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Sri Lankan cuisine
Sri Lankan cuisine
has been shaped by many historical, cultural and other factors. Contact with foreign traders who brought new food items, cultural influences from neighbouring countries as well as the local traditions of the country's ethnic groups among other things have all helped shape Sri Lankan cuisine. Influences from Indian (particularly South Indian), Indonesian and Dutch cuisines are most evident with Sri Lankan cuisine
Sri Lankan cuisine
sharing close ties to other neighbouring South and Southeast Asian cuisines.[1] Today, some of the staples of Sri Lankan cuisine
Sri Lankan cuisine
are rice, coconut and spices. The latter are used due to the country's history as a spice producer and trading post over several centuries.

Contents

1 Dishes

1.1 Rice
Rice
and curry 1.2 Kiribath 1.3 Kottu 1.4 Hoppers 1.5 String hoppers 1.6 Lamprais 1.7 Kool 1.8 Pittu 1.9 Roti 1.10 Sambol 1.11 Malay Achcharu 1.12 Chinese chili paste 1.13 Babath 1.14 Sate 1.15 Ekor sop 1.16 Nasi goreng
Nasi goreng
and mee goreng

2 Sweets 3 Short eats 4 Beverages 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Dishes[edit] Rice
Rice
and curry[edit]

A Sri Lankan rice and curry dish.

Typical Sri Lankan dish of rice and prawns.

The central feature of Sri Lankan cuisine
Sri Lankan cuisine
is boiled or steamed rice, served with a curry of fish, chicken or mutton, along with other curries made with vegetables, lentils, or fruits. Dishes are accompanied by pickled fruits or vegetables, chutneys, and sambols. Coconut
Coconut
sambol is especially common, a paste of ground coconut mixed with chili peppers, dried Maldive fish, and lime juice.

Pol sambola

Kiribath[edit] Main article: Kiribath Kiribath
Kiribath
(lit. 'milk rice') is rice cooked in salted coconut milk until the grains turn soft and porridge-like. Generally eaten for breakfast, kiribath is also prepared on special occasions such as birthdays, New Years' and religious festivals. It is usually served with lunu miris, a relish made with red onions and chillies. During Aluth Avurudu/Puthandu, the Sinhalese/Tamil New Year, kiribath is served with sweets such as kavum, kokis, mung kavum, etc. Kottu[edit] Main article: Kottu Kottu
Kottu
is a spicy stir-fry of shredded roti bread with vegetables. Optional ingredients include eggs, meat, or cheese. It was invented in Batticaloa and literally means 'chopped roti' in Tamil. Hoppers[edit]

Hoppers

Main article: Appam Hoppers (appam) are based on a fermented batter, usually made of rice flour and coconut milk with spices. The dish is pan-fried or steamed. The fermenting agent is palm toddy or yeast. Hopper variants can be either savory (such as egg hoppers, milk hoppers, and string hoppers), or sweet (such as vandu appa and pani appa).[2] Savory hoppers are often accompanied by lunu miris, a mix of red onions and spices. String hoppers[edit] Main article: Idiyappam String hoppers (idiyappam) are made from a hot-water dough of rice meal or wheat flour. The dough is pressed out in circlets from a string mold onto small wicker mats, and then steamed. Lamprais[edit] Main article: Lamprais A Dutch Burgher-influenced dish, lamprais is rice boiled in stock accompanied by frikkadels (frikadeller meatballs), a mixed meat curry, blachan, aubergine curry, and seeni sambol. All of this is then wrapped in a banana leaf and baked in an oven. Lamprais
Lamprais
is ideal for special occasions with a large gathering of friends and family considering its richness and the time it takes to prepare. Lamprais
Lamprais
is cooked twice; first the rice and the entrees are cooked separately and later what is already cooked is wrapped in a banana leaf and baked in an oven, which makes it a unique recipe. Kool[edit] Kool is a seafood broth from Jaffna
Jaffna
containing crab, fish, cuttlefish, prawns, and crayfish. It also contains long beans, jak seeds, manioc, spinach, and tamarind. The dish is thickened with palmyra root flour. Pittu[edit] Main article: Puttu Pittu[3] are cylinders of steamed rice mixed with grated coconut.[4] Roti[edit] Gothamba roti is a simple Sri Lankan flatbread usually made from wheat flour. Variants of roti include thengappu roti (Pol in Sinhalese), in which shredded coconut is mixed into the dough. Another variant is Uraippu roti (spicy roti), in which chopped onions and green chilies are used when making the dough. Sambol[edit] Main article: Sambal Sambols are enjoyed with many dishes including curry dishes and string hoppers.[5] Sini sambal, Pol sambal, Lunu miris
Lunu miris
and Vaalai kai sambal are common sambols found in the country. Malay Achcharu[edit] Malay Achcharu also known as Sri Lankan Malay pickle is a dish that originated from the local Malay community and is now widely popular among all ethnic groups in the country.[6][7] It is a selection of veggies in a pickled sauce and blends sweet, sour and spicy flavours.[8] Chinese chili paste[edit] Chinese chili paste is a condiment eaten alongside Sri Lankan-style Chinese dishes.[9] Babath[edit] Babath is an appetizer of Sri Lankan Malay origin and is quite popular in Sri Lanka.[10] Sate[edit] Main article: Satay Sate is of Malay origin and has become a staple of the Sri Lankan diet.[11] They are served with peanut and chili sauce.[12] Ekor sop[edit] Ekor sop or Ekor soup is a delicacy of the Sri Lankan Malay community.[13][14] Nasi goreng
Nasi goreng
and mee goreng[edit]

