga. Pez dispensers have been produced. _Star Wars_ was the first intellectual property to be licensed in Lego
Lego
Group history, which has produced a _Star Wars_ Lego theme . Lego
Lego
has produced animated parody short films to promote their sets, among them _Revenge of the Brick _ (2005) and _The Quest for R2-D2 _ (2009), the former parodies _Revenge of the Sith_, while the later _The Clone Wars_ film. Due to their success, LEGO created animated comedy mini-series among them _The Yoda Chronicles _ (2013-2014) and _Droid Tales _ (2015) originally airing on Cartoon Network, but since 2014 moved into Disney XD. The Lego
Lego
Star Wars video games are critically acclaimed best sellers.

In 1977 with the board game _Star Wars: Escape from the Death Star_ (not to be confused with another board game with the same title, published in 1990). The board game _ Risk
Risk
_ has been adapted to the series in two editions by Hasbro : and _ Star Wars
Star Wars
Risk: The Clone Wars Edition _ (2005) and _Risk: Star Wars
Star Wars
Original Trilogy Edition _ (2006).

Three different official tabletop role-playing games have been developed for the _Star Wars_ universe: a version by West End Games in the 1980s and 1990s, one by Wizards of the Coast
Wizards of the Coast
in the 2000s, and one by Fantasy Flight Games in the 2010s.

_Star Wars_ trading cards have been published since the first "blue" series, by Topps , in 1977. Dozens of series have been produced, with Topps being the licensed creator in the United States. Some of the card series are of film stills, while others are original art. Many of the cards have become highly collectible with some very rare "promos", such as the 1993 Galaxy Series II "floating Yoda" P3 card often commanding US$1 000 or more. While most "base" or "common card" sets are plentiful, many "insert" or "chase cards " are very rare. From 1995 until 2001, Decipher, Inc. had the license for, created and produced a collectible card game based on _Star Wars_; the _Star Wars Collectible Card Game_ (also known as SWCCG
SWCCG
).

THEMES, COMPARISONS AND INFLUENCES ON OTHER FRANCHISES

See also: Star Wars
Star Wars
sources and analogues

Aside from its well-known science fictional technology , _Star Wars_ features elements such as knighthood , chivalry , and princesses that are related to archetypes of the fantasy genre. The _Star Wars_ world, unlike fantasy and science-fiction films that featured sleek and futuristic settings, was portrayed as dirty and grimy. Lucas' vision of a "used future" was further popularized in the science fiction-horror films _Alien _, which was set on a dirty space freighter; _ Mad Max 2 _, which is set in a post-apocalyptic desert; and _ Blade Runner _, which is set in a crumbling, dirty city of the future. Lucas made a conscious effort to parallel scenes and dialogue between films, and especially to parallel the journeys of Luke Skywalker with that of his father Anakin when making the prequels.

COMPARISONS WITH HISTORICAL EVENTS

_Star Wars_ contains many themes of political science that mainly favor democracy over dictatorship. Political science has been an important element of _Star Wars_ since the franchise first launched in 1977. The plot climax of _Revenge of the Sith_ is modeled after the fall of the democratic Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and the formation of an empire .

The stormtroopers from the movies share a name with the Nazi stormtroopers (see also Sturmabteilung ). Imperial officers' uniforms also resemble some historical German Army uniforms (see Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
) and the political and security officers of the Empire resemble the black clad SS down to the imitation silver death's head insignia on their officer's caps. World War II
World War II
terms were used for names in _Star Wars_; examples include the planets Kessel (a term that refers to a group of encircled forces ), Hoth (Hermann Hoth was a German general who served on the snow laden Eastern Front), and Tatooine ( Tataouine - a province south of Tunis in Tunisia, roughly where Lucas filmed for the planet; Libya was a WWII arena of war). Palpatine being Chancellor before becoming Emperor mirrors Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
's role as Chancellor before appointing himself Dictator. The Great Jedi
Jedi
Purge alludes to the events of The Holocaust , the Great Purge , the Cultural Revolution , and the Night of the Long Knives . In addition, Lucas himself has drawn parallels between Palpatine and his rise to power to historical dictators such as Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
, Napoleon Bonaparte , and Adolf Hitler. The final medal awarding scene in _A New Hope_, however, references Leni Riefenstahl
Leni Riefenstahl
's _ Triumph of the Will _. The space battles in _A New Hope_ were based on filmed World War I and World War II
World War II
dogfights .

Continuing the use of Nazi
Nazi
inspiration for the Empire, J. J. Abrams , the director of _Star Wars: The Force Awakens _, has said that the First Order, an Imperial offshoot which will possibly serve as the main antagonist of the sequel trilogy , is also inspired by another aspect of the Nazi
Nazi
regime. Abrams spoke of how several Nazis fled to Argentina
Argentina
after the war and he claims that the concept for the First Order came from conversations between the scriptwriters about what would have happened if they had started working together again.

