The Sputnik rocket was an unmanned orbital carrier rocket designed by
Contents 1 Specifications 2 Sputnik 8A91 2.1 Sputnik specifications 3 References Specifications[edit] First Stage: Block B, V, G, D (four strap-on boosters) Gross mass: 43.0 tons Empty mass: 3.400 tons Thrust (vac): 4 × 99,000 kgf = 396 Mgf (3.89 MN) Isp: 306 s (3,000 N·s/kg) Burn time: 120 s (2 min) Isp (sl): 250 s (2,450 N·s/kg) Diameter: 2.68 metres (8.8 ft) Span: 2.68 metres (8.8 ft) Length: 19.2 metres (63 ft) (without nozzles) Propellants: LOX/Kerosene Engines: 1 x RD-107-8D74PS per booster = 4 Second Stage: Block A (core stage) Gross mass: 94.0 tons Empty mass: 7.495 tons Thrust (vac): 99,000 kgf (970 kN) Isp: 308 s (3,020 N·s/kg) Burn time: 310 s (5 min 10 s) Isp(sl): 241 s (2,360 N·s/kg) Diameter: 2.95 metres (9.7 ft) Span: 2.95 metres (9.7 ft) Length: 28 metres (92 ft) Propellants: LOX/Kerosene Engine: 1 x RD-108-8D75PS Total mass: 267 tons (534,000 lb) Total span: 10.303 metres (33.80 ft) LEO payload: 500 kg Total liftoff thrust: 3.89 MN Sputnik 8A91[edit]
The Sputnik 8A91 had more powerful 8D76 and 8D77 engines installed,[2]
increasing its payload capacity, and allowing it to launch much
heavier satellites than
Stage number: 0 - Strap-on boosters; 4 x Sputnik 8A91-0 Gross mass: 43.0 tons Empty mass: 3.400 tons Thrust (vac): 4 × 99,000 kgf = 396 Mgf (3.89 MN) Isp: 310 s (3,040 N·s/kg) Burn time: 130 s (2 min 10 s) Isp(sl): 252 s (2,470 N·s/kg) Diameter: 2.68 metres (8.8 ft) Span: 2.68 metres (8.8 ft) Length: 19.2 metres (63 ft) (without nozzles) Propellants: Lox/Kerosene Engines: 1 x RD-107-8D76 per booster = 4 Stage number: 1 - Core stage; 1 x Sputnik 8A91-1 Gross mass: 95.0 tons Empty mass: 7.100 tons Thrust (vac): 82,000 kgf (804 kN) Isp: 315 s (3,090 N·s/kg) Burn time: 360 s (6 min) Isp(sl): 246 s (2,410 N·s/kg) Diameter: 2.95 metres (9.7 ft) Length:28 metres (92 ft) Propellants: LOX/Kerosene Engine: 1 x RD-108-8D77 Total mass: 269.3 tons[vague] Total span: 10.303 metres (33.80 ft) LEO payload: 1,327 kg (2,925 lb) Total liftoff thrust: 385,950 kgf (3.784 MN, 850,870 lbf) References[edit] ^ (in Russian) Sputnik Rocket
^ "РД-107 и РД-108
v t e Orbital launch systems Current Spaceflight portal Angara A5 Antares 230 Ariane 5 Atlas V Delta II IV Electron Epsilon Falcon 9 v1.2 "Full Thrust" Falcon Heavy GSLV Mk II Mk III H-IIA H-IIB Kuaizhou 1 1A Long March 2C 2D 2F 3A 3B/E 3C 4B 4C 5 6 7 11 Minotaur I IV V C Pegasus Proton-M PSLV Rokot Safir Shavit Simorgh Soyuz-FG Soyuz-2 2.1a / STA 2.1b / STB 2-1v SPARK SS-520 Strela Unha Vega Zenit 3SL 3SLB 3F In development Angara 1.2 A5P Antares 300
Ariane 6
Arion 2
BFR
Cyclone-4M
Eris
11 21 31 LandSpace-1 Long March 8 9 LauncherOne Mayak Naga-L Naro-2 New Glenn New Line 1 NGL Oril (uk) Proton Light Medium RPS SLS Soyuz-5 Soyuz-7 Tronador II ULV Vector-R Vector-H VLM Vulcan Xinshi-1 Yun Feng Retired Antares 110/120/130 Ariane 1 2 3 4 ASLV Athena I II Atlas B D E/F G H I II III LV-3B SLV-3 Able Agena Centaur Black Arrow Conestoga Delta A B C D E G J L M N 0100 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 III Diamant Dnepr Energia Europa Falcon 1 Falcon 9 v1.0 v1.1 Feng Bao 1 GSLV Mk I H-I H-II Juno I Juno II Kaituozhe-1 Kosmos 1 2I 3 3M Lambda 4S Long March 1 2A 2E 3 3B 4A Mu 4S 3C 3H 3S 3SII V N1 N-I N-II Naro-1 Paektusan Pilot Proton UR-500 K R-7 Luna Molniya M L Polyot Soyuz original L M U U2 Soyuz/Vostok Sputnik Voskhod Vostok L K 2 2M R-29 Shtil' Volna Saturn I IB V INT-21 Scout SLV Space Shuttle Sparta Start-1 Thor Able Ablestar Agena Burner Delta DSV-2U Thorad-Agena Titan II GLV IIIA IIIB IIIC IIID IIIE 34D 23G CT-3 IV Tsyklon 2 3 4 Vanguard VLS-1 Zenit 2 2M List of orbital launch systems Comparison of orbital launch systems v t e Soviet, Russian, and Ukrainian launch vehicles Active Angara 1.2 A5 R-7 FG Soyuz-2 2.1a 2.1b 2-1v UR Proton-M Rokot Strela Zenit 3SL 3SLB 3F In development Angara A5P Cyclone-4M Mayak L1 L2 M1 M2 H3 H5 Proton Light Medium Soyuz-5 Soyuz-7 Retired Dnepr Energia Kosmos 1 2I 3 3M N1 Proton UR-500 Proton-K R-7 Luna Molniya M L Polyot Soyuz original L M U U2 Soyuz/Vostok Sputnik Voskhod Vostok L K 2 2M R-29 Shtil' Volna Start-1 Tsyklon 2 3 4 Zenit 2 2M v t e R-7 rockets Main articles R-7 family R-7 Semyorka Rockets Missiles R-7 Semyorka R-7A Semyorka Launch systems Sputnik Polyot Voskhod Vostok Luna Vostok-L Vostok-K Vostok-2 Vostok-2M Molniya Molniya Molniya-M Molniya-L Soyuz Soyuz/Vostok Soyuz Soyuz-L Soyuz-M Soyuz-U Soyuz-U2 Soyuz-FG Soyuz-2 Soyuz 2.1a / STA Soyuz 2.1b / STB Soyuz 2-1v Launch sites Baikonur Site 1/5 Site 31/6 Plesetsk Site 41/1 Site 16/2 Site 43/3 Site 43/4 Kourou Ensemble de Lancement Soyouz Vostochny Site 1S Launches 1957–1959 1960–1964 1965–1969 1970–1974 1975–1979 1980–1984 1985–1989 1990–1994 1995–1999 2000–2004 2005–2009 2010–2014 2015–2019 See also Korolyov Cross Soyuz at the Guiana Space Cent |