The Info List - Soyuzmultfilm

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Nikolai Makovsky (creative director) Ernest Rakhimov (film fund director )

PRODUCTS Animated motion pictures Television programs

OWNER Ministry for Culture of Russia

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Of creative studio: 123 (It is unclear whether this number includes contractors.) (14 April 2007)


* Creative​ Union​ of​ the​ Soyuzmultfilm​ Film​ Studio; * Soyuzmultfilm​ Film​ Fund

WEBSITE www.soyuzmultfilm.ru

SOYUZMULTFILM (Russian : Союзмультфильм, IPA: listen (help ·info ), Union Cartoon) is a Russian animation studio based in Moscow
. Over the years it has gained international attention and respect, garnering numerous awards both at home and abroad. Noted for a great variety of style, it is regarded as the most influential animation studio of the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. The studio has produced 1528 films through 2007.

It is currently divided into two studios: Creative Union of the Soyuzmultfilm
Film Studio («Творческо-производственное объединение «Киностудия «Союзмультфильм») and the Soyuzmultfilm
Film Fund («Фильмофонд Киностудии «Союзмультфильм»).


* 1 History

* 1.1 Soviet era * 1.2 Decline * 1.3 Soyuzmultfilm

* 2 Films by Jove controversy * 3 Notable artists * 4 Selected films * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links



Winnie-the-Pooh by Soyuzmultfilm

The Studio was founded on 10 June 1936 under the name Soyuzdetmultfilm (Союздетмультфильм – abbr. from Union Children's Animations). The name was changed to Soyuzmultfilm
on 20 August 1937. Initially comprising only a few scattered workshops, Soyuzmultfilm
grew quickly, soon becoming the Soviet Union's premier animation studio. The studio produced exclusively traditional animation until 1954, when a "puppet division" was founded and the first stop motion -animated film released. The puppet division would later also make cutout-animated films.

During the Soviet era, the studio employed a maximum of over 700 skilled labourers and released an average of 20 films each year (the highest number was 47, in 1973). The studio was one of the most ethnically-integrated cultural industries in the Soviet Union.

Over the next five decades, many Soyuzmultfilms contained characters who would eventually become an integral part of Soviet culture, such as Winnie-the-Pooh (Винни-Пух), Crocodile Gena (Крокодил Гена), Film, Film, Film (Фильм, фильм, фильм), Karlsson-on-the-Roof (Карлсон, который живёт на крыше), The Musicians of Bremen (Бременские музыканты), Three from Prostokvashino (Трое из Простоквашино), Nu, pogodi!
Nu, pogodi!
(Ну, погоди!), Hedgehog in the Fog
Hedgehog in the Fog
(Ёжик в тумане), and The Mystery of the Third Planet (Тайна третьей планеты).

The variety of animation styles and the unprecedented degree of artistic freedom given to its many animators made Soyuzmultfilm perhaps the most diverse of the world's major animation studios. Soyuzmultfilm's creativity was fueled in part by the socialist economy of the Soviet Union, which obviated the goal of profitability. Because animators were paid by the Academy of Film regardless of how well or how poorly their products sold (though they were not, in fact, "sold"), they were free to pursue their artistic vision without giving a thought to finances.


Hedgehog in the Fog
Hedgehog in the Fog
by Soyuzmultfilm

The collapse of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
brought to a close the golden era of Soyuzmultfilm. New economic realities made it impossible for the government to support the studio any longer. In 1989, Soyuzmultfilm was made into a leased enterprise (expiring after 10 years) and forced into the capitalist marketplace.

Although the studio survived, it shrank dramatically, losing nearly 90% of its staff and releasing only a few films. One early misfortune happened when the Russian courts
Russian courts
transferred the studio's puppet division building (in a legal decision involving many other buildings) to the Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church
. Before the animators could react to this turn of events, an Orthodox Cossack
squadron, accompanied by religious locals, broke into the building with swords unsheathed for the purpose of exorcism and began throwing out the "satanic puppets animated with the blood of Christian babies". No studio employees were allowed to come in and salvage any item, despite the presence of much expensive equipment and a whole library of puppets.

The main reason for the collapse, however, was the studio's deliberate dismantling by the new top management and the illegal selling off of its assets for personal gain (see: – in Russian). In 1992–1993, Sergei Skulyabin was elected president.


Nu, pogodi!
Nu, pogodi!
by Soyuzmultfilm

In 1999, Soyuzmultfilm
came back under the control of the government. A government edict on 12 August 2003 divided the company into two separate companies. The separation was finalised on 1 March 2004.

The rights of all Soyuzmultfilm
films before 1 March 2004 belong to the " Soyuzmultfilm
Film Fund", headed by Ernest Rakhimov, and its official mission is restoring and marketing them. The mission of the "Creative union of the "Film studio "Soyuzmultfilm", headed by Akop Kirakosyan, is to create new films (anywhere from 3–7 short films a year) and to eventually privatize itself (currently, 100% of its stock is owned by the Russian Ministry of Culture).

