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St Neots
St Neots
(/sənt ˈniːəts/ sənt NEE-əts) is a town and civil parish in the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire, England, within the historic county of Huntingdonshire, next to the Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
county border. It lies on the banks of the River Great Ouse in the Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District, 15 miles (24 km) west of Cambridge
Cambridge
and 50 miles (80 km) north of central London. St Neots is the largest town in Cambridgeshire[note 1] with a population of approximately 40,000 in 2014. The town is named after the Cornish monk Saint Neot, whose bones were subject to translation from the hamlet of St Neot
Neot
on Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor
on consecration of the Priory of St Neots
St Neots
circa 980.[1] Pilgrimage to St Neots
St Neots
brought prosperity for the town, and it was granted a market charter in 1130. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the town enjoyed further prosperity through corn milling, brewing, stagecoach traffic, and railways. After the Second World War, the town and its industry grew rapidly as London
London
councils paid for new housing to be built in the town to rehouse families from London. The first London
London
overspill housing was completed in the early 1960s.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 20th century to present

2 Government 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demography

4.1 Population

5 Transport

5.1 Rail 5.2 Road 5.3 Bus 5.4 Air 5.5 Cycling 5.6 Recent developments

5.6.1 St Neots
St Neots
(Southern) Foot and Cycle Bridge

6 Sport and leisure 7 Culture 8 Notable residents 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of St Neots Early history[edit]

Remains of the Norman castle at Eaton Socon

In 2012, archaeological excavations discovered prehistoric Mesolithic, Early Neolithic era, Iron Age, Roman and Early Middle Saxon items at the new town centre cinema development.[2] Some five years earlier, Cambridge
Cambridge
University Archaeologists uncovered significant remains of an Iron Age
Iron Age
settlement of Round Houses during eastern town excavations. These findings confirm settlements having existed for over 3,000 years. Roman, Saxon and Medieval finds have also been made in and around St Neots. Early Saxon developments were in Eynesbury, Eaton Socon
Eaton Socon
and Eaton Ford, which still exist as part of the town today; and Maltman's Green and Crosshall Ford which are no longer recognised. The Anglo Saxon Chronicles record that in 917 the Danish King of East Anglia left Huntingdon
Huntingdon
to attack Saxon settlements but was defeated and killed at the Battle of Tempsford near St Neots. The Normans rebuilt the Priory near the river and, in 1113, the Priory of St Neots was given its own manor, separate from Eyenesbury, which it had previously been part of.[3] The town formed was named St Neots, and remained partially entwined with Eynesbury until approximately 1204, when the two parishes were formally separated.[3] A castle was built in the 12th century on the riverbank at Eaton (modern Eaton Socon); the earth-mound remnants still exist today. The parish church was rebuilt in the 15th century, and is one of the few currently extant churches of this period in England. A large part of the original church remains, including stained glass windows depicting the life of Christ. The Great Ouse was made navigable from St Ives to Bedford, via St Neots, in 1629, increasing river-borne trade in the town.[3] The separate village of Eynesbury became re-incorporated into St Neots in 1876.

