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In poetry, a stanza (/ˈstænzə/; from Italian stanza [ˈstantsa], "room") is a grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line or indentation.[1] Stanzas can have regular rhyme and metrical schemes, though stanzas are not strictly required to have either. There are many unique forms of stanzas. Some stanzaic forms are simple, such as four-line quatrains. Other forms are more complex, such as the Spenserian stanza. Fixed verse poems, such as sestinas, can be defined by the number and form of their stanzas. The term stanza is similar to strophe, though strophe sometimes refers to irregular set of lines, as opposed to regular, rhymed stanzas.[2] The stanza in poetry is analogous with the paragraph that is seen in prose; related thoughts are grouped into units.[3] In music, groups of lines are typically referred to as verses. The stanza has also been known by terms such as batch, fit, and stave.[4] Example[edit] This short poem by Emily Dickinson
Emily Dickinson
has two stanzas of four lines each.

I had no time to hate, because The grave would hinder me, And life was not so ample I Could finish enmity.

Nor had I time to love; but since Some industry must be, The little toil of love, I thought, Was large enough for me.[5]

References[edit]

^ The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms. Murfin & Ray pg. 455 ^ The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms. Murfin & Ray pg. 457 ^ Literature Reading, Writing, Reacting. Kirszner & Mandell Ch. 18, pg. 716. ^ Cuddon, J.A. A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. ISBN 9781444333275. ^ Dickinson, Emily. "Poems: Three Series, Complete". Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 

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Poetic forms

Stanzas

Alcaic stanza Ballad stanza Chaubola Cinquain Couplet Quatrain Quintain Sapphic stanza Sonnet Stanza Tercet Triolet Terza rima Ghazal Verse paragraph Villanelle

Rhymes

Alliteration Assonance Broken rhyme Consonance Cross rhyme Forced/oblique Half rhyme Holorime Imperfect/near Internal rhyme Monorhyme Off-centered rhyme Pararhyme Perfect rhyme Rhyme Rhyme scheme Semirhyme Syllabic Tail rhyme Weak/unaccented

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