The Info List - Southern Tier

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The Southern Tier
Southern Tier
is the counties of New York west of the Catskill Mountains along the northern border of Pennsylvania. It generally includes the counties that border Pennsylvania
west of Delaware County, but definitions of the region vary widely. The region is bordered to the south by the Northern Tier of Pennsylvania, and together these regions are known as the Twin Tiers.


1 Constituent counties 2 Geography 3 History 4 Education 5 Transportation 6 Economy 7 Media and entertainment 8 See also 9 Notes 10 External links

Constituent counties[edit] The eight counties almost always included in the Southern Tier
Southern Tier

Pop. 2010 County Major Cities and Villages

48,946 Allegany County Wellsville, Belmont, Alfred

200,600 Broome County Binghamton, Endicott, Endwell, Johnson City, Vestal

80,317 Cattaraugus County Olean, Salamanca, Ellicottville, Randolph, Little Valley

134,905 Chautauqua County Dunkirk, Jamestown.

88,830 Chemung County Elmira, Horseheads

47,980 Delaware County Delhi, Sidney, Hancock

98,990 Steuben County Corning, Bath, Hornell

51,125 Tioga County Owego, Waverly

Often but less frequently included in the "Southern Tier" designation are Schuyler County, Yates County (the regional sentiment is stronger throughout the southern portions of Yates county, such as the village of Dundee), Cortland County, Tompkins County, and (far more rarely, except for Chenango) Schoharie County, Chenango County, and Otsego County (the last three of these, along with Broome County, are also commonly considered part of the tourist designation "Central Leatherstocking Region"), however Schoharie County is also listed as part of the Capital District. At least one definition used by the state Department of Transportation includes Sullivan County, which usually isn't included in other definitions. The National Weather Service office in Buffalo occasionally includes Wyoming County and Southern Erie County in its definition; the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation also includes those two regions as well as Livingston, Ontario and Seneca Counties in the "Southern Tier" region for the purpose of fire monitoring (the last three counties are almost never included in other definitions).[citation needed] The Encyclopedia of New York State[1] lists only Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Allegany, and Steuben Counties as part of the Southern Tier, with anything east of that being considered Central New York. Other definitions define it as comprising the combined Corning-Elmira-Binghamton Metropolitan Statistical Areas, which includes Steuben, Chemung, Tioga and Broome Counties but not Chautauqua, Cattaraugus or Allegany, which are considered Western New York. The New York State Division of Local Government Services presently classifies the following fourteen counties as members of the Southern Tier: Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Cortland, Delaware, Otsego, Schoharie, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga, and Tompkins.[2] This definition corresponds to the same 14 counties in New York State that are members of the Appalachian Regional Commission formed in 1963. In virtually all contexts, the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
is considered a part of the broader Upstate New York
Upstate New York
region. Much of the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
is in area code 607, with the exception of Allegany and Cattaraugus Counties, which are in area code 716 or area code 585. As of 2013, the westernmost portion of the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
is located in New York's 23rd congressional district; the easternmost portion is composed mostly of the lower half of New York's 22nd congressional district along with a very small lower portion of New York's 24th congressional district The ZIP code prefixes 147 (Jamestown region), 148 - 149 (Elmira region), and 137 - 139 (Binghamton region) are set aside for the Southern Tier. Geography[edit]

Allegany State Park

The Southern Tier
Southern Tier
is generally hilly without being mountainous (with the exception of the Catskill mountains). This can range from low rolling hills to more steep and rugged cliffs and valleys. Both the Delaware and Susquehanna rivers flow through the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
in their upper reaches, as does the Allegheny River
Allegheny River
in the western Southern Tier. The Southern Tier
Southern Tier
makes up the northernmost portion of Appalachia
and lies on the Allegheny Plateau. It is defined on its western boundary by the Chautauqua Ridge in Chautauqua County, and including this ridge and extending eastward across the northern bounds of the region, the continental divide between the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
and the Mississippi River watersheds exists. The Eastern Continental Divide
Eastern Continental Divide
runs directly through the region, in Steuben County. History[edit] The Southern Tier
Southern Tier
has long been home to the people of the Iroquois Confederacy. There were major settlements along the Allegheny River
Allegheny River
in Cattaraugus County (which the Senecas acquired by defeating the Wenrohronon
during the Beaver Wars
Beaver Wars
in 1638), at Painted Post
Painted Post
in Steuben County, at what is today the northeast side of Corning, New York. The Seneca Nation
Seneca Nation
has a reservation today along the Allegheny River and a headquarters at Salamanca. There are also Indian lands (with no current Indian residents) on Cuba Lake
Cuba Lake
in Allegany County. The colonies that eventually became the states of New York, Massachusetts
and Pennsylvania
all laid claim to the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
at various points in the 17th and 18th Centuries, while not making any significant attempt to settle the territory. The region was quickly settled by whites after the Revolutionary War, when settlers were again allowed west of the Appalachian divide. The Southern Tier
Southern Tier
shared in the economic growth of the early 19th century, but its hilly terrain made it less suitable to canal-building, and later, railroading, than the more level corridor to the north between Albany and Buffalo. There was an attempt at a Genesee Valley Canal in the western half, and in the eastern half, the Chemung and Chenango Canals did connect the Erie Canal
Erie Canal
to Elmira and Binghamton respectively. Beset by financial and technical difficulties, the latter two canals nonetheless were important catalysts for economic growth, and indeed for the construction of the railroads that would supplant them. Plans to connect these canals to the Pennsylvania
Canal system, thus making them much more than feeders to the Erie Canal, never came to fruition. Railroads did arrive and the Erie Railroad, which followed the water-level of the Allegheny, Susquehanna and Delaware watersheds accelerated industrial progress in the region about the time of the American Civil War. The railroad and available fuel from the region's dense forests attracted Corning Glass Works to Steuben County in 1868. The region became home to prosperous farms and small factory towns (with the exception of larger Binghamton) during the first half of the 20th century. But declines in U.S. manufacturing hit the region hard and it suffered even more than other parts of upstate New York and northern Pennsylvania. The region's addition to the Appalachian Regional Commission, often credited to the influence of U.S. Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, provided economic stimulus over the last 40 years. Government funds built the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
Expressway, highway links to the New York State Thruway, encouraged the growth of state colleges at Wellsville, Alfred and Binghamton and sought with mixed success to attract business interests relocating from the New York Metropolitan Area
New York Metropolitan Area
and urban Western New York. For two decades, the region has tried to remake itself as a tourist destination and relocation area for retirees from big Northeastern cities. Meanwhile, agriculture and manufacturing struggle to compete regionally and globally. Education[edit]

