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The SOVIET–JAPANESE NEUTRALITY PACT (日ソ中立条約, _Nisso Chūritsu Jōyaku_), also known as the JAPANESE–SOVIET NON-AGGRESSION PACT (日ソ不可侵条約, _Nisso Fukashin Jōyaku_), was a pact between the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and the Empire of Japan signed on April 13, 1941, two years after the brief Soviet–Japanese Border War (1939) . The pact was signed to ensure the neutrality between the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and the Empire of Japan during World War II
World War II
, in which both countries participated.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background and history * 2 Treaty * 3 Declaration * 4 Denunciation * 5 Declaration of War * 6 See also * 7 References

BACKGROUND AND HISTORY

After the Fall of France and the subsequent expansion of the Axis Powers , the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
wished to mend its diplomatic relations in the Far East in order to safeguard its eastern border and concentrate on the European theatre of war . On the other hand, Japan, bogged down in a seemingly interminable war with China and with diplomatic relations with the United States
United States
rapidly deteriorating, sought an accommodation with the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
that would improve its international standing and secure the northern frontier of Manchukuo against possible Soviet invasion.

Stalin was initially unaware of Hitler's briefing to his generals that an attack on the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
by the European Axis Powers would enable Japan to challenge the United States
United States
overtly. This briefing was based on the belief that if such an attack occurred, the Soviet Union would be too preoccupied with fighting Germany, thus making Japan feel less threatened by any possible Soviet invasion of Manchukuo, allowing Japan to have enough provisions and capabilities to start a war with the United States. This treaty Stalin made would allow neither Japan nor the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
to have to fight in multiple fronts. Stalin believed that his "problems can be solved in a natural way if the Soviets and the Japanese cooperate". After concluding the nonaggression treaty, Stalin, in an unprecedented gesture, saw Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka off at the train station. This was symbolic of the importance Stalin attached to the treaty; it also provided him with the occasion – in the presence of the entire diplomatic corps – to invite negotiations with Germany while flaunting his increased bargaining power.

The treaty was signed in Moscow
Moscow
on April 13, 1941, by Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka and Ambassador Yoshitsugu Tatekawa for Japan and Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov for the Soviet Union.

On the same day, the same people also signed a declaration regarding Mongolia
Mongolia
and Manchuria
Manchuria
. The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
pledged to respect the territorial integrity and inviolability of Manchukuo
Manchukuo
, while Japan did the same for the Mongolian People\'s Republic .

Later, in 1941, Japan, as a signatory of the Tripartite Pact
Pact
, considered denouncing the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact, especially after Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
invaded the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(Operation Barbarossa ), but made the crucial decision to keep it and to expand southwards invading the European colonies in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
instead. Historians after the war found evidence that had Stalingrad fallen, Japan would have invaded Siberia.

On April 5, 1945 the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
denounced the pact, informing the Japanese government that "in accordance with Article Three of the above mentioned pact, which envisaged the right of denunciation one year before the lapse of the five-year period of operation of the pact, the Soviet Government hereby makes known to the Government of Japan its wish to denounce the pact of April 13, 1941." The wording of the denunciation suggested that the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
wished to see the treaty go out of effect immediately, and _Time_ magazine reported that the Soviet Foreign Commissar's tone indicated that the Soviet Union might go to war with Japan soon. However, the text of the treaty clearly stated that the pact remained in force until April 1946. When pressed by the Japanese Ambassador Naotake Sato , Molotov confirmed that the treaty did remain in force until April 1946.

On August 9, 1945, just after midnight, the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
invaded Manchuria
Manchuria
. The declaration of war followed nearly six hours later. Since the time zone difference of 7 hours, the declaration of war could be still dated August 8, 1945, being handed in Moscow
Moscow
at 11 p.m.

