Springfield is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County,
Virginia, United States. The Springfield CDP is recognized by the U.S.
Census Bureau with a population of 30,484 as of the 2010 census. Homes
and businesses in bordering CDPs including North Springfield, West
Springfield, and Newington are usually given a "Springfield" mailing
address. The population of the collective areas with Springfield
addresses is estimated to exceed 100,000. The CDP is a part of
Northern Virginia, the most populous region of the Washington
2.2 Public safety
3.2 Mass transit
7 External links
Springfield is located at 38°46′45″N 77°11′4″W /
38.77917°N 77.18444°W / 38.77917; -77.18444 (38.779238,
According to the United States
Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area
of 7.9 square miles (20.4 km²), of which, 7.9 square
miles (20.3 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles
(0.1 km²) of it (0.49%) is water.
The area is dominated by the interchange of I-95, I-395, and the
Capital Beltway (I-495), known as the Springfield Interchange. The
center of the town is at the intersection of Route 644 (Old Keene Mill
Road / Franconia Road) and Route 617 (Backlick Road) adjacent to the
interchange. A significant commercial district exists around the
interchange area, but the rest of the community is primarily
residential in character.
According to the U.S. Postal Service, Springfield collectively has
four ZIP codes:
22150 (often unofficially referred to as "Central Springfield", this
is the zip code for the actual Springfield CDP itself.)
22151 ("North Springfield")
22152 ("West Springfield")
The following are total area, water area, and land area statistics (in
square miles) for the four Springfield zip codes:
7.88 sq mi.
0.01 sq mi.
7.87 sq mi.
5.28 sq mi.
0.17 sq mi.
5.11 sq mi.
6.16 sq mi.
0.00 sq mi.
6.16 sq mi.
8.36 sq mi.
0.06 sq mi.
8.30 sq mi.
28.50 sq mi.
0.24 sq mi.
28.27 sq mi.
A saw and grist mill was constructed in the vicinity of what is today
Springfield between 1796 and 1800. Owned by James Keene, it gave its
name to today's Old Keene Mill Road. The mill served farms in the area
for around sixty years before its discontinuation. Nothing remains of
it today save for two mill races.
Apartment complex in Springfield
MetroPark complex of offices
Springfield was founded in 1847 around the Orange and Alexandria
Railroad's Daingerfield Station; this is today the Backlick Road
Virginia Railway Express station, located off Backlick Road. The
station was named for "Springfield Farm", owned by Henry Daingerfield,
an Alexandria businessman who sat on the railroad's board of
directors. The post office was completed sometime after 1851. It was
in existence at the time of the American Civil War, being the site of
a skirmish on October 3, 1861 and a Confederate raid on August 3,
1863. The station served as the first Springfield Post Office from
1866 to 1868.
In 1877, Richard Moore petitioned for a post office, which he named
Moor; it was located about a little over a mile south of the station,
near the intersection of Fairfax (now Old Keene Mill) and Backlick
roads. The post office name was changed in 1881 to Garfield to honor
the late President James A. Garfield, who had been assassinated that
year. In 1907, the Garfield post office closed and a new postal
station named Corbett (after the then-landowner) opened back at the
railroad station. The name "Springfield" was reinstated for good on
June 27, 1910, although the name Garfield continued to appear on
maps at least through the 1930s. The post office was moved to a new
site in 1933.
Springfield remained a rural crossroads until 1946, when realtor
Edward Carr decided to subdivide the area for suburban development
along the recently opened Henry Shirley Highway (now I-95/I-395). Carr
believed this to be the last easily accessible tract within 12 miles
(19 km) of Washington, D.C., and indeed, the newly developed area
grew quickly. In 1950, the area had an estimated population of
1,000; Robert E. Lee High School was built in 1957. By 1960, the
population was reported as over 10,000; it grew past 25,000 by 1970
with the North and West Springfield neighborhoods.
Springfield became a major retail destination with the opening of the
Springfield Mall (now Springfield Town Center) in 1973–75 (the
second regional shopping center in Northern
Virginia after Tysons
Corner), as well as the Springfield and Brookfield shopping centers.
The 1980s and 1990s saw the expansion of retail and high-density
housing in the area, at least until the opening of the
Franconia-Springfield Parkway in 1996, and the Franconia-Springfield
Virginia Rail Express Station in 1997. The mall was
renovated from an indoor facility into a town center with a mixture of
shopping, office, and residential development; its first phase opened
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency building at the Fort Belvoir
North Area in Springfield
The center of Springfield is at Route 644 (Old Keene Mill Road /
Franconia Road) and Route 617. The old "Garfield" name still survives
in the nearby Garfield Elementary School.
