A SPORT COMPACT is a high-performance version of a compact car or a
subcompact car . According to
* 1 Characteristics * 2 Market trends * 3 Tuning * 4 Motorsport * 5 References
There is no precise definition and the description is applied for marketing purposes to a wide variety of models, but typical "sport compacts" are front engined , front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive coupés, sedans, or hatchbacks driven by a straight-4 gasoline engine . In most cases, they are versions of mass-market cars that are factory produced with additional features and upgrades. Performance-oriented sport compacts generally focus on improving handling and increasing performance by engine efficiency, rather than increasing engine size. Sport compacts often feature external body modifications to improve aerodynamics or house larger wheels.
"Econosport" is a rarely used term for a sport version of a small economy car.
A partial list of some of the sport compact cars is here.
2004 US-spec Subaru Impreza WRX STI
Sport compacts remain one of the largest segments of the performance car market in Europe and Japan, and is seeing a resurgence in North America after declining sales in the 1990s.
Japanese manufacturers such as
European manufacturers have long offered multiple high-performance
compacts in Europe and many of these are imported to North America.
These are called hot hatches or warm hatches depending on engine power
as they are available as hatchbacks . They include the VW Golf GTI
(which was first announced in 1975), Volkswagen R32 and
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After-marker modifications or customization is commonly referred to as tuning. This has given rise to the term "tuner" for the owners of modified sport compacts (and other vehicle classes), and by extension, their automobiles. As with trucks and other vehicle categories, there is a large market for performance-enhancing equipment designed to fit small cars. "Tuning" is also symbolized by cosmetic and non-performance related vehicle modifications. It is the subject of some controversy whether to recognize a compact "tuner" car that has been modified to offer lesser vehicle performance than a "sport compact".
Cosmetic tuning may include changing the interior (such as changing
the shift knob and steering wheel as an example) and exterior
decoration, installation of a
Restoration of a Japanese import to its JDM specifications (or
J-Spec) is one example of modification for tuners in North America. It
is quite common for Japanese automakers to produce or export less
powerful versions of their models to the North American market. The
common exception to this is the 1993-1998 Toyota Supra which received
a more powerful engine for US export due to the "Gentleman's
Agreement" in Japan. Such modifications usually involve swapping
engines and transmissions. Popular examples include the conversion of
parts from a JDM Silvia onto a USDM
Small cars with high power ratings can be formidable racing vehicles. The Sports Car Club of America has long hosted races for compact cars. More recently, sport compacts have become so popular that the Australian National Drag Racing Association (ANDRA) (www.andra.com.au) now have special classes for sport compact racing, and the National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) has made sport compact cars eligible to compete in the Lucas Oil Sportsman Series, and Sport Compact "Pro RWD" type cars are used in the NHRA Pro Stock category as the Chevrolet Cobalt is used as the manufacturer's car in the class. All these classes are officially sanctioned by ANDRA and are recognised through a series of successful events and National Records.
Some highly modified sport compact dragsters can accelerate from 0-60 mph in less than four seconds.
Sport compacts are fairly popular for autocross competitions. The
Acura Integra ,
The former NASCAR Goody's DASH Series found new life in 2005 when acquisitioned by INTERNATIONAL SPORT COMPACT AUTO RACING SERIES (ISCARS) DASH TOURING, which tours primarily on asphalt ovals throughout the southeast. In 2008 the series accepted the sanction of American Speed Association (ASA). The TC 2000 Championship is one of the touring car racing series which involves sport compacts.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to SPORT COMPACT .
* ^ "Small, Fast, Fun: Sport Compact
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LAYOUT (ENGINE / DRIVE)
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Engine configuration (internal combustion )
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