TREATY

PACT OF NEUTRALITY BETWEEN UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS AND JAPAN

The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and His Majesty the Emperor of Japan , guided by a desire to strengthen peaceful and friendly relations between the two countries, have decided to conclude a pact on neutrality , for which purpose they have appointed as their Representatives:

* The Presidum of the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics -

* Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov , Chairman of the Council of People\'s Commissars and People\'s Commissar of Foreign Affairs of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics;

* His Majesty the Emperor of Japan -

* Yosuke Matsuoka , Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jusanmin, Cavalier of the Order of the Sacred Treasure of the First Class, and * Yoshitsugu Tatekawa , Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Lieutenant General, Jusanmin, Cavalier of the Order of the Rising Sun
Order of the Rising Sun
of the First Class and the Order of the Golden Kite of the Fourth Class,

who, after an exchange of their credentials, which were found in due and proper form, have agreed on the following:

* ARTICLE ONE: Both Contracting Parties undertake to maintain peaceful and friendly relations between them and mutually respect the territorial integrity and inviolability of the other Contracting Party. * ARTICLE TWO: Should one of the Contracting Parties become the object of hostilities on the part of one or several third powers, the other Contracting Party will observe neutrality throughout the duration of the conflict. * ARTICLE THREE: The present Pact
Pact
comes into force from the day of its ratification by both Contracting Parties and remains valid for five years. In case neither of the Contracting Parties denounces the Pact
Pact
one year before the expiration of the term, it will be considered automatically prolonged for the next five years. * ARTICLE FOUR: The present Pact
Pact
is subject to ratification as soon as possible. The instruments of ratification shall be exchanged in Tokyo, also as soon as possible.

In confirmation whereof the above-named Representatives have signed the present Pact
Pact
in two copies, drawn up in the Russian and Japanese languages, and affixed thereto their seals.

Done in Moscow
Moscow
on April 13, 1941, which corresponds to the 13th day of the fourth month of the 16th year of Showa .

V. Molotov; Yosuke Matsuoka; Yoshitsugu Tatekawa

DECLARATION

DECLARATION

In conformity with the spirit of the Pact
Pact
on neutrality concluded on April 13, 1941, between the U.S.S.R. and Japan, the Government of the U.S.S.R. and the Government of Japan, in the interest of insuring peaceful and friendly relations between the two countries, solemnly declare that the U.S.S.R. pledges to respect the territorial integrity and inviolability of Manchoukuo and Japan pledges to respect the territorial integrity and inviolability of the Mongolian People's Republic.

Moscow, April 13, 1941

On behalf of the Government of the U.S.S.R. V. MOLOTOV

On behalf of the Government of Japan YOSUKE MATSUOKA YOSHITSUGU TATEKAWA

DENUNCIATION

Soviet Denunciation of the Pact
Pact
with Japan

The American Ambassador at Moscow
Moscow
transmitted to the Secretary of State, by a telegram dated August 5, 1945, the following statement, as received from the press section of the Foreign Office, regarding Soviet denunciation of the U.S.S.R.-Japanese neutrality pact:

" Today at 3 p.m. People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR Mr. V. M. Molotov, received the Japanese Ambassador, Mr. N. Sato, and made the following statement to him in the name of the Soviet Government:

'The neutrality pact between the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and Japan was concluded on April 13, 1941, that is, before the attack of Germany on the USSR and before the outbreak of war between Japan on the one hand and England and the United States
United States
on the other. Since that time the situation has been basically altered. Germany has attacked the USSR, and Japan, ally of Germany, is aiding the latter in its war against the USSR. Furthermore Japan is waging a war with the USA and England, which are allies of the Soviet Union.

In these circumstances the neutrality pact between Japan and the USSR has lost its sense, and the prolongation of that pact has become impossible.

On the strength of the above and in accordance with Article Three of the above mentioned pact, which envisaged the right of denunciation one year before the lapse of the five-year period of operation of the pact, the Soviet Government hereby makes know to the Government of Japan its wish to denounce the pact of April 13, 1941.'

The Japanese Ambassador Mr. N. Sato, promised to inform the Japanese Government of the statement of the Soviet Government."

DECLARATION OF WAR

Soviet Declaration of War on Japan

London, Aug., 8, 1945 - Foreign Commissar Molotov's (sic) announcement of the declaration of war, as broadcast by Moscow, follows:

"On Aug. 8, People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the U.S.S.R. Molotov received the Japanese Ambassador, Mr. Sato, and gave him, on behalf of the Soviet Government, the following for transmission to the Japanese Government:

'After the defeat and capitulation of Hitlerite Germany, Japan became the only great power that still stood for the continuation of the war.

