HOME
The Info List - Special Administrative Regions



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i)

The SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China
China
directly under Central People\'s Government , which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy , and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Chinese Communist Party
Chinese Communist Party
.

The legal basis for the establishment of SARs, unlike the administrative divisions of Mainland China, is provided for by Article 31, rather than Article 30, of the Constitution of the People\'s Republic of China
China
of 1982. Article 31 reads: "The state may establish special administrative regions when necessary. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People's Congress
National People's Congress
in the light of the specific conditions".

At present, there are two SARs established according to the Constitution, namely the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
SAR and the Macau
Macau
SAR , former British and Portuguese dependencies respectively, transferred to China
China
in 1997 and 1999 respectively pursuant to the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 and the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration of 1987 . Pursuant to their Joint Declarations, which are binding inter-state treaties registered with the United Nations, and their Basic laws , the Chinese SARs "shall enjoy a high degree of autonomy ." There is additionally the Wolong Special Administrative Region
Wolong Special Administrative Region
in Sichuan province, which is however not established according to Article 31 of the Constitution. Generally, the two SARs are not considered to constitute a part of Mainland China
China
, by both Chinese and SAR authorities.

The provision to establish special administrative regions appeared in the constitution in 1982, in anticipation of the talks with the United Kingdom over the question of the sovereignty over Hong Kong. It was envisioned as the model for the eventual reunification with Taiwan
Taiwan
and other islands, where the Republic of China
China
has resided since 1949. Special
Special
administrative regions should not be confused with special economic zones , which are areas in which special economic laws apply to promote trade and investments.

Under the One country, two systems
One country, two systems
principle, the two SARs continue to possess their own governments, multi-party legislatures, legal systems , police forces , monetary systems , separate customs territory , immigration policies , national sports teams , official languages , postal systems , academic and educational systems, and substantial competence in external relations that are different or independent from the People's Republic of China.

Special
Special
administrative regions should be distinguished from the constituent countries system in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
or Kingdom of the Netherlands .

CONTENTS

* 1 List of special administrative regions of China
China

* 2 Characteristics

* 2.1 High degree of autonomy * 2.2 External affairs * 2.3 Defense and military * 2.4 Immigration
Immigration
and nationality * 2.5 Comparisons

* 3 Offer to Taiwan
Taiwan
and other ROC-controlled areas * 4 Wolong

* 5 History

* 5.1 ROC special administrative regions

* 5.1.1 Chahar SAR

* 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 See also

LIST OF SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS OF CHINA

There are currently two special administrative regions established according to Article 31 of the Chinese Constitution. For the Wolong Special
Special
Administrative Region in Sichuan
Sichuan
province, please see the section below .

SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA NAME CHINESE (T ) / (S ) YALE PINYIN POSTAL MAP ABBREVIATION AND GB POPULATION AREA KM2 ISO ISO:CN ADMIN. DIVISION

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
香港 Hēunggóng Xiānggǎng Hongkong 港 (Gǎng), HK, HKSAR 7,184,000 1,104.4 HK CN-91 List (18 districts)

Macau
Macau
澳門 / 澳门 Oumùhn Àomén Macao 澳 (Ào), MO, MC, MSAR, RAEM 614,500 31.3 MO CN-92 List (7 freguesias)

CHARACTERISTICS

This article is part of a series on

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF CHINA

Provincial level (1st) Municipalities -------------------------

Provinces -------------------------

Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special
Special
administrative regions

Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------

Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts

Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------

Autonomous prefectures -------------------------

Leagues -------------------------

Prefectures (abolishing)

Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------

Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------

Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts

County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------

Autonomous counties -------------------------

County-level cities -------------------------

Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------

Banners Autonomous banners -------------------------

Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Forestry District -------------------------

Liuzhi Special District
Liuzhi Special District
-------------------------

Wolong Special Administrative Region
Wolong Special Administrative Region
-------------------------

Workers and peasants districts (obsolete)

Analogous county level units Management areas Management committee

Township level (4th) Townships -------------------------

Ethnic townships -------------------------

Towns -------------------------

Subdistricts Subdistrict bureaux -------------------------

Sums -------------------------

Ethnic sums -------------------------

County-controlled districts County-controlled district bureaux (obsolete) -------------------------

Management committees -------------------------

Town-level city (pilot)

Analogous township level units Management areas Management committee -------------------------

Areas ------------------------- Farms area , Prison area , University towns etc.

