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South Uist
South Uist
(Scottish Gaelic: Uibhist a Deas) is the second-largest island of the Outer Hebrides
Outer Hebrides
in Scotland. At the 2011 census, it had a usually resident population of 1,754, a fall of 64 since 2001.[8] There is a nature reserve and a number of sites of archaeological interest, including the only location in Great Britain
Great Britain
where prehistoric mummies have been found. The population is about 90% Roman Catholic. The island, in common with the rest of the Hebrides, is one of the last remaining strongholds of the Gaelic language in Scotland. In 2006 South Uist, and neighbouring Benbecula
Benbecula
and Eriskay, were involved in Scotland's biggest community land buyout to date. In the northwest, there is a missile testing range. Its inhabitants are known in Gaelic as Deasaich (Southerners).

Contents

1 Geography and geology 2 Etymology 3 History

3.1 Early history 3.2 Kingdom of the Isles 3.3 Lordships 3.4 Fracture 3.5 John Moidartach and his sons 3.6 Reunification 3.7 Debt, poverty and loss 3.8 Later history

4 Economy

4.1 Missile testing

5 Nature reserve 6 Gaelic 7 Notable residents 8 See also 9 Footnotes 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

Geography and geology[edit]

Looking west to Nicolson's Leap. In the background are Beinn Mhòr on the left, and Hecla on the right.

The west is machair (fertile low-lying coastal plain) with a continuous sandy beach, whilst the east coast is mountainous with the peaks of Beinn Mhòr 620 metres (2,030 ft) and Hecla 606 metres (1,988 ft). The main village on the island is Lochboisdale
Lochboisdale
( Loch
Loch
Baghasdail), from which ferries sail to Oban
Oban
on the mainland and to Castlebay
Castlebay
(Bàgh a' Chaisteil) on Barra. The island is linked to Eriskay
Eriskay
and Benbecula
Benbecula
by causeways. Smaller settlements include Daliburgh
Daliburgh
(Dalabrog), Howmore (Tobha Mòr) and Ludag. South Uist
South Uist
has a bedrock of Lewisian Gneiss,[9][10] high-grade regional metamorphism dating back to 2,900 million years ago in the Archaean. Some show granulite facies metamorphism, but most are the slightly lower temperature amphibolite facies. These formed part of the Earth's deep ancient crust, left here when the North Atlantic was formed. These are the oldest rocks in the British Isles today and they have been brought to the surface by tectonic movements. They now bear the scars of the last glaciation which has exposed them. " South Uist
South Uist
Machair" on the west coast is one of 40 National Scenic Areas in Scotland.[11] Etymology[edit] Mac an Tàilleir (2003) suggests that the derivation of Uist may be "corn island".[12] However, whilst noting that the vist ending would have been familiar to speakers of Old Norse
Old Norse
as meaning "dwelling", Gammeltoft (2007) says that the word is "of non-Gaelic origin" and that it reveals itself as one of a number of "foreign place-names having undergone adaptation in Old Norse".[1] History[edit] Early history[edit]

The neolithic monument at Beinn A' Charra

South Uist
South Uist
was clearly home to a thriving Neolithic
Neolithic
community. The island is covered in several neolithic remains, such as burial cairns,[note 1] and a small number of standing stones, of which the largest—standing 17 feet tall—is in the centre of the island, at the northern edge of Beinn A' Charra. Occupation continued into the Chalcolithic, as evidenced by a number of Beaker finds throughout the island.

Cladh Hallan
Cladh Hallan
roundhouses

Later in the Bronze Age, a man was mummified,[note 2] and placed on display at Cladh Hallan, parts occasionally being replaced over the centuries; he was joined by a woman three hundred years later. Together they are the only known prehistoric mummies in the British Isles.[13] Towards the end of the Bronze Age, the mummies were buried,[note 3] and a row of roundhouses built on top of them.

