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Coordinates : 90°0′0″S 0°0′0″E / 90.00000°S 0.00000°E / -90.00000; 0.00000 A photo of Earth
Earth
from Apollo 17 (Blue Marble ) originally had the south pole at the top; however, it was turned upside-down to fit the traditional perspective The Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
highlighted in yellow ( Antarctica
Antarctica
not depicted) The Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
from above the South Pole
South Pole

The SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE is the half sphere of Earth
Earth
which is south of the equator . It contains all or parts of five continents ( Antarctica
Antarctica
, Australia
Australia
, about 90% of South America
South America
, the southern third of Africa
Africa
, and several southern islands off the continental mainland of Asia
Asia
), four oceans (Indian , South Atlantic , Southern , and South Pacific ) and most of the Pacific Islands in Oceania
Oceania
. Its surface is 80.9% water, compared with 60.7% water in the case of the Northern Hemisphere, and it contains 32.7% of Earth's land.

Due to the tilt of Earth\'s rotation relative to the Sun
Sun
and the ecliptic plane , summer is from December to March and winter is from June to September. September 22 or 23 is the vernal equinox and March 20 or 21 is the autumnal equinox. The South Pole
South Pole
is in the middle of the southern hemispherical region.

CONTENTS

* 1 Characteristics * 2 Demographics

* 3 List of continents and countries

* 3.1 Continents and microcontinents * 3.2 Countries and territories

* 4 References * 5 See also

CHARACTERISTICS

Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
climates tend to be slightly milder than those at similar latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
, except in the Antarctic which is colder than the Arctic
Arctic
. This is because the Southern Hemisphere has significantly more ocean and much less land; water heats up and cools down more slowly than land. Aurora australis appearing in the night sky of Swifts Creek, 100 km (62 mi) north of Lakes Entrance , Victoria , Australia
Australia
Aurora australis appearing from Stewart Island / Rakiura in the south of New Zealand
New Zealand

In the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
the sun passes from east to west through the north, although north of the Tropic of Capricorn
Tropic of Capricorn
the mean sun can be directly overhead or due south at midday. The Sun
Sun
rotating through the north causes an apparent right-left trajectory through the sky unlike the left-right motion of the Sun
Sun
when seen from the Northern Hemisphere as it passes through the southern sky. Sun-cast shadows turn anticlockwise throughout the day and sundials have the hours increasing in the anticlockwise direction. During solar eclipses viewed from a point to the south of the Tropic of Capricorn, the Moon moves from left to right on the disc of the Sun
Sun
(see, for example, photos with timings of the solar eclipse of November 13, 2012 ), while viewed from a point to the north of the Tropic of Cancer (i.e., in the Northern Hemisphere), the Moon moves from right to left during solar eclipses.

Cyclones and tropical storms spin clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere (as opposed to anticlockwise in the Northern Hemisphere) due to the Coriolis effect .

The southern temperate zone , a subsection of the Southern Hemisphere, is nearly all oceanic. This zone includes the southern tip of Uruguay
Uruguay
and South Africa
Africa
; the southern half of Chile
Chile
and Argentina ; parts of Australia
Australia
, going south from Adelaide
Adelaide
, and all of New Zealand .

The Sagittarius constellation that includes the galactic centre is a southern constellation and this, combined with clearer skies, makes for excellent viewing of the night sky from the Southern Hemisphere with brighter and more numerous stars.

Forests in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
have special features which set them apart from those in the Northern Hemisphere. Both Chile
Chile
and Australia
Australia
share, for example, unique beech species or Nothofagus , and New Zealand
New Zealand
has members of the closely related genera Lophozonia and Fuscospora . The eucalyptus is native to Australia
Australia
but is now also planted in Southern Africa
Africa
and Latin America
Latin America
for pulp production and, increasingly, biofuel uses.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Approximately 800,000,000 humans live in the Southern Hemisphere, representing only 10–12% of the total global human population of 7.3 billion. Portuguese is the most spoken language in the Southern Hemisphere.

