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The Info List - Staphyliniformia


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STAPHYLINIFORMIA is a large infraorder of beetles . It contains over 60,000 described species from all regions of the world. Most species occur in moist habitats - various kinds of rotting plant debris, fungi, dung, carrion, many live in fresh water.

CONTENTS

* 1 Characteristics * 2 Systematics and evolution * 3 See also * 4 References

CHARACTERISTICS

Most Staphyliniforms are small to average sized beetles. The diverse group has few clear apomorphies . They have primitively 11-segmented antennae, a constricted neck well behind the eyes. The pronotum has a well defined, large lateral edge. Larval legs are 5-segmented, the 10th abdominal segment is often with more-or-less fine or strong spines or hooks. Urogomphi (paired "horns" at posterior tip of abdomen of larvae and pupae) with basal articulation.

SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION

Staphyliniformia
Staphyliniformia
belongs to the Polyphaga
Polyphaga
suborder and is usually given an infraorder or series rank . It contains three superfamilies:

* Histeroidea , including the clown beetles . * Hydrophiloidea , including the water scavenger beetles * Staphylinoidea , including antlike stone beetles , carrion beetles , and rove beetles .

Some recent studies also include the superfamily Scarabaeoidea (infraorder Scarabaeiformia), forming together the so-called HYDROPHILOID LINEAGE. A sister group relationship of Hydrophiloidea and Histeroidea is strongly supported.

The unambiguous fossil record dates back to Triassic
Triassic
, and an early Mesozoic
Mesozoic
origin of the group is probable.

SEE ALSO

List of subgroups of the order Coleoptera

REFERENCES

* ^ M.Hansen. Phylogeny and classification of the staphyliniform beetle families (Coleoptera). Biologiske Skrifter 48, Copenhagen, 1997 * ^ M.S.Caterino et al., On the constitution and phylogeny of Staphyliniformia
Staphyliniformia
(Insecta: Coleoptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Vol.34, 3, 2005 * ^ J.Kukalova-Peck, J.F.Lawrence, (1993) Evolution of the hind wings in Coleoptera. Canadian Entomologist, 135, 181–258. * ^ R.G.Beutel, R.A.B.Leschen, Phylogenetic analysis of Staphyliniformia
Staphyliniformia
(Coleoptera) based on characters of larvae and adults. Systematic Entomology (2005), 30, 510–548 * ^ Grimaldi, D. and Engel, M.S. (2005). Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press

* Data related to Staphyliniformia
Staphyliniformia
at Wikispecies

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Extant Coleoptera families

* Kingdom: Animalia * Phylum: Arthropoda * Class: Insecta * Subclass: Pterygota
Pterygota
* Infraclass: Neoptera
Neoptera
* Superorder: Endopterygota
Endopterygota

SUBORDER ARCHOSTEMATA

* Crowsoniellidae (Crowsoniella relicta) * Cupedidae
Cupedidae
(reticulated beetles) * Jurodidae (Sikhotealinia zhiltzovae) * Micromalthidae (telephone-pole beetle) * Ommatidae

SUBORDER ADEPHAGA

EXTANT FAMILIES

* Amphizoidae (trout-stream beetles) * Aspidytidae
Aspidytidae
* Carabidae (ground beetles) * Dytiscidae
Dytiscidae
(predaceous diving beetles) * Gyrinidae (whirligig beetles) * Haliplidae
Haliplidae
(crawling water beetles) * Hygrobiidae * Meruidae (Meru phyllisae) * Noteridae
Noteridae
(burrowing water beetles) * Rhysodidae
Rhysodidae
(wrinkled bark beetles) * Trachypachidae
Trachypachidae
(false ground beetles)

SUBORDER MYXOPHAGA

* Hydroscaphidae
Hydroscaphidae
(skiff beetles) * Lepiceridae * Sphaeriusidae * Torridincolidae

SUBORDER POLYPHAGA

BOSTRICHIFORMIA

BOSTRICHOIDEA

* Anobiidae (furniture beetles, death watch beetles, spider beetles)