The remains of Dun Vulan[note 4]

Cladh Hallan
Cladh Hallan
was not abandoned until the late Iron Age. At around that time, in the 2nd century BC, a broch was built at Dun Vulan; archeological investigation suggests the inhabitants often ate pork. After the 2nd century AD, the Dun Vulan
Dun Vulan
broch was converted into a three-roomed house. At a similar time, a wheelhouse was constructed at Kilpheder; within a cupboard (in the wheelhouse) was found an enameled bronze brooch, of a style fashionable in the Roman Britain
Roman Britain
of 150 AD.[note 5]

Kingdom of the Isles[edit] In the 9th century, Vikings invaded South Uist, along with the rest of the Hebrides, and the gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata
Dál Riata
to the south, and established the Kingdom of the Isles
Kingdom of the Isles
throughout these lands. A short Ogham
Ogham
inscription has been found in Bornish, inscribed on a piece of animal bone, dating from this era;[14] it is thought that the Vikings used it as a gaming token, or perhaps for sortilege.[14] Following Norwegian unification, the Kingdom of the Isles
Kingdom of the Isles
became a crown dependency of the Norwegian king; to the Norwegians it was Suðreyjar (meaning southern isles). Malcolm III of Scotland acknowledged in writing that Suðreyjar was not Scottish, and king Edgar quitclaimed any residual doubts. At Kilpheder, the roundhouses were abandoned in favour of Norse longhouses;[note 6] at Bornish, a few miles to the north, a more substantial Norse settlement was built.[note 7] As indicated by archaeological finds, residents had access to a wide trading network, stretching throughout the Norwegian empire, as well as adjacent lands like Ireland.

The remains of the early 13th-century Howmore
Howmore
monastery

However, in the mid-12th century, Somerled, a Norse-Gael
Norse-Gael
of uncertain origin, launched a coup, which made Suðreyjar entirely independent. Following his death, Norwegian authority was nominally restored, but in practice the kingdom was divided between Somerled's heirs (Clann Somhairle), and the dynasty that Somerled
Somerled
had deposed (the Crovan dynasty). The MacRory, a branch of Somerled's heirs, ruled Uist, as well as Barra, Eigg, Rùm, the Rough Bounds, Bute, Arran and northern Jura.[15][16][17][18][19][note 8] A small monastery was established at Howmore.[note 9] Lordships[edit]

The remains of the late 13th-century parish church

In the 13th century, despite Edgar's quitclaim, Scottish forces attempted to conquer parts of Suðreyjar, culminating in the indecisive Battle of Largs. In 1266, the matter was settled by the Treaty of Perth, which transferred the whole of Suðreyjar to Scotland, in exchange for a very large sum of money.[note 10] The Treaty expressly preserved the status of the rulers of Suðreyjar; the MacRory lands, excepting Bute, Arran, and Jura, became the Lordship of Garmoran, a quasi-independent crown dependency, rather than an intrinsic part of Scotland. Following this, the Norse longhouses were gradually abandoned, in favour of new Blackhouses[note 11] and a new parish church was built at Howmore
Howmore
for South Uist.[note 12] At the turn of the century, William I had created the position of Sheriff of Inverness, to be responsible for the Scottish highlands, which theoretically now extended to Garmoran.[21][22] In 1293, however, king John Balliol
John Balliol
established the Sheriffdom of Skye, which included the Outer Hebrides. Nevertheless, following his usurpation, the Skye
Skye
sheriffdom ceased to be mentioned,[note 13] and the Garmoran lordship (including Uist) was confirmed to the MacRory leader. In 1343, King David II issued a further charter for this to the latter's son.[23]