LIST OF CONTINENTS AND COUNTRIES

CONTINENTS AND MICROCONTINENTS

* Africa
Africa
(approximately one third, from south of Somalia
Somalia
in the east to south of Libreville in Gabon
Gabon
in the west) * Antarctica
Antarctica
(the entire continent and its associated islands are wholly within the Southern Hemisphere) * Asia
Asia
(the very southern island portion including East Timor
East Timor
, most of Indonesia
Indonesia
and a few islets of the Maldives
Maldives
) * Australia
Australia
(the entire mainland is in the Southern Hemisphere) * South America
South America
(mostly, from south of the Amazon River
Amazon River
mouth in the east to south of Quito
Quito
in Ecuador
Ecuador
in the west) * Zealandia
Zealandia
( New Caledonia
New Caledonia
, New Zealand
New Zealand
and other associated islands are wholly within the Southern Hemisphere)

COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES

Africa
Africa
Entirely

* Angola
Angola
* Botswana
Botswana
* Burundi
Burundi
* Comoros * Lesotho
Lesotho
* Madagascar
Madagascar
* Malawi
Malawi
* Mauritius
Mauritius
* Mayotte
Mayotte
( France
France
) * Mozambique
Mozambique
* Namibia
Namibia
* Réunion
Réunion
( France
France
) * Rwanda
Rwanda
* Seychelles
Seychelles
* South Africa
Africa
* Swaziland
Swaziland
* Tanzania
Tanzania
* Zambia
Zambia
* Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe

Mostly

* Democratic Republic of the Congo * Gabon
Gabon
* Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo

Partly

* Equatorial Guinea * Kenya
Kenya
* São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe
* Somalia
Somalia
* Uganda
Uganda

Asia
Asia
Entirely

* East Timor
East Timor

Mostly

* Indonesia
Indonesia

Partly

* Maldives
Maldives

Australia
Australia
Entirely

* Australia
Australia
* Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea

South America
South America
Entirely

* Argentina
Argentina
* Bolivia
Bolivia
* Chile
Chile
* Paraguay
Paraguay
* Peru
Peru
* Uruguay
Uruguay

Mostly

* Brazil
Brazil
* Ecuador
Ecuador

Partly

* Colombia
Colombia

Indian Ocean
Ocean
Entirely

* British Indian Ocean
Ocean
Territory ( United Kingdom
United Kingdom
) * Heard Island and McDonald Islands ( Australia
Australia
)

South Atlantic Ocean
Ocean
Entirely

* Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
/Islas Malvinas (Administered by United Kingdom /Claimed by Argentina
Argentina
) * Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha ( United Kingdom
United Kingdom
)

Southern Ocean
Ocean
Entirely

* Antarctic and subantarctic islands * Bouvet Island
Bouvet Island
( Norway
Norway
) * French Southern and Antarctic Lands ( France
France
) * Peter I Island ( Norway
Norway
) * South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (Administered by United Kingdom
United Kingdom
/Claimed by Argentina
Argentina
) * South Orkney Islands (Antarctic Treaty signatories) * South Shetland Islands (Antarctic Treaty signatories)

South Pacific Ocean
Ocean
Entirely

* American Samoa ( United States
United States
) * Ashmore and Cartier Islands ( Australia
Australia
) * Christmas Island ( Australia
Australia
) * Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
( Australia
Australia
) * Cook Islands
Cook Islands
* Coral Sea Islands
Coral Sea Islands
( Australia
Australia
) * Fiji
Fiji
* French Polynesia
French Polynesia
(including Tahiti
Tahiti
) ( France
France
) * Jarvis Island ( United States
United States
) * Nauru * New Caledonia
New Caledonia
( France
France
) * New Zealand
New Zealand
* Niue ( New Zealand
New Zealand
) * Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
( Australia
Australia
) * Pitcairn Islands ( United Kingdom
United Kingdom
) * Samoa
Samoa
* Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
* Tokelau ( New Zealand
New Zealand
) * Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu
* Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna
( France
France
)

Partly

* Kiribati
Kiribati

REFERENCES

* ^ "Hemisphere Map". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 13 June 2014. * ^ Life on Earth: A - G.. 1. ABC-CLIO. 2002. p. 528. ISBN 9781576072868 . Retrieved 8 September 2016. * ^ "Surface Ocean
Ocean
Currents". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 13 June 2014. * ^ "90% Of People Live In The Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
- Business Insider". Business Insider. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2015. * ^ "GIC - Article". galegroup.com. Retrieved 10 November 2015. * ^ "Potencial Económico da Língua Portuguesa" (PDF). University of Coimbra.

SEE ALSO

Media related to Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
at Wikimedia Commons

* v * t * e

Hemispheres of Earth
Earth

*