Nasi goreng
Nasi goreng
(left) and mee goreng (right) are widely popular and served throughout the country ranging from street hawkers to high end restaurants.

Nasi goreng
Nasi goreng
and Mee goreng are popular street food dishes in the country, a result of cultural influences from Indonesia and the country's local Malay community.[15][16][17] Sweets[edit] Main article: List of Sri Lankan sweets and desserts A common dessert in Sri Lanka is kevum, an oil cake made with rice flour and treacle and deep-fried to a golden brown. There are many variations of kevum. Moong Kevum
Kevum
is a variant where mung bean flour is made into a paste and shaped like diamonds before frying. Other types of kevum include athiraha, konda kevum, athirasa, and handi kevum. Many sweets are served with kiribath milk rice during the Sinhala and Tamil New Years . Other sweets include: Cakes and pastries:

Aluwa - Diamond-shaped rice-flour pastries Bibikkan - A rich, cake-like sweet made from grated coconut, coconut treacle, and wheat flour. It is a speciality of coastal areas. Kokis
Kokis
- A savoury crispy biscuit-like dish made from rice flour and coconut milk. Pushnambu - A rich, cake-like sweet made from coconut treacle and wheat flour. Cinnamon/cardamom and sweet cumin is often added among the Christian population of Sri Lanka. Seenakku - a glutinous rice cake often served with grated coconut.[18]

Treacle-flavored sweets:

Undu Walalu/Undu wal or Pani walalu - A sweet from the Mathale area, prepared using urad bean flour and kithul treacle. Aggala - Rice
Rice
balls flavored with treacle Weli Thalapa - Made from rice flour and coconut treacle Aasmi - Made with rice flour and the juice of a leaf called Neolitsea cassia (okra juice can be used as a substitute), deep fried and topped with pink-coloured treacle.

Puddings and toffees:

Kalu Dodol
Kalu Dodol
- A solid toffee-, jelly-like confection made by lengthy reduction of coconut milk, thickened with rice flour and sweetened with jaggery. Watalappam
Watalappam
- A steamed pudding made with coconut milk, eggs, and jaggery. First introduced by the Malay immigrants, watalappam has become a staple of Sri Lankan desserts.

Other sweets:

Thala Guli - Made from ground sesame and jaggery with finely grated coconut. Kiri Toffee
Toffee
- Made with sweetened condensed milk or sugar-thickened pure cow's milk. Cardamom/sweet cumin and cashews are added for more taste.

Sri Lankan sweets

Konda Kevum

Kokis

Kalu Dodol

Sri Lankan Swiss roll

Short eats[edit] "Short eats" are a variety of snacks that are bought by the dozen from "short eat" shops and restaurants. These are eaten on the go, mainly for breakfast or during the evening. Short eats include pastries, Chinese rolls and patties. A popular short eat among Tamils is the mutton roll, made from tender pieces of mutton with potato and seasoned with spices. This can be a very spicy dish. Mutton
Mutton
rolls are served all over the world wherever there are Sri Lankan Tamils. Other short eats include:

Vade - parippu vade, ulundu vade, isso (shrimp) vade, crab vade Chinese rolls or egg rolls, which often contain minced meats, potatoes, and vegetables Patties and pastries - filled with vegetables, meat, or fish Vegetable/fish roti - a flatbread with a filling rolled into a triangular shape and baked

Short eats are served at parties or to guests when they visit a home. Western food such as hot dogs and hamburgers have arrived in Sri Lanka, with the globalization of fast-food chains such as McDonald's, KFC
KFC
and Pizza Hut. However, foods from these establishments are not usually considered short eats. Additionally, hot dogs and hamburgers are also modified to fit local tastes. Beverages[edit] Beverages commonly served in Sri Lanka include:

