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SRIVILLIPUTHUR is a town and a municipality in Virudhunagar
Virudhunagar
district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. As of 2011, the town had a population of 75,396.

The most important landmark of Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
is 11-tiered tower structure dedicated to the Lord of Srivilliputhur, known as Vatapatrasayee. The tower of this temple rises 192 feet high and is the official symbol of the Government of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. It is said to have been built by Periyalvar
Periyalvar
, believed to be the father-in-law of the Temple Deity, with a purse of gold that he won in debates held in the palace of Pandya King Vallabhadeva. Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
is well known for its ancient heritage and devotional contributions.

It is on the Virudhunagar
Virudhunagar
- Shenkottai
Shenkottai
line of the Southern Railway, about 74 km south of Madurai
Madurai
and connected by road and rail with Madurai
Madurai
, Sivakasi
Sivakasi
, Sankarankovil "> Shenbagathoppu's calm and serene forest

Srivilliputtur is located at 9°30′58″N 77°37′48″E / 9.5161°N 77.63°E / 9.5161; 77.63 . The town is located at the foot hills of the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
77 km (48 mi) south west of Madurai
Madurai
. It has an average elevation of 137.2 metres (450 ft) above mean sea level. There are no notable mineral resources available in and around the town. Srivilliputtur receives scanty rainfall with an average of 811 mm (31.9 in) annually, which is lesser than the state average of 1,008 mm (39.7 in). The South west monsoon, with an onset in June and lasting up to August, brings scanty rainfall. Bulk of the rainfall is received during the North East monsoon in the months of October, November and December.

Shenbaga Thoppu is a forest located 8 km (5.0 mi) west of Srivilliputhur. These forests are found on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
. Many rare and endemic varieties of flora and fauna are found along the mountain slopes. A wildlife sanctuary, spread over 480 km2 (190 sq mi) was established in 1989 at Shenbaga Thoppu. The sanctuary is contiguous with the Periyar tiger reserve on the south-western side and the Megamalai reserve forest on the north-western side. The sanctuary is home to the endangered, arboreal Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macrora). The sanctuary also hosts birds, mammals, reptiles and butterflies. Resident and migratory elephants are common. Other animals sighted are tiger, leopard, Nilgiri thar, spotted deer, barking deer, sambar, Wild Boar , porcupine, Nilgiri langur, lion-tailed macaque, common langur, slender loris, bonnet macaque, sloth bear, Gaur
Gaur
(Indian Bison) and flying squirrel.

DEMOGRAPHICS

RELIGIOUS CENSUS

Religion

Percent(%)

Hindu   90.7%

Muslim   2.27%

Christian   6.62%

Sikh   0.01%

Buddhist   0.01%

Other   0.38%

No religion   0.02%

According to 2011 census , Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
had a population of 75,396 with a sex-ratio of 1,015 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 6,884 were under the age of six, constituting 3,466 males and 3,418 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 6.21% and .01% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 77.84%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 21411 households. There were a total of 32,556 workers, comprising 134 cultivators, 1,241 main agricultural labourers, 3,126 in house hold industries, 25,769 other workers, 2,286 marginal workers, 18 marginal cultivators, 318 marginal agricultural labourers, 119 marginal workers in household industries and 1,831 other marginal workers. The decadal growth of population during the 1991–2001 period reduced to half of the previous decade due to migration to industrialized cities.

As per the religious census of 2011, Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
(M) had 90.7% Hindus
Hindus
, 2.27% Muslims
Muslims
, 6.62% Christians
Christians
, 0.01% Sikhs
Sikhs
, 0.01% Buddhists , 0.38% following other religions and 0.02% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.

As of 1994, a total 255.11 ha (630.4 acres) (45%) of the land in Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
was used for residential, 17.89 ha (44.2 acres) (3%) for commercial, 15.04 ha (37.2 acres) (3%) for industrial, 30.808 ha (76.13 acres) (5%) for public "> Paddy field and western ghats in the background

Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
is the most popular landmark of Srivilliputhur. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu
Vishnu
and one of the 108 Divya Desams , temples that are revered in the Nalayira Divya Prabandham , the 8th-10th century Vaishnava canonical literature. It is the birthplace of two of the most important Azhwar saints in the Vaishnavite tradition, Periyazhvar and Andal
Andal
.

Vatapatrasayi temple is a Vishnu
Vishnu
temple dedicated to Vatapatrasayi or Rangamannar. The deity rests on a banyan tree leaf known as Vatapatram. Madavar Vilagam Vaidyanathar temple , enshrining a six feet high monolithic image of Nataraja
Nataraja
, is another prominent temple in the town.