The demand of the three powers, the United States, Great Britain and China, on July 26 for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces was rejected by Japan, and thus the proposal of the Japanese Government to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
on mediation in the war in the Far East loses all basis.

Taking into consideration the refusal of Japan to capitulate, the Allies submitted to the Soviet Government a proposal to join the war against Japanese aggression and thus shorten the duration of the war, reduce the number of victims and facilitate the speedy restoration of universal peace.

Loyal to its Allied duty, the Soviet Government has accepted the proposals of the Allies and has joined in the declaration of the Allied powers of July 26.

The Soviet Government considers that this policy is the only means able to bring peace nearer, free the people from further sacrifice and suffering and give the Japanese people the possibility of avoiding the dangers and destruction suffered by Germany after her refusal to capitulate unconditionally.

In view of the above, the Soviet Government declares that from tomorrow, that is from Aug. 9, the Soviet Government will consider itself to be at war with Japan.' "

SEE ALSO

* Japan– Soviet Union
Soviet Union
relations * Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
Pact
* Potsdam Conference
Potsdam Conference
, Potsdam Declaration
Potsdam Declaration

REFERENCES

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to SOVIET-JAPANESE NEUTRALITY PACT (1941) _.

* ^ Kissinger, Henry, "Diplomacy", page 365 and 366 * ^ _A_ _B_ Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact
Pact
April 13, 1941. (Avalon Project at Yale University
Yale University
) * ^ _A_ _B_ Declaration Regarding Mongolia
Mongolia
April 13, 1941. (Avalon Project at Yale University
Yale University
) * ^ _A_ _B_ Denunciation of the neutrality pact April 5, 1945. ( Avalon Project at Yale University
Yale University
) * ^ "So Sorry, Mr. Sato" in _Time _ magazine, April 16, 1945 * ^ Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan, Harvard University Press, 2005, pp. 46-7. * ^ Glantz, David M (2003). _The Soviet Strategic Offensive in Manchuria, 1945: August Storm_. p. 182. ISBN 9780714652795 . * ^ Soviet War Declaration On Japan August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University
Yale University
)

* Slavinsky, Boris (2003). _The Japanese-Soviet Neutrality Pact
Pact
-A Diplomatic History 1941-1945_. Routledge. ISBN 0-203-30083-1 .

* v * t * e

Treaties of Japan

Bakumatsu
Bakumatsu
period (1854–68)

* Japan-US Treaty of Peace and Amity (1854) * Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty (1854) * Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between Japan and Russia (1855) * Dutch-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity (1856) (ja) * Japan-US Additional Treaty (1857) * Japan-Netherlands Additional Treaty (1857) (ja) * Japan-Russia Additional Treaty (1857) * Treaty of Amity and Commerce ( United States
United States
– Japan) (1858) * Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the Netherlands and Japan (1858) (ja) * Treaty of Amity and Commerce between Russia and Japan (1858) * Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce (1858) * Treaty of Amity and Commerce between France and Japan (1858) * Agreement of Paris (1864) (ja)

Meiji period (1868–1912)

* Sino-Japanese Friendship and Trade Treaty (1871) * Treaty of Amity and Commerce between Hawaii and Japan (1871) * Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Peru and Japan (1873) * Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875) * Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876 * Japan–Korea Treaty of 1882 * Japan-Hawaii Labor Immigration Treaty (1884) * Japan–Korea Treaty of 1885 * Convention of Tientsin * Declaration of Amity and Commerce between Thailand and Japan (1887) * Treaty of Friendship, Commerce between Mexico and Japan (1888) * Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation (1894) * Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between Japan and the USA (1894)

