Design and descriptionThe project began in the Netherlands in 1990 as that country sought a solution to their LPD requirements. Spain joined the project in July 1991 and the definition stage was completed by December 1993. The ''Galicia'' class spawned from the joint Enforcer design with Spain's being authorised on 29 July 1994. The LPDs were designed to transport a battalion of Spanish Marine Infantry, marines and disembark them offshore and general logistic support. Vessels of the class have a Displacement (ship), full load displacement of . The vessels measure Length overall, long overall and Length between perpendiculars, between perpendiculars with a Beam (nautical), beam of and a Draft (hull), draught of . The LPDs are powered by four Bazan/Caterpillar Inc., Caterpillar 3612 diesel engines in two sets initially creating though this was later increased to , and an electric generator tied to reduction gear. Each vessel has two shafts with , five-bladed variable pitch propellers. The ships also mount one bow thruster initially capable of but was later improved to . This gives the ships a maximum speed of and a range of at . The ships have a electric plant comprising four diesel generators capable of creating and an emergency generator. The ''Galicia'' class have a flight deck capable of operating helicopters. The vessels have hangar area for four heavy or six medium helicopters. The LPDs usually sail with six AB 212 or four SH-3 Sea King, SH-3D helicopters embarked. They have a well deck and are capable of operating six Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel, landing craft vehicle and personnel (LCVP) or four Landing Craft Mechanized, landing craft mechanized (LCM) or one Landing Craft Utility, landing craft utility and one LCVP. Normally, they operate with four LCM-1E craft. Within the ship there is of parking space for up to 130 armoured personnel carriers (APCs) or 33 main battle tanks (MBTs). However, a maximum of 170 vehicles can be carried depending on size. Both ships have capacity for of ammunition and stores spread out within the of cargo space between the storerooms, flight deck and hangar. ''Galicia'' can transport 543 fully-equipped troops and 72 staff and aircrew. The LPDs are armed with two Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, Oerlikon Contraves cannon but can be fitted with four. They also mount six Sippican Hycor SRBOC MK36 chaff launchers. The ''Galicia'' class is equipped with KH 1007 air/surface search radar and AN/TPX-54 (V) Mk-XII (mode 4) identification friend or foe. ''Galicia'' has a complement of 115 with capacity for an additional 12 personnel.
Construction and careerOrdered on 29 July 1994, the vessel's keel was Keel laying, laid down on 31 May 1996 at the Navantia, Empresa Nacional Bazán shipyards in Ferrol. Named ''Galicia'' for the Galicia (Spain), autonomous community of Spain, the LPD was launched on 21 July 1997 and was commissioned by the Spanish Navy (''Armada Española'') on 30 April 1998. She is the sister ship to and is home ported at Naval Station Rota. ''Galicia'' performed humanitarian aid operations to Central America following Hurricane Mitch from November 1998 to January 1999. The vessel took part in the cleanup following the wreck of the Tanker (ship), tanker and the resulting Prestige oil spill, oil spill from December 2002 to February 2003. From January to April 2005, ''Galicia'' was deployed to provide humanitarian aid in Iraq. ''Galicia'' took part in Operation Respuesta Solidaria in Banda Aceh after the tsunami in northwestern Sumatra. This was followed by Operation Libre Hidalgo in support of United Nations peacekeeping in Lebanon. The LPD made two deployments, one in 2010 and another in 2011, as part of Operation Atalanta fighting piracy in the Indian Ocean and off the coast of Somalia. In April 2020, ''Galicia'' was deployed to Melilla, Spain to aid the city in the fight against COVID-19.