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St. Angelo Fort
St. Angelo Fort
(also known as Kannur
Kannur
Fort or Kannur
Kannur
Kotta) is a fort facing the Arabian Sea, situated 3 km from Kannur, a city in Kerala
Kerala
state, south India.

Contents

1 History 2 Present status 3 Image gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Cannonore fort & Bay'; a watercolor by John Johnston, c.1795-1801

St. Angelo's Fort was built in 1505 by Dom Francisco de Almeida, the first Portuguese Viceroy of India
India
on the Arabian sea coast about 2 km from Kannur
Kannur
town. It was attacked in vain by the local Indian ruler Zamorin and kolathiri in the Siege of Cannanore (1507).

Fort at Kannur

In August 1509 Almeida, refusing to recognize Afonso de Albuquerque's as the new Portuguese governor to supersede himself, arrested him in this fortress after having fought the naval Battle of Diu. Afonso de Albuquerque was released after six months' confinement, and become governor on the arrival of the grand-marshal of Portugal with a large fleet, in October 1509.[1] The Dutch captured the fort from the Portuguese in 1663. They modernised the fort and built the bastions Hollandia, Zeelandia and Frieslandia that are the major features of the present structure. The original Portuguese fort was pulled down later. A painting of this fort and the fishing ferry behind it can be seen in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. The Dutch sold the fort to king Ali Raja of Arakkal
Arakkal
in 1772. In 1790 the British seized it and used it as their chief military station in Malabar until 1947. The fort is in the Cannanore Cantonment
Cannanore Cantonment
area. It is fairly well preserved as a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India. St Angelo's fort is a most important historical monument and a popular tourist attraction. Six Tourism Policeman are posted here for protection duty. In 2015, thousands of cannonballs weighing several kilos were discovered from the Fort premises. The Archaeological Survey of India, which led the excavation, believes these were buried as part of military preparedness. Present status[edit]

St. Angelo Fort

The Moppila Bay Harbor and Arakkal
Arakkal
Mosque are near the fort. The fort is now well-maintained under the supervision of the Archaeological Survey of India. Tourists are allowed entry to the fort every day of the week between 8 AM to 6 PM. Image gallery[edit]

Spacious interiors

Decorative Plant

An ideal place for a rendezvous

The Fort Gate

The Cliff-like end of the fort

Kannur
Kannur
Fort

Kannur
Kannur
fort, inside view.

The Grave stone of Dutch commandents wife and two children with Dutch inscruptions.

The watch tower.

The chapel inside the fort after the restoration.

The stairway leads to the top of the fort wall. Note that the whole of the fort is made with laterite material.

Remains of the early oil lamp lighthouse inside the fort.

Inside view of the army barracks.

Another view from the top of the Stable.

The old entrance to the fort

Entrance to the fort

Kannur
Kannur
Fort and Arabian Sea.

A Cannon
Cannon
at Kannur
Kannur
fort.

Main entrance.

View from the top.

St. Angelo Fort, Kannur

See also[edit]

Arakkal
Arakkal
Museum Cannanore Lighthouse Cannanore Cantonment Payyambalam Beach Meenkunnu Beach Muzhappilangad Beach Parassinikkadavu Snake Park Muthappan temple Kannur Thalassery Fort Kannur
Kannur
Kotta rape case

References[edit]

^ Neto, Ricardo Bonalume (2002-04-01). "Lightning rod of Portuguese India". MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History. Cowles Enthusiast Media Spring. p. 68.  access-date= requires url= (help)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Angelo Fort.

Coordinates: 11°51′15″N 75°22′19″E / 11.854200°N 75.371811°E / 11.854200; 75.371811

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India
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Kadavallur
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Kerala
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Anchuthengu
Anchuthengu
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Islands

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Lighthouses

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Mountains

Aathanad Agastya Mala Ambanad Hills Ambukuthi mala Anamudi Anginda peak Banasura Hill Chembra Peak Elivai Malai Ilaveezha Poonchira Illickal Kallu Kunnathoor Padi Marayur Meenuliyan Para Nelliampathi Paithalmala Ponmudi Poomala Urakam Hill Vagamon Vagavurrai Vellarimala

Museums

8 Point Gallery Cafe, Kollam Arakkal
Arakkal
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Kerala
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Kerala
Soil Museum Munnar Tea Museum Napier Museum Pazhassi Raja Archaeological Museum Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Museum, Kollam Teak Museum Wayanad Heritage Museum

Palaces

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Zoos

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v t e

Kannur

History

British rule in India North Malabar Malabar Coast St. Angelo Fort Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai Arakkal
Arakkal
family

Geography

Payyambalam Beach Laccadive Sea Muzhappilangad Drive-in Beach Meenkunnu Beach

Neighbourhoods

Adikadalayi Ayikkara Azhikkal Chalad Chirakkal Chirakkalkulam Kakkad Kannur
Kannur
Cantonment Kottakkuthazhe Marakkarkandy Neerchal Pallikunnu South Bazar Talap Thana Thavakkara

Transport

Road

National Highway 66 Thavakkara
Thavakkara
Bus Terminal

Railway

Kannur Kannur
Kannur
South Edakkad Chirakkal

Air

Kannur
Kannur
International Airport

Education

Kannur
Kannur
University Government College of Engineering, Kannur National Institute of Fashion Technology Pariyaram Medical College

Visitor attractions

Payyambalam Beach St. Angelo Fort Muzhappilangad Drive-in Beach Arakkal
Arakkal
Museum Meenkunnu Beach Kannur
Kannur
lighthouse Mappila Bay

Places of worship

Kottiyoor Vadakkeshwaram Temple Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Temple Tiruvarkadu Bhagavathy Temple Annapurneshwari Temple Shri Rajarajeshwaram, Parassinikadavu Sree Muthappan Temple

Other topics

Indian Naval Academy Indian Coast Guard Academy Kottiyoor Vysakha Mahotsav

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