Stanley Kauffmann (April 24, 1916 – October 9, 2013) was an American author
, and critic
Kauffmann started with ''The New Republic
'' in 1958 and contributed film criticism to that magazine for the next fifty-five years, publishing his last review in 2013.
He had one brief break in his ''New Republic'' tenure, when he served as the drama critic for the ''New York Times
'' for eight months in 1966.
He worked as an acquisitions editor at Ballantine Books
in 1953, where he acquired the novel ''Fahrenheit 451
'', by Ray Bradbury
. Several years later, while working as an editor at Alfred A. Knopf
in 1959 he discovered a manuscript by Walker Percy
, ''The Moviegoer
''. Following a year of rewrites and revisions, the novel was published in 1961, and went on to win a National Book Award
Kauffmann was a long-time advocate and enthusiast of foreign film, helping to introduce and popularize in America the works of directors such as Ingmar Bergman
, François Truffaut
, Claude Chabrol
, and Yasujirō Ozu
He inspired and influenced younger film and cultural critics such as Roger Ebert
[ and David Denby.] [
Kauffmann was also a professor of English, Drama, and Film at City University of New York (1973–76) and taught at the Yale School of Drama.
Kauffmann was featured in the 2009 documentary ''For the Love of Movies: The Story of American Film Criticism'' where he was shown discussing the beginnings of film criticism in America, and noting the important contributions of poet Vachel Lindsay, who grasped that "the arrival of film was an important moment in the history of human consciousness".
Kauffmann is noted for his dissenting opinions on otherwise critically acclaimed films, having given negative reviews for ''Star Wars'', ''Raiders of the Lost Ark'', ''The Godfather'', ''Pulp Fiction'', ''Million Dollar Baby,'' ''Gone with the Wind'', and ''2001: A Space Odyssey'', films that were heavily praised by other notable critics.
Kauffmann attended DeWitt Clinton High School in the Bronx and New York University where he received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1935 and was an actor and stage manager with the Washington Square Players. Kauffmann married Laura Cohen in 1943, and they remained together until Cohen's death in 2012. They did not have children. Kauffmann died of pneumonia at St. Luke's Hospital in Manhattan on October 9, 2013, aged 97.
Books on criticism
*''Regarding Film: Criticism and Comment''. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press (2001).
*''Distinguishing Features: Film Criticism and Comment''. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press (1994).
*''Field of View: Film Criticism and Comment''. New York: Performing Arts Journal Publications (1986).
*''Theater Criticisms''. New York: Performing Arts Journal Publications (1986).
*''Albums of Early Life''. New Haven: Ticknor & Fields (1980).
*''Before My Eyes: Film Criticism and Comment''. New York: Harper & Row (1980).
*''Persons of the Drama: Theater Criticism and Comment''. New York: Harper & Row (1976).
*''Living Images: Film Comment and Criticism''. New York: Harper & Row (1975).
*''American Film Criticism: From the Beginnings to "Citizen Kane"; Reviews of Significant Films at the Time They First Appeared'' ditor, with Bruce Henstell New York: Liveright (1972).
*''Figures of Light: Film Criticism and Comment.'' New York: Harper & Row (1971).
*''A World on Film: Criticism and Comment''. New York: Harper & Row (1966).
Interview at Bright Lights Film Journal
Review of Regarding Film at Pop Matters
A Conversation with Stanley Kauffmann, ''Charlie Rose'' July 9, 1998
Category:20th-century American male writers
Category:20th-century American non-fiction writers
Category:21st-century American male writers
Category:21st-century American non-fiction writers
Category:American film critics
Category:American film editors
Category:American magazine writers
Category:American male non-fiction writers
Category:American theater critics
Category:City University of New York alumni
Category:City University of New York faculty
Category:DeWitt Clinton High School alumni
Category:Deaths from pneumonia
Category:Infectious disease deaths in New York (state)
Category:Journalists from New York City
Category:National Book Award winners
Category:New York University alumni
Category:The New Republic people
Category:Writers from Manhattan
Category:Yale School of Drama faculty