Village level (5th) informal (Grassroots Autonomous Organizations) -------------------------

Villages · Gaqas Village Committees -------------------------

Residential communities Residential Committees

Other Regions -------------------------

Capital cities -------------------------

New areas -------------------------

Autonomous administrative divisions -------------------------

National Central Cities ------------------------- Special
Special
Economic Zones

History: before 1912 , 1912–49 , 1949–present ------------------------- Administrative division
Administrative division
codes

* v * t * e

See also: Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Basic Law and Macau
Macau
Basic Law

The two special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau (created in 1997 and 1999 respectively) each have a codified constitution called Basic Law. The law provides the regions with a high degree of autonomy, a separate political system, and a capitalist economy under the principle of "one country, two systems " proposed by Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
.

HIGH DEGREE OF AUTONOMY

Currently, the two SARs of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
are responsible for all affairs except those regarding diplomatic relations and national defense. Consequently, the National People\'s Congress authorizes the SAR to exercise a high degree of autonomy and enjoy executive, legislative and independent judicial power, and each with their own Courts of Final Appeal .

EXTERNAL AFFAIRS

Special
Special
administrative regions are empowered to contract a wide range of agreements with other countries and territories such as mutual abolition of visa requirement, mutual legal aid, air services, extradition, handling of double taxation and others, with no Chinese Government involvement. However, in some diplomatic talks involving a SAR, the SAR concerned may choose to send officials to be part of the Chinese delegation. For example, when former Director of Health of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Margaret Chan
Margaret Chan
became the World Health Organization
World Health Organization
(WHO) Director-General, she served as a delegate from the People\'s Republic of China
China
to the WHO.

In sporting events the SARs participate under the respective names of "Hong Kong, China
China
" and "Macau, China
China
", and compete as different entities as they had done since they were under foreign rules, but both SARs are usually allowed to omit the term ", China" for informal use.

The Government of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
has established Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Economic and Trade Offices (HKETOs) in few countries as well as Greater China Region . HKETOs serve as a quasi-interests section in favor of Hong Kong . For regions with no HKETOs, Chinese diplomatic missions take charge of protecting Hong Kong-related interests.

Some countries which have a diplomatic relationship with the central Chinese government maintain Consulate-General
Consulate-General
offices in Hong Kong.

DEFENSE AND MILITARY

The People\'s Liberation Army is garrisoned in both SARs. PRC authorities have said the PLA will not be allowed to interfere with the local affairs of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, and must abide by its laws. In 1988, scholar Chen Fang of the Academy of Military Science even tried to propose the "One military, two systems" concept to separate the defence function and public functions in the army. The PLA does not participate in the governance of the SAR but the SAR may request them for civil-military participation, in times of emergency such as natural disasters. Defence is the responsibility of the PRC government.

A 1996 draft PRC law banned People\'s Liberation Army-run businesses in HK, but loopholes allow them to operate while the profits are ploughed back into the military. There are many PLA-run corporations in Hong Kong. The PLA also have sizable land-holdings in Hong Kong worth billions of dollars.

IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY

Each of the SARs issues passports on its own to its permanent residents who are concurrently Chinese (PRC) citizens . PRC citizens must also satisfy one of the following conditions:

* born in the SAR ; * born anywhere while either parent was a permanent resident of the SAR ; * resided continuously and legally for seven or more years in the SAR and therefore gained a right of abode in the SAR.

Apart from affording the holder consular protection by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People\'s Republic of China
China
, these passports also specify that the holder has right of abode in the issuing SAR.

The National People\'s Congress has also put each SAR in charge of administering the PRC\'s Nationality Law in its respective realms, namely naturalization, renunciation and restoration of PRC nationality and issuance of proof of nationality.

