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The ST. LOUIS–SAN FRANCISCO RAILWAY (reporting mark SLSF), also known as the FRISCO, was a railroad that operated in the Midwest
Midwest
and South Central U.S. from 1876 to April 17, 1980. At the end of 1970 it operated 4,547 miles (7,318 km) of road on 6,574 miles (10,580 km) of track, not including subsidiaries Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway or the Alabama, Tennessee
Tennessee
and Northern Railroad
Railroad
; that year it reported 12,795 million ton-miles of revenue freight and no passengers. It was purchased and absorbed into the Burlington Northern Railroad
Burlington Northern Railroad
in 1980. Despite its name, it never came close to San Francisco.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Passenger trains * 3 Former Frisco lines today

* 4 Surviving Equipment

* 4.1 Steam Locomotives

* 5 Predecessors

* 6 Acquisitions

* 6.1 Asset absorptions

* 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

Preserved wooden caboose on display in Missouri
Missouri
Preserved Railway Express Agency car, along with Kiamichi EMD F7 slug No. SL1, at the Frisco Depot Museum in Hugo, Oklahoma
Oklahoma

The St. Louis–San Francisco Railway was incorporated in Missouri
Missouri
on September 7, 1876. It was formed from the Missouri
Missouri
Division and Central Division of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad
Railroad
. This land grant line was one of two railroads (the other being the M-K-T ) authorized to build across Indian Territory. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad
Railroad
, interested in the A the receivers retained the western right of way but divested the ATSF of the St. Louis-San Francisco mileage on the great plains. After bankruptcy the Frisco emerged as the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad, incorporated on June 29, 1896, which also went bankrupt. On August 24, 1916 the company was reorganized as the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway, though the line never went west of Texas, terminating more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) from San Francisco.

The St. Louis–San Francisco Railway had two main lines: St. Louis – Tulsa Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City and Kansas
Kansas
City –Memphis –Birmingham . The junction of the two lines was in Springfield, Missouri
Missouri
, home to the company's main shop facility and headquarters. Other lines included:

* Springfield– Kansas
Kansas
City (via Clinton, Missouri
Missouri
) * Monett, Missouri
Missouri
( Pierce City )–Wichita, Kansas
Kansas
* Monett, Missouri–Hugo, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
–Paris, Texas
Texas
* St. Louis–River Junction, Arkansas
Arkansas
(Memphis, Tennessee) * Tulsa, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
–Dallas, Texas
Texas
* Tulsa, Oklahoma–Avard, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
* Lakeside, Oklahoma–Hugo, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
–Hope, Arkansas
Arkansas
.

From March, 1917, through January, 1959, the Frisco, in a joint venture with the Missouri–Kansas– Texas
Texas
Railroad
Railroad
, operated the Texas
Texas
Special
Special
. This luxurious train, a streamliner from 1947, ran from St. Louis to Dallas, Texas
Texas
, Ft. Worth, Texas
Texas
and San Antonio, Texas
Texas
.

It was the last passenger railroad to end Jim Crow or segregation of passengers by race.

The Frisco merged into the Burlington Northern Railroad
Burlington Northern Railroad
on November 21, 1980.

The city of Frisco, Texas
Texas
was named after the railroad and uses the former railroad's logo as its own logo. The logo is modeled after a stretched-out raccoon skin (giving rise to Frisco High School 's mascot, the Fighting Raccoons).

PASSENGER TRAINS

The Sunnyland at Birmingham Alabama's Union Station on April 15, 1963

While the Texas
Texas
Special
Special
was the most famous passenger train the Frisco ever operated, it also rostered an entire fleet of named trains. These included:

* Black Gold (Tulsa–Dallas/Fort Worth overnight) * Firefly ( Kansas
Kansas
City–Tulsa) * Kansas
Kansas
City– Florida
Florida
Special
Special
( Kansas
Kansas
City–Jacksonville) * Memphian (St. Louis–Memphis) * Meteor (St. Louis– Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City by night with connecting train Monett-Fort Smith-Paris, TX) * Oil Fields Special
Special
(Tulsa–Dallas/Ft. Worth by day) * Oklahoman (Once connected Kansas
Kansas
City– Tulsa but was later rerouted between St. Louis– Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City.) * Southland ( Kansas
Kansas
City–Birmingham) * Sunnyland ( Kansas
Kansas
City/St. Louis–Atlanta/Pensacola) * Texas
Texas
Flash (Tulsa-Sherman-Dallas by day) * Will Rogers (St. Louis– Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City/Wichita by day)

FORMER FRISCO LINES TODAY

1899 poster showing a boy and a girl in a SLSF waiting room

The core of the former Frisco system continues to be operated by BNSF Railway as high-density mainlines. Other secondary and branchlines have been sold to shortline operators or have been abandoned altogether.