This article is incomplete. Please help to improve it, or discuss the issue on the talk page. (October 2011)

Binghamton University
Binghamton University
(the State University of New York-Binghamton) is one of the SUNY
system's four University Centers. Other 4-year and graduate institutions within the core counties include St. Bonaventure University, Alfred University, Elmira College, and Houghton College. Technical and community colleges include Alfred State College, Broome Community College, Corning Community College, State University of New York at Delhi, and business colleges include Elmira Business Institute and Ridley-Lowell Business & Technical Institute. Institutions of higher learning outside the core counties include Cornell University, Hartwick College, Ithaca College, SUNY
Colleges in Cortland and Oneonta, Jamestown Community College, Fredonia, and Tompkins Cortland Community College. Transportation[edit]

Southern Tier Expressway
Southern Tier Expressway
route marker

The Southern Tier Expressway
Southern Tier Expressway
- Interstate 86 and New York State Route 17 - serves the Southern Tier. The highway is the region's major corridor and connects to U.S. Route 219
U.S. Route 219
in Salamanca, Interstate 390 in Bath, U.S. Route 15 (Future I-99) in Corning, U.S. Route 220
U.S. Route 220
in Waverly, and Interstates 81 and 88 in Binghamton. The Greater Binghamton Airport
Greater Binghamton Airport
has flights to Detroit, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC. Elmira-Corning Regional Airport
Elmira-Corning Regional Airport
also serves the area with flights to Philadelphia, Detroit, and other Northeastern hubs, and Chautauqua County-Jamestown Airport
Chautauqua County-Jamestown Airport
currently operates Essential Air Service
Essential Air Service
to Pittsburgh. Bus service is provided along the entire I-86/NY 17 corridor by Coach USA's Shortline/Erie services from Jamestown to New York City
New York City
and Buffalo, and Trailways
connects the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
with Buffalo, Dubois (at the western end in Salamanca), Sunbury/Lock Haven (at Elmira), and Syracuse, Albany and Harrisburg (at Binghamton). A somewhat unorganized network of municipally operated public transportation services operate local and limited intercity bus services between Salamanca and Elmira. Until the demise of long-distance passenger rail service in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s, the Erie Railroad
Erie Railroad
operated passenger trains in the region, with Chicago, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
as the western terminus and Jersey City, New Jersey
Jersey City, New Jersey
as the eastern terminus, with ferry connections to New York City. Amtrak
currently does not serve the area. Proposals for high-speed rail in New York have included a route from Binghamton to New York City through Scranton, Pennsylvania, a route that could at least partially be upgraded for high-speed rail. As of 2011, the highest priority for high-speed rail projects in New York is in the Empire Corridor, of which no part crosses the Southern Tier. The hilly terrain of the Southern Tier's I-86 corridor is not ideal for high-speed rail service, especially compared to the relatively flat and straight land in the Empire Corridor. Economy[edit] Government services are the largest employer in the area. Of second and declining importance is manufacturing. The region's manufacturing economy has suffered for decades, but factories are found in the region's larger communities. Fortune 500 materials maker Corning Inc. is headquartered in Steuben County. Broome County has a large high-tech industry, and is the birthplace of IBM
and flight simulation. In addition, other factories in the region make military aircraft, televisions, furniture, metal forgings and machine tools. The area includes the northern extent of the Marcellus Formation
Marcellus Formation
and natural gas. Crude oil and oil sands continue to be extracted from Southern Tier
Southern Tier
wells as they have for over a century.[3][4] There is significant debate about allowing hydraulic fracturing of the Marcellus Shale in the Southern Tier, which is currently banned in New York. Cummins engine company has a large production facility located in Jamestown, NY. The Jamestown Engine Plant, established in 1974, is one of the top five heavy-duty diesel engine producers worldwide with production in recent years typically exceeding 100,000 engines annually. The JEP also remains one of the company's largest manufacturing facilities, as it accounts for 12 percent of Cummins' total engine production in 2012.[5] Agriculture
is also a major part of the economy. Leading products are dairy, vegetables, orchard fruit and wine grapes (the last of which typically grows only on the fringes of the Southern Tier, as the inland areas tend to not have a long enough growing season to support it). In addition, two prominent microbreweries, the Southern Tier Brewing Company in Lakewood, New York
