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Gaudapada Adi Shankara Mandana Misra Suresvara Vācaspati Miśra Padmapadacharya Amalananda Chandrashekarendra Saraswati Jagadguru of Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetham

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Dashanami Sampradaya Shri Gaudapadacharya Math Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetham Govardhana Pīṭhaṃ Dvāraka Pīṭhaṃ Jyotirmaṭha Pīṭhaṃ

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Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetham is the southern Advaita Vedanta
Advaita Vedanta
matha or monastery established by Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
in the 8th century AD. The matha is on the banks of the Tunga River
Tunga River
in Chikkamagalur district, Karnataka, India, 105 kilometers from Mangaluru
Mangaluru
and 303 kilometers from the state capital, Bengaluru.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Maratha sacking 1.3 Modern history

2 See also 3 References 4 Sources 5 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] Traditionally, Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
(8th century) is regarded as the greatest teacher and reformer of the Smartha.[1] According to Alf Hiltebeitel, Shankara established the nondualist interpretation of the Upanishads as the touchstone of a revived smartha tradition.[2] The Sringeri Sharada monastery founded by Shankara in Karnataka
Karnataka
is still the centre of Smartha
Smartha
tradition.[citation needed] Sankara is believed to have envisioned this place as the holy site where a snake unveiled his hood like an umbrella to protect a frog from the hot sun. According to tradition, it is one of four major temples established by Sankara.[3] As per Hindu
Hindu
legend, the place is associated with sage Rishyasringa, son of Vibhandankamuni. He did severe penance at this place, leading to the name Sringeri. The temple was renovated during the regime of Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
during the 14-16th centuries and later during 1916.[3] Sureshwaracharya, who was Maṇḍana Miśra in his purvashrama,[4][5] was installed as the successor of Shankaracharya before the latter resumed his tour to found his three pithas at Puri, Dwaraka and Badrinath. The math holds one of the four Mahavakyas, Aham-Bramhasmi. The math has a very great lineage of Jagadgurus, stretching back straight to Sri Adi Sankaracharya himself. The present and 36th Jagadguru acharya of this peetham is Anantha Vibhushitha Sri Bharathi teertha Mahaswami. His guru was Sri Abhinava Vidhyateertha Mahaswami. The Successor-designate was appointed in 2015, and given the Yogapatta (spiritual name) Sri Vidhusekhara Bharati Swamai[citation needed] Maratha sacking[edit] During the Maratha–Mysore War in 1791, Parasuram Bhau of the Maratha Empire marched on Bednur. Pindaris employed by a part of his army that marched forward commanded by Raghunathrao Patwardhan plundered Sringeri. They raided the temple and matha of the Sharada Peetham, killing and wounding many people, plundering the monastery of all its valuable possessions, and desecrating the temple by displacing the image of goddess Sharada. The Shankaracharya petitioned Tipu Sultan for help. A collection of about 30 letters written in Kannada, which were exchanged between Tipu Sultan's court and the Shankaracharya were discovered in 1916 by the Director of Archaeology in Mysore. Tipu Sultan expressed his indignation and grief at the news of the raid:[6][7][8]

"People who have sinned against such a holy place are sure to suffer the consequences of their misdeeds at no distant date in this Kali age in accordance with the verse: "Hasadbhih kriyate karma rudadbhir-anubhuyate" (People do [evil] deeds smilingly but suffer the consequences crying)."[9]

Tipu Sultan
Tipu Sultan
immediately ordered the Asaf of Bednur
Bednur
to supply the Swami with 200 rahatis (fanams) in cash and other gifts and articles. The Marathas were remorseful. They recovered and returned most of the valuables, although some were lost.[10] Tipu Sultan's interest in the Sringeri
Sringeri
temple continued for many years. Modern history[edit] Vidushekara Bharathi was appointed as Uttaradhikari of the Sringeri Sharadha Peetham by Bharati Thirtha Mahaswami on 23 January 2015.[11] The last five Jagadgurus were:

Name Years as Jagadguru Place of birth Purvashrama name[12]

Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Nrusimha Bharati Mahaswami 1872–1912 Mysore Shivaswami

Chandrashekhara Bharati III 1912–1954 Sringeri Narasimha Sastri

Sri Abhinava Vidyatirtha Mahaswmi 1954–1989 Bangalore Srinivasa Sastri

Sri Bharathi Teertha Mahaswami 1989 – present Narasaraopet Tangirala Sitarama Anjaneyulu

Sri Vidhushekhara Bharati Swami (Successor-designate)

2015–present Tirupathi Kuppa Venkateshwara Prasad Sharma[13]

See also[edit]

Jagadguru of Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetham# Guru
Guru
Parampara Shri Gaudapadacharya Math Ramachandrapura Math

References[edit]

^ Rosen 2006, p. 166. ^ Hiltebeitel 2002, p. 29. ^ a b Harshananda, Swami (2012). Hindu
Hindu
Pilgrim centres (2nd ed.). Bangalore, India: Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math. pp. 135–8. ISBN 81-7907-053-0.  ^ Roodurmum 2002, p. 29. ^ Kuppuswami Sastri 1984. ^ "Sri Sacchidananda Bharati III (1770 - 1814) - Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetham". Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetham. Retrieved 2017-11-09.  ^ Mohibbul Hasan, History of Tipu Sultan, p. 358  ^ Vikram Sampath. "Why we love to hate Tipu Sultan". www.livemint.com/.  ^ Annual Report of the Mysore
Mysore
Archaeological Department 1916 pp 10–11, 73–6 ^ Uday S. Kulkarni (3 December 2015). "What Exactly Happened At Sringeri
Sringeri
Math In April 1791?". Swarajya. Retrieved 2017-10-23.  ^ http://www.sringeri.net ^ Purvashrama name refers to the name of the Jagadguru before taking Sannyasa. ^ Deccan Herald, Sringeri
Sringeri
seer appoints successor

Sources[edit]

Hiltebeitel, Alf (2002). Hinduism. In: Joseph Kitagawa, "The Religious Traditions of Asia: Religion, History, and Culture". Routledge.  Kuppuswami Sastri, S. (1984), Brahmasiddhi, by Maṇḍanamiśra, with commentary by Śankhapāṇī. 2nd ed., Delhi, India: Sri Satguru Publications  Roodurmum, Pulasth Soobah (2002), Bhāmatī
Bhāmatī
and Vivaraṇa Schools of Advaita Vedānta: A Critical Approach, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited  Rosen, Steven (2006), Essential Hinduism, Greenwood Publishing Group 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetham.

Official website of Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetha Tattvaloka, monthly magazine of Hinduism published by Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetha Sringeri
Sringeri
Vidya Bharati Foundation, USA Sringeri
Sringeri
Vidya Bharati Foundation, Canada

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Śaṃkara Maṭhas

Dvāraka Pīṭha Govardhana Pīṭha Jyotirmaṭha Pīṭha Śār

.