* Kansas
Kansas
City – Springfield – Memphis – Birmingham: Operated by BNSF * St. Louis – Springfield – Tulsa – Dallas: Operated by BNSF * Fort Scott, Kansas
Kansas
to Afton, Oklahoma: Operated by BNSF * St. Louis to Memphis, Tennessee: Operated by BNSF * Tulsa, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
to Avard, Oklahoma: Operated by BNSF * Fredonia, Kansas
Kansas
to Cherryvale, Kansas
Kansas
to Columbus, Kansas: Operated by South Kansas
Kansas
and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Railroad
Railroad
* Cherokee, Kansas
Kansas
to Pittsburg, Kansas: Operated by South Kansas and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Railroad
Railroad
* Fredonia, Kansas
Kansas
to Ellsworth, Kansas: Abandoned * Cherokee, Kansas
Kansas
to Cherryvale, Kansas: Abandoned * Monett, Missouri
Missouri
to Fort Smith, Arkansas: Operated by Arkansas
Arkansas
and Missouri
Missouri
Railroad
Railroad
* Lakeside, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
to Hope, Arkansas: Operated by Kiamichi Railroad
Railroad
(Genesee awaiting restoration to operating condition. * FRISCO 1355, 2-8-2
2-8-2
Mikado, displayed on Garden Street, Pensacola, Florida
Florida
, near the site of the SLSF passenger depot demolished in 1967. * FRISCO 1501, 4-8-2
4-8-2
Mountain-type, built in 1926. Static display in Schuman Park, Rolla MO since 1955. Several parts from Frisco 1501 were donated to Frisco 1522 to make/keep 1522 operational. Video * FRISCO 1522 , 4-8-2
4-8-2
Mountain-type, built in 1926. It was at the Museum of Transportation in St. Louis, Missouri
Missouri
until 1988, when it began pulling excursions. In 2002, it was returned to the Museum of Transportation * FRISCO 1527, 4-8-2
4-8-2
Mountain-type, built by Baldwin in 1926. Static display in Langan Park, Mobile, AL since 1964. * FRISCO 1529, 4-8-2
4-8-2
Mountain-type, built by Baldwin in 1926. The train hosted President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1934, and was eventually the last steam engine to make a passenger run for Frisco. Now on static display in Frisco Park in Amory, Mississippi. * FRISCO 1621, a 2-10-0
2-10-0
, being a Russian Class Ye ("Russian Decapod"), built in 1918 and on static display at the Museum of Transportation in St. Louis, Missouri
Missouri
. * FRISCO 1625, another 2-10-0
2-10-0
Russian Decapod, also built in 1918. After intermediate service with the Eagle-Picher Mining Co., now on static display at the Museum of the American Railroad
Railroad
in Frisco, Texas . * FRISCO 1630 , another 2-10-0
2-10-0
Russian Decapod, also built in 1918, and in excursion service at the Illinois Railway Museum in Union, Illinois * FRISCO 4003, a 2-8-2
2-8-2
Mikado built in 1919 by Lima and on static display at the Fort Smith Trolley Museum in Fort Smith, Arkansas
Arkansas
. * FRISCO 4018 , a 2-8-2
2-8-2
Mikado built in 1919 and is on static display at Sloss Furnaces in Birmingham, Alabama
Alabama
* FRISCO 4500 , a 4-8-4
4-8-4
Northern-type built in 1942 on static display in Tulsa, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
, and 4501, a 4-8-4
4-8-4
on static display at the Museum of the American Railroad
Railroad
in Frisco, Texas
Texas
, both being locomotives which pulled the Frisco's crack Meteor train. * FRISCO 4524, another wartime 4500-series 4-8-4
4-8-4
Northern-type on static display at Grant Beach Park in Springfield, Missouri
Missouri
, wearing the "Frisco Fast Freight" paint scheme. It was the last steam locomotive built for the Frisco.

PREDECESSORS

The following companies were predecessors of the Frisco:

* Pacific Railroad
Railroad
, charter granted by Missouri
Missouri
on March 3, 1849 * Southwest Pacific Railroad
Railroad
, John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont
reorganized in August 1866 * Atlantic and Pacific Railroad
Railroad
, incorporated on July 27, 1866

See also List of predecessors of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway

ACQUISITIONS

Frisco 1522 has been preserved and restored. In this picture the locomotive is sitting in Arkansas
Arkansas
City, Kansas.