Blackhouses in Drimsdale

Just three years later[note 14] the sole surviving MacRory heir was Amy of Garmoran. The southern parts of the Kingdom of the Isles
Kingdom of the Isles
had become the Lordship of the Isles, ruled by the MacDonalds (another group of Somerled's descendants). Amy married the MacDonald leader, John of Islay, but a decade later he divorced her, and married the king's niece instead (in return for a substantial dowry). As part of the divorce, John deprived his eldest son, Ranald, of the ability to inherit the Lordship of the Isles, in favour of a son by his new wife. As compensation, John granted Lordship of the Uists to Ranald's younger brother Godfrey, while making Ranald Lord of the remainder of Garmoran. However, on Ranald's death, disputes between Godfrey and his nephews (the elder of which founded Clan Ranald) lead to an enormous amount of violent feuding. In 1427, frustrated with the level of violence in the highlands, King James I demanded that highland leaders should attend a meeting at Inverness. On arrival, many of the leaders were seized and imprisoned; Alexander MacGorrie, son of Godfrey, was considered to be one of the two most reprehensible, and after a quick show trial, was immediately executed.[24] King James declared the Lordship of Uist forfeit. Fracture[edit]

Calvay Castle, in Loch
Loch
Boisdale

Following the forfeiture, and in that same year, the Lord of the Isles granted Lairdship of the southern third of South Uist
South Uist
(traditionally called Lochboisdale[note 15]), together with Barra, to Giolla Adhamhnáin mac Néill, leader of the MacNeils. At around this time Calvay Castle
Calvay Castle
was built, guarding Lochboisdale.

Caisteal Bheagram in Skirhough

The remainder of South Uist
South Uist
remained with the Scottish crown until 1469, when James III granted Lairdship of it to John of Ross, the Lord of the Isles; in turn, John passed it to his own half-brother, Hugh of Sleat (the grant to Hugh was later confirmed by the king—James IV—in a 1493 charter). Hugh died a few years later, in 1498, and for reasons that are not remotely clear, his son—John of Sleat—immediately resigned, transferring all authority to the king. On 3 August that same year, king James IV awarded the central third of South Uist
South Uist
(traditionally known as Kilpheder[note 16]), by charter to Ranald Bane, leader of Clan Ranald.[25] Two days later,[note 17] the king gave Ranald Bane a charter for the northern third (traditionally known as Skirhough[note 18]) as well.[25] Ranald Bane, or his heirs, built Casteal Bheagram, on Loch
Loch
an Eilean in Skirhough, as their local stronghold.[note 19] John Moidartach and his sons[edit] Some time after Ranald Bane's nephew, John Moidartach,[note 20] succeeded as laird, he fell out of favour with King James V.[note 21] By 1538, James had transferred lairdship of Kilpheder to John's younger half-brother, Farquhar;[note 22][26] the king gave him Skirhough shortly afterwards.[27] In 1563, Farquhar sold his portion of South Uist
South Uist
to a distant relation, James MacDonald (heir of the second son of John of Islay);[note 23][28] that same year, Mary, Queen of Scots, issued a charter confirming James MacDonald as laird of these lands.[29]

The Clan Ranald
Clan Ranald
chapel at Howmore

In the following year, Farquhar was murdered by John Moidartach's sons.[30] The year after that,[note 24] as opponents of the Scottish reformation, Moidartach and his family took the side of the Queen during the Chaseabout Raid, and were consequently back in royal favour; the Queen prohibited them from being punished for Farquhar's murder.[30] By the last decades of the century, John Moidartach had obtained a practical hold on Farquhar's former lands, though seemingly as a tenant of James MacDonald's heirs. In 1584 John died, and was buried at Howmore; a decorated stone from the site (the Clanranald Stone) is thought to have been his headstone.[note 25] In 1596, concerned by the active involvement of highland leaders in Irish rebellions against Queen Elizabeth of England, king James VI of Scotland
Scotland
(Elizabeth's heir) demanded that they send well-armed men, as well as attending themselves, to meet him at Dumbarton
Dumbarton
on 1 August, and produce the charters for their land. As neither John Moidartach's heirs, nor those of James MacDonald, did so, Skirhough and Kilpheder became forfeit, by the corresponding Act of Parliament. Consequently, the king awarded them to Donald Gorm Mor, the heir of Hugh of Sleat, as a reward;[31] he had been one of the few highland leaders who obeyed the king's summons.[32] Donald Gorm Mor subinfeudated Skirhough and Kilpheder back to Clan Ranald, for £46 per annum. Reunification[edit]