Due to their colonial past, many inhabitants of the SARs hold some form of non-Chinese nationality (e.g. British National (Overseas) status, British citizenship
British citizenship
, British Overseas citizenship or Portuguese citizenship
Portuguese citizenship
). However, SAR residents who are Chinese descent have always been considered as Chinese citizens by the PRC authorities. Special
Special
interpretation of the Nationality Law, while not recognizing dual nationality , has allowed Chinese citizens to keep their foreign "right of abode" and use travel documents issued by the foreign country. However, such travel documents cannot be used to travel to mainland China
China
and persons concerned must use Home Return Permit . Therefore, master nationality rule applies so the holder may not enjoy consular protection while in mainland China. Chinese citizens who also have foreign citizenship may declare a change of nationality at the Immigration
Immigration
Department of the respective SARs, and upon approval, would no longer be considered Chinese citizens.

SAR permanent residents who are not Chinese citizens (including stateless persons) are not eligible for SAR passports. Persons who hold a non-Chinese citizenship must obtain passports from foreign diplomatic missions which represents their countries of citizenship. For those who are stateless, each SAR may issue its own form of certificates of identity , e.g. Document of Identity , in lieu of national passports to the persons concerned. Chinese citizens who are non-permanent residents of two SARs are also ineligible for SAR passports but may obtain CIs just like stateless persons.

COMPARISONS

BODY HONG KONG MACAU

CHINA (CENTRAL GOVERNMENT ONLY)

CONSTITUTIONAL DOCUMENT Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Basic Law Macau
Macau
Basic Law Constitution of the PRC

Final Authority of Constitutional Interpretation NPC Standing Committee

JUDICIARY Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Court of Final Appeal of Macau
Macau
Supreme People\'s Court

Legal Supervisory or Prosecution Department of Justice Public Prosecutions Office Supreme People\'s Procuratorate

POLICE Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Police
Police
(part of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Disciplined Services ) Public Security Police
Police
; Judicial Police
Police
(parts of Macau
Macau
Security Force ) People\'s Police
Police
(of Public Security , State Security , Justice , Court and Procuratorate systems); People\'s Armed Police
Police

MILITARY PLA Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Garrison PLA Macau
Macau
Garrison People\'s Liberation Army (PLA); People\'s Armed Police
Police

CURRENCY Hong Kong
Hong Kong
dollar Macanese pataca
Macanese pataca
Renminbi
Renminbi
(Chinese yuan)

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S) Chinese (traditional ), English Chinese (traditional ), Portuguese Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
(Putonghua) (simplified )

FOREIGN RELATIONS limited under "Hong Kong, China" limited under "Macau, China" full rights

Principal Agency in Foreign Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs Commissioner Office in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Commissioner Office in Macau
Macau
Ministry of Foreign Affairs

CITIZENSHIP Chinese citizenship Chinese citizenship Chinese citizenship

PROOF OF RESIDENCY Right of abode Right of abode Hukou

PASSPORT Hong Kong
Hong Kong
SAR passport Macau
Macau
SAR passport PRC passport

PASSPORT ISSUING AUTHORITIES Immigration
Immigration
Department Identification Services Bureau Ministry of Public Security ; Ministry of Foreign Affairs /diplomatic missions (and local government Foreign Affairs Offices)

CUSTOMS Customs
Customs
and Excise Department Macao Customs
Customs
Service General Administration of Customs
Customs

OFFER TO TAIWAN AND OTHER ROC-CONTROLLED AREAS

See also: Taiwan
Taiwan
Province, People\'s Republic of China
China

The status of a special administrative region for Taiwan
Taiwan
and other areas controlled by the Republic of China
China
was first proposed in 1981. The 1981 proposal was put forth by Ye Jianying
Ye Jianying
called "Ye's nine points" (葉九條). A series of different offers have since appeared. On 25 June 1983 Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
appeared at Seton Hall University in the US to propose "Deng's six points" (鄧六條), which called for a " Taiwan
Taiwan
Special
Special
Administrative Region" (台灣特別行政區). It was envisioned that after Taiwan's unification with the PRC as an SAR, the PRC would become the sole representative of China. Under this proposal, Taiwan
Taiwan
would be guaranteed its own military, its own administrative and legislative powers, an independent judiciary and the right of adjudication, although it would not be considered a separate government of China.