* Bostrichidae (auger beetles) * Dermestidae
Dermestidae
(skin beetles) * Jacobsoniidae
Jacobsoniidae
(Jacobson\'s beetles) * Nosodendridae
Nosodendridae
(wounded-tree beetles)

DERODONTOIDEA

* Derodontidae (tooth-necked fungus beetles)

CUCUJIFORMIA

CHRYSOMELOIDEA

* Cerambycidae (longhorn beetles) * Chrysomelidae (leaf beetles) * Disteniidae * Megalopodidae * Orsodacnidae * Oxypeltidae * Vesperidae
Vesperidae

CLEROIDEA

* Acanthocnemidae (Acanthocnemus nigricans) * Chaetosomatidae
Chaetosomatidae
* Cleridae
Cleridae
(checkered beetles) * Melyridae
Melyridae
(soft-wing flower beetles) * Phloiophilidae (Phloiophilus edwardsi) * Phycosecidae
Phycosecidae
* Prionoceridae
Prionoceridae
* Trogossitidae
Trogossitidae
(bark-gnawing beetles)

CUCUJOIDEA

* Alexiidae * Biphyllidae
Biphyllidae
(false skin beetles) * Boganiidae * Bothrideridae
Bothrideridae
(dry bark beetles) * Byturidae (fruitworm beetles) * Cavognathidae * Cerylonidae (minute bark beetles) * Coccinellidae
Coccinellidae
(lady beetles, or God\'s cows) * Corylophidae (minute fungus beetles) * Cryptophagidae (silken fungus beetles) * Cucujidae
Cucujidae
(flat bark beetles) * Cyclaxyridae * Discolomatidae * Endomychidae
Endomychidae
(handsome fungus beetles) * Erotylidae
Erotylidae
(pleasing fungus beetles) * Helotidae * Hobartiidae * Kateretidae (short-winged flower beetles) * Laemophloeidae (lined flat bark beetles) * Lamingtoniidae (Lamingtonium binnaberrense) * Latridiidae
Latridiidae
(minute brown scavenger beetles) * Monotomidae (root-eating beetles) * Myraboliidae * Nitidulidae (sap beetles) * Passandridae
Passandridae
(parasitic flat bark beetles) * Phalacridae
Phalacridae
(shining flower beetles) * Phloeostichidae * Propalticidae * Protocucujidae * Silvanidae (silvanid flat bark beetles) * Smicripidae (palmetto beetles) * Sphindidae
Sphindidae
(dry-fungus beetles)

Curculionoidea (weevils)

* Anthribidae
Anthribidae
(fungus weevils) * Attelabidae
Attelabidae
(leaf-rolling weevils) * Belidae (primitive weevils) * Brentidae
Brentidae
(straight snout weevils, New York weevil) * Caridae * Curculionidae
Curculionidae
(true weevils, bark beetles, ambrosia beetles) * Nemonychidae
Nemonychidae
(pine flower weevils)

LYMEXYLOIDEA

* Lymexylidae
Lymexylidae
(ship-timber beetles)

TENEBRIONOIDEA

* Aderidae
Aderidae
(ant-like leaf beetles) * Anthicidae
Anthicidae
(ant-like flower beetles) * Archeocrypticidae (cryptic fungus beetles) * Boridae (conifer bark beetles) * Chalcodryidae
Chalcodryidae
* Ciidae
Ciidae
(minute tree-fungus beetles) * Melandryidae (false darkling beetles) * Meloidae (blister beetles) * Mordellidae
Mordellidae
(tumbling flower beetles) * Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles) * Mycteridae (palm and flower beetles) * Oedemeridae
Oedemeridae
(false blister beetle) * Perimylopidae, or Promecheilidae * Prostomidae (jugular-horned beetles) * Pterogeniidae * Pyrochroidae (fire-coloured beetles) * Pythidae
Pythidae
(dead log bark beetles) * Ripiphoridae (wedge-shaped beetles) * Salpingidae
Salpingidae
(narrow-waisted bark beetles) * Scraptiidae (false flower beetles) * Stenotrachelidae
Stenotrachelidae
(false longhorn beetles) * Synchroidae
Synchroidae
(synchroa bark beetles) * Tenebrionidae (darkling beetles) * Tetratomidae (polypore fungus beetles) * Trachelostenidae * Trictenotomidae
Trictenotomidae
* Ulodidae
Ulodidae
* Zopheridae
Zopheridae
(ironclad beetles, cylindrical bark beetles)