Loch
Loch
Boisdale

The leader of the MacNeils did not submit to the 1609 Statutes of Iona. Using this as justification, Clan Ranald
Clan Ranald
drove the MacNeils out of Lochboisdale, and were subsequently awarded a charter for it, in 1610.[33] In 1622, Donald Gorm Mor's successor, Donald Gorm Og,[note 26] is found requesting that the Privy Council physically punish the Clan Ranald
Clan Ranald
leadership for not removing their families and tenants from Skirhough;[34] presumably they hadn't been paying the rent.[35] By way of settlement of the dispute,[note 27] Donald Gorm Og was granted lairdship over Lochboisdale
Lochboisdale
as well;[35] thus Donald Gorm Og became laird of the whole of South Uist, while Clan Ranald
Clan Ranald
held it as his feudal vassals. In 1633, Donald Gorm Og decided to simply sell lairdship of South Uist to the Earl of Argyll;[note 28] in January 1634, this arrangement was confirmed by a crown charter.[36] In 1661, as a leading opponent of king Charles I, the Earl's son—the Marquess of Argyll—was convicted of high treason, and his lands became forfeit. Thus, in 1673, it was the king demanding that Clan Ranald
Clan Ranald
pay their outstanding rent for South Uist.[37] Debt, poverty and loss[edit]

The remains of Ormaclete Castle

In 1701, Allen MacDonald, the leader of Clan Ranald, built Ormaclete Castle as his new main residence in the Uists. In 1715, some venison caught fire in the kitchen, which lead to the whole castle burning down. Like many of the MacDonald leaders, Allen was a supporter of the Jacobite rebellion, and a few days later, at the Battle of Sheriffmuir, was himself killed. After this, the Clan Ranald leadership moved their main home in the Uists back to Benbecula. During the Jacobite rising of 1745, Ranald MacDonald, the son of the Clan Ranald
Clan Ranald
leader,[note 29] amassed large amounts of debt by funding the Jacobite army.[note 30] In the following year, Bonnie Prince Charlie was able to hide at Calvay Castle, after fleeing from the Battle of Culloden, until he was able to escape with the aid of Flora MacDonald. Though an act of attainder (and forfeit) was subsequently passed against Ranald, it had no effect, due to accidentally naming him as Donald MacDonald.

Kelp
Kelp
on the Bornish
Bornish
beach

Ranald's debts proved burdensome for his family, but his grandson, Ranald George MacDonald, was able to keep them at bay thanks to the Napoleonic Wars; the wars had restricted the supply of certain minerals, turning the production of soda ash by burning kelp into a highly profitable activity. Kelp
Kelp
harvesting (and burning) became one of the principle economic activities of the population of South Uist,[38] but when the wars ended, competition from imported barilla resulted in the kelp price collapsing.[39] In 1837, facing bankruptcy,[39] Ranald sold South Uist
South Uist
to Lt. Colonel John Gordon of Cluny. Already accustomed to treating people as slaves, and seeing the financial advantages to livestock farming, Gordon was ruthless, evicting the population with short notice. On 11 August 1851, he demanded that everyone in South Uist
South Uist
attend a public meeting at Lochboisdale; according to an eyewitness,[note 31] he dragged the attendees from the meeting, sometimes in handcuffs, and threw then onto waiting ships, like cattle.[40] Having cleared much of the land, he replaced the population with flocks of Blackface sheep, bringing in lowland farmers to care for them. The former population largely moved to Canada; the remaining populace of South Uist
South Uist
represented less than half of the 1841 total.[note 32][41] Later history[edit] Lochboisdale
Lochboisdale
became a major herring port later in the 19th century. In 1889, counties were formally created in Scotland, on shrieval boundaries, by a dedicated Local Government Act; South Uist
South Uist
therefore became part of the new county of Inverness. Following late 20th-century reforms, South Uist
South Uist
became part of the Highland Region. The population level remained steady after the 19th-century clearances (in 2004 it was 2,285[41]). Following a series of different landowners, South Uist
South Uist
has been owned by South Uist
South Uist
Estates Ltd since 1960; in 2006, the local community bought all of the company's shares, via the special purpose vehicle Sealladh na Beinne Mòire.[note 33] Economy[edit]

