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''Galicia'', was a Spanish third-rate
ship of the line A ship of the line was a type of naval warship constructed during the Age of Sail from the 17th century to the mid-19th century. The ship of the line was designed for the naval tactics in the Age of Sail, naval tactic known as the line of battle ...
of the
Kingdom of Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_ ...
's Armada Real in service between 1750 and 1797.


Commission and construction

The name ''Galicia'' is a reference to the region of Galicia in
Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_ ...
's northwest. ''Galicia'' was likely commissioned sometime in the mid 1740s though the exact date is unknown. The vessel was laid down and constructed at the Havana Shipyards, Hispaniolal. She was built under the system designed by Antonio Castaneta along with her sister ships, and .


Service

In 1751, under the command of Luis Vicente de Velasco, Luis de Velasco, ''Galicia'' left Havana with ''Infante'' and ''Princesa'' sailing to Cartagena de Indias. Once loaded at Cartagena de Indias, the ships proceeded in a convoy of the ''Flota de Tierra Firme'' to Havana and then on to Cádiz. On 1 March 1752, ''Galicia'' left Havana together with ''Infante'', ''Princesa'' and , all arriving at Cádiz on 30 April of the same year. In 1754, ''Galicia'' transported a shipment of heavy guns from Barcelona to Cartagena, Spain, Cartagena. In 1759, ''Galicia'' was at Cartagena. Later that year, after the death of King Fernando VI of Spain, a fleet of 36 ships was assembled at Cartagena under the command of the Juan José de Navarro Viana y Búfalo, the 1st Marqués de la Victoria of the flagship ''Spanish ship Fenix (1749), El Fénix''. The fleet was tasked with picking up King Carlos III of Spain and his family from Naples to bring them to Barcelona, leaving Cartagena on 19 August 1759 and arriving at Naples in September. General and Vice Admiral Don Pedro Fitz-James Stuart served as the commander of one of the fleet's divisions with the 70-gun ''Galicia'' as his flagship. ''Galicia''s captain was for the voyage was Juan Antonio de la Colina Rasines. The squadron was captained by Major General Joaquín de Aguirre and consisted also of the ships (74), (74) and (74). The fleet arrived at Barcelona on 15 December 1759 whereupon Pedro Fitz-James Stuart was named as ''Caballerizo mayor, Primer Caballerizo del Rey''. In March 1760, ''Galicia'' was at Cartagena. In 1761, ''Galicia'' left Cartagena bound for Mallorca for the purpose of recruiting sailors. After successfully recruiting seamen, the ship returned to Cartagena where the recruits were distributed amongst ''Galicia'', ''Soberano'' (74), ''Terrible'' (74), and (64). In November 1761, the minister Julián de Arriaga of the Audiencia Real de Sevilla ordered Gutierre de Hevia, Marqués del Real Transporte and commander of the Spanish fleet at La Habana, to order ''Galiaga'' and ''Arrogante'' to Cuba to support anti-British operations in the theater. On 20 November 1761, ''Galicia'' left Cádiz with destination for Santiago de Cuba, Hispaniola under the command of Captain Don José de Aguirre on a mission transporting 200 dragoons of the Regimiento de Dragones de Edimburgo (Edinburgh Dragoon Regiment) under the command of Colonel Carlos Caro. The troops would go on to take the field under Caro's command against British forces commanded by Colonel Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, Guy Carleton at Guanabacoa during the Battle of Havana (1762), Battle of Havana. ''Galicia'' and ''Arrogante'' arrived at Santiago de Cuba on 31 January 1762 where the dragoons were offloaded. ''Galicia'' then took up defensive positions around Santiago de Cuba together with (68) and (74) and the frigate ''Arrogante''. During the Battle of Havana, ''Galicia'' remained defending Santiago de Cuba together with ''Monarca'', ''Arrogante'' and the frigate (26). On 31 July 1763, ''Galicia'' arrived at Havana from Santiago de Cuba escorting a convoy of eight merchantmen carrying 200 troops of the Granada and Murcia regiments together with three Company (military unit), companies from the Aragón Regiment. Later the same year, ''Galicia'' took up a position escorting the ''Flota de Tierra Firme'' back to Cádiz. In 1764, ''Galicia'' was at Cádiz. The same year, she was careened and Rigging, fitted with new rigging and masts at Arsenal de la Carraca near Cádiz. In 1765, under the command of Captain Don Juan de Soto, ''Galicia'' was assigned to the fleet under the command of Admiral Don Juan José de Navarro Viana y Búfalo, the 1st Marqués de la Victoria. The fleet was made up of ''Rayo'', ''Arrogante'', ''Triunfante'', ''Atlante'', ''Galicia'', ''Princesa'', ''Guerrero'', ''Velasco'', ''Poderoso'', two chambequines and five minor vessels. The fleet sailed from Cádiz on 17 May. After briefly stopping at Cartagena, it sailed on to Genoa, arriving on 17 July to drop off the infanta Doña Maria Luisa of Parma, Luisa María Teresa de Parma, daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma, Felipe I de Parma and pick up the Princess Maria Luisa of Spain, daughter of King Carlos III. The fleet returned to Cartagena on 11 August where it dropped off the infanta Doña Luisa María Teresa de Parma and the Marques of la Victoria, Juan José de Navarro Viana y Búfalo. Command was then handed over to Admiral Don Luis de Córdova y Córdova. A smaller fleet was formed, sailing from Cartagena on 23 August, consisting of ''Rayo'', ''Princesa'' and ''Guerrero'' which was tasked with escorting two tartans and a saetía back to Cádiz. In 1779, ''Galicia'' was at Cádiz under the command of Captain Don Juan Clavijero attached to the observation squadron of Armada of 1779, the armada under the command of Admiral Don Luis de Córdova y Córdova. ''Galicia'' would remain with Córdova throughout the campaign and took part in the blockades of 1779–1782. In 1782, ''Galicia'' took part in the Battle of Cape Spartel where she saw heavy action suffering 5 killed and 17 wounded. In 1793, ''Galicia'' was at Ferrol, Galicia, Ferrol for refitting. She sailed from Ferrol the same year under the command of Captain Don Francisco Ruiz y Cárdenas as part of a squadron of six ships under the command of Commodore Francisco Javier Melgarejo to unite with the Spanish fleet at Cartagena under the command of Admiral Don Francisco de Borja for the campaign in Sardinia. In 1794, ''Galicia'', still attached to Commodore Francisco Javier Melgarejo's squadron was patrolling the waters off the Bay of Biscay. In 1797, due to a rotting hull for lack of careening, ''Galicia'' was Ship breaking, scrapped.


Commanders


References


Bibliography

* * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Galicia Ships of the Spanish Navy