ELATERIFORMIA

BUPRESTOIDEA

* Buprestidae
Buprestidae
(jewel beetles, or metallic wood-boring beetles) * Schizopodidae

BYRRHOIDEA

* Byrrhidae
Byrrhidae
(pill beetles) * Callirhipidae (cedar beetles) * Chelonariidae (turtle beetles) * Cneoglossidae * Dryopidae (long-toed water beetles) * Elmidae
Elmidae
(riffle beetles) * Eulichadidae (forest stream beetles) * Heteroceridae
Heteroceridae
(variegated mud-loving beetles) * Limnichidae (minute mud beetles) * Lutrochidae (travertine beetles) * Psephenidae (water-penny beetles) * Ptilodactylidae

DASCILLOIDEA

* Dascillidae (soft bodied plant beetles) * Rhipiceridae (cicada beetle, cicada parasite beetles)

ELATEROIDEA

* Anischiidae * Artematopodidae (soft-bodied plant beetles) * Brachypsectridae (Texas beetles) * Cantharidae (soldier beetles) * Cerophytidae (rare click beetles) * Drilidae * Elateridae (click beetles) * Eucnemidae
Eucnemidae
(false click beetles) * Lampyridae (fireflies) * Lycidae
Lycidae
(net-winged beetles) * Omalisidae * Omethidae (false fireflies) * Phengodidae
Phengodidae
(glowworm beetles, long-lipped beetles) * Plastoceridae (Plastocerus angulosus) * Podabrocephalidae * Rhagophthalmidae * Rhinorhipidae (Rhinorhipus tamborinensis) * Throscidae (false metallic wood-boring beetles)

SCIRTOIDEA

* Clambidae * Decliniidae (Declinia relicta) * Eucinetidae (plate-thigh beetles) * Scirtidae
Scirtidae

SCARABAEIFORMIA

SCARABAEOIDEA

* Belohinidae ( Belohina inexpectata) * Bolboceratidae * Ceratocanthidae * Diphyllostomatidae (false stag beetles) * Geotrupidae (dor beetles) * Glaphyridae (bumble bee scarab beetles) * Glaresidae (enigmatic scarab beetles) * Hybosoridae
Hybosoridae
(scavenger scarab beetles) * Lucanidae (stag beetles) * Ochodaeidae
Ochodaeidae
(sand-loving scarab beetles) * Passalidae
Passalidae
(betsy beetles) * Pleocomidae (rain beetles) * Scarabaeidae
Scarabaeidae
(scarabs) * Trogidae
Trogidae
(hide beetles)

STAPHYLINIFORMIA

HISTEROIDEA

* Histeridae
Histeridae
(clown beetles) * Sphaeritidae (false clown beetles) * Synteliidae

HYDROPHILOIDEA

* Epimetopidae * Georissidae (minute mud-loving beetles) * Helophoridae * Hydrochidae * Hydrophilidae
Hydrophilidae
(water scavenger beetles) * Spercheidae

STAPHYLINOIDEA

* Agyrtidae (primitive carrion beetles) * Hydraenidae * Leiodidae (round fungus beetles) * Ptiliidae (feather-winged beetles) * Scydmaenidae (ant-like stone beetles) * Silphidae
Silphidae
(carrion beetles) * Staphylinidae (rove beetles)

List of subgroups of the order Coleoptera

TAXON IDENTIFIERS

* Wd : Q383230 * EoL : 2650706 * ITIS : 678301 * NCBI : 41085

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Polyphaga
-related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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