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The Info List - Spike Lee



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SHELTON JACKSON "SPIKE" LEE (born March 20, 1957) is an American film director, producer, writer, and actor. His production company, 40 Acres and a Mule Filmworks , has produced over 35 films since 1983.

He made his directorial debut with She\'s Gotta Have It (1986), and has since directed such films as Do the Right Thing
Do the Right Thing
(1989), Malcolm X (1992), The Original Kings of Comedy (2000), 25th Hour (2002), Inside Man (2006), and most recently Chi-Raq (2015). Lee has acted in ten of his own films.

Lee's movies have examined race relations , colorism in the black community, the role of media in contemporary life, urban crime and poverty, and other political issues. Lee has received two Academy Award nominations, a Student Academy Award
Academy Award
and an Academy Honorary Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences , and won numerous other awards, including two Emmy Awards , two Peabody Awards , an honorary BAFTA Award , an Honorary César and the 2013 Gish Prize .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 2 Career

* 2.1 Professor * 2.2 Film * 2.3 Commercials

* 3 Personal life * 4 Controversial remarks * 5 Filmography * 6 Awards, honors and nominations * 7 References * 8 External links

EARLY LIFE

Lee was born in Atlanta
Atlanta
, Georgia, the son of Jacqueline Carroll (née Shelton), a teacher of arts and black literature, and William James Edward Lee III , a jazz musician and composer. Lee also had three younger siblings Joie , David , and Cinqué , who all worked in many different positions in Lee's films. Director Malcolm D. Lee is his cousin. When he was a child, the family moved to Brooklyn
Brooklyn
, New York. His mother nicknamed him "Spike" during his childhood. He attended John Dewey High School in Brooklyn's Gravesend neighborhood .

Lee enrolled in Morehouse College , a historically black college , where he made his first student film, Last Hustle in Brooklyn. He took film courses at Clark Atlanta
Atlanta
University and graduated with a B.A. in mass communication from Morehouse. He did graduate work at New York University 's Tisch School of the Arts , where he earned a Master of Fine Arts in film "> Lee in 2007

Lee's independent film, Joe\'s Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads , was the first student film to be showcased in Lincoln Center
Lincoln Center
's New Directors/New Films Festival .

In 1985, Lee began work on his first feature film, She\'s Gotta Have It . With a budget of $175,000, he shot the film in two weeks. When the film was released in 1986, it grossed over $7,000,000 at the U.S. box office.

Lee's 1989 film Do the Right Thing
Do the Right Thing
was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1989. Many people, including Hollywood's Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
, believed that Do the Right Thing
Do the Right Thing
also deserved a Best Picture nomination. Driving Miss Daisy won Best Picture that year. Lee said in an April 7, 2006 interview with New York magazine that the other film's success, which he thought was based on safe stereotypes, hurt him more than if his film had not been nominated for an award.

After the 1990 release of Mo\' Better Blues , Lee was accused of antisemitism by the Anti-Defamation League
Anti-Defamation League
and several film critics. They criticized the characters of the club owners Josh and Moe Flatbush, described as "Shylocks ". Lee denied the charge, explaining that he wrote those characters in order to depict how black artists struggled against exploitation. Lee said that Lew Wasserman , Sidney Sheinberg or Tom Pollock, the Jewish heads of MCA and Universal Studios , were unlikely to allow antisemitic content in a film they produced. He said he could not make an antisemitic film because Jews run Hollywood, and "that's a fact".

His 1997 documentary 4 Little Girls
4 Little Girls
, about the children killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing
16th Street Baptist Church bombing
in Birmingham, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama
in 1963, was nominated for the Best Feature Documentary Academy Award
Academy Award
. Lee with his Peabody Award
Peabody Award
, 2011

On May 2, 2007, the 50th San Francisco International Film Festival honored Spike Lee
Spike Lee
with the San Francisco Film Society 's Directing Award. He received the 2008 Wexner Prize. In 2013, he won The Dorothy and Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
Prize , one of the richest prizes in the American arts worth $300,000. In 2015, Lee received an Academy Honorary Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for his contributions to film.

Lee is the director, writer, and producer of the MyCareer story mode in the video game NBA 2K16 .

Lee's films are typically referred to as " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Joints" and the closing credits always end with the phrases "By Any Means Necessary", "Ya Dig" and "Sho Nuff". However, his 2013 film Oldboy uses the traditional "A Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Film" credit after producers heavily re-edited it.

COMMERCIALS

In mid-1990, Levi\'s began producing a series of TV commercials directed by Lee for their 501 button fly jeans.

Marketing executives from Nike offered Lee a job directing commercials for the company. They wanted to pair Lee's character, the Michael Jordan–loving Mars Blackmon , and Jordan in a marketing campaign for the Air Jordan line. Later, Lee was called on to comment on the controversy surrounding the inner-city rash of violence involving youths trying to steal Air Jordans from other kids. He said that, rather than blaming manufacturers of apparel that gained popularity, "deal with the conditions that make a kid put so much importance on a pair of sneakers, a jacket and gold".