St.Neots Parish Church

20th century to present[edit] Eaton Ford
Eaton Ford
and Eaton Socon, two villages across the county boundary formed by the River Great Ouse
River Great Ouse
in Bedfordshire, were merged into St Neots in 1965. Technology-based industries are located in some of the town's light industrial estates, and there is a gas turbine power station at Little Barford on the edge of the town. Recent development has added Eynesbury Manor, Love's Farm, and the Island, Little Paxton
Little Paxton
bringing the population above 40,000. It is projected that the population of the town will be 65,000 by the end of the Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
Local Plan period (2036). Government[edit] The lowest tier of local government is for the civil parish, which in the case of St Neots
St Neots
is known as a town council. The town council consists of twenty-one elected councillors who are elected for a term of four years. A town mayor and a deputy town mayor are elected from among the town councillors. The town council is elected by those residents of the parish who have registered on the electoral roll. the town council is responsible for providing and maintaining a variety of local services including allotments and a cemetery; grass cutting and tree planting within public open spaces or playing fields. The town council reviews all planning applications that might affect the town and makes recommendations to Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council, which is the local planning authority for the civil parish. The town council also represents the views of the parish on issues such as local transport, policing and the environment. The town council raises its own tax to pay for these services, known as the parish precept, which is collected as part of the Council Tax. The second tier of local government is Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council which is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
and has its headquarters in Huntingdon. Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council has 52 councillors representing 29 district wards.[4] Huntingdonshire District Council collects the council tax, and provides services such as building regulations, local planning, environmental health, leisure and tourism.[5] St Neots
St Neots
is part of four district wards; St Neots Eaton Ford, St Neots
St Neots
Eaton Socon, St Neots
St Neots
Eynesbury, and St Neots Priory Park. St Neots
St Neots
is represented on the district council by two councillors for each district ward.[4][6] District councillors serve for four-year terms following elections to Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council. For St Neots
St Neots
the highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire County Council, which has administration buildings in Cambridge. The county council provides county-wide services such as major road infrastructure, fire and rescue, education, social services, libraries and heritage services.[7] Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council consists of 69 councillors representing 60 electoral divisions.[8] St Neots
St Neots
is part of two electoral divisions; Little Paxton
Little Paxton
and St Neots
St Neots
North; and St Neots Eaton Socon
Eaton Socon
and Eynesbury.[6] St Neots
St Neots
is represented on the county council by two councillors for each electoral division.[8] At Westminster, St Neots
St Neots
is in the parliamentary constituency of Huntingdon,[6] and elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. St Neots
St Neots
is represented in the House of Commons by Jonathan Djanogly
Jonathan Djanogly
(Conservative). Jonathan Djanogly
Jonathan Djanogly
has represented the constituency since 2001. St Neots
St Neots
was in the safe Conservative constituency of Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
South West from 1983 until 1997 when it was transferred to Huntingdon, whose MP at the time was the then-Prime Minister John Major
John Major
(although he was briefly Leader of the Opposition and then a backbencher for most of his four years in the seat on those boundaries until his retirement). For the European Parliament St Neots
St Neots
is part of the East of England
East of England
constituency, which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation. Geography[edit] St Neots
St Neots
is approximately 49 miles north of London. It is close to the south-western boundary of Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District, and both the city of Cambridge
Cambridge
and the county town of Bedford
Bedford
are nearby.

Places adjacent to St Neots

Hail Weston Little Paxton Great Paxton

Colmworth

St Neots

Croxton, Cambridgeshire

Wyboston Little Barford Abbotsley

St Neots
St Neots
lies in the valley of the River Great Ouse, partly on the flood plain and partly on slightly higher ground a little further from the water. The Great Ouse is a mature river, once wide and shallow but now controlled by weirs and sluices and usually constrained in a well-defined channel.

River Great Ouse, St Neots

Tributaries entering the Great Ouse in the town are the River Kym, Hen Brook, Duloe Brook and Colmworth
Colmworth
Brook. The area is generally low-lying. The Riverside Fields, an amenity area adjacent to St Neots Bridge, is designed as a flood buffer area, and is under water at times of flood, protecting dwelling and commercial property from flood. St Neots
St Neots
developed at the site of a ford where overland routes converged. This was replaced by a medieval bridge, and today there are two further crossings just outside the town, one to the north and another to the south. The soil is mainly light, overlying gravel beds, and gravel extraction is one of the local industries. Older disused gravel pits form useful nature reserves and amenity areas at nearby Paxton Pits and at the Wyboston
Wyboston
Leisure Park. Away from the river, the higher land is mainly a heavy clay soil with few large settlements. Much of the land is used for arable farming. Climate[edit] The climate in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is defined as a temperate oceanic climate, or Cfb on the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system, a classification it shares with most of northwest Europe.[9] Eastern areas of the United Kingdom, such as East Anglia, are drier, cooler, less windy and also experience the greatest daily and seasonal temperature variations. Protected from the cool onshore coastal breezes further to the east of the region, Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
is warm in summer, and cold and frosty in winter.