* Japan-China Peace Treaty (1895) * Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Brazil and Japan (1895) * Treaty for returning Fengtian Peninsula (1895) (ja) * Komura-Weber Memorandum (1896) * Yamagata–Lobanov Agreement (1896) * Japan-China Treaty of Commerce and Navigation (1896) (ja) * Nishi–Rosen Agreement (1898) * Japan-Thailand Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty (1898) * Boxer Protocol (1901) * Anglo-Japanese Alliance (1902) * Japan-China Additional Treaty of Commerce and Navigation (1903) (ja) * Japan–Korea Treaty of 1904 * Japan–Korea Agreement of August 1904 * Japan-Russia Treaty of Peace (1905) * Taft–Katsura agreement (1905) * Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905 * Additional Agreement of the Japan-China Treaty relating to Manchuria
Manchuria
(1905) (ja) * Franco-Japanese Treaty of 1907 * Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907 * Russo-Japanese Agreement of 1907 * Gentlemen\'s Agreement of 1907 * Root–Takahira Agreement (1908) * Japan-China Agreement relating to Manchuria
Manchuria
and Jiandao (1909) (ja) * Russo-Japanese Agreement of 1910 * Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910
Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910
* North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 * Russo-Japanese Agreement of 1912

World War I –II (1912–45)

* Japan-China Treaty of 1915 * Russo-Japanese Agreement of 1916 * Lansing–Ishii Agreement (1917) * Japan-China Co-defense Military Pact
Pact
(1918) (ja) * Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
(1919) * Gongota Agreement of 1920 * Four-Power Treaty (1921) * Nine-Power Treaty (1922) * Treaty concerning solution of Shandong issues (1922) (ja) * Washington Naval Treaty (1922) * Soviet–Japanese Basic Convention (1925) * Japan-China Customs Agreement (1930) * Cease Fire Agreement in Shanghai (1932) (ja) * Japan- Manchukuo
Manchukuo
Protocol (1932) * Tanggu Truce (1933) * India-Japan Agreement of 1934 * Japan-Manchukuo-Soviet Protocol for Cession of North Manchuria Railway (1935) (ja) * He–Umezu Agreement (1935) * Chin–Doihara Agreement (1935) * Canada-Japan New Trade Agreement (1935) * Japan-Netherlands Shipping Agreement (1936) * Anti-Comintern Pact
Pact
(1936) * Hart-Ishizawa Agreement (1937) * India-Japan Agreement of 1937 * Van Mook-Kotani Agreement (1938) * Tripartite Pact
Pact
(1940) * Japan-China Basic Relations Treaty (1940) * Japan-Manchukuo-China Joint Declaration (1940) (ja) * Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact
Pact
(1941) * Japan-Thailand Attack/Defence Alliance Treaty (1941) (ja) * Japanese Instrument of Surrender
Japanese Instrument of Surrender
(1945)

During Cold War
Cold War
(1945–89)

* Security Treaty Between the United States
United States
and Japan (1951) * Treaty of San Francisco (1951) * Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty (1952) * Japan–US Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security (1960) * Japan–South Korea Treaty (1965) * Sino–Japanese Peace and Friendship Treaty (1978)

* v * t * e

_ Empire of Japan

OVERVIEW

* Agriculture * Censorship * Demographics * Economy * Economic history * Education * Eugenics * Foreign commerce and shipping * Industrial production * Militarism * Nationalism * Statism * Internal politics * State Shinto * Kazoku

EMPERORS

* Meiji (Mutsuhito) * Taishō (Yoshihito) * Shōwa (Hirohito)

SYMBOLS

* Flag of Japan
Flag of Japan
* Rising Sun Flag * Imperial Seal of Japan
Imperial Seal of Japan
* Government Seal of Japan * State Seal of Japan * Privy Seal of Japan
Privy Seal of Japan
* Kimigayo
Kimigayo

GOVERNMENT

* Constitution * Charter Oath * Privy Council * Administrative structure

* Imperial Diet

* Peers * Representatives

* Daijō-kan * Ministry of the Imperial Household * Ministry of the Treasury * Ministry of Foreign Affairs * Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce * Ministry of Commerce and Industry * Ministry of Munitions * East Asia Development Board (Kōain) * Foreign relations * Government and military commanders of World War II
World War II
* Gozen Kaigi
Gozen Kaigi
* Ministry of Colonial Affairs * Ministry of Greater East Asia * Home Ministry * Imperial Rescript on Education
Imperial Rescript on Education
* Imperial Way Faction (Kōdōha) * Kokutai * National Spiritual Mobilization Movement * Peace Preservation Law * Political parties * Supreme Court of Judicature * Taisei Yokusankai * Tokkō * Tonarigumi * Tōseiha * Greater East Asia Conference
Greater East Asia Conference