CULTURAL IMPACT

Just like the franchise, its fictional weapons , such as the lightsaber and the blaster , have been used in popular culture and have been an iconic part of the franchise. Main article: Cultural impact of Star Wars
Star Wars

The _Star Wars_ saga has had a significant impact on modern popular culture . _Star Wars_ references are deeply embedded in popular culture; Phrases like "evil empire " and " May the Force be with you " have become part of the popular lexicon. The first _Star Wars_ film in 1977 was a cultural unifier, enjoyed by a wide spectrum of people. The film can be said to have helped launch the science fiction boom of the late 1970s and early 1980s, making science fiction films a blockbuster genre or mainstream. This very impact also made it a prime target for parody works and homages, with popular examples including _ Spaceballs _, _ Family Guy 's_ _ Laugh It Up, Fuzzball _, _ Robot Chicken 's_ " Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode I ", " Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode II " and " Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode III ", and _ Hardware Wars _ by Ernie Fosselius .

In 1989, the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
selected the original _Star Wars_ film for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry , as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." Its sequel, _The Empire Strikes Back_, was selected in 2010. Despite these callings for archival, it is unclear whether copies of the 1977 and 1980 theatrical sequences of _Star Wars_ and _Empire_—or copies of the 1997 Special
Special
Edition versions—have been archived by the NFR, or indeed if any copy has been provided by Lucasfilm and accepted by the Registry.

FAN WORKS

Main article: Star Wars
Star Wars
fan films

The _Star Wars_ saga has inspired many fans to create their own non-canon material set in the _Star Wars_ galaxy. In recent years, this has ranged from writing fan-fiction to creating fan films . In 2002, Lucasfilm sponsored the first annual Official _Star Wars_ Fan Film Awards , officially recognizing filmmakers and the genre. Because of concerns over potential copyright and trademark issues, however, the contest was initially open only to parodies , mockumentaries , and documentaries. Fan-fiction films set in the _Star Wars_ universe were originally ineligible, but in 2007 Lucasfilm changed the submission standards to allow in-universe fiction entries. Lucasfilm, for the most part, has allowed but not endorsed the creation of these derivative fan-fiction works, so long as no such work attempts to make a profit from or tarnish the _Star Wars_ franchise in any way. While many fan films have used elements from the licensed Expanded Universe to tell their story, they are not considered an official part of the _ Star Wars
Star Wars
canon _.

SEE ALSO

* _ Star Wars
Star Wars
portal

* Architecture of Star Wars_ * _Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars
Star Wars
Trilogy _ * Jedi
Jedi
census phenomenon * Jediism * List of _Star Wars_ creatures * Physics and _Star Wars_ * _Star Wars_ canon * _Star Wars_ Day * _Star Wars_ expanded universe * _Star Wars_ music * _Star Wars_ role play * _Star Wars:_ Evolution of the lightsaber duel * _The Story of Star Wars
Star Wars
_ * Technology in _Star Wars_ * List of space science fiction franchises

NOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ Until 2020

REFERENCES

* ^ Kit, Borys (July 7, 2015). "\'Star Wars\' Han Solo Spinoff In the Works With \' Lego
Lego
Movie\' Directors (Exclusive)". _The Hollywood Reporter_. Retrieved July 7, 2015. * ^ James Ryan. "When did Star Wars
Star Wars
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BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Arnold, Alan (1980). _Once Upon a Galaxy: A Journal of the Making of The Empire Strikes Back_. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-29075-5 . * Bouzereau, Laurent (1997). _The Annotated Screenplays_. Del Rey. ISBN 0-345-40981-7 . * Kaminski, Michael (2007). _The Secret History of Star Wars_. * ——— (2008) . _The Secret History of Star Wars_ (3.0 ed.). Legacy Books Press. ISBN 978-0-9784652-3-0 . * Rinzler, Jonathan W (2005). _The Making of Star Wars, Episode III – Revenge of the Sith_. Del Rey. ISBN 0-345-43139-1 . * ——— (2007). _The Making of Star Wars: The Definitive Story Behind the Original Film (Star Wars)_. Del Rey. ISBN 0-345-49476-8 .

FURTHER READING

* Decker, Kevin S. (March 10, 2005). _ Star Wars
Star Wars
and Philosophy_. Open Court. ISBN 0-8126-9583-6 . * Campbell, Joseph (June 1, 1991). _The Power of Myth_. Anchor
Anchor
. ISBN 0-385-41886-8 . * Henderson, Mary (November 3, 1997). _Star Wars: The Magic
Magic
of Myth_. Bantam . ISBN 0-553-10206-0 . * Larsen, Stephen (April 1, 2002). _Joseph Campbell: A Fire in the Mind_. Inner Traditions. ISBN 0-89281-873-5 . * Cavlelos, Jeanne (May 1999). _The Science of Star Wars
Star Wars
_. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-20958-4 . * Lucasfilms (November 13, 2012). Nancy Reagin, Janice Liedl, ed. _ Star Wars
Star Wars
and History _. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 111-82852-55 . * National Geographic Society (October 2005). _Star Wars: Where Science Meets Imagination _. National Geographic & Boston Museum of Science . ISBN 0-7922-4183-5 .

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