Climate data for St Neots, 2000–2012

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8 (46) 8 (46) 11 (52) 12 (54) 17 (63) 19 (66) 22 (72) 22 (72) 18 (64) 14 (57) 10 (50) 7 (45) 14 (57)

Average low °C (°F) 3 (37) 2 (36) 4 (39) 4 (39) 8 (46) 10 (50) 13 (55) 13 (55) 10 (50) 7 (45) 5 (41) 3 (37) 6.83 (44.29)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.3 (1.075) 5.4 (0.213) 16 (0.63) 30.2 (1.189) 16.5 (0.65) 26.3 (1.035) 30.4 (1.197) 23.8 (0.937) 36.5 (1.437) 31.1 (1.224) 27.6 (1.087) 21.4 (0.843) 292.5 (11.516)

Average precipitation days 4 3 4 3 4 5 5 5 5 4 6 4 52

Source: World Weather Online[10]

Demography[edit] Population[edit] In the period 1801 to 1901 the population of St Neots
St Neots
was recorded every ten years by the UK census. During this time the population was in the range of 1,752 (the lowest was in 1801) and 3,321 (the highest was in 1861).[11] From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of 1941 (due to the Second World War).

Parish 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011

St Neots 4,171 4,110 4,314 4,700 5,554 15,204 21,290 24,529 26,356 31,165

Except for 2011, all population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to 2011 by Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Insight.[11] 2011 Census figure.[12] In 2011, the parish covered an area of 3,776 acres (1,528 hectares)[11] and the population density of St Neots
St Neots
in 2011 was 5,232.2 persons per square mile (2,020.3 per square kilometre). Transport[edit] Rail[edit] St Neots railway station
St Neots railway station
is located on the East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
and provides half-hourly trains south to London
London
( London
London
King's Cross) and north to Peterborough. Journey times to London
London
King's Cross typically range from 36 minutes to one hour. The station is managed and served by Great Northern. A new footbridge opened in February 2014, linking the Love's Farm housing development and Rowley Park Stadium to the railway station and the rest of the town, as well as providing lifts to all platforms.

St Neots
St Neots
Railway
Railway
Station

Road[edit]

St Neots
St Neots
Market Square

Riverside Park, St Neots

St Neots
St Neots
is bypassed by the A1 which links the town by road with London
London
to the south and Peterborough
Peterborough
to the north, while the nearby A14 provides access to the Midlands and East Anglia. Until the three-mile £8 million A45 St Neots
St Neots
Bypass opened in December 1985 (subsequently re-designated as the A428), traffic to and from Cambridge
Cambridge
had to pass through the town centre. The A421 begins at Black Cat Roundabout
Black Cat Roundabout
on the A1 just south of the town, connecting with Bedford
Bedford
and Milton Keynes, and carrying much of the traffic between Oxford
Oxford
and Cambridge. Bus[edit] Regular local buses are provided by Stagecoach
Stagecoach
in Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
and Go Whippet. St Neots
St Neots
is served by the cross country X5 service that runs between Cambridge
Cambridge
and Oxford. There is also the Route 66, run by Stagecoach
Stagecoach
which goes into Huntingdon. Air[edit] St Neots
St Neots
is within an hour's drive from London
London
Luton Airport and London
London
Stansted Airport

St Neots
St Neots
Foot and Cycle Bridge

The route and location of the St Neots
St Neots
(Southern) Foot and Cycle Bridge.