MILITARY

* Armed Forces * Imperial General Headquarters

* Imperial Japanese Army

* Air Service * General Staff Office * Railways and Shipping

* Imperial Japanese Navy

* Air Service * General Staff * Land Forces

* Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors
Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors
_

* _Senjinkun_ military code

* Ministry of the Military * Ministry of the Army * Ministry of the Navy * Taiwanese Imperial Japan Serviceman
Taiwanese Imperial Japan Serviceman
* Imperial Guard * Nuclear weapons program * Kamikaze
Kamikaze
* War crimes * Supreme War Council * Japanese holdout
Japanese holdout

HISTORY

MEIJI PERIOD

* Meiji Restoration * Boshin War
Boshin War
* Satsuma Rebellion * First Sino-Japanese War * Triple Intervention
Triple Intervention
* Boxer Rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
* Anglo-Japanese Alliance * Russo-Japanese War

TAISHō PERIOD

* World War I * Siberian Intervention * General Election Law * Washington Naval Treaty

SHōWA PERIOD

* Shōwa financial crisis * Pacification of Manchukuo
Manchukuo
* Anti-Comintern Pact
Pact
* Second Sino-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War
* Tripartite Pact
Pact
* Soviet–Japanese Border War (1939) * Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact * Pacific War
Pacific War
* Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
* Soviet–Japanese War (1945) * Surrender ( Potsdam Declaration
Potsdam Declaration
, Gyokuon-hōsō ) * Occupation

TERRITORIES

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

* Karafuto * Korea * Kwantung * Manchukuo
Manchukuo
* South Pacific * Taiwan

OCCUPIED TERRITORIES

* Borneo * Burma * Hong Kong * Dutch East Indies * Malaya * Philippines * Singapore * Thailand * Vietnam

OTHER TOPICS

* Sonnō jōi * Fukoku kyōhei * Hakkō ichiu * Internment camps * German pre– World War II
World War II
industrial co-operation * Racial Equality Proposal * Shinmin no Michi * Shōwa Modan * Socialist thought * Yasukuni Shrine
Yasukuni Shrine
* International Military Tribunal for the Far East * Japanese dissidence during the Shōwa period

* v * t * e

Joseph Stalin

History and politics

OVERVIEWS

* Early life * Russian Revolution, Russian Civil War, Polish-Soviet War * Rise * Rule as Soviet leader * Cult of personality

CHRONOLOGY

* August Uprising * Anti-religious campaign (1921–1928) /(1928–1941)

* Collectivization

* Kolkhoz
Kolkhoz
* Sovkhoz

* Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
* First Five-Year Plan * Sino-Soviet conflict (1929) * 16th / 17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)

* Second Five-Year Plan * Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
* Soviet invasion of Xinjiang * Soviet–Japanese border conflicts * 1937 Islamic rebellion in Xinjiang * 1937 Soviet Union
Soviet Union
legislative election * 18th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) * Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
Pact
* Invasion of Poland * Winter War
Winter War
* Moscow
Moscow
Peace Treaty * Occupation of the Baltic states * German–Soviet Axis talks * Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact * World War II
World War II
* Soviet atomic bomb project * Tehran Conference
Tehran Conference
* Yalta Conference * Potsdam Conference
Potsdam Conference
* Ili Rebellion * Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance * 1946 Iran crisis * 1946 Soviet Union
Soviet Union
legislative election * Turkish Straits crisis * First Indochina War * Cold War
Cold War
* Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance * Eastern Bloc * Cominform * Greek Civil War * 1948 Czechoslovak coup d\'état * Tito–Stalin split * Berlin Blockade
Berlin Blockade
* Comecon * 1950 Soviet Union
Soviet Union
legislative election * 19th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Korean War
Korean War

CONCEPTS

* Stalinism * Neo- Stalinism * Korenizatsiya * Socialism in One Country
Socialism in One Country
* Great Break * Socialist realism * Stalinist architecture
Stalinist architecture
* Aggravation of class struggle under socialism * Five-year plans * Great Construction Projects of Communism * 1936 Soviet Constitution * New Soviet man * Stakhanovite * Transformation of nature

