The Spanish (Spanish: en español) is a Spanish-language edition of Wikipedia, a free, online encyclopedia. It has 1,404,051 articles. Started in May 2001, it reached 100,000 articles on March 8, 2006 and 1,000,000 articles on May 16, 2013. It is the 9th-largest as measured by the number of articles and has the 4th-largest number of edits.
In February 2002, Larry Sanger wrote an e-mail stating that Bomis was considering selling advertisements. Edgar Enyedy, a user on the Spanish, criticized the proposal. Jimmy Wales and Sanger responded by saying that they did not immediately plan to implement advertisements, but Enyedy began establishing a fork. Enciclopedia Libre was established by February 26, 2002. Enyedy persuaded most of the Spanishns into going to the fork. By the end of 2002 over 10,000 articles were posted on the new site, and the Spanish was inactive for the rest of the year. Andrew Lih wrote that "for a long time it seemed that Spanish Wikipeda [sic] would be the unfortunate runt left from the Spanish fork." The general popularity of attracted new users to the Spanish who were unfamiliar with the fork and these users came by June 2003. By the end of that year the had over 10,000 articles. The size of the Spanish overtook that of the fork in the northern hemisphere fall of 2004.
Lih stated in 2009 that the concepts of advertising and forking were still sensitive issues for the community because "It took more than a year for the Spanish to get back on its feet again" after the fork had been initiated.
After the spin-off, the Spanish had very little activity until the upgrade to the Phase III of the software, later renamed MediaWiki, when the number of new users started to increase again. Both projects continue to co-exist, but the Spanish is by far the more active of the two.
It has the second largest number of users, after the English. However, it is ranked eighth for number of articles, below others devoted to languages with smaller numbers of speakers, such as German, French, Cebuano, Dutch, Waray-Waray, Italian and Russian. In terms of quality, parameters such as article size (over 2 KB: 40%) show it as the second out of the ten largests after the German one. As of October 2012, Spanish is the fourth in terms of the number of edits, as well as the third by the number of page views.
By country of origin, by September 2017, Spain was the main contributor to the Spanish (39.2% of edits). It is followed by Argentina (10.7%), Chile (8.8%), the Netherlands (8.4%), Mexico (7.0%), Venezuela (5.1%), Peru (3.5%), the United States (3.1%), Colombia (2.7%), Uruguay (1.3%) and Germany (1.1%).
Following a study by Netsuus (online market analysis enterprises) on the use of in Spain, it was revealed that most users consult Spanish (97%) compared tos in other regional languages (2.17% for in Catalan, 0.64% in Galician and 0.26% in Basque).
A comparative study by the Colegio Libre de Eméritos, made by Prof. Manuel Arias Maldonado (University of Malaga) and published in 2010, compared some articles with those of the English and Germans. It concluded that the Spanish version of was the least reliable of the three. It found it to be more cumbersome and imprecise than the German and Englishs, stated that it often lacked reliable sources, including much unreferenced data, and found it to be too dependent on online references.
During Wikimania 2009, free-software activist Richard Stallman criticized the Spanish for restricting links to the Rebelion.org left-wing web site and allegedly banning users who had complained about what had happened. Participants in the Spanish responded that Rebelion.org is primarily a news aggregator, that links to aggregators should be replaced with links to original publishers whenever possible, and that they considered the issue to be one of spam.
According to a 2013 Oxford University study, five of the ten most disputed pages on the Spanish were football (soccer) clubs, including Club América, FC Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao, Alianza Lima, and Newell's Old Boys.
|Spanish edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|