Our Lady of the Isles

Tourism is important to the island's economy and attractions include the Kildonan Museum, housing the 16th-century Clanranald Stone, and the ruins of the house where Flora MacDonald
Flora MacDonald
was born. South Uist
South Uist
is home to the Askernish Golf Course.[42] The oldest course in the Outer Hebrides, Askernish was designed by Old Tom Morris, who also worked on the Old Course at St Andrews. Morris was commissioned by Lady Gordon Cathcart in 1891.[43] The Askernish course existed intact until the 1930s, but was partly destroyed to make way for an aircraft runway, then abandoned, and ultimately lost. Its identity remained hidden for many years before its apparent discovery, a claim disputed by some locals.[44][45][46] Restoration of the course to Morris's original design was held up by disagreements with local crofters,[47][48] but after legal challenges were resolved in the courts, the course opened in August 2008. The popular summer music school, Ceòlas,[49] takes place every year from the first Sunday of July in Daliburgh
Daliburgh
School on the island. It is then followed by the local children's summer school, Fèis Tir a'Mhurain. After a protracted campaign South Uist
South Uist
residents took control of the island on 30 November 2006 in Scotland's biggest community land buyout to date. The previous landowners, a sporting syndicate, sold the assets of the 92,000-acre (370 km2) estate for £4.5 million[50] to a Community Company known as Stòras Uibhist, which was set up to purchase the land and to manage it.[51][52] The buyout resulted in most of South Uist, and neighbouring Benbecula, and all of Eriskay
Eriskay
coming under community control.[53] The proposal for community ownership received the overwhelming support of the people of the islands, who "look forward to regenerating the local economy, reversing decline and depopulation, and reducing dependency, while remaining aware of the environmental needs, culture and history of the islands". The company claims its name—Stòras Uibhist (meaning Uist Resource)—symbolises hope for the future wealth and prosperity of the islands. The SEARCH project (Sheffield Environmental and Archaeological Research Campaign in the Hebrides) on South Uist
South Uist
has been developing a long-term perspective on changes in settlement and house form from the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
to the 19th century. Missile testing[edit]

Eastern Kilpheder

In the north west of the island at (57°20′N 07°20′W / 57.333°N 7.333°W / 57.333; -7.333), a missile testing range was built in 1957–58 to launch the Corporal missile, Britain and America's[clarification needed] first guided nuclear weapon. This development went ahead despite significant protests, some locals expressing concern that the Scottish Gaelic language
Scottish Gaelic language
would not survive the influx of English-speaking Army personnel. The British Government claimed that there was an 'overriding national interest' in establishing a training range for their newly purchased Corporal, a weapon that was to be at the front line of Cold War
Cold War
defence. The Corporal missile was tested from 1959 to 1963, before giving way to Sergeant and Lance tactical nuclear missiles. The 'rocket range' as it is known locally has also been used to test high-altitude research rockets, Skua and Petrel. Local opposition to the range inspired the 1957 novel Rockets Galore by Compton Mackenzie. The range is still owned by the MoD operated by QinetiQ
QinetiQ
as a testing facility for missile systems such as the surface-to-air Rapier missile and unmanned aerial vehicles.[54] In 2009 the MOD announced that it was considering running down its missile testing ranges in the Western Isles,[55] with potentially serious consequences for the local economy. Nature reserve[edit] Main article: Flora and fauna of the Outer Hebrides

