Sri (Devanagari: श्री, IAST: Śrī, IPA: /ʃɹiː/ or
/ɕɹiː/, pronounced 'shree'), also transliterated as Sree, Shri,
Shree, Si or Seri is a word of
Sanskrit origin, used in the Indian
subcontinent as a polite form of address equivalent to the English
"Mr." or "Ms." in written and spoken language, but also as a title of
veneration for deities. It is also widely used in other South and
Southeast Asian languages.
2 Spelling and pronunciation
3.2 Other current usage
3.3 Indian music
4 Other languages
4.1 South and Southeast Asia
4.2 Place names
5 See also
Sri has a core meaning of "diffusing light or radiance", related to
the root śrā "to cook, boil", but as a feminine abstract noun, it
has received a general meaning of "grace, splendour, lustre, beauty;
wealth, affluence, prosperity".
Derived forms of address are
Shrimati (abbreviated Smt) for married
women and Sushri for women (regardless of marital status).
Spelling and pronunciation
Devanagari script for Sanskrit, Hindi and other languages, the word
⟨श्री⟩ is spelled with three conjoined letters: श (śa /
sha) – र (ra) – ी (ī, long i). These are distinct from स
(sa) and ि (short i). The strict transliteration is śrī or shrii.
(Other forms include Hunterian zrI.)
Some other Indian languages do not distinguish /ʃ/ (sh in English)
from /s/ in speech or for native words, but do retain distinct
spelling for loanwords. For example, Sinhalese and Tamil respectively
have: (ශ, ஶ், śa) versus (ස, ஸ், sa). In these cases, the
spelling generally reflects
Sanskrit śrī ("shri"), though the
pronunciation may be "sri", "seri", or "si".
(For further information, see § Other languages, below.)
Sri is also the name of Lakshmi, the
Hindu goddess of wealth.
Sri is a polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." or
"Ms." The title is derived from
(śrīmān). This use may stem from the
Puranic conception of
Shri is also frequently used as an epithet of some
Hindu gods, in
which case it is often translated into English as Holy. Also in
language and general usage, Shri if used by itself and not followed by
any name then it refers to the supreme consciousness i.e. God.
Devi (or in short Shri, another name of Lakshmi, consort of
Vishnu) is the devi (goddess) of wealth according to
Among today's orthodox Vaishnavas, the English word "Shree" is a
revered syllable and is used to refer to
Lakshmi as the supreme
goddess, while "Sri" or "Shri" is used to address humans.
Shri is one of the names of Ganesha, the
Hindu god of prosperity.
Shri is also used as a title of the
Hindu deities Rama, Krishna,
Radha (used as
Shrimati Radharani), and sometimes Durga.
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Shri may be repeated depending on the status of the person.
Sri: for anybody
Sri 2: e.g. Ravi Shankar
Sri 3: Title used by former Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski and PMs of
Nepal (e.g; Shrī Tīn Jung Bahadur Kunwar Ranaji)
Sri 5: Title used by former
King of Nepal
King of Nepal (e.g. Shri pānch ko sarkār
(His Majesty's Government)
Sri 108: Used by spiritual leaders
Sri 1008: Used by spiritual leaders (e.g.:
Sri 1008 Satyatma Tirtha)
Other current usage
Shri, along with the forms
Shrimati (for married women, equivalent to
English Mrs.) and Sushri, is often used by Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs
and Jains as a respectful affix to the names of celebrated or revered
There is a common practice of writing Shri as the first word
centralised in line at the beginning of a document.
Vidyāraṃbhaṃ ceremony, the mantra "Om hari sri ganapataye
namah" is written on sand or in a tray of rice grains by the child,
under the supervision of
Guru or Priest.
Another usage is as an emphatic compound (which can be used several
times: shri shri, or shri shri shri, etc.) in princely styles, notably
in Darbar Sri,
Desai Shri, and Thakur
Sri or Shrii Shrii Anandamurti,
the founder of the social and spiritual movement
Ananda Marga (the
Path of Bliss).
The honorific can also be applied to objects and concepts that are
widely respected, such as the
Sikh religious text, the Shri Guru
Granth Sahib. Similarly, when the
Ramlila tradition of reenacting the
Ramayana is referred to as an institution, the term Shri
Its usage is common in the names of ragas (musical motifs), either as
a prefix or postfix. Some examples are Shree, Bageshree, Dhanashree,
Malashree, Jayantashree, Rageshree, and Shree ranjani.
South and Southeast Asia
Sri written as
See Tamil below.
Often used as a title of veneration, however "Sri" also the name of
ancient Java rice goddess
Dewi Sri and also for royal usage such as
Sri Bhaginda", etc.