Through the marketing wing of 40 Acres and a Mule, Lee has directed commercials for Converse , Jaguar , Taco Bell , and Ben "> Lee speaking at a rally in support of the presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders in Washington Square Park
Washington Square Park
, April 2016

Lee met his wife, attorney Tonya Lewis, in 1992 and they were married a year later in New York. They have one daughter, Satchel, born in 1994, and a son, Jackson, born in 1997.

Spike Lee
Spike Lee
is a fan of the American baseball team the New York Yankees , basketball team the New York Knicks , and the English football team Arsenal . One of the documentaries in ESPN
ESPN
's 30 for 30 series, Winning Time: Reggie Miller vs. The New York Knicks, focuses partly on Lee's interaction with Miller at Knicks games in Madison Square Garden .

In June 2003, Lee sought an injunction against Spike TV to prevent them from using his nickname. Lee claimed that because of his fame, viewers would think he was associated with the new channel.

When asked by the BBC
BBC
if he believed in God, Lee said: "Yes. I have faith that there is a higher being. All this cannot be an accident."

While Lee continues to maintain an office in Fort Greene , Brooklyn
Brooklyn
, he and his wife live on the Upper East Side of Manhattan
Manhattan
.

CONTROVERSIAL REMARKS

Lee in September 2011

As Lee became more well known and his work and comments were followed more closely, he became embroiled in some controversies.

In May 1999, the New York Post
New York Post
reported that Lee made an inflammatory comment about Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
, president of the National Rifle Association , while speaking to reporters at the Cannes Film Festival . Lee was quoted as saying the National Rifle Association should be disbanded and, of Heston, someone should "Shoot him with a .44 Bull Dog ." Lee said he intended it as a joke. He was responding to coverage about whether Hollywood was responsible for school shootings. "The problem is guns," he said. Republican House Majority Leader Dick Armey condemned Lee as having "nothing to offer the debate on school violence except more violence and more hate."

In October 2005, Lee responded to a CNN
CNN
anchor's question as to whether the government intentionally ignored the plight of black Americans during the 2005 Hurricane Katrina catastrophe by saying, "It's not too far-fetched. I don't put anything past the United States government. I don't find it too far-fetched that they tried to displace all the black people out of New Orleans
New Orleans
." In later comments, Lee cited the government's past including the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male .

At the 2008 Cannes Film Festival, Lee, who was then making Miracle at St. Anna , about an all-black U.S. division fighting in Italy during World War II
World War II
, criticized director Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
for not depicting black Marines in his own World War II
World War II
film, Flags of Our Fathers . Citing historical accuracy, Eastwood responded that his film was specifically about the Marines who raised the flag on Mount Suribachi at Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima
, pointing out that while black Marines did fight at Iwo Jima, the U.S. military was racially segregated during World War II, and none of the men who raised the flag were black. He angrily said that Lee should "shut his face". Lee responded that Eastwood was acting like an "angry old man", and argued that despite making two Iwo Jima films back to back, Letters from Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima
and Flags of Our Fathers, "there was not one black soldier in both of those films". He added that he and Eastwood were "not on a plantation." Lee later claimed that the event was exaggerated by the media and that he and Eastwood had reconciled through mutual friend Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
, culminating in his sending Eastwood a print of Miracle at St. Anna.

In March 2012, after the shooting of Trayvon Martin , Spike Lee
Spike Lee
was one of many people who used Twitter
Twitter
to circulate a message which claimed to give the home address of the shooter George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
. The address turned out to be incorrect, causing the real occupants, Elaine and David McClain, to leave home and stay at a hotel due to numerous death threats. Lee issued an apology and reached an agreement with the McClains which reportedly included "compensation", with their attorney stating "The McClains’ claim is fully resolved". Nevertheless, in November 2013, the McClains filed a negligence lawsuit which accused Lee of "encouraging a dangerous mob mentality among his Twitter
Twitter
followers, as well as the public-at-large". The lawsuit, which a court filing reportedly valued at $1.2 million, alleged that the couple suffered "injuries and damages" that continued after the initial settlement up through Zimmerman\'s trial in 2013. A Seminole County judge dismissed the McClains' suit, agreeing with Lee that the issue had already been settled previously.

FILMOGRAPHY

Main article: Spike Lee filmography

AWARDS, HONORS AND NOMINATIONS

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Spike Lee

Early in his career he won the Student Academy Award
Academy Award
for his film Joe's Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads. He won awards at the Black Reel Awards for Love and Basketball, the Black Movie Awards for Inside Man, and the Berlin International Film Festival for Get on the Bus.

He has been nominated twice for an Academy Award, but never won; in November 2015, he was given an Honorary Academy Award
Academy Award
for his contributions to film-making.