Location Cambridgeshire

Geometry KML

Cycling[edit] St Neots
St Neots
is on Route 12 of the Sustrans
Sustrans
national cycle route that connects Colchester
Colchester
and Oxford
Oxford
via Harwich, Felixstowe, Ipswich, Bury St Edmunds, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Sandy, Bedford
Bedford
and Milton Keynes. Recent developments[edit] St Neots
St Neots
(Southern) Foot and Cycle Bridge[edit] A foot and cycle bridge across the River Great Ouse
River Great Ouse
was opened in 2011, connecting the communities of Eaton Socon
Eaton Socon
and Eynesbury. A public consultation on the scheme was held in 2003 with public exhibitions held in December 2008. The new bow string arch bridge has a span of 346 m (1,135 ft) (including access ramps), and includes lighting and improvements to the connecting cycle paths. The scheme was supported by Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council, Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council and is a Sustrans
Sustrans
Connect2 project. The bridge had an estimated construction cost of £3.5 million with Sustrans
Sustrans
contributing an additional £700,000.[13] The construction started in January 2011 and was completed on time and within budget during September 2011. The use of a Compulsory Purchase Order for the necessary land was approved. The route of the cycle way has connected Shakespeare Road, in Eaton Socon, to Barford Road, in Eynesbury and follows the southern boundary of St Neots
St Neots
Community School.[14] Sport and leisure[edit] St Neots
St Neots
has a semi-professional non-League football team, St Neots Town F.C., who play at Rowley Park Stadium. The club are currently members of the Southern Football League Premier Division. The town also has a rugby club St Neots
St Neots
RUFC, a rowing club St Neots
St Neots
Rowing Club, two Dragon Boat
Dragon Boat
teams and a table tennis club, the St Neots Table Tennis club, which plays in both the Bedford
Bedford
and District Table Tennis League and the Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Table Tennis League. The Rowley Arts Centre was opened in May 2014. The development includes a piazza walkway line with popular national chain restaurants and state-of-the-art cinema complex. The development is named after Peter Rowley, an American playwright, author and critic who was Lord of the Manor of St Neots. He donated £1 million towards the development. The cinema contains six screens capable of accommodating 900 people. The build specification is in accordance with Cineworld deluxe standard and nearly all screens are equipped with the latest 3D projection. The Rowley Auditorium also provides a venue for live performances, with adapted seating area and spotlighting. There are also lifts and box seating for disabled visitors. Culture[edit] St Neots
St Neots
Museum, housed in the town's Victorian Police Station and Magistrates Court, has local history collections covering the town's rich past including a display about James Toller, the Eynesbury Giant, a resident from the 18th century who measured over 8 ft in height. There is also a gallery with temporary exhibitions by local creatives including fine art, ceramics, sculpture and illustration. Local notable music venues include the Priory Centre,[15] and has been host to many great entertainers as well as holding productions by local amateur dramatic groups and the Pig and Falcon, which has live music every Wednesday, Friday and Saturday and regular open mic nights. The town has a community radio station, co-founded by BBC radio presenter, Tony Gillham[16] and was granted an FM radio licence by Ofcom in 2015. The station has been broadcasting under the name Black Cat 107 regularly since April 2017. There is a thriving theatre community with four active groups – Riverside Theatre Company[17] who stage productions, run workshops and have groups for all ages; VAMPS[18] formed in 1961 as the St Neots
St Neots
and District Operatic Society and stage popular musicals and variety shows; award-winning, St Neots
St Neots
Players,[19] formed in the late 1920s as a play-reading group with past members who used to perform the annual Shakespeare, Pantomime and other mid-season productions at the Kings Head Hotel in the Stables Theatre; and Stageworks,[20] a performing arts group offering classes, holiday programmes, workshops and a college offering full-time training to students aged 16 years and over that prepares students for musical theatre and acting. The local creative community is served by art youth club, Vir2oso,[21] which runs regular workshops and clubs for 8 and 17 year-olds at the Bargoves Centre and aims to encourage and support children who feel despondent and dejected in their school life and those with learning difficulties. There is also Neotists,[22] a group for creative professionals with members covering design, illustration, art, photography and IT, which commissions local creatives to collaborate on projects, run workshops and events for the community and provide opportunities and connections for professionals working in the creative industry. Notable residents[edit] John Bellingham, the only man to assassinate a British Prime Minister ( Spencer Perceval
Spencer Perceval
on 11 May 1812), lived in St Neots.[23] Footballers John Gregory, Lee Philpott, and Tim Breacker are from the town, as well as Olympic High Jump Bronze medallist Robbie Grabarz
Robbie Grabarz
and Olympic fencer Graham Paul. Multiple World short course swimming champion Mark Foster also lives in St Neots.[24] Other people from the town include actor Rula Lenska.[25] Blues guitarist Mark Christian Hawkins is also a resident. Notes[edit]