CONTROVERSIES

* National delimitation in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Demolition of Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
* Great Purge * Holodomor * Gulag * Decossackization * Dekulakization * Population transfer (Nazi–Soviet ) * Forced settlement * Great Break * Soviet war crimes
Soviet war crimes
* Rootless cosmopolitan * Night of the Murdered Poets * Doctors\' plot * Moscow
Moscow
Trials * Allegations of antisemitism * NKVD prisoner massacres
NKVD prisoner massacres
* Murder of Sergey Kirov
Sergey Kirov
* Katyń massacre * Medvedev Forest massacre * 1937 Soviet Census * Deportations (Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina * Koreans ) * Operation "North" * Georgian Affair * Mingrelian Affair * Leningrad Affair * Relationship with Shostakovich * Lysenkoism
Lysenkoism
* Japhetic theory * Suppressed research in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Censorship of images * Operation "Lentil" in the Caucasus * Operation "Priboi" * Vinnytsia massacre * Kurapaty * 1946–1947 Soviet famine * Nazino affair
Nazino affair
* 1941 Red Army purge * 1906 Bolshevik raid on the Tsarevich Giorgi * 1907 Tiflis bank robbery * Soviet offensive plans controversy

WORKS

* " Marxism and the National Question " * "The Principles of Leninism " * " Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia " * "Ten Blows" speech * Alleged 19 August 1939 speech * _ Falsifiers of History _ * Stalin Note * _The History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union_ (Bolsheviks) * 1936 Soviet Constitution * Stalin\'s poetry * _ Dialectical and Historical Materialism _ * Order No. 227
Order No. 227
* Order No. 270 * " Marxism and Problems of Linguistics "

DE-STALINIZATION

* 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Pospelov Commission * Rehabilitation * Khrushchev Thaw * _ On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences _ * Gomulka thaw (Polish October) * Soviet Nonconformist Art * Shvernik Commission * 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Era of Stagnation

Criticism and opposition

* Stalin Epigram * Lenin\'s Testament * Ryutin Affair * Anti-Stalinist left * Trotskyism
Trotskyism
* True Communists * Russian Liberation Movement ( Russian Liberation Army
Russian Liberation Army
* Russian Corps ) * Ukrainian Liberation Army * Darkness at Noon * Animal Farm * Nineteen Eighty-Four * Comparison of Nazism and Stalinism * The Soviet Story

REMEMBRANCE

* _ How the Steel Was Tempered _ * Friends of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Iosif Stalin tank * Iosif Stalin locomotive * Generalissimus of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* Stalin statues * Pantheon, Moscow
Moscow
* 1956 Georgian demonstrations
1956 Georgian demonstrations
* Stalin Monument in Budapest * Stalin Monument in Prague * Joseph Stalin Museum, Gori * Batumi Stalin Museum * Places named after Stalin * Yanks for Stalin * Stalin Prize * Stalin Peace Prize * Stalin Society
Stalin Society
* Stalin Bloc – For the USSR
USSR
* Name of Russia

FAMILY

* Besarion Jughashvili (father) * Keke Geladze
Keke Geladze
(mother) * Kato Svanidze (first wife) * Yakov Dzhugashvili (son) * Konstantin Kuzakov (son) * Artyom Sergeyev (adopted son) * Nadezhda Alliluyeva (second wife) * Vasily Dzhugashvili (son) * Svetlana Alliluyeva (daughter) * Yevgeny Dzhugashvili (grandson) * Galina Dzhugashvili (granddaughter) * Joseph Alliluyev (grandson) * Sergei Alliluyev (second father-in-law) * Alexander Svanidze (brother-in-law) * Yuri Zhdanov (son-in-law) * William Wesley Peters (son-in-law)

FRIENDS

* Ioseb Iremashvili * Kamo (Bolshevik) * Kliment Voroshilov
Kliment Voroshilov
* Vyacheslav Molotov * Lazar Kaganovich * Grigory Ordzhonikidze * Anastas Mikoyan

RESIDENCES

* Tiflis Spiritual Seminary * Kuntsevo Dacha * Mayakovskaya ( Moscow
Moscow
Metro) * Sochi Dacha * Blizhnyaya Dacha

* Category
Category
* Commons * Brezhnev Era template * Soviet Union
Soviet Union
portal * Communism portal

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* NDL : 00576196

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