The SPOLIARIUM (often misspelled Spolarium) is a painting by Filipino
Luna, working on canvas , spent eight months completing the painting
which depicts dying gladiators.
JOSE RIZAL AND THE SPOLIARIUM
At a gathering of Filipino expatriates in Madrid, Jose Rizal enthusiastically toasted the triumphs his two compatriots had achieved, the other being Félix Hidalgo who won a silver medal, calling it "fresh proof of racial equality".
Rizal was inspired to carve a mark of his own to give glory to his country by writing his 'Spoliarium' since early that year 1884 "he had been toying with the idea of a book" for he has seen and described the painting as "the tumult of the crowd, the shouts of slaves, the metallic clatter of dead men's armor, the sobs of orphans, the murmured prayers...." Rizal's book would be called Noli Me Tangere , "the Latin echo of the Spoliarium".
IN POPULAR CULTURE
Ryan Cayabyab composed the opera Spoliarium, which chronicles the creation of the eponymous painting and Juan Luna's trial for the murder of his wife. Soprano Fides Cuyugan-Asensio wrote the libretto . A recorded version was released for commercial distribution in 2006.
The painting is also mentioned by the poet Ma. Luisa Aguilar Igloria in her collection, Juan Luna's Revolver, and by the novelist Miguel Syjuco in his novel Ilustrado.
In the 2015 historical film Heneral Luna , a scene where soldiers drag the mutilated corpses of Antonio Luna and Paco Roman while shocked onlookers watch from a staircase closely mirrors the Spoliarium. Antonio Luna is the younger brother of Juan Luna.
* ^ see: Gaceta de Madrid, no. 164, 12/06/1884, p. 694 * ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2000). Rizal Without the Overcoat. Anvil Publishing. * ^ Guerrero, Leon (1974). The First Filipino: A Biography of José Rizal (PDF) (5th ed.). Manila: National Historical Commission. p. 112. Retrieved 22 March 2016. * ^ A B Guerrero 1974 , p. 114. * ^ Guerrero 1974 , p. 119-120,