The following railroads were acquired or merged into the Frisco: This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

* Missouri
Missouri
and Western Railway : 1879 * St. Louis, Arkansas
Arkansas
and Texas
Texas
Railway : 1882 * Springfield and Southern Railroad
Railroad
: 1885 * Kansas
Kansas
City and Southwestern Railroad
Railroad
: 1886 * Fayetteville and Little Rock Railroad
Railroad
: 1887 * Fort Smith and Southern Railway : 1887 * Kansas
Kansas
City, Osceola and Southern Railway : 1900 * Arkansas
Arkansas
and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Railroad
Railroad
: 1901 * St. Louis, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
and Southern Railway : 1901 * Kansas
Kansas
City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railway : 1901 * Arkansas
Arkansas
Valley and Western Railway : 1907 * Blackwell, Enid and Southwestern Railway : 1903 * Red River, Texas
Texas
and Southern Railway : 1904 * Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City and Texas
Texas
Railroad
Railroad
: December 19, 1904 * Crawford County Midland and Railroad
Railroad
: May 20, 1905 * Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City and Western Railroad
Railroad
: 1907 – December 19, 1910 * Sapulpa and Oil Field Railroad
Railroad
: 1917 * West Tulsa Belt Railway : 1922 * Jonesboro, Lake City and Eastern Railroad
Railroad
:1924 * Pittsburg and Columbus Railway (Pittsburg, Kansas
Kansas
): 1925–1926 * Springfield Connecting Railway : May 11, 1926 * Kansas
Kansas
City and Memphis Railway and Bridge Company : 1928 * Paris and Great Northern Railroad
Railroad
: July 21, 1928 * Kansas
Kansas
City, Clinton and Springfield Railway : September 1, 1928 * Alabama, Tennessee
Tennessee
and Northern Railroad
Railroad
: December 28, 1948 * Central of Georgia Railway : 1956. The Interstate Commerce Commission did not approve the purchase, so the Frisco sold it to Southern Railway in 1961. * Northeast Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Railroad
Railroad
: December 27, 1963 (Division dissolved February 27, 1967; Roads involved include: NEO RR, Oklahoma, Kansas
Kansas
and Missouri
Missouri
Interurban Railroad
Railroad
, Joplin and Pittsburg Railway and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Traction Company )

ASSET ABSORPTIONS

The following is a list of partial or full asset absorptions, many times through bankruptcy courts or creditors. In some cases the Frisco was a creditor. Assets can include mineral rights, property, track and right of way, trains, bonds, mortgages, etc. Frisco 1621 on display at the Museum of Transportation outside St. Louis, Missouri
Missouri

* St. Louis, Wichita and Western Railway : 1882 * St. Louis and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City Railroad
Railroad
: 1898 * Kansas
Kansas
Midland Railroad
Railroad
: October 23, 1900 * Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City Terminal Railroad
Railroad
: 1900–1903 * Fort Smith and Van Buren Bridge Company : 1907 * Ozark and Cherokee Central Railway : 1907 * St. Louis, Memphis and Southern Railroad
Railroad
: 1907 * Sulphur Springs Railway : 1907 * Joplin Railway : 1910 * Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway : 1919–1937 * Fayetteville and Little Rock Railroad
Railroad
: 1926 * Little Rock and Texas
Texas
Railway : 1926 * Kansas
Kansas
City, Memphis and Birmingham Railroad
Railroad
: September 1, 1928 * Muscle Shoals, Birmingham and Pensacola Railroad
Railroad
: 1928–1947 * Miami Mineral Belt Railroad
Railroad
: 1950 * St. Louis, Kennett and Southeastern Railroad
Railroad
: 1950 * St. Louis, San Francisco and Texas
Texas
Railway : 1963–1964 * Birmingham Belt Railroad
Railroad
: 1967 (liquidation of BB RR and distribution of assets)

SEE ALSO

* Railways portal

* Frisco, Texas
Texas
* Gulf Coast Lines * Benjamin Franklin Yoakum * Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway * Frisco 1352

REFERENCES

* ^ Patrick Hiatte, Springfield, Missouri: The Heart of the Frisco, 1955, Trains magazine, December 2003 * ^ "History of the Frisco". TheLibrary.org. Springfield, Missouri: Springfield-Greene County Library District. * ^ "Corporate History: St. Louis - San Francisco Railway Company". The Truman Area Community Network. Henry County Library. June 2, 2008.

* ^ "FRISCO INTERNATIONAL WIDE VISION CABOOSE #239". Canadian Model Trains Inc. March 12, 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-18. * ^ "\'100 Years of Service\'". Frisco Veterans' Reunion via Springfield-Greene County Library. 1960 (book) website: ?. Retrieved 2012-03-18. Check date values in: date= (help ) * ^ http://www.steamlocomotive.com/mikado/?page=slsf, Retrieved 6-11-15. * ^ http://www.steamlocomotive.com/mikado/?page=slsf, Retrieved 6-11-15. * ^ Frisco 1352 * ^ http://www.museumoftheamericanrailroad.org/Collection/EquipmentRoster/SteamLocomotives.aspx * ^ http://www.museumoftheamericanrailroad.org/Collection/EquipmentRoster/SteamLocomotives.aspx

EXTERNAL LINKS

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