In 2005 the Anti-Secession Law
Anti-Secession Law
of the PRC was enacted. It promises the lands currently ruled by the authorities of Taiwan
Taiwan
a high degree of autonomy, among other things. The PRC can also employ non-peaceful means and other necessary measures to defend its claims to sovereignty over the ROC's territories in the event of an outright declaration of independence by Taiwan
Taiwan
(ROC).

WOLONG

The WOLONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION (Chinese : 卧龙特别行政区; pinyin : Wòlóng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū) is located in the southwest of Wenchuan County
Wenchuan County
, Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan. It was formerly known as Wolong Special
Special
Administrative Region of Wenchuan County, Sichuan
Sichuan
Province and was founded in March 1983 with approval of the State Council. It was given its current name and placed under Sichuan
Sichuan
provincial government with administrative supervision by the provincial department of forestry. Its area supersedes Sichuan
Sichuan
Wolong National Nature Reserve and its administrative office is the same as the Administrative Bureau of the State Forestry Administration for the reserve. It currently has a population of 5343.

Despite its name, the Wolong Special Administrative Region
Wolong Special Administrative Region
is not an SAR as defined by Article 31 of the Constitution of the People\'s Republic of China
China
; as a result, it has been proposed the Wenchuan Wolong Special Administrative Region
Wolong Special Administrative Region
of Sichuan
Sichuan
Province change its name, with designations such as special area or township.

HISTORY

ROC SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS

This article is part of a series on

Administrative divisions of Taiwan
Taiwan

FIRST-LEVEL

* Provinces (streamlined) * Special
Special
municipalities

SECOND-LEVEL

* Counties * Provincial cities

THIRD-LEVEL

* Districts * Mountain indigenous districts * County-controlled cities * Urban townships * Rural townships * Mountain indigenous townships

FOURTH-LEVEL

* Urban villages * Rural villages

FIFTH-LEVEL

* Neighborhoods

Historical divisions of Taiwan
Taiwan
(1895–1945) Republic of China
China
(1912–49)

* v * t * e

In the Republic of China
China
(ROC) when it governed Mainland China
China
, "special administrative regions" (Chinese : 特別行政區; pinyin : tèbié xíngzhèngqū) were historically used to designate special areas, most of which were eventually converted into provinces . All were suspended or abolished after the end of the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
, with the establishment of the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC) and the ROC government's retreat to Taiwan
Taiwan
. The regions were:

NAME CREATED Became province CURRENT STATUS

Suiyuan
Suiyuan
1914 1928 part of Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia

Chahar 1914 1928 distributed into Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
, Beijing
Beijing
and Hebei
Hebei

Rehe (Jehol) 1914 1928 distributed into Hebei
Hebei
, Liaoning
Liaoning
and Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia

Chuanbian 1 1914 19352 part of Sichuan
Sichuan

Tungsheng3 1924

Land along the Chinese Eastern Railway
Chinese Eastern Railway
, now part of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang

Weihaiwei 1930

part of Shandong
Shandong

Hainan
Hainan
1944 In preparation in 1949 province

1 postal : Chwanpien; Chinese : 川邊; pinyin : Chuānbiān; Wade–Giles : Ch'uan-pien. 2 As Xikang
Xikang
Province . 3 Postal romanization; Chinese : 東省; pinyin : Dōngshěng.

Chahar SAR

Chahar was made a special administrative region in 1914 by the Republic of China, as a subdivision of the then Zhili Province
Zhili Province
, with 6 banners and 11 counties . In 1928 it became a province, with 5 of its counties partitioned to Suiyuan
Suiyuan
, and 10 counties were included from Hebei
Hebei
.