Flowering machair on South Uist

Loch
Loch
Druidibeg in the north of the island is a national nature reserve owned and managed by Scottish Natural Heritage. The reserve covers 1,677 hectares of machair, bog, freshwater lochs, estuary, heather moorland and hill.[56] Over 200 species of flowering plants have been recorded on the reserve, some of which are nationally scarce. South Uist
South Uist
is considered the best place in the UK for the aquatic plant Slender Naiad (Najas flexilis),[57] which is a European Protected Species. Nationally important populations of breeding waders are also present, including redshank, dunlin, lapwing and ringed plover. The reserve is also home to greylag geese on the loch and in summer corncrakes on the machair. Otters and hen harriers are also seen. There has been considerable controversy over hedgehogs on South Uist. The animals are not native to the islands, having been introduced in the 1970s to reduce garden pests. It is claimed that they pose a threat to the eggs of ground-nesting wading birds on the island. In 2003 the Uist Wader Project—headed by Scottish Natural Heritage—began a cull of hedgehogs in the area. Following a campaign and concerns over animal welfare, this cull was called off in 2007; instead, hedgehogs are being captured and moved to mainland Scotland.[58][59][60] Gaelic[edit] According to the 2011 Census, there are 1,888 Gaelic speakers (60%) on South Uist
South Uist
and Benbecula.[61] 'Na Meadhoinean', or Middle District in South Uist, is the strongest Gaelic-speaking community in the world, at 82%. Notable residents[edit]

Northern Skirhough

Danny Alexander
Danny Alexander
(born 1972), Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament; lived at West Geirnish on South Uist
South Uist
for three years as a child[62] Flora MacDonald
Flora MacDonald
(1722–1790), born at Milton; known for her help of Bonnie Prince Charlie Kathleen MacInnes (born 1969), singer, TV presenter and actress Mairi MacInnes ( Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
singer), born in North Boisdale; one of the youngest Mod gold medallists - Isle of Skye
Skye
1982; opened South Uist Causeway
Causeway
in the same year Angus McPhee
Angus McPhee
(1916–1997), born at Iochdar; outsider artist

See also[edit]

Bun Sruth, a loch in the southeast Easaval, a hill in the south Iochdar, a hamlet on the west coast Ushenish, a headland on the east coast Scottish island names

Footnotes[edit]

^ By the early 21st century, cairns had been identified at Sig More, Glac Hukarvat, Reineval, Barp Frobost, Loch
Loch
a'Bharp and Leaval. A variant style was found at Dun Trossary, which is a long horned cairn. Most are in poor condition, but the cairn at Reineval is exceptionally well-preserved. ^ ~1600 BC ^ in 1120BC, for reasons which are now unknown ^ It is the first floor which is exposed; the ground floor lies buried beneath the surface, and the entrance passage remains intact. ^ A photograph can be found here, by entering the search term "000-100-039-059-C" ^ the substantial remains of which were largely destroyed by a storm in the early 21st century ^ containing at least 20 houses; the largest Norse settlement yet found in modern Scotland ^ Muck and Canna were ruled by the Bishop of the Isles and Abbot of Iona, respectively ^ St. Dermot's Chapel and parts of the Clan Ranald
Clan Ranald
chapel date from this period ^ 4,000 marks ^ in which the space was shared with livestock,[20] ^ Now called the big church (Teampall Mòr in Gaelic) ^ in surviving records, at least ^ 1346 ^ , after Lochboisdale, which forms its northern boundary ^ after its main settlement, Kilpheder ^ 5 August ^ after its main settlement, Howmore; Sgire is gaelic for district ^ Ranald's grandchildren, and their heirs, used Borve Castle, on Benbecula, as their main residence in the Uists; Caisteal Bheagram, as a small tower, was more useful merely as a refuge, and vantage point. ^ Moidartach refers to Moidart ^ Surviving records do not explain why. ^ Though they shared the same father, Farquhar's mother was Marion MacIntosh, while the name of John's mother was Dorothy (her surname is unknown). ^ for 2,000 marks ^ 1565 ^ Following the theft of the stone, in the 1990s, it is now located at the Kildonan museum. ^ Og means the younger ^ agreed at the Chanonry of Ross ^ for 26,921 marks, 10 shillings, and 8 pence ^ who was also called Ranald ^ his father, by contrast, was unwilling to actively support the campaign ^ Catherine MacPhee ^ which was 5093 ^ now known as Storas Uibhist