The next year, Soyuzmultfilm
created an animated opening title for the children's TV show Ulitsa Sezam .

In August 2013, the studio relocated to Moscow's Design Bureau of Film Equipment, after spending 68 years in their former premises. According to artistic director Michael Aldashin, "Everything must be decided within a year. There are too many technical and bureaucratic problems, but we are clearly moving." Aldashin also cited the limited space in the premises as a factor behind the move.

As of 2013, Soyuzmultfilm
is contemplating the production of computer-animated and educational films, as well as video games. Since the early 2000s, the studio has worked on the upcoming feature film Hoffmaniada . Backed by Mikhail Shemyakin and directed by Stanislav Sokolov , it will be based on the tales of E. T. A. Hoffmann . The film will use stop motion animation exclusively and will avoid using computer animation for special effects. The first 20 minutes were screened on 20 November 2006, in Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
, and the full film is planned for a 2016 release.


In 1992, the studio signed a deal with the American company Films by Jove , owned by Russian immigrant actor Oleg Vidov and his American wife Joan Borsten. It was the first international offer that the studio had received. The deal stipulated that Films by Jove would be granted the rights to 547 of the most popular classic studio films for a period of 10 years in all territories except the CIS ; as part of the return, Soyuzmultfilm
would receive 37% of the net profits. Films by Jove restored many of the films and released many of them on television, video and DVD in the United States and Europe, albeit usually with dubbed voices and changed music. The Bremen Town Musicians by Soyuzmultfilm

According to current director Akop Kirakosyan, the original deal seemed promising at the time but turned out to be "deadly" for the studio. The expected payouts never materialized because Films by Jove never posted any net profits; all of the money officially went to things such as new soundtracks, lawsuits and copy protection measures.

Whether either deal was legal was debated in court, with the Soyuzmultfilm
Film Fund (see section below) claiming that because the company's lease on its possessions would have expired in 1999 (at which time ownership would have automatically reverted to the government if no new lease were signed), Soyuzmultfilm
had no authority to issue rights that lasted beyond that timeframe. Joan Borsten presented a different story. In the end, the Russian courts sided with Soyuzmultfilm
and the American courts sided with Films by Jove.

U.S. Federal Court found that the Russian government has twice tried to invalidate Judge Trager's August 2001 summary judgment decision in favor of Films By Jove and transfer the copyrights to a library of 1,500 animated films, which Films by Jove licensed from Soyuzmultfilm Studios in 1992 to a new state-owned company. The judge found evidence of "continued actions being taken by the Russian government and judiciary to influence the outcome of this United States litigation with the purpose of depriving plaintiff Films by Jove of its right to distribute the animated films in the United States and elsewhere outside the former Soviet Union." The voulminous and very thorough decision further noted that, "In the case at bar, expropriation of the property of an American company by an act of a foreign sovereign is unquestionably against the public policy of the United States."

On 11 April 2007, Russian businessman Alisher Usmanov
Alisher Usmanov
announced that he was in the final stages of negotiating a price with Films by Jove to buy back the collection. A source close to Usmanov said that Films by Jove's initial price was $10 million, while Usmanov is willing to pay "several times less", as he considers that the rights already belong to Soyuzmultfilm
and that he himself is only buying the physical film prints. In September 2007, the deal was finalized, and Usmanov handed everything over to Russian state children's TV channel Bibigon .


ANIMATORS vertical-align: top;">

* Lev Atamanov * Valeriy Ugarov * Stanislav Sokolov * Vyacheslav Kotyonochkin * Vadim Kurchevskiy * Yuriy Norshteyn * Nikolai Serebryakov * Vladimir Tarasov * Francheska Yarbusova


* Georgy Vitsin
Georgy Vitsin
* Vasily Livanov * Yevgeny Leonov
Yevgeny Leonov
* Anatoli Papanov * Klara Rumyanova * Vsevolod Larionov * Lyudmila Gnilova * Oleg Tabakov * Rina Zelyonaya
Rina Zelyonaya