^ There are two larger settlements in the ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire, Cambridge
Cambridge
and Peterborough, but these are both cities

References[edit]

^ Neot ^ http://www-cau.arch.cam.ac.uk/index.htm ^ a b c Page, William; Proby, Granville; Inskipp Ladds, S, eds. (1932). "Parishes: St Neots". A History of the County of Huntingdon. London: Victoria County History. 2: 337–346. Retrieved 26 July 2016.  ^ a b " Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council: Councillors". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ " Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ a b c "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ " Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.  ^ a b " Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council: Councillors". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016.  ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.  (direct: Final Revised Paper) ^ " St Neots
St Neots
2000–2012". World Weather Online. Retrieved 26 June 2015.  ^ a b c "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to 2011" (xlsx - download). www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
Insight. Retrieved 12 February 2016.  ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics: Lead Key Figures 2011 Census: St Neots (Parish)". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ " St Neots
St Neots
(Southern) Foot and Cycle Bridge". Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
County Council. Retrieved 2009-07-07.  ^ The bridge is known locally as the Willow Bridge. "St Neots (Southern) Foot and Cycle Bridge Briefing Note" (PDF). Cambridgeshire County Council. 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-07.  ^ "Priory Centre".  ^ "Black Cat Radio launching in St Neots
St Neots
on 87.7FM". Hunts Post. Retrieved 2017-05-12.  ^ "Riverside Theatre Company".  ^ "VAMPS".  ^ " St Neots
St Neots
Players".  ^ "Stageworks".  ^ "Vir2oso".  ^ "Neotists".  ^ Bell, John (2002), The St Neots
St Neots
assassin, BBC Cambridgeshire, ISBN 1-899558-01-2  ^ "Foster covets first Olympic medal". BBC News. 15 July 2008. Retrieved 2010-03-27.  ^ "Rula Lenska". bfi.ork.uk. British Film Institute. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Town Council Official tourism website for St Neots

v t e

River Great Ouse, England

Counties

Northamptonshire Buckinghamshire Bedfordshire Cambridgeshire Norfolk

Flows into

The Wash

Towns (upstream to downstream)

Brackley Buckingham Old Stratford Milton Keynes

Stony Stratford Wolverton New Bradwell

Newport Pagnell Olney Kempston Bedford St Neots Godmanchester Huntingdon St Ives Ely Littleport Downham Market King's Lynn

Major tributaries (upstream to downstream by confluence)

River Tove River Ouzel
River Ouzel
(or Lovat) River Ivel River Kym Old Bedford
Bedford
River New Bedford
Bedford
River River Cam River Lark River Little Ouse River Wissey

Major bridges (upstream to downstream)

Harrold bridge A428 Turvey bridge A428 Bromham bypass A6 Bedford
Bedford
Town Bridge A421 Bedford
Bedford
bypass Great Barford Bridge A428 Bridge St Neots St Neots
St Neots
Town Bridge Godmanchester
Godmanchester
Chinese Bridge A14 bridge, River Great Ouse Huntingdon
Huntingdon
Old Bridge St Ives Bridge

Longest UK rivers

Severn Thames Trent Great Ouse Wye Ure/Ouse Tay Spey Clyde Tweed Avon Nene Eden Dee

v t e

Ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire

Unitary authorities

City of Peterborough

Boroughs or districts

City of Cambridge District of East Cambridgeshire District of Fenland District of Huntingdonshire District of South Cambridgeshire

Major settlements

Cambridge Chatteris Ely Godmanchester Huntingdon March Peterborough Ramsey St Ives St Neots Soham Whittlesey Wisbech See also: List of civil parishes in Cambridgeshire

Rivers

Great Ouse (Old Bedford New Bedford Cam Kym Lark Little Ouse) Nene Stour Welland

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements SSSIs Country houses Churches Grade I listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants Custodes Rotulorum High Sheriffs Schools Museums Diocese of Ely Diocese of Peterborough Isle of Ely Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
and Isle of Ely Soke of Peterborough Huntingdon
Huntingdon
and Peterborough

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133722769 LCCN: n82235

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