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The Info List - Southeastern United States



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The SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES is the eastern portion of the Southern United States
United States
, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States . It comprises 14 states in the southern United States
United States
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Demographics

* 1.1 Most populous states

* 2 History

* 2.1 Culture * 2.2 Climate

* 3 Economy

* 3.1 Research and development

* 4 Education

* 4.1 Higher education

* 5 Largest cities * 6 Metropolitan Statistical Areas * 7 Combined Statistical Areas * 8 Fauna * 9 Sports * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

DEMOGRAPHICS

There is no official Census Bureau definition of the southeastern United States. However, the American Association of Geographers defines the southeastern United States
United States
as Alabama
Alabama
, Florida
Florida
, Georgia , Kentucky
Kentucky
, Mississippi
Mississippi
, North Carolina
North Carolina
, South Carolina
South Carolina
, Tennessee , Maryland
Maryland
, Virginia
Virginia
, and West Virginia
Virginia
. The OSBO uses the same states, but includes Arkansas
Arkansas
and Louisiana
Louisiana
.

MOST POPULOUS STATES

The most populous state in the region is Florida
Florida
(20,612,439), followed by Georgia (10,310,371) and North Carolina
North Carolina
(10,146,788).

HISTORY

Main article: History of the Southern United States

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CULTURE

Main article: Culture of the Southern United States

The predominant culture of the Southeast has its origins with the settlement of the region by British colonists and African slaves in the 17th century, as well as large groups of English , Scots and Ulster-Scots , Germans
Germans
, French , and Acadians in succeeding centuries.

CLIMATE

The southeastern part of the United States
United States
is dominated by different varieties of the humid subtropical climate , but southern Florida
Florida
such as the Miami
Miami
metropolitan area has a tropical monsoon climate due to the significantly warmer winters. Summers are generally very hot throughout the entire region with relatively small temperature differences for July throughout the region, as proven by Miami's July high being 90.9 °F (32.7 °C), compared to Virginia
Virginia
Beach recording close to 88 °F (31 °C) on average that time of the year. With tropical air masses influencing the region, precipitation is high throughout the year, and unlike more westerly areas at similar latitudes, the Southeast is lush with vegetation. The tropical air masses do however cause significant hurricanes such as Hurricane Andrew (1992) and Hurricane Katrina (2005) wreaking havoc and causing significant damage to coastal areas. The winters highly vary depending on latitude and elevation. For example, Jacksonville in northern Florida
Florida
has an average low of 41 °F (5 °C) in January, only seeing snow a few times a decade while Richmond, Virginia
Virginia
, has an average low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January and sees snow several times per year.

ECONOMY

This section MAY CONTAIN INDISCRIMINATE , EXCESSIVE , OR IRRELEVANT EXAMPLES. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples . See's guide to writing better articles for further suggestions. (March 2014)

The Southeast has changed dramatically in the last two generations. Since 1980, there has been a boom in its service economy , manufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector. Examples of this include the surge in tourism in Florida
Florida
and along the Gulf Coast ; numerous new automobile production plants such as Mercedes-Benz in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Alabama
; Hyundai
Hyundai
in Montgomery, Alabama
Alabama
; Toyota Motors in Blue Springs, Mississippi
Mississippi
; Kia in West Point, Georgia ; the BMW
BMW
production plant in Greer, South Carolina
South Carolina
; Volkswagen
Volkswagen
in Chattanooga, Tennessee
Tennessee
; the GM manufacturing plant in Spring Hill, Tennessee
Tennessee
; and the Nissan
Nissan
North American headquarters in Franklin, Tennessee
Tennessee
; the two largest research parks in the country: Research Triangle Park in the Triangle area of North Carolina
North Carolina
(the world's largest) and the Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Alabama (the world's fourth largest); and the corporate headquarters of Verso Paper in Memphis , as well as FedEx
FedEx
, which is one of the world's largest shipping companies.

Fortune 500 companies having headquarters in the region include 20 in Virginia, 16 in Florida, 15 in North Carolina, and 14 in Georgia. This economic expansion has enabled parts of the South to have of some of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States. In Alabama, there is a large-scale manufacturing project owned by the German steel megacorporation ThyssenKrupp , which operates a massive, state-of-the-art facility in Mobile .