* 1941 Fascist Boots Shall Not Trample Our Motherland (Не топтать фашистскому сапогу Нашей Родины) * 1942 Fox, Hare and Cock (Лиса, Заяц и Петух) * 1944 The Stolen Sun (Краденое солнце) * 1945 The Lost Letter (Пропавшая грамота) * 1946 Spring Melodies (Весе́нние мело́дии) * 1947 The Humpbacked Horse (Конёк-Горбуно́к) * 1947 To You, Moscow
(Тебе́, Москва́!) * 1948 The 7 coloured flower (Цветик-семицветик) * 1949 Geese-Swans (Гуси-лебеди) * 1949 Someone Else\'s Voice (Чужой голос) * 1949 Wonderful Bell (Чудесный колокольчик) * 1950 The Tale of the Fisherman and the Goldfish (Сказка о рыбаке и золотой рыбке) * 1950 When New Year trees are lighted (Когда зажигаются ёлки) * 1950 Who\'s first? (Кто первый?) * 1950 Magic treasure (Волшебный клад) * 1950 The girl in circus (Девочка в цирке) * 1950 The little pipe and the small jug (Дедушка и кувшинчик) * 1950 The yellow stork (Желтый аист) * 1950 The grandpa and the grandchild (Дедушка и внучек) * 1950 The sturdy fellow (Крепыш) * 1950 The fox-builder (Лиса-строитель) * 1950 The deer and the wolf (Олень и волк) * 1950 Wonderful mill (Чудо-мельница) * 1951 Taiga Tale (Таёжная сказка) * 1951 The Tale of the Dead Tsarevna and the Seven Bogatyrs (Сказка о мёртвой царевне и о семи богатырях) * 1951 The high hill (Высокая горка) * 1951 Friends-companions (Друзья-товарищи) * 1951 Forest travelers (Лесные путешественники) * 1951 Carefully with fire (Осторожно с огнём) * 1951 Remember and follow fire safety regulations (Помни и соблюдай правила пожарной безопасности) * 1951 The brave man\'s heart (Сердце храбреца) * 1951 The Night Before Christmas (Ночь перед Рождеством) * 1952 The Scarlet Flower (А́ленький цвето́чек) * 1952 The Snow Maiden (Снегу́рочка) * 1952 Kashtanka (Каштанка) * 1952 Bring-down-an-oak (Валидуб) * 1952 The little Ha border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Animation portal * Film portal * Companies portal * Soviet Union
Soviet Union
portal * Russia

* History of Russian animation * Mosfilm * Kyivnaukfilm * Lenfilm
* Belarusfilm * Dovzhenko Film Studios
Dovzhenko Film Studios
* Melnitsa Animation Studio * Encyclopedia of Domestic Animation – covering all Soviet and Russian animation


* ^ ""Нянане Лмемхе": Ясдэаю Нревеярбеммни Юмхлюжхх Пюдхн Пняяхх". Radiorus.ru. 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2012-01-14. * ^ "Бойнбфпт.Тх Опчпуфй Пмез Чйдпч Ипюеф Четохфш "Ъпмпфха Лпммелгйа" Об Тпдйох". Animator.ru. Retrieved 2012-01-14. * ^ A B C Radio interview with Akop Kirakosyan (partially transcribed), 13-04-2007. (in Russian) * ^ "Russian animation in letters and figures Studies SOYUZMULTFILM". Animator.ru. Retrieved 2012-01-14. * ^ Maya Balakirsky Katz, Drawing the Iron Curtain: Jews and the Golden Age of Soviet Animation (Rutgers University Press, 2016) * ^ Bossart, Alla. 3D-сосиска. Novaya Gazeta
Novaya Gazeta
. 22-03-2010. * ^ "Йскэрспю: Феярнйхе Ашкх "Тюапхйх Яйюгнй"". Utro.ru. Retrieved 2012-01-14. * ^ "бОЙНБФПТ.ТХ уФБФШЙ зЕПТЗЙК вПТПДЙО "ртпэбк, "упаънхмшфжймшн"!"". Animator.ru. Retrieved 2012-01-14. * ^ http://pravo.roskultura.ru/documents/115797/ * ^ A B C D "Oldest Film Studio to Transform". The Moscow
Times (5176). 25 July 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013. * ^ McNary, David (31 May 1997). "From Russia
With Love: Studio City Company to Release Stockpile of Animated Movies". Daily News of Los Angeles . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ A B "ВЕДОМОСТИ – Чебурашка лучше Фаберже – Алишер Усманов поможет ушастому зверю вернуться в Россию". Vedomosti.ru. Retrieved 2012-01-14. * ^ "Statement of FILMS BY JOVE INC". Judiciary.house.gov. 2003-03-13. Retrieved 2012-01-14. * ^ "А.Усманов вернул советские мультфильмы в Россию :: Экономика". Top.rbc.ru. Retrieved 2012-01-14.


* OFFICIAL WEBSITE #1 (in Russian) * OFFICIAL WEBSITE #2 (in Russian) * OFFICIAL YOUTUBE CHANNEL (in Russian) * List of all Soyuzmultfilm
films. * Soyuzmultfilm
Film Fund * Soyuzmultfilm
on Animator.ru * Soyuzmultfilm
on IMDb * Soyuzmultfilm
cartoons of the 1940s and the 1950s with Esperanto subtitles * Satellite picture by Google Maps * The Cartoon Database\'s entry on Soyuzmultfilm * International distributor of Soyuzmultfilm\'s titles * In-depth history of the appalling and criminal happenings at Soyuzmultfilm
during the 1990s (in Russian) * May, 2006 Interview with Soyuzmultfilm
director (in Russian) * condensed history of Soyuzmultfilm
in the 1990s (in Russian)

* v * t * e

Animation industry in Russia


* Animaccord Studios * InlayFilm * Melnitsa A