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The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
is the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India.[1] The speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
following general elections. Serving for a term of five years, the Speaker chosen from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha, and is by convention a member of the ruling party or alliance. The current speaker is Sumitra Mahajan
Sumitra Mahajan
of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who is presiding over the 16th Lok Sabha. She is the second woman to hold the office, after her immediate predecessor Meira Kumar.[2]

Contents

1 Powers and functions of the Speaker 2 Removal of the Speaker 3 Protem Speaker 4 List of Speakers 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Powers and functions of the Speaker[edit] The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
conducts the business in house; and decides whether a bill is a money bill or not. They maintain discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for their unruly behavior by suspending them. They also permit the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions such as a motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure and calling attention notice as per the rules. The Speaker decides on the agenda to be taken up for discussion during the meeting. The date of election of the speaker is fixed by the President. Further, all comments and speeches made by members of the House are addressed to the speaker. The speaker also presides over the joint sitting of both Houses of Parliament. The counterpart of the Speaker in the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is the Chairman, who is the Vice President of India. In the warrant of precedence, the speaker of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
comes next only to The Deputy Prime Minister of India. Speaker has the sixth rank in the political executive of India Removal of the Speaker[edit] Speaker can be removed by the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
by a resolution passed by an effective majority of the House as per Articles 94 and 96. Speaker is also removed on getting disqualified for being Lok Sabha member under sections 7 & 8 of Representation of the People Act, 1951.[3] This would arise out of speaker's wrong certification of a bill as money bill inconsistent with the definition given in Articles 110 of the constitution.[4] When courts uphold the unconstitutional act of the speaker for wrong certification of a bill as money bill, it amounts to disrespecting the constitution deserving conviction under Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971
Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971
which is applicable for disqualification of speaker's Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
membership under section 8k of Representation of the People Act, 1951. However the omissions in the procedure committed by the speaker in the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
can not be challenged in court of law per Article 122[5] Protem Speaker[edit] After a general election and the formation of a new government, a list of senior Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
members prepared by the Legislative Section is submitted to the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, who selects a protem speaker. The appointment has to be approved by the president.[6] The first meeting after the election when the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker are selected by members of the Parliament is held under the pro tem Speaker. In absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker acts as Speaker and in the absence of both a committee of six member selected by the Speaker will act as Speaker according to their seniority. Eligibility Criteria Of a Speaker of Loksabha 1) He or She must be a citizen of India. 2) He or She must not be less than 25 years of age. 3) He or She should not hold any office of profit under the Government of India,or the Government of any other state. List of Speakers[edit]

No. Name Portrait Term Party

From To Length Lok Sabha[7]

1 Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar

15 May 1952 27 February 1956 3 years, 288 days 1st Indian National Congress

2 M. A. Ayyangar

8 March 1956 10 May 1957 1 year, 63 days

11 May 1957 16 April 1962 4 years, 340 days 2nd

3 Sardar Hukam Singh

17 April 1962 16 March 1967 4 years, 333 days 3rd

4 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

17 March 1967 19 July 1969 2 years, 124 days 4th

5 Gurdial Singh Dhillon — 8 August 1969 19 March 1971 1 year, 221 days

22 March 1971 1 December 1975 4 years, 254 days 5th

6 Bali Ram Bhagat — 15 January 1976 25 March 1977 1 year, 69 days

(4) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

26 March 1977 13 July 1977 109 days 6th Janata Party

7 K. S. Hegde

21 July 1977 21 January 1980 2 years, 184 days

8 Balram Jakhar

22 January 1980 27 oct 1984 3 years, 358 days 7th Indian National Congress

16 January 1985 18 December 1989 4 years, 336 days 8th

9 Rabi Ray — 19 December 1989 9 July 1991 1 year, 202 days 9th Janata Dal

10 Shivraj Patil

10 July 1991 22 May 1996 4 years, 317 days 10th Indian National Congress

11 P. A. Sangma

23 May 1996 23 March 1998 1 year, 304 days 11th

12 G. M. C. Balayogi — 24 March 1998 19 October 1999 1 year, 209 days 12th Telugu Desam Party

22 October 1999 3 March 2002 2 years, 132 days 13th

13 Manohar Joshi

10 May 2002 2 June 2004 2 years, 23 days Shiv Sena

14 Somnath Chatterjee

4 June 2004 31 May 2009 4 years, 361 days 14th Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist)

15 Meira Kumar

4 June 2009 4 June 2014 5 years, 0 days 15th Indian National Congress

16 Sumitra Mahajan

5 June 2014 Incumbent 3 years, 303 days 16th Bharatiya Janata Party

See also[edit]

Parliament of India President of India Vice-President of India

References[edit]

^ "The Office of Speaker Lok Sabha". speakerloksabha.nic.in. Retrieved 28 March 2018.  ^ "Sumitra Mahajan: Did you know she is listed as 'Tai' even in Lok Sabha". India
India
Today. Retrieved 28 March 2018.  ^ "Sections 7 & 8k, Representation of the People Act, 1951" (PDF). Retrieved 2 July 2015.  ^ "Aadhaar Act as Money Bill: Why the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
isn't Immune from Judicial Review". Retrieved 29 July 2016.  ^ "Interpretation of Article 122 by the Supreme Court". Retrieved 3 August 2017.  ^ Ashok, Akash Deep (4 June 2014). "Pro tem Speaker: All you need to know about this parliamentary post". India
India
Today. Retrieved 21 September 2014.  ^ "Office of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Speaker". Retrieved 29 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

v t e

Speakers of the Lok Sabha

Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar M. A. Ayyangar Sardar Hukam Singh Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Gurdial Singh Dhillon Bali Ram Bhagat K. S. Hegde Balram Jakhar Rabi Ray Shivraj Patil P. A. Sangma G. M. C. Balayogi Manohar Joshi Somnath Chatterjee Meira Kumar Sumitra Mahajan

v t e

Parliament of India

President of India

President of India
President of India
(List)

Lok Sabha

Speaker Leader of the Lok Sabha Leader of the Opposition Constituencies 1st LS (1952–57) (Members) 2nd LS (1957–62) (Members) 3rd LS (1962–67) (Members) 4th LS (1967–71) (Members) 5th LS (1971–77) (Members) 6th LS (1977–80) (Members) 7th LS (1980–84) (Members) 8th LS (1984–89) (Members) 9th LS (1989–91) (Members) 10th LS (1991–96) (Members) 11th LS (1996–98) (Members) 12th LS (1998–99) (Members) 13th LS (1999–2004) (Members) 14th LS (2004–09) (Members) 15th LS (2009–14) (Members) 16th LS (2014–19) (Members)

Rajya Sabha

Members Chairman Leader of the Rajya Sabha Leader

.