Thiruvannamalai, also known as Thenthirupathi, is a temple dedicated to Vishnu
Vishnu
and is located 5 km (3.1 mi) away from Srivilliputhur,surrounded by western Ghats. Kattalagar Koil is another Vishnu
Vishnu
temple located 9 km (5.6 mi), west of Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
over the Mantuga Hills. Sathuragiri Hills is an abode of siddhar (Tamil sages), and home of two temples, namely Sundra Mahalingam temple and Sandhana Mahalingam temple. The place known for rare medicinal plants and the medicinal value of 275 plants has been recorded and reported. The forest also has a rich variety of orchids and ferns. Pennington Public Library, established in 1875, is one of the oldest privately run public libraries in India. Pilavakkal is a dam in watrap village and is one of the picnic spots of Srivilliputhur.

Thousands of people from the state participate in the "Aadi Pooram" festival celebrated in the Andal
Andal
Temple. After early morning special pujas, the presiding deities, Sri Rengamannar and Goddess Andal
Andal
are taken in decorated palanquins to the car. The festival marks the adoption of presiding deity, Andal, by Periyazhwar after he found her near a Tulsi plant in the garden of Vadabadrasai Temple at Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
on the eighth day of the Tamil month of Adi. Very cultural classical local festival named mulaipari is famous in four streets Perumalpatti, Arrachipatti, Kamapatti and Mangapuram.

Sarva Bhauma Aiyangar, who is popularly called Villiputhurar, lived in the city presumably during the period of Nayaks in the 17th century. He translated the Mahabaratha , one of the two epics to Tamil.

NOTES

* ^ "Divine home of the Saint poetess". October 17, 2003. * ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, pp. 8-9 * ^ A B Caldwell 1881 , p. 278 * ^ Das, Sisir Kumar (2006). A history of Indian literature, 500-1399: from courtly to the popular. Sāhitya Akādemī. pp. 48–50. ISBN 9788126021710 . * ^ Caldwell 1881 , p. 113 * ^ Caldwell 1881 , p. 223 * ^ Caldwell 1881 , p. 272 * ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 8 * ^ A B "About city". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ A B "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. * ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Srivilliputhur". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. * ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 9 * ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015. * ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 16 * ^ "Relief package a boon to Srivilliputtur weavers". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2002-09-22. Retrieved 2013-02-19. * ^ Rangan, Baradwaj (2012-07-23). "In search of Srivilliputhur Palgova". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 2013-02-19. * ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 12 * ^ "Banks in Srivilliputhur". Srivilliputhur
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Municipality. Retrieved 2012-07-02. * ^ "Chairman of municipality". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Commissioner of municipality". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Vice Chairman of municipality". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ A B "MLA of Srivilliputhur". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2014, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu". Government of India. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-05. * ^ "About the municipality". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Councillors of municipality". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Economic and political weekly, Volume 30". Sameeksha Trust. 1995: 2396. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
state government. 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-06-14. Retrieved 2012-12-28. * ^ "Partywise Comparison Since 1977". Election Commission of India. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 49. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 67. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 71. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 80. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 79. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-18. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 73. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 81. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 51. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 86. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 94. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu". Government of India. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-05. * ^ " Virudhunagar
Virudhunagar
Parliamentary segment comes into being in place of Sivakasi". The Hindu. 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2013-02-18. * ^ " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
Police". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Educational Institutions". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Important Address" (PDF). Indian Wind Power Association. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Water Supply Details". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Waste management programme". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
sewarage". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Storm water drains of Srivilliputhur". Srivilliputhur municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
hospitals". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
street lights". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
markets". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
roads". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, pp. 30–33 * ^ " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
bus stand". Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ A B " Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
bus routes". Srivilliputhur
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municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ "Provide facilities at railway station". The Hindu. 2012-07-03. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * ^ A B " Virudhunagar
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District - Places of interest". Virudhunagar district administration. 2011. Retrieved 2013-02-19. * ^ "Thousands of devotees likely to throng Srivilliputtur today". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2013-02-19. * ^ "Hundreds participate in Andal
Andal
Temple car festival". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2006-07-30. Retrieved 2013-02-19.

REFERENCES

* Urban Infrastructure report (2008). Conversion of City Corporate Plan into Business Plan (PDF) (Report). Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Urban Infrastructure Financial Services Limited. Retrieved 2012-12-29. * Caldwell, Bishop R. (1881). History of Tinnevelly - A Political and General History from the Earliest Period to Its Cession to t