Faluda
Faluda
- a mixture of syrup, ice cream, jelly pieces and basil seeds, served cold Fruit juices - especially passionfruit juice Toddy - a mildly alcoholic drink made from palm tree sap Arrack
Arrack
- a distilled spirit made from coconut Tea Papaya
Papaya
juice

See also[edit]

Sri Lanka portal Food portal

Faluda Kottu Pittu Traditional rice of Sri Lanka

References[edit]

^ Reeves, Peter (2014). The Encyclopedia of the Sri Lankan Diaspora. Editions Didier Millet. p. 39.  ^ "Easy recipe for Appa". Infolanka.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21.  ^ "Mani Puttu
Puttu
recipe". Kish.in. 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2013-03-21.  ^ "Recipe for Pittu". Infolanka.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21.  ^ https://www.sbs.com.au/food/recipes/coconut-sambol-pol-sambol ^ http://foodcnr.com/sri-lankan-malay-pickle-malay-achcharu/ ^ http://www.dailyfoodrecipes.com/malay-pickle-sri-lankan-style/ ^ http://lavishtreats.blogspot.com.au/2014/09/malay-pickle-achcharu.html ^ Anthony Bourdain. Explore Parts Unknown https://explorepartsunknown.com/sri-lanka/ni-hao-colombo/. Retrieved December 10, 2017.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ https://easternsrilanka.natgeotourism.com/content/babath-fried-gut/sric63b56685c6787878 ^ http://www.mabolemalay.com/About%20Sl%20Malays.html ^ https://books.google.com.au/books?id=eFRzBgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false ^ http://malays.lk/ekor-soup-oxtail-soup/ ^ https://www.scribd.com/doc/205762807/Resipi-Makanan-Melayu-Traditional-Sri-Lankan-Malay-Recipes ^ http://foodcnr.com/nasi-goreng-indonesian-fried-rice/ ^ https://www.yamu.lk/recipe/nasi-goreng/ ^ https://www.unileverfoodsolutions.lk/recipe/mee-goreng-R0053477.html ^ https://books.google.com.au/books?id=eFRzBgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cuisine
Cuisine
of Sri Lanka.

v t e

Sri Lankan cuisine

Dishes

Rice

Biryani Diyabath Idli Kaha bath Kiribath

Imbul Kiribath

Lamprais Nasi goreng Pittu Rice
Rice
and curry

Roti

Gothamba roti Kottu Pol roti Uraippu roti

Other

Dosa Hoppers Kola kandha Kool Mee goreng Sathe String hoppers Upma

Side dishes

Bread

Gal Banis Jam paan Kimbula Banis Maalu paan Roast Paan Sri Lankan tea bun Theti Paan

Curry

Curry

Brinjal paal curry Chicken curry Kakuluwo curry ( Crab
Crab
curry) Elumas (Lamb curry) Ismoru (Beef Curry) Jaffna
Jaffna
lamb curry Malu Mirisata
Malu Mirisata
( Fish
Fish
Curry) Moju (Pork Curry) Murunga curry

Other

Malay Achcharu Babath Cutlet Dal Ekor soup Gotukola Gova Kaldu Kiri hodi Mallung Papadum Rasam Sambol

Katta sambal Pol sambola Seeni Banis Sini sambal Vaalai kai sambal

Sri Lankan omelette Thakkadi

Snacks

Chinese rolls Kadala Lavariya Odiyal Pol Pani Sanja Sathe Surul appam Tapioca chips Vade

Isso vade Parippu vade Ulundu vade

Beverages

Arrack Beer Faluda Koththamalli Masala chai Tea Toddy

Sweets & desserts

Aasmi Aggala Alpal Aluwa Athirasa Bibikkan Bolo Fiado Bombai muttai Breudher Chocolate biscuit pudding Surul appam Dodol

Kalu dodol Kiri Dodol

Dosi

Inguru dosi Kiri dosi Puhul dosi

Hakuru Kevum

Konda kevum Mung kevum Naran kevum Thala kevum Undu kevum

Kiri Toffee Kokis Love cake Modakam Mudavāpu meekiri Pandan cake Pani Kaju Pani walalu Pushnambu Sakkarai Muttai Seenakku Sukiri Thala Guli Undu Walalu Watalappam Weli Thalapa

Condiments

Chinese chili paste Lunumiris Thuna paha

Ingredients

Cardamom Cashew Chili pepper Cinnamon Coconut Coconut
Coconut
milk Condensed milk Fish Karapincha Kangkung Kithull Lemongrass Pandan Rice Treacle Turmeric

Cuisine
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of Sri Lanka at Wikimedia Commons Sri Lanka portal Food portal Drink portal

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