NOTES

* ^ References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual provincial articles.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Mid-year Population for 2014". Census and Statistics Department (Hong Kong) . 12 August 2014. * ^ "Demographic Statistics for the 2nd Quarter 2014". Statistics and Census Service of the Government of Macau
Macau
SAR. 11 August 2014. * ^ Administrative divisions of the People\'s Republic of China (中华人民共和国行政区划; Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Xíngzhèng Qūhuà), 15 June 2005, retrieved 5 June 2010 * ^ Chapter II: Relationship between the Central Authorities and the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special
Special
Administrative Region, Article 12, retrieved 5 June 2010 * ^ Chapter II Relationship between the Central Authorities and the Macau
Macau
Special
Special
Administrative Region, Article 12, retrieved 5 June 2010

* ^ Lauterpacht, Elihu. Greenwood, C. J. (1999). International Law Reports Volume 114 of International Law Reports Set Complete set. Cambridge University Press, 1999. ISBN 0521642442 , 9780521642446. p 394. * ^ A B C D Ghai, Yash P. (2000). Autonomy and Ethnicity: Negotiating Competing Claims in Multi-Ethnic States. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521786428 , 9780521786423. p 92. * ^ Article 12, Basic Law of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Article 12, Basic Law of Macau * ^ A B Zhang Wei-Bei. (2006). Hong Kong: the pearl made of British mastery and Chinese docile-diligence. Nova Publishers. ISBN 1594546002 , 9781594546006. * ^ Chan, Ming K. Clark, David J. (1991). The Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Basic Law: Blueprint for Stabiliree Legal Orders – Perspectives of Evolution: Essays on Macau's Autonomy After the Resumption of Sovereignty by China. ISBN 3540685715 , 9783540685715. p 212. * ^ Oliveira, Jorge. Cardinal, Paulo. (2009). One Country, Two Systems, Three Legal Orders – Perspectives of Evolution: Essays on Macau's Autonomy After the Resumption of Sovereignty by China. ISBN 3540685715 , 9783540685715. p 212. * ^ English.eastday.com. English.eastday.com. " China
China
keeps low key at East Asian Games." Retrieved on 2009-12-13. * ^ A B C D Gurtov, Melvin. Hwang, Byong-Moo Hwang. (1998). China's Security: The New Roles of the Military. Lynne Rienner Publishing. ISBN 1555874347 , 9781555874346. p 203–204. * ^ " Macau
Macau
SAR Identification Department". www.dsi.gov.mo. * ^ A B C D E Big5.china.com.cn. "Big5.china.com.cn." 鄧六條. Retrieved on 2009-12-14. * ^ A B United Nations refugee agency. "UNHCR." Anti-Secession Law (No. 34). Retrieved on 2009-12-14. * ^ A B Wolong Introduction * ^ "A Brief Review of the Special
Special
Administrative Regions and the Special
Special
Administrative Region System" (PDF).

SEE ALSO

* China
China
portal * Hong Kong
Hong Kong
portal * Macau
Macau
portal

LISTEN TO THIS ARTICLE (info/dl )

This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Special
Special
administrative regions of China" dated 2006-07-23, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help ) MORE SPOKEN ARTICLES

* Constitution of the People\'s Republic of China
China

* History of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

* British Hong Kong
Hong Kong

* History of Macau
Macau

* Portuguese Macau
Macau

* v * t * e

Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Afghanistan * Armenia * Azerbaijan 1 * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Brunei * Cambodia * China
China
* Cyprus * Egypt 1 * Georgia 1 * India * Indonesia 1 * Iran * Iraq * Israel * Japan * Jordan * Kazakhstan 1 * North Korea * South Korea * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Lebanon * Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Myanmar * Nepal * Oman * Pakistan

* Palestine

* Gaza Strip

* Philippines * Qatar * Russia 1 * Saudi Arabia * Singapore * Sri Lanka * Syria * Tajikistan * Thailand * Timor-Leste (East Timor) * Turkey 1 * Turkmenistan * United Arab Emirates * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * Yemen 1

States with limited recognition

* Northern Cyprus * Taiwan
Taiwan

Dependencies and special administrative regions

AUSTRALIA

* Christmas Island
Christmas Island
* Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

CHINA

* Hong Kong
Hong Kong
* Macau
Macau

UNITED KINGDOM

* Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Akrotiri and Dhekelia
* British Indian Ocean Territory
British Indian Ocean Territory