References[edit]

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Gaels
and Picts?" in Ballin Smith et al (2007) p. 487 ^ a b Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census. ^ a b National Records of Scotland
Scotland
(15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland
Scotland
- Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013. ^ a b Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.  ^ The Chronicles of Mann. Manx Society. Vol XXII, Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Germanic Lexicon Project Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Ordnance Survey. OS Maps Online (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. Retrieved 21 August 2013.  ^ General Register Office for Scotland
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(28 November 2003) Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands. Retrieved 26 February 2012. ^ "Geology of Britain viewer". Maps.bgs.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2011-07-13.  ^ " Assynt
Assynt
Stratigraphy". Es.ucl.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-07-13.  ^ "National Scenic Areas". SNH. Retrieved 30 Mar 2011. ^ Mac an Tàilleir (2003) p. 116 ^ BBC - History - The Mummies of Cladh Hallan ^ a b An Ogham-Inscribed Plaque from Bornais, South Uist, Katherine Forsyth in West over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian Sea-Borne Expansion and Settlement Before 1300, edited by Gareth Williams, 2007, Koninklijke Brill, p. 471-472 ^ Kingship and Unity, Scotland
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1000-1306, G. W. S. Barrow, Edinburgh University Press, 1981 ^ Galloglas: Hebridean and West Highland Mercenary Warrior Kindreds in Medieval Ireland, John Marsden, 2003 ^ Lismore: The Great Garden, Robert Hay, 2009, Birlinn Ltd ^ Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 90 (1956-1957), A.A.M. Duncan, A.L Brown, pages 204-205 ^ The Kingdom of the Isles: Scotland's Western Seaboard, R. A. McDonald, 1997, Tuckwell Press ^ Smith, H., Marshall, P. and Parker Pearson, M. 2001. Reconstructing house activity areas pp. 249-270. In Albarella, U (ed) Environmental Archaeology: Meaning and Purpose. Kluwer Academic Publishers. ^ Dickinson W.C., The Sheriff Court Book of Fife, Scottish History Society, Third Series, Vol. XII (Edinburgh 1928), pp. 357–360 ^ The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland
Scotland
to 1707, K.M. Brown et al eds (St Andrews, 2007-2017), 15 July 1476 ^ Regesta Regum Scottorum VI ed. Bruce Webster (Edinburgh 1982) no. 73. ^ Gregory, Donald, History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland, from A.D. 1493 to A.D. 1625, with a brief introductory sketch, from A.D. 80 to A.D. 1493, Edinburgh, W. Tait, retrieved 11 May 2012 , p. 65 ^ a b Angus & Archibald Macdonald. The Clan Donald
Clan Donald
volume 2, The Northern Counties Publishing Company Ltd, 1900, p. 238 ^ Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland, edited by M. Livingstone, 1908, HM General Register House, volume II, entry 441 ^ Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland, edited by M. Livingstone, 1908, HM General Register House, volume II, entry 592 ^ Clan Donald, Donald J MacDonald, MacDonald Publishers (of Loanhead, Midlothian), 1978, p.298 ^ Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, edited by Maitland Thomson, 1912, HM General Register House, volume IV, entry 335 ^ a b Clan Donald, Donald J MacDonald, MacDonald Publishers (of Loanhead, Midlothian), 1978, p.301 ^ Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, edited by Maitland Thomson, 1912, HM General Register House, volume VI, entry 161 ^ Clan Donald, Donald J MacDonald, MacDonald Publishers (of Loanhead, Midlothian), 1978, p.309 ^ Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, edited by Maitland Thomson, 1912, HM General Register House, volume VII, entry 129 ^ Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, edited by I Hill-Burton, 1877, HM General Register House, volume XIII, 741-742 ^ a b Angus & Archibald Macdonald. The Clan Donald
