Spanish ironclad Numancia
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The Spanish ironclad ''Numancia'' was an armored frigate bought from France during the 1860s for service with the Royal Spanish Navy (). The name was derived from the Siege of Numantia, in which Roman expansion in the Iberian Peninsula was resisted. She was the first ironclad to circumnavigate the Earth. She saw service in the Chincha Islands War and Cantonal Revolution.


Design and description

''Numancia'' was long at the waterline, had a Beam (nautical), beam of and a Draft (hull), draft of .de Saint Humber, p. 23 She Displacement (ship), displaced and was fitted with a Naval ram, ram bow.Silverstone, p. 388 Her crew consisted of 561 officers and enlisted men. The ship was fitted with a pair of Marine steam engine#Back acting, horizontal-return connecting-rod steam engines from her builder that drove one propeller shaft using steam provided by eight Scotch marine boiler, cylindrical boilers.de Saint Hubert, pp. 22–23 The engines were rated at a total of 1,000 nominal horsepower or and gave ''Numancia'' a speed of The ironclad carried a maximum of of coalLyon, p. 380 that gave her a range of at . She was fitted with a three-masted ship rig with a sail area of . The frigate's main battery initially consisted of forty smoothbore guns mounted on the Broadside (naval), broadside, but her armament was changed around 1867 to with six and three 200 mm Armstrong-Whitworth guns, and eight Trubia guns, all of which were Muzzle-loading rifle, rifled muzzle-loading (RML) weapons. The 229 mm and 160 mm guns were situated on the gun deck while the 200 mm guns were positioned on the main deck. In 1883 ''Numancia'' was rearmed with eight Armstrong-Whitworth RML guns and seven 200 mm RMLs. When the ship was refitted in France in 1896–1898, her armament was changed to six Hontoria 160 mm and eight Canet gun, Canet Rifled breech loader, rifled breech-loading guns and a pair of torpedo tubes. ''Numancia'' had a complete wrought iron Belt armor, waterline belt of armor plates. Above the belt, the guns were protected by a strake of armor that extended the length of the ship. The deck was unarmored.


Construction and career

On 19 October 1873, during the Cantonal Revolution, ''Numancia'' collided with and sank the gunboat ''Spanish gunboat Fernando el Católico, Fernando el Católico''. In November 1902 she was ordered to Ceuta to protect Spanish citizens in Morocco during unrest in that country. On August 5, 1911 a mutiny occurred while in Tangiers. The mutineers were overpowered and put in irons after which the ship steamed for Cadiz. Once there 26 mutineers were tried by court martial and condemned to death. At 9 am on 8 August 1911 they were given communion and immediately executed. While being towed to be scrapped in Bilbao she ran aground near Sesimbra, Portugal, during a gale on 17 December 1916 en route from Cadiz.


References


Bibliography

* * * * * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Numancia 1863 ships Ironclad warships of the Spanish Navy Ships built in France Maritime incidents in 1873 Chincha Islands War