Sripadaraya or Lakshminarayana Tirtha (c.1422-c.1480) was a Dvaita
scholar, composer and the pontiff of the
Madhvacharya mutt at
Mulbagal. He is widely considered as the founder of
along with Narahari Tirtha. His songs and hymns, written under the
nom-de-plume of Ranga Vitthala, contain the distillation of Dvaita
principles infused with mysticism and humanism.  He is also
credited with the invention of the suladi musical structure and
composed 133 of them along with several kirtanas.  He was the
Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya and mentored the young
Vyasatirtha.  He has also authored a commentary on Jayatirtha's
Nyaya Sudha called Vagvajra.
2 Works and Legacy
5 External Links
Sripadaraya was born in Abbur, a village in
Karnataka. His father, Sheshagiriappa, served as an accountant while
young Sripadaraya looked after the cattle, studying
Sanskrit texts in
his spare time.  Tradition asserts that Sripadaraya was the cousin
of Brahmanya Tirtha, who served as the pontiff of the Madhvacharya
Abbur and the guru of Vyasatirtha. Legends speak of
Svarnavarna Tirtha encountering young Sripadaraya on his way to Abbur
and after a brief rapport, being amazed by the youth's innate
intelligence. He would later tutor the youth and ordain him as a monk
with the name Lakshminarayana Tirtha. Lakshminarayana Tirtha
eventually succeeded Svarnavarna Tirtha as the pontiff of the mutt at
Mulbagal. Affectionately known as Sripadaraya, he was considered the
Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya and educated
Vyasatirtha in the
shastras.  His songs and hymns were sung during the nighttime
bhajans at his mutt.
Works and Legacy
Continuing the tradition of Vedanta, he authored a commentary on Nyaya
Jayatirtha called Vagvajra which, according to Sharma, "is a
lucid and attractive commentary in 3500 granthas".  He also adds
that despite the exhaustive exposition and the graceful style, his
role as a
Haridasa eclipsed his scholarly work. He is often considered
as the pioneer of
Dasa Sahitya with his simple worded and spiritual
hymns synchronised to music. Jackson conjectures that the simple and
rural beginnings of Sripadaraya coupled with an intimate connection
with his vernacular language influenced his poetry.  He composed
13,000 suladis, which are songs containing a medley of different ragas
and talas often employed to set the mood of the narrative. Sharma
notes "His songs are more sublime than those of any others, and
possess a happy blending of rhythm and meaning".  Vyasatirtha, who
succeeded him as the pontiff, continued the musical legacy of his guru
by giving further impetus to the
Haridasa movement and composing
several kirtanas himself.
^ a b c Jackson 2000, p. 802.
^ a b Sharma 2000, p. 251.
^ Jackson 2016.
^ Jackson 2000, p. 801.
^ Sharma 1937, p. 352.
Sharma, B.N.K (2000) . History of
Dvaita school of
its Literature, Vol 2 (3rd ed.). Bombay: Motilal Banarasidass.
Jackson, William (2000). Holy People of the World: A Cross-cultural
Encyclopaedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781576073551.
Jackson, William (2016). "5". Vijayanagara Voices: Exploring South
Indian History and Hindu Literature. Routledge.
Sharma, B.N.K (1937). The Cultural Heritage Of Indian Vol 4. RK
Institute of Culture. ISBN 978-8187332053.
Sripadaraja Mutt Official Web Site
Haridasas of Karnataka
Madhva religious figures
Madhvacharya (1199–1278 CE)
Naraharitirtha (1324-1333 CE)
Jayatirtha (ca. 1365 – ca. 1388)
Sripadaraya (Sripadaraja) (1404 – 1502)
Vadirajatirtha (1480 - 1600)
Vijayendra Tirtha (1514 - 1593)
Purandara Dasa (1484–1564)
Kanaka Dasa (1509–1609)
Raghavendra Swami (1595–1671 CE)
Vijaya Dasa (1682–1755)
Gopala Dasa (1721-1769)
Jagannatha Dasa (1728–1809)