1 Country spanning more than one continent (transcontinental country) .

List of administrative divisions by country

* v * t * e

Provincial-level divisions of the People\'s Republic of China
China

PROVINCES

* Anhui
Anhui
* Fujian
Fujian
* Gansu
Gansu
* Guangdong
Guangdong
* Guizhou
Guizhou
* Hainan
Hainan
* Hebei
Hebei
* Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
* Henan
Henan
* Hubei
Hubei
* Hunan
Hunan
* Jiangsu
Jiangsu
* Jiangxi
Jiangxi
* Jilin
Jilin
* Liaoning
Liaoning
* Qinghai
Qinghai
* Shaanxi
Shaanxi
* Shandong
Shandong
* Shanxi
Shanxi
* Sichuan
Sichuan
* Yunnan
Yunnan
* Zhejiang
Zhejiang

AUTONOMOUS REGIONS

* Guangxi
Guangxi
* Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
* Ningxia
Ningxia
* Tibet * Xinjiang
Xinjiang

MUNICIPALITIES

* Beijing
Beijing
* Chongqing
Chongqing
* Shanghai
Shanghai
* Tianjin
Tianjin

SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS

* Hong Kong
Hong Kong
¹ * Macau
Macau
¹

OTHER

* Taiwan
Taiwan
¹

NOTE: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People\'s Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan ). Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
are claimed as provincial-level divisions, but as listed on the constitutional documents and joint declarations their statuses are better to be interpreted as first-level divisions instead.

* v * t * e

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
articles

HISTORY

* Prehistoric

* Imperial China
China

* Bao\'an County and Xin\'an County

* British colony * 1800s–1930s * Battle of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
* Japanese occupation * 1950s * 1960s * 1970s * 1980s * 1990s * 2000s

GEOGRAPHY

* Administrative divisions * Areas * Bays * Beaches * Buildings and structures * Channels * Cities and towns * Climate * Country parks and conservation * Ecology * Land reclamation * Harbours * Islands and peninsulas * Lakes * Marine parks * Mountains and peaks * Public parks and gardens * Reservoirs * Rivers * Villages

POLITICS

* Anthem * Autonomy * Basic Law * Chief Executive

* Districts

* Councils

* Elections * Flag * Foreign relations

* Government

* departments and agencies

* Independence * Judiciary * Legal system
Legal system
* Legislative Council * LGBT history * Military * One country, two systems
One country, two systems
* Political parties * Sino-British Joint Declaration
Sino-British Joint Declaration
* Special
Special
administrative regions of China

PUBLIC SERVICES

* Education * Fire services * Food and Health Bureau * Healthcare * Police
Police
* Royal Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Regiment

ECONOMY

* Banks * Companies * Dollar (currency) * Employment * Hawkers * Port * Stock Exchange * Communications * The Hongs * Real Estate Hegemony

TOURISM

* Landmarks and tourist attractions * Disneyland * Ocean Park

TRANSPORT

* Airlines * Airport

* Buses

* light buses

* Cycling * Ferries

* List of roads

* Major roads * Chung Ying Street
Chung Ying Street

* Rail * Taxis

CULTURE

* Languages

* Cantonese
Cantonese
* English

* Architecture

* Kowloon Walled City
Kowloon Walled City
* List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong
Hong Kong

* Graffiti in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
* Hong Kong
Hong Kong
comics

* Music

* Cantonese
Cantonese
opera * Cantopop
Cantopop
* Hakka hill song

* Cinema * Television drama * McDull
McDull
* Media * Television * Literature

* Cuisine

* Cantonese
Cantonese
cuisine * Street food

* Cheung Chau Bun Festival
Cheung Chau Bun Festival
* Religion * Shopping

* Sport

* National football team * National rugby union team * Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Sevens

* Hong Kong
Hong Kong
orchid * Lion Rock Spirit * Ngai jong * Demographics * Honours system * International rankings * Museums * Public holidays * RTHK
RTHK
* Women * Youth

* Outline * Index

* Category *