ꦱꦿꦶ (Sri, conjunct form may not be shown properly)
Javanese language treats it as a common part of names in, for example,
the name of former Indonesian finance minister
Sri Mulyani Indrawati.
ស្រី (Srey) and សេរី (Serey)
ສີ (Si) and ສຣີ (Sri)
ශ්රී (Sri) also ශ්රී (
Sri or "Shree") or
Meaning "resplendent", as in
Sri Lanka, "Resplendent Island".
ஸ்ரீ (Shre or Shree)
Its Tamil equivalent (Thiru) is also used.
ศิริ (Siri) and ศรี (
Sri or Si)
Thai place names below.
Vietnamese transcription of honorific name prefix used among the Cham
The honorific is incorporated into many place names. A partial list:
Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh, a Siva temple, also one of the holiest
places of worship for Hindus.
Srikakulam, a town in northern Andhra Pradesh.
Sri City an integrated township located in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil
Shri Khetra Name of the
Jagannath Dham, Odisha. one of the four
Sree Mandira (Odia: ଶ୍ରୀମନ୍ଦିର) is a famous Hindu
temple dedicated to
Jagannath (Krishna) and located in the coastal
Puri in Odisha.
Sri Lanka, an island country at the south tip of India.
Sri Perumbudur, a town in the State of Tamil Nadu
Sri Rangam, an island zone in the city of Tiruchirapalli, in Tamil
Sri Nagar where nagar means a city is the capital of the northernmost
state of Jammu and Kashmir
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte the administrative capital of
Srivijaya, a former kingdom centered on Sumatra, Indonesia.
Sri (ศรี), pronounced and usually transliterated Si in Thailand
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
(พระนครศรีอยุธยา), formal name of city
and province of Ayutthaya
Nakhon Si Thammarat
Nakhon Si Thammarat (นครศรีธรรมราช) city and
Sisaket (ศรีสะเกษ) city and province
Wat Si Saket
Wat Si Saket in Vientiane, Laos.
Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of Brunei.
Seri Menanti, the royal town of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
Thai royal and noble titles
Malay styles and titles
Filipino styles and honorifics
^ Turner, Sir Ralph Lilley; Dorothy Rivers Turner (January 2006)
. A comparative dictionary of the Indo-Aryan languages. London:
Oxford University Press,. p. 736. Retrieved 22 April 2010.
śhrīˊ 12708 śhrīˊ feminine ' light, beauty ' R̥gveda, '
welfare, riches ' Avestan (Iranian) Pali Prakrit sirī – feminine,
Prakrit sī – feminine ' prosperity '; Marāṭhī – s honorific
affix to names of relationship (e.g. āj̈ā – s, ājī – s) Jules
Bloch La Formation de la Langue Marathe Paris 1920, page 412. –
Sinhalese siri ' health, happiness ' (Wilhelm Geiger An Etymological
Glossary of the Sinhalese Language Colombo 1941, page 180) a loanword
from Pali <-> See addendum śrḗyas –, śrḗṣṭha – .
See Addenda: śrīˊ – occurring for the first time in
Addenda : śrīparṇī – .
^ Apte, Vaman Shivaram (1957–59). Revised and enlarged edition of
Prin. V. S. Apte's The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary. Prasad
Prakashan. p. 1575. 1 Wealth, riches, affluence, prosperity,
plenty; ... -2 Royalty, majesty, royal wealth;... -3 Dignity, high
position, state;... -4 Beauty, grace, splendour, lustre;... -5 Colour,
aspect; ... -6 The goddess of wealth, Lak-ṣmī, the wife of
Viṣṇu;... -7 Any virtue or excellence. -8 Decoration. -9
Intellect, understanding. -1 Super- human power. -11 The three objects
of human existence taken collectively (धर्म, अर्थ and
काम). -12 The Sarala tree. -13 The Bilva tree. -14 Cloves. -15 A
lotus. -16 The twelfth digit of the moon. -17 N. of Sarasvatī, (the
goddess of speech). -18 Speech. -19 Fame, glory. -2 The three Vedas
(वेदत्रयी);... -m. N. of one of the six Rāgas or
musical modes. -a. Splendid, radiant, adorning. (The word श्री
is often used as an honorific prefix to the names of deities and
eminent persons; श्रीकृष्णः,
श्रीजयदेवः; also celebrated works, generally of a
sacred character; श्रीभागवत,
श्रीरामायण)&c.; it is also used as an
auspicious sign at the commencement of letters, manuscripts
^ Howard Measures (1962). Styles of address: a manual of usage in
writing and in speech. Macmillan. pp. 136, 140. Retrieved 19
Gurus and saints