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Sri
Sri
(Devanagari: श्री, IAST: Śrī, IPA: /ʃɹiː/ or /ɕɹiː/, pronounced 'shree'), also transliterated as Sree, Shri, Shree, Si or Seri is a word of Sanskrit
Sanskrit
origin, used in the Indian subcontinent as a polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." or "Ms." in written and spoken language, but also as a title of veneration for deities. It is also widely used in other South and Southeast Asian languages.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Spelling and pronunciation 3 Usage

3.1 Repetition 3.2 Other current usage 3.3 Indian music

4 Other languages

4.1 South and Southeast Asia 4.2 Place names

5 See also 6 References

Etymology[edit] Sri
Sri
has a core meaning of "diffusing light or radiance", related to the root śrā "to cook, boil", but as a feminine abstract noun, it has received a general meaning of "grace, splendour, lustre, beauty; wealth, affluence, prosperity".[1][2] Derived forms of address are Shrimati (abbreviated Smt) for married women and Sushri for women (regardless of marital status). Spelling and pronunciation[edit] In Devanagari
Devanagari
script for Sanskrit, Hindi and other languages, the word ⟨श्री⟩ is spelled with three conjoined letters: श (śa / sha) – र (ra) – ी (ī, long i). These are distinct from स (sa) and ि (short i). The strict transliteration is śrī or shrii. (Other forms include Hunterian zrI.) Some other Indian languages do not distinguish /ʃ/ (sh in English) from /s/ in speech or for native words, but do retain distinct spelling for loanwords. For example, Sinhalese and Tamil respectively have: (ශ, ஶ், śa) versus (ස, ஸ், sa). In these cases, the spelling generally reflects Sanskrit
Sanskrit
śrī ("shri"), though the pronunciation may be "sri", "seri", or "si". (For further information, see § Other languages, below.) Usage[edit]

Sri
Sri
is also the name of Lakshmi, the Hindu
Hindu
goddess of wealth.

Sri
Sri
is a polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." or "Ms."[3] The title is derived from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
श्रीमान् (śrīmān). This use may stem from the Puranic
Puranic
conception of prosperity. Shri is also frequently used as an epithet of some Hindu
Hindu
gods, in which case it is often translated into English as Holy. Also in language and general usage, Shri if used by itself and not followed by any name then it refers to the supreme consciousness i.e. God. Shri Devi
Devi
(or in short Shri, another name of Lakshmi, consort of Vishnu) is the devi (goddess) of wealth according to Hindu
Hindu
beliefs. Among today's orthodox Vaishnavas, the English word "Shree" is a revered syllable and is used to refer to Lakshmi
Lakshmi
as the supreme goddess, while "Sri" or "Shri" is used to address humans. Shri is one of the names of Ganesha, the Hindu
Hindu
god of prosperity. Shri is also used as a title of the Hindu
Hindu
deities Rama, Krishna, Saraswati, Radha
Radha
(used as Shrimati Radharani), and sometimes Durga. Repetition[edit]

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Shri may be repeated depending on the status of the person.

Sri: for anybody Sri
Sri
2: e.g. Ravi Shankar Sri
Sri
3: Title used by former Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski and PMs of Nepal (e.g; Shrī Tīn Jung Bahadur Kunwar Ranaji) Sri
Sri
5: Title used by former King of Nepal
King of Nepal
(e.g. Shri pānch ko sarkār (His Majesty's Government) Sri
Sri
108: Used by spiritual leaders Sri
Sri
1008: Used by spiritual leaders (e.g.: Sri
Sri
1008 Satyatma Tirtha)

Other current usage[edit] Shri, along with the forms Shrimati (for married women, equivalent to English Mrs.) and Sushri, is often used by Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains as a respectful affix to the names of celebrated or revered persons. There is a common practice of writing Shri as the first word centralised in line at the beginning of a document. On Vidyāraṃbhaṃ
Vidyāraṃbhaṃ
ceremony, the mantra "Om hari sri ganapataye namah" is written on sand or in a tray of rice grains by the child, under the supervision of Guru
Guru
or Priest. Another usage is as an emphatic compound (which can be used several times: shri shri, or shri shri shri, etc.) in princely styles, notably in Darbar Sri, Desai Shri, and Thakur Sri
Sri
or Shrii Shrii Anandamurti, the founder of the social and spiritual movement Ananda Marga
Ananda Marga
(the Path of Bliss). The honorific can also be applied to objects and concepts that are widely respected, such as the Sikh
Sikh
religious text, the Shri Guru Granth Sahib. Similarly, when the Ramlila
Ramlila
tradition of reenacting the Ramayana
Ramayana
is referred to as an institution, the term Shri Ramlila
Ramlila
is frequently used. Indian music[edit] Its usage is common in the names of ragas (musical motifs), either as a prefix or postfix. Some examples are Shree, Bageshree, Dhanashree, Malashree, Jayantashree, Rageshree, and Shree ranjani. Other languages[edit] South and Southeast Asia[edit]

Language/Script Sri
Sri
written as Notes

Assamese শ্রী

Bengali শ্রী

Burmese သီရိ (thiri) See Tamil below.

Devanagari श्री

Gujarati શ્રી

Indonesian Sri Often used as a title of veneration, however "Sri" also the name of ancient Java rice goddess Dewi Sri
Dewi Sri
and also for royal usage such as " Sri
Sri
Bhaginda", etc.