Lakewood, New York
and the Ellicottville Brewing Company in Ellicottville, operate in the western Southern Tier. The western and northern edges of the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
are known as ski country, and the hilly terrain (that forms a continental divide known as the Chautauqua Ridge) is notorious for frequent and heavy lake effect snow. As a result, Ellicottville has become a "ski town" with both the Holimont and Holiday Valley resorts in the vicinity; the two resorts draw numerous tourists, particularly from Canada, for which U.S. Route 219
U.S. Route 219
provides easy access. At its peak in the 1960s, over a dozen ski resorts resided in the Southern Tier, many in Cattaraugus County, before most of them closed due to various assorted causes by the 1980s. Media and entertainment[edit] Most of the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
is either served by the Elmira-Corning television market or the Binghamton television market. Cattaraugus and Allegany Counties are out of these stations' ranges, however, and are instead served by the Buffalo and Erie television markets. Two stations (more-or-less independent WVTT-CD
and Retro Television Network owned-and-operated translator W30BW) serve the Olean area. Companies that own stations in at least two of the four markets that serve the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
include Lilly Broadcasting, Vision Communications, and Nexstar Media Group. The Olean, Elmira-Corning, and Binghamton radio markets directly serve the Southern Tier, and the Ithaca market indirectly serves some of the area. Companies that own multiple Southern Tier
Southern Tier
stations include Community Broadcasters, LLC, Olean-based Colonial Radio Group, Sound Communications and Equinox Broadcasting. iHeartMedia and Cumulus Media own station clusters only in Binghamton. Notable newspapers include The Leader of Corning, the Elmira Star-Gazette, the Binghamton Press & Sun-Bulletin, Hornell Evening Tribune, the Wellsville Daily Reporter, the Olean Times Herald, the Salamanca Press, The Post-Journal
The Post-Journal
of Jamestown, and The Observer of Dunkirk. The Tribune, Reporter and Leader are all owned by GateHouse Media; Gannett Company
Gannett Company
owns the Star-Gazette and Press & Sun-Bulletin. There is very little professional sport in the Southern Tier, although Binghamton has a AA baseball team, the Binghamton Rumble Ponies, and an American Hockey League
American Hockey League
franchise, the Binghamton Devils. Depending on the boundary definition, Watkins Glen International Speedway, a NASCAR
and Indy Racing League
Indy Racing League
sanctioned road racing track, is located in the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
region. Other than in Binghamton, professional sport has mostly abandoned the Southern Tier. Elmira previously had professional sport, but the last pro team in the city, the Elmira Jackals ice hockey team, folded in 2017. The last minor league baseball team in the Southern Tier
Southern Tier
west of Binghamton, the Jamestown Jammers, relocated out of the area in 2016, ending an era in which the New York–Penn League
New York–Penn League
featured pro teams in Jamestown, Olean, Wellsville, Hornell, Corning, Elmira and Oneonta over the course of its history; collegiate summer baseball still thrives in the region in the form of the New York Collegiate Baseball League and Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League, both with multiple teams in the region, and Town Team Baseball also operated in the form of the Southwestern New York Mens Baseball League from 2014 to 2016. Only one major league franchise has ever resided in the Southern Tier: the professional basketball team Elmira Colonels, which played from 1952 to 1953. See also[edit]

Twin Tiers Northern Tier (Pennsylvania) Erie Triangle New York- Pennsylvania


^ Eisenstadt, Peter, ed. (2005). "S: Southern Tier". The Encyclopedia of New York State. Syracuse University Press. p. 1437. ISBN 0-8156-0808-X.  ^ " Appalachian Regional Commission
Appalachian Regional Commission
Overview". State of New York. Division of Local Government Services. Retrieved 2009-05-16. The Appalachian portion of New York State ("Appalachian New York"), contains the following fourteen counties: Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Cortland, Delaware, Otsego, Schoharie, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins. This region is most commonly known as New York's "Southern Tier."  ^ Ross, Kathryn. There’s still oil in them thar hills. Wellsville Daily Reporter. 12 February 2008. ^ Fanelli, Patrick. Untapped Resource: Boom Expected Around Region. Jamestown Post-Journal. 26 June 2008. ^ http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=112916&p=irol-newsArticle&id=1847927

External links[edit]

Southern Tier
Southern Tier
travel guide from Wikivoyage DotST: A photographic project devoted to chronicling the decline of the Southern Tier.

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