The stadium opened for the first time on May 8, 1984, for a friendly game: FC Nantes - Romania. It was named after Louis Fonteneau, who was President of FC Nantes between 1969-1986. It was renovated in 1998, for the World Cup. While its original capacity was 52,923, in 1998, it was converted to an all-seater stadium and its current capacity is 38,128. Previously, the team played at Stade Marcel Saupin.
The stadium also hosts international rugby matches, including France against New Zealand (16-3) on November 15, 1986. In September 2007, it hosted three pool matches of the 2007 Rugby World Cup: Wales vs Canada on September 9, England vs Samoa on September 22 and Wales vs Fiji on September 29. In domestic rugby, La Beaujoire hosted both Top 14 semifinal matches in 2013, and Paris-area Top 14 side Racing Métro 92 will play their final "home" match of the 2013–14 season against Clermont at La Beaujoire on April 19, 2014.
La Beaujoire hosted matches during the UEFA Euro 1984, including a 5-0 victory for France over Belgium. Six matches were also played there during the 1998 FIFA World Cup, including the quarter-final between Brazil and Denmark. The stadium was not selected for the UEFA Euro 2016.
The stadium has also hosted musical concerts including:
The stadium was one of the venues of the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and held the following matches:
|Date||Team #1||Res.||Team #2||Round|
|13 June 1998||Spain||2-3||Nigeria||Group D|
|16 June 1998||Brazil||3-0||Morocco||Group A|
|20 June 1998||Japan||0-1||Croatia||Group H|
|23 June 1998||Chile||1-1||Cameroon||Group B|
|25 June 1998||United States||0-1||Yugoslavia||Group F|
|03 July 1998||Brazil||3-2||Denmark||Quarter-finals|