The Sydenstricker School, completed in 1928, was listed on the
National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places in 2012.
The area's largest sports and fitness facility, The St. James Sports
& Wellness Complex, will be opening on Industrial Road in October
2018. This 450,000 sq. ft center on 20 acres will include indoor
football, basketball, ice hockey, and swimming facilities.
As of the census of 2010, there were 30,484 people, 12,431 houses,
and 7,472 families residing in the Springfield CDP. The population
density was 3,869.5 people per square mile (1,494.3/km²). There were
10,630 housing units at an average density of 1,345.6/sq mi
(521.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 48.7% White, 9.0%
African American, 0.7% Native American, 24.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific
Islander, 12.5% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.5% of the population.
As of 2000, there were 10,495 households out of which 32.9% had
children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married
couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband
present, and 28.8% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were
made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65
years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the
average family size was 3.37. As of 2010, the average household size
In the Springfield CDP, the population was spread out with 22.5% under
the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45
to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.
The median income for a household in the Springfield CDP as of 2010 is
$84,309, and the median income for a family is $95,158. In 2000, males
had a median income of $45,679 versus $36,075 for females. The per
capita income for the CDP is $36,405.
The zip code population totals for the entire Springfield community
(as defined by USPS) are as follows:
The Greater Springfield Volunteer Fire Department's fire station at
7011 Backlick Road provides fire and EMS services to Springfield.
The West Springfield District Police Station of the Fairfax County
Police Department is at 6140 Rolling Road.
Residential area in northern Springfield, along Backlick Road near the
border of Springfield and North Springfield
Main article: Springfield Mall (Virginia)
Springfield Mall was a large indoor shopping mall near the Springfield
Interchange, the intersection of Interstate highways I-95 and I-495.
It contained several anchor stores and a food court. In 2001, two of
the hijackers in the September 11 attacks,
Hani Hanjour and Khalid
al-Mihdhar, illegally obtained state identification at the mall's DMV
office. In 2005, gang members stabbed two people at the mall.
and a fatal shooting occurred in December 2007.
In 2005, the mall was purchased by Vornado Realty Trust, which closed
the structure, renovated it to add housing and office space, and
reopened it in 2014 as "Springfield Town Center".
Central Springfield is dominated by the Springfield Interchange,
popularly known as the "Mixing Bowl" or the "Melting Pot", a name
taken from an earlier interchange near the Pentagon. The interchange
includes three Interstates (I-95, I-395, and I-495), with two exits
less than a half mile apart, with two roads (Commerce Street and Route
644 (Old Keene Mill Road / Franconia Road)) going over or under I-95
within less than a half mile, and is further complicated by the
presence of a separate, reversible high-occupancy vehicle lane passing
through the center of two of the interstates.
Built between 1999 and 2007 at a cost of $676 million, the Springfield
Interchange Improvement Project was finished on time and on budget,
according to the
Virginia Department of Transportation, and dedicated
on July 18, 2007, by
Virginia Governor Timothy M. Kaine.[citation
Franconia-Springfield Metro Station
Virginia Railway Express commuter rail at the Backlick Road station
Washington Metro's Blue Line at the Franconia-Springfield station
Fairfax Connector bus
Washington Metropolitan Area
Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority bus
The closest airport to Springfield is the Ronald Reagan Washington
National Airport, in Arlington, Virginia. Other airports include the
Washington Dulles International Airport, located in Chantilly and
Sterling, Virginia, as well as Baltimore-Washington International
Thurgood Marshall Airport in Linthicum, Maryland.
Public schools in Springfield are run by Fairfax County Public
Some Springfield neighborhoods feed schools outside the city limits,
such as the Lake Braddock, South County, and Hayfield districts.
Likewise, some Springfield schools are fed by neighborhoods outside
the city limits.
Elementary schools serving Springfield include: Cardinal Forest
Elementary School, Crestwood Elementary School, Garfield
Elementary School, Forestdale Elementary School, Hunt Valley
Elementary School, Keene Mill Elementary School, Kings Glen
Elementary School, Kings Park Elementary School, Lynbrook
Elementary School, Newington Forest Elementary School, North
Springfield Elementary School, Orange Hunt Elementary School,
Ravensworth Elementary School, Rolling Valley Elementary
School, Sangster Elementary School, Springfield Estates
Elementary School, Saratoga Elementary School, and West
Springfield Elementary School.