REFERENCES

* ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
wins $300,000 Gish Prize". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 30 April 2014. * ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Awarded $300,000 Prize From Dorothy and Lillian Gish Foundation". BET: Black Entertainment Television. Retrieved 30 April 2014. * ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
awarded $300,000 Gish Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 April 2014. * ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
to receive prestigious Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
award". Hollywood. Retrieved 1 May 2014. * ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Biography (1956?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved August 14, 2010. * ^ "7". Who Do You Think You Are? . Season 1. Episode 7. April 30, 2010. NBC
NBC
. * ^ "SHELTON "SPIKE" LEE \'79". Morehouse College. April 9, 2012. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012. * ^ "Professor web page". NYU Tish Directory. NYU. Retrieved 25 November 2015. * ^ "She\'s Gotta Have It (1986)". Box Office Mojo. August 26, 1986. Retrieved June 13, 2011. * ^ Hill, Logan (April 7, 2008). "Q">\'". New York . Retrieved June 13, 2011. * ^ James, Caryn (August 16, 1990). "Spike Lee\'s Jews and the Passage from Benign Cliche into Bigotry". The New York Times
The New York Times
. Retrieved December 1, 2009. * ^ "" Spike Lee
Spike Lee
to Receive the Wexner Prize"; Wexner Center for the Arts". Wexarts.org. Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011. * ^ Chris Lee (September 18, 2013). " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
awarded $300,000 Gish Prize". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved September 19, 2013. * ^ "Spike Lee, Debbie Reynolds And Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
To Receive Academy’s 2015 Governors Awards". August 27, 2015. * ^ Plunkett, Luke (June 4, 2015). " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Is Writing A Video Game Campaign". Kotaku . Retrieved June 6, 2015. * ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Biography". Yahoo! Movies . Retrieved 2009-02-10. * ^ Maane Khatchatourian (November 29, 2013). "\'Oldboy\' Will Likely Be Trampled by New Releases in Thanksgiving Rush". Variety. Retrieved 2016-08-04. * ^ Elliott, Stuart (July 22, 1991). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: Advertising; Levi and Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Return In \'Button Your Fly\' Part 2". The New York Times
The New York Times
. * ^ "Kindred, Dave; "Mars points NBA to next Milky Way – advertising character Mars Blackmon"; findarticles.com; July 21, 1997". Findarticles.com. July 21, 1997. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2011. * ^ Chucksconnection.com Archived August 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Rothkranz, Lindzy. "Tonya Lewis Lee, Spike’s Wife: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy. * ^ "Milestones". Time. December 19, 1994. * ^ :am (October 27, 2009). "Black Celebrity Kids, babies, and their Parents » SPIKE LEE AND KIDS ATTEND MICHAEL JACKSON\'S THIS IS IT PREMIERE". Blackcelebkids.Com. Retrieved August 28, 2012. * ^ "Arsenal Supporters Series: Spike Lee". Arsenal.theoffside.com. Archived from the original on December 2, 2009. Retrieved August 14, 2010. * ^ Romano, Allison (April 21, 2003). "TNN Hopes Mainly Men Will Watch "Spike TV"s". Retrieved August 31, 2007. * ^ Breaking... – 6/16/2003 – Broadcasting & Cable * ^ "Spike sues over channel name". BBC
BBC
News. June 4, 2003. Retrieved May 23, 2010. * ^ Papamichael, Stella. "Calling the Shots: No.21: Spike Lee". BBC . Retrieved 23 March 2017. * ^ "Real Estate 2001: Neighborhood Profiles". * ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Says Remark About Shooting Heston Was A Joke – Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. May 28, 1999. Retrieved February 13, 2013. * ^ "Heston was always a man of his words – Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. April 8, 2008. Retrieved February 13, 2013. * ^ A B "Living foot to mouth". Salon.com. May 28, 1999. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2011. * ^ Lee Won\'t Dismiss Theories Of A Flooding Conspiracy * ^ "All about Spike Lee\'s latest film". * ^ "Clip of Lee expressing his views of the Hurricane Katrina and Tuskegee matters on \'\'Real Time with Bill Maher\'\'". Youtube.com. Retrieved June 13, 2011. * ^ Marikar, Sheila (June 6, 2008). "Spike Strikes Back: Clint\'s \'an Angry Old Man\'". ABC News. * ^ "Eastwood hits back at Lee claims". BBC
BBC
News. June 6, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2009. * ^ Lyman, Eric J. (May 21, 2008). "Lee calls out Eastwood, Coens over casting". The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter
(8): 3, 24. * ^ Wainwright, Martin (June 9, 2008). "\'We\'re not on a plantation, Clint\'". The Guardian. * ^ "Access Exclusive: Spike Lee
Spike Lee
On Clint Eastwood: \'We\'re Cool\'" OMG!/Yahoo! September 6, 2008 Archived January 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ A B C "Elderly Couple Sues Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Over Tweet". The Smoking Gun . November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. * ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
apologizes for retweeting wrong Zimmerman address". CNN. March 29, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012. * ^ Muskal, Michael (March 29, 2012). "Trayvon Martin: Spike Lee settles with family forced to flee home". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved April 1, 2012. * ^ Colleen Curry (November 11, 2013). " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Sued Over George Zimmerman Tweet". ABC News. Retrieved November 11, 2013. * ^ TV, Centric. "Judge Dismisses Lawsuit Against Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Over George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
Tweet - What\'s Good - Entertainment - Articles - Centric".

EXTERNAL LINKS

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