Śri Gupta (r. 240 – 280 CE) was a pre-imperial
Gupta king in northern India and the founder of the Gupta dynasty.
Northern or central
Bengal might have been the home of Guptas at that
time, however little evidence is available.
The Poona copper inscription of Prabhavati Gupta, a daughter of
Chandragupta II, describes "Maharaja Sri-Gupta" as the founder of the
Sri Gupta is identified with the king Che-li-ki-to
mentioned in the writings of the Chinese traveller Yijing, who wrote
around 690 CE, and described the king as having ruled 500 years
earlier. According to Yijing's account, Śri Gupta ordered the
construction of a temple at
Mṛgaśikhāvana for the use of Buddhist
pilgrims coming from China, endowing it with the revenue from 40
Historian A. K. Narain (1983) noted that contemporary scholarship is
unaware of Śri Gupta's religious affiliation, due to the lack of
surviving evidence. Narain suggested that because he constructed a
temple for Chinese Buddhist pilgrims, Śri Gupta himself was a
follower of the
Hindu sect of Vaiṣṇavism who was tolerant of
Buddhist activity in his kingdom. This latter scenario would have
been comparable with the later Gupta monarchs, who were predominantly
Vaiṣṇavites, but under whose regimes heterodox religious movements
like Buddhism and
Jainism were allowed to flourish.:44
^ a b Mookerji, Radha Krishna. (1995). The
Gupta Empire (5th ed.).
Motilal Banarsidass. p. 11. ISBN 9788120804401.
^ a b c Narain, A.K. (1983). Bardwell L. Smith, ed. Essays on Gupta
Culture: Religious Policy and Toleration in Ancient India with
Particular Reference to the Gupta Age. Motilal Banarsidass
Publications. pp. 17–52. ISBN 0836408713. Retrieved 29
^ "Professor H. C. Raychaudhuri, as a Historian", page 89.
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