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research Triangle Park , in the Raleigh-Durham urban area of North Carolina, has emerged as a major hub of technology, governmental, and biotechnological research and development, as has the Virginia BioTechnology Research Park in Richmond . The Cummings Research Park in the Huntsville, Alabama
Alabama
area is the second largest research complex in the nation. Located in Huntsville is the Redstone Arsenal , United States Army Missile Command , the U.S. Space "> The University of South Carolina
South Carolina
is currently constructing a research campus in downtown Columbia , and the university is the nation's only National Science Foundation -funded Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells .

EDUCATION

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HIGHER EDUCATION

This section MAY CONTAIN INDISCRIMINATE , EXCESSIVE , OR IRRELEVANT EXAMPLES. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples . See's guide to writing better articles for further suggestions. (November 2013)

University of Miami
Miami
in Coral Gables, Florida
Florida

There are a number of notable universities, with several large research universities which exert influence beyond the region. These include the oldest public universities in the country, the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill , College of William & Mary and University of Georgia
University of Georgia
, along with the University of Alabama
Alabama
, University of Florida
Florida
, Auburn University , the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), Virginia
Virginia
Tech , and the University of Virginia
Virginia
.

There are a number of well-known private institutions, including Georgetown University and Howard University
Howard University
in Washington D.C., Wake Forest University and Duke University in North Carolina, Tulane University in New Orleans
New Orleans
, Morehouse College , Spelman College , and Emory University in Atlanta
Atlanta
, the University of Miami
Miami
in Florida, Tuskegee University
Tuskegee University
in Alabama, and Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee
Tennessee
.

The region is home to the greatest number of historically black colleges and universities in the nation. The four largest in the region are Morgan State University in Baltimore, North Carolina
North Carolina
A&T University , Florida
Florida
A">

LARGEST CITIES

These are the largest cities in the Southeastern region of the United States by population, according to the United States
United States
Census Bureau :

RANK CITY STATE POPULATION (2015)

1 Jacksonville a Florida
Florida
7005868031000000000♠868,031

2 Charlotte North Carolina
North Carolina
7005827097000000000♠827,097

3 Washington District of Columbia
District of Columbia
7005672228000000000♠672,228

4 Nashville a Tennessee
Tennessee
7005660388000000000♠660,388

5 Memphis Tennessee
Tennessee
7005652717000000000♠652,717

6 Baltimore
Baltimore
Maryland
Maryland
7005621849000000000♠621,849

7 Louisville a Kentucky
Kentucky
7005615366000000000♠615,366

8 Atlanta
Atlanta
Georgia 7005463878000000000♠463,878

9 Virginia
Virginia
Beach Virginia
Virginia
7005452745000000000♠452,745

10 Raleigh North Carolina
North Carolina
7005451066000000000♠451,066

11 Miami
Miami
Florida
Florida
7005441003000000000♠441,003

12 New Orleans
New Orleans
Louisiana
Louisiana
7005389617000000000♠389,617

13 Tampa Florida
Florida
7005369075000000000♠369,075

14 Lexington Kentucky
Kentucky
7005314488000000000♠314,488

15 Greensboro North Carolina
North Carolina
7005285342000000000♠285,342

16 Orlando Florida
Florida
7005270394000000000♠270,394

17 Durham North Carolina
North Carolina
7005257636000000000♠257,636

18 Saint Petersburg Florida
Florida
7005257083000000000♠257,083

19 Norfolk Virginia
Virginia
7005246393000000000♠246,393

20 Winston-Salem North Carolina
North Carolina
7005241218000000000♠241,218

21 Hialeah Florida
Florida
7005237069000000000♠237,069

22 Chesapeake Virginia
Virginia
7005235429000000000♠235,429

23 Baton Rouge Louisiana
Louisiana
7005228590000000000♠228,590

24 Richmond Virginia
Virginia
7005220289000000000♠220,289

25 Birmingham Alabama
Alabama
7005212461000000000♠212,461

26 Fayetteville North Carolina
North Carolina
7005201963000000000♠201,963

27 Montgomery Alabama
Alabama
7005200602000000000♠200,602

28 Columbus Georgia 7005200579000000000♠200,579

* ^ A: Jacksonville , Louisville , and Nashville are consolidated city-counties . Therefore the population given is for the entire city excluding other incorporated places lying within the county limits.