Middle schools serving Springfield include Francis Scott Key Middle
School and Washington Irving Middle School.
High schools serving Springfield include Robert E. Lee High School
and West Springfield High School; the latter is home to the West
Springfield Dance Team, which appeared on the television show
America's Got Talent.
Private schools in the vicinity of Springfield include St. Bernadette
School, Springfield Academy, the Word of Life Christian
Academy, Iqra Elementary, and Al-Qalam Academy.
The medical campus of Northern
Virginia Community College is located
in Springfield. It offers a variety of associates degrees and
Fairfax County Public Library
Fairfax County Public Library system operates the Richard Byrd
^ a b "American FactFinder". United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved
^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey.
2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
^ "Fairfax County Road Map."
Virginia Department of Transportation.
^ "US Census". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
^ "Keene Mill Marker". hmdb.org. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ a b c "Springfield Station Marker". hmdb.org. Retrieved 13 March
^ Yearbook, The Historical Society of Fairfax County, Volume 29,
2003–2004, Jack Hiller
^ Map of Fairfax County. Commonwealth of
Virginia Department of
Highways. Richmond, VA: June 1, 1932. Revised July 1, 1936. Library of
Virginia Digital Collections. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
^ "Alexandria, Kingstowne and Springfield
Virginia real estate
listings, home buying, selling and relocation information –
NUMBER1EXPERT(tm)". Hellovirginia.com. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
^ Number of Inhabitants, Bureau of the
Census 1960 and 1970
^ Fairfax County Department of Taxation, DTA Property Search profile
Springfield Town Center
Springfield Town Center reopens Oct. 17. Here's what it looks like
now". Washington Post. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
Virginia Landmarks Register".
Virginia Department of Historic
Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
^ "Welcome to : Greater Springfield Volunteer Fire Department".
gsvfd.org. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "West Springfield District Police Station". fairfaxcounty.gov.
Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "Hijackers' helper faces two years max", Timothy P. Carney, Human
Events, December 24, 2001
^ "Police Make Arrest In Springfield Mall Stabbing Incident", December
^ Jackman, Tom (April 26, 2008). "2 Indicted in Alleged Gang Killing
at Springfield Mall". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 23,
^ "Springfield Town Center". Springfield Town Center. Retrieved 13
^ "Vornado Develops Town Center at Springfield Mall" Archived
2006-10-25 at the Wayback Machine., Divaris Real Estate, Inc.
^ "Fairfax County Public School Directory Archived 2010-05-27 at the
Wayback Machine." as of April 5, 2012.
^ "Cardinal Forest Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Crestwood Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Garfield Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Forestdale Elementary". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "FCPS School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "Keene Mill Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Kings Glen Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Kings Park Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Lynbrook Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Newington Forest Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "North Springfield Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Orange Hunt Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Ravensworth ES". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "Rolling Valley Elementary". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Sangster Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Springfield Estates Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13
^ "Saratoga Elementary School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "West Springfield Elementary". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Key Middle School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "Irving Middle School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "Welcome to Robert E. Lee High School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "West Springfield High School". fcps.edu. Retrieved 13 March
^ "West Springfield dance team returns from 'America's Got Talent'
stint". Washington Post. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
^ "St. Bernadette School". stbernpar.org. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Private School, Nondenominational Christian School – North
Springfield, VA". springfieldacademy.org. Retrieved 13 March
^ "Private Christian School in Springfield VA, Northern Virginia,
Alexandria – Word of Life Christian Academy". wolca.org. Retrieved
13 March 2015.
^ "Iqra Elementary School Educating and Nurturing the Youth".
iqraelementary.com. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
^ "Al-Qalam Academy Al-Qalam of Spingfield VA".
www.alqalamacademyforgirls.com. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
^ "Medical Education Campus (Springfield) :: Northern Virginia
Community College". Retrieved 21 March 2017.
^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on
October 21, 2009.
^ "Springfield CDP, Virginia." U.S.
Census Bureau. Retrieved on
October 21, 2009.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Springfield, Virginia.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Springfield (Virginia).
Springfield District-Fairfax County, Virginia
Springfield Town Center
Springfield Then and Now, Jack Lewis Hiller, Chronicle Newspapers,
William Fairfax Will Transcript, Recorded in Fairfax County Deed Book
B1 page 177, Fairfax County Circuit court
Municipalities and communities of Fairfax County, Virginia, United
County seat: Fairfax
Kings Park West
West Falls Church