Clan Donald
volume 2, The Northern Counties Publishing Company Ltd, 1900, p. 320-321 ^ Angus & Archibald Macdonald. The Clan Donald
Clan Donald
volume 2, The Northern Counties Publishing Company Ltd, 1900, p. 324 ^ Angus & Archibald Macdonald. The Clan Donald
Clan Donald
volume 2, The Northern Counties Publishing Company Ltd, 1900, p. 339 ^ Innes, Bill (2006). Old South Uist. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing. p. 3,4. ISBN 9781840333817.  ^ a b Innes, Bill (2006). Old South Uist. pp. 3, 4.  ^ The Jaws of Sheep: The 1851 Hebridean Clearances of Gordon of Cluny, James A. Stewart, in Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, 1999 ^ a b South Uist: Archaeology
Archaeology
and History of a Hebridean Island. Pearson, Shaples, Symonds. 2004. ISBN 978-0-7524-2905-2 ^ Askernish Golf Course ^ Owen, David (28 June 2009). "The missing links". The Observer. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.  ^ cybergolf.com re Askernish course. Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 16 June 2007. ^ "Crofters deny Old Tom claim". BBC News. 15 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-18.  ^ Forgan, Duncan (28 July 2007). "Island pins hopes on past links". Edinburgh: The Scotsman.  ^ Storas Uibhist press release ^ David Owen (April 20, 2009). "The Ghost Course". New Yorker.  ^ Ceòlas ^ "Land buyout reality for islanders". BBC News. 30 November 2006. Retrieved 4 January 2010.  ^ Stòras Uibhist ^ Islanders pay £4.5m to be rid of feudal lairds The Independent newspaper. (1 December 2006) Retrieved 29 July 2007. ^ The quiet revolution. (19 January 2007) Broadford. West Highland Free Press. ^ QinetiQ: Hebrides
Hebrides
Operations[dead link] ^ Ross, John (31 July 2009). "In 1930, the last islanders left. Now St Kilda Day celebrates their legacy". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 2009-08-10.  ^ SNH Loch
Loch
Druidibeg Retrieved 29 July 2007. ^ JNCC Slender Naiad report Retrieved 29 July 2007. ^ Epping Forest Hedgehog Rescue Archived August 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 1 January 2007. ^ Ross, John (21 February 2007). "Hedgehogs saved from the syringe as controversial Uist cull called off". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 2009-08-10.  ^ Paul Kelbie (2007-02-20). "Campaign wins reprieve for Uist hedgehogs". The Independent.  ^ Census 2011 stats BBC News. Retrieved 20 April 20-14. ^ "Alexander hears jobs and cuts fears". (27 Aug 2010) Aberdeen. Press and Journal.

Bibliography[edit]

Ballin Smith, Beverley; Taylor, Simon; and Williams, Gareth (2007) West over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian Sea-Borne Expansion and Settlement Before 1300. Leiden. Brill. ISBN 97890-04-15893-1 Mac an Tàilleir, Iain (2003) Ainmean-àite/Placenames. (pdf) Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 26 August 2012.

External links[edit] Media related to South Uist
South Uist
at Wikimedia Commons

South Uist
South Uist
travel guide from Wikivoyage The Island Where God Speaks Gaelic Raidió Teilifís Éireann documentary from 1971 Archaeological Aerial Photographs Accommodation, Travel Advice, Members area, Hebrides
Hebrides
forum and Photo gallery Accommodation, Events and Property in South Uist, North, Benbecula, Lewis and Harris Iochdar.co.uk, a website about outdoor recreation in South Uist StorasUibhist.com, the official website of the community-owned South Uist Estate Flags of the world - Hebrides ' South Uist
South Uist
a Hebridean First': Flag Institute press release 30 June 2017 An Gàrradh Mòr, Historic walled garden at Cille Bhrìghde The world in a