Javanese ꦱꦿꦶ (Sri, conjunct form may not be shown properly) Javanese language
Javanese language
treats it as a common part of names in, for example, the name of former Indonesian finance minister Sri
Sri
Mulyani Indrawati.

Kannada ಶ್ರೀ

Khmer ស្រី (Srey) and សេរី (Serey)

Lao ສີ (Si) and ສຣີ (Sri)

Malay سري (Seri)

Malayalam ശ്രീ

Odia ଶ୍ରୀ

Punjabi ਸ਼੍ਰੀ

Sinhala ශ්‍රී (Sri) also ශ්රී ( Sri
Sri
or "Shree") or සිරි (Siri) Meaning "resplendent", as in Sri
Sri
Lanka, "Resplendent Island".

Sylheti ꠍꠤꠞꠤ (siri)

Tamil ஸ்ரீ (Shre or Shree) Its Tamil equivalent (Thiru) is also used.

Telugu శ్రీ

Thai ศิริ (Siri) and ศรี ( Sri
Sri
or Si) Thai place names below.

Vietnamese/Cham Chế Vietnamese transcription of honorific name prefix used among the Cham ethnic minority.

Place names[edit] The honorific is incorporated into many place names. A partial list:

Srimangal, Bangladesh Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh, a Siva temple, also one of the holiest places of worship for Hindus. Srikakulam, a town in northern Andhra Pradesh. Sri City
Sri City
an integrated township located in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu border. Shri Khetra Name of the Puri
Puri
Jagannath
Jagannath
Dham, Odisha. one of the four Dham in Hindu
Hindu
religion. Sree Mandira (Odia: ଶ୍ରୀମନ୍ଦିର) is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Jagannath
Jagannath
(Krishna) and located in the coastal town of Puri
Puri
in Odisha. Sri
Sri
Lanka, an island country at the south tip of India. Sri
Sri
Perumbudur, a town in the State of Tamil Nadu Sri
Sri
Rangam, an island zone in the city of Tiruchirapalli, in Tamil Nadu. Sri
Sri
Nagar where nagar means a city is the capital of the northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
the administrative capital of Sri
Sri
Lanka. Srivijaya, a former kingdom centered on Sumatra, Indonesia. Sri
Sri
(ศรี), pronounced and usually transliterated Si in Thailand place names:

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (พระนครศรีอยุธยา), formal name of city and province of Ayutthaya Nakhon Si Thammarat
Nakhon Si Thammarat
(นครศรีธรรมราช) city and province Sisaket (ศรีสะเกษ) city and province

Wat Si Saket
Wat Si Saket
in Vientiane, Laos. Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of Brunei. Seri Menanti, the royal town of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

See also[edit]

Indian honorifics Thai honorifics Thai royal and noble titles Malay styles and titles Filipino styles and honorifics Indonesian honorifics Sinhala honorifics Greater India

References[edit]

^ Turner, Sir Ralph Lilley; Dorothy Rivers Turner (January 2006) [1962]. A comparative dictionary of the Indo-Aryan languages. London: Oxford University Press,. p. 736. Retrieved 22 April 2010. śhrīˊ 12708 śhrīˊ feminine ' light, beauty ' R̥gveda, ' welfare, riches ' Avestan (Iranian) Pali Prakrit sirī – feminine, Prakrit sī – feminine ' prosperity '; Marāṭhī – s honorific affix to names of relationship (e.g. āj̈ā – s, ājī – s) Jules Bloch La Formation de la Langue Marathe Paris 1920, page 412. – Sinhalese siri ' health, happiness ' (Wilhelm Geiger An Etymological Glossary of the Sinhalese Language Colombo 1941, page 180) a loanword from Pali <-> See addendum śrḗyas –, śrḗṣṭha – . See Addenda: śrīˊ – occurring for the first time in Addenda : śrīparṇī – .  ^ Apte, Vaman Shivaram (1957–59). Revised and enlarged edition of Prin. V. S. Apte's The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary. Prasad Prakashan. p. 1575. 1 Wealth, riches, affluence, prosperity, plenty; ... -2 Royalty, majesty, royal wealth;... -3 Dignity, high position, state;... -4 Beauty, grace, splendour, lustre;... -5 Colour, aspect; ... -6 The goddess of wealth, Lak-ṣmī, the wife of Viṣṇu;... -7 Any virtue or excellence. -8 Decoration. -9 Intellect, understanding. -1 Super- human power. -11 The three objects of human existence taken collectively (धर्म, अर्थ and काम). -12 The Sarala tree. -13 The Bilva tree. -14 Cloves. -15 A lotus. -16 The twelfth digit of the moon. -17 N. of Sarasvatī, (the goddess of speech). -18 Speech. -19 Fame, glory. -2 The three Vedas (वेदत्रयी);... -m. N. of one of the six Rāgas or musical modes. -a. Splendid, radiant, adorning. (The word श्री is often used as an honorific prefix to the names of deities and eminent persons; श्रीकृष्णः, श्रीरामः, श्रिवाल्मीकिः, श्रीजयदेवः; also celebrated works, generally of a sacred character; श्रीभागवत, श्रीरामायण)&c.; it is also used as an auspicious sign at the commencement of letters, manuscripts &c  ^ Howard Measures (1962). Styles of address: a manual of usage in writing and in speech. Macmillan. pp. 136, 140. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 

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