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS

These are the metropolitan areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the United States
United States
Census Bureau 's 2016 estimates:

RANK METROPOLITAN AREA ANCHOR CITY POPULATION (2016) STATE(S)

1 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Washington 6,131,977 District of Columbia
District of Columbia
/ Virginia
Virginia
/ Maryland
Maryland
/ West Virginia
Virginia

2 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach Miami
Miami
6,066,387 Florida
Florida

3 Atlanta–Sandy Springs-Roswell Atlanta
Atlanta
5,789,700 Georgia

4 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Tampa 4,310,524 Florida
Florida

5 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson Baltimore
Baltimore
2,798,886 Maryland
Maryland

6 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia Charlotte 2,474,314 North Carolina
North Carolina
/ South Carolina
South Carolina

7 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Orlando 2,441,257 Florida
Florida

8 Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin Nashville 1,865,298 Tennessee
Tennessee

9 Virginia
Virginia
Beach-Norfolk-Newport News Virginia
Virginia
Beach 1,726,907 Virginia
Virginia
/ North Carolina
North Carolina

10 Jacksonville Jacksonville 1,478,212 Florida
Florida

11 Memphis Memphis 1,342,842 Tennessee
Tennessee
/ Mississippi
Mississippi
/ Arkansas
Arkansas

12 Raleigh Raleigh 1,302,946 North Carolina
North Carolina

13 Louisville-Jefferson County Louisville 1,283,430 Kentucky
Kentucky
/ Indiana
Indiana

14 Richmond-Petersburg Richmond 1,281,708 Virginia
Virginia

15 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner New Orleans
New Orleans
1,268,883 Louisiana
Louisiana

16 Birmingham-Hoover Birmingham 1,147,417 Alabama
Alabama

COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS

Beyond Megalopolis by Virginia
Virginia
Tech 's Metropolitan Institute, an attempt to update Jean Gottmann 's work with current trends, defines two "megapolitan areas " contained within the Southeast, out of a total of ten such areas in the United States
United States
:

* "Piedmont" extending from North Carolina
North Carolina
to Alabama * "Peninsula" covering South Florida
Florida
and Central Florida
Florida

Two others tie some areas on the margins of the Southeast to urban centers in other regions:

* "Gulf Coast" extending as far east as the western tip of Florida * "Northeast" including much of Maryland
Maryland
and eastern Virginia

These are the combined statistical areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the United States Census Bureau 's 2016 estimates. Note that the metropolitan areas of Tampa and Richmond are not included in any CSAs, so they are included in the table without constituent areas.

RANK COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA POPULATION (2016) CONSTITUENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS

1 Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area 9,882,634 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area Winchester, VA-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area California-Lexington Park, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area Easton, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area Cambridge, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area

2 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area
6,723,472 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Port St. Lucie, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Okeechobee, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area

3 Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area 6,451,262 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area LaGrange, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area Jefferson, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area Calhoun, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area Cedartown, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area Thomaston, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area

4 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater 4,310,524 MSA only

5 Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL Combined Statistical Area 3,202,927 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area The Villages, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area

6 Charlotte-Concord, NC-SC Combined Statistical Area 2,632,249 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area Shelby, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area Albemarle, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area

7 Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Combined Statistical Area 2,156,253 Raleigh, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area Dunn, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area Oxford, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area Sanford, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area Henderson, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area

8 Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro, TN Combined Statistical Area 1,987,778 Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area Shelbyville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area Lawrenceburg, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area Lewisburg, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area

9 Virginia
Virginia
Beach-Norfolk, VA-NC Combined Statistical Area 1,830,629 Virginia
Virginia
Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Metropolitan Statistical Area Elizabeth City, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Elizabeth City, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
Kill Devil Hills, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area

10 Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area 1,650,019 Greensboro-High Point, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area Winston-Salem, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area Burlington, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area Mount Airy, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area

11 Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area 1,603,497 Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Palatka, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area St. Marys, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area

12 Louisville/Jefferson County–Elizabethtown–Madison, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area 1,510,945 Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area Bardstown, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area Madison, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area

13 New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS Combined Statistical Area 1,501,213 New Orleans-Metairie, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area Hammond, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area Picayune, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area Bogalusa, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area

14 Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area 1,442,117 Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area Spartanburg, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area Greenwood, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area Seneca, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area Gaffney, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area

15 Memphis-Forrest City, TN-MS-AR Combined Statistical Area 1,369,038 Memphis, TN-MS-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area Forrest City, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area

16 Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area 1,361,299 Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area Talladega-Sylacauga, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area Cullman, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area

17 Richmond-Petersburg 1,245,764 MSA only

18 Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN Combined Statistical Area 1,117,758 Knoxville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area Morristown, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area Sevierville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area Newport, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area

19 Cape Coral-Fort Myers-Naples, FL Combined Statistical Area 1,087,472 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area

20 North Port-Sarasota, FL Combined Statistical Area
North Port-Sarasota, FL Combined Statistical Area
1,002,722 North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Punta Gorda, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area Arcadia, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area

FAUNA

There are about two million feral pigs in the Southeast. Around 500,000 are in Florida.

SPORTS

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In professional sports, the Southeast has nine NFL teams: Atlanta Falcons , New Orleans
New Orleans
Saints , Miami
Miami
Dolphins , Tampa Bay Buccaneers , Jacksonville Jaguars
Jacksonville Jaguars
, Carolina Panthers , Washington Redskins
Washington Redskins
, Tennessee
Tennessee
Titans and the Baltimore
Baltimore
Ravens . The Falcons, Saints, Buccaneers and Panthers play in the NFC South , the Redskins play in the NFC East , the Jaguars and the Titans play in the AFC South , the Dolphins play in the AFC East and the Ravens play in the AFC North .

Five Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
teams play in the Southeast: Washington Nationals , Miami
Miami
Marlins , Atlanta
Atlanta
Braves , Tampa Bay Rays and Baltimore
Baltimore
Orioles . The Braves, Nationals and Marlins play in the NL East and the Orioles and Rays play in the AL East .

Four Major League Lacrosse teams play in the southeast: Chesapeake Bayhawks , Florida
Florida
Launch , Charlotte Hounds , and the Atlanta
Atlanta
Blaze .

Seven National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
teams play in the Southeast: Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
, Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
, Atlanta
Atlanta
Hawks , Memphis Grizzlies , Miami
Miami
Heat , Orlando Magic and New Orleans
New Orleans
Pelicans . The Wizards, Heat, Hornets, Magic and Hawks are in the Eastern Conference and the Grizzlies and Pelicans are in the Western Conference .

Five National Hockey League , NHL
NHL
teams play in the southeast: Carolina Hurricanes , Florida
Florida
Panthers , Nashville Predators , Tampa Bay Lightning , and the Washington Capitals .

The Southeastern Conference is an NCAA Division 1 conference of Southeastern college teams, including the Alabama
Alabama
Crimson Tide , Auburn Tigers , Kentucky
Kentucky
Wildcats , Ole Miss Rebels , Florida
Florida
Gators , South Carolina
South Carolina
Gamecocks , Tennessee
Tennessee
Volunteers and Georgia Bulldogs , Mississippi
Mississippi
State Bulldogs , and Vanderbilt Commodores . The Sugar Bowl , Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl
, Peach Bowl , and Citrus Bowl are notable college football bowls held in Southeastern cities. The Atlantic Coast Conference also features Southeastern teams, such as the Florida
Florida
State Seminoles , Louisville Cardinals , Miami
Miami
Hurricanes , Clemson Tigers and Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets
Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets
.

The majority of NASCAR
NASCAR
teams are headquartered in the Charlotte area along with the sports operations headquarters and media outlets. Tracks in the region include Daytona International Speedway
Daytona International Speedway
, Homestead- Miami
Miami
Speedway , Talladega Superspeedway , Bristol Motor Speedway , Charlotte Motor Speedway , Atlanta
Atlanta
Motor Speedway , Darlington Raceway , Kentucky
Kentucky
Speedway , Martinsville Speedway , and Richmond International Speedway .

SEE ALSO

* Southeastern mixed forests
Southeastern mixed forests
– Southeastern habitat * Hammock (ecology) – Southeastern habitat * East Coast of the United States
United States
– the southern Eastern Seaboard portion

REFERENCES

* ^ Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers * ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): All States within the United States
United States
and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017. * ^ "Miami, Florida
Florida
Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015. * ^ " Virginia
Virginia
Beach, Virginia
Virginia
Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015. * ^ "State jobless rate below US average". The Decatur Daily. August 19, 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-12. * ^ "Business Partnership Opportunities". Innovista.sc.edu. Retrieved 2013-12-13. * ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - United States
United States
-- Places of 50,000+ Population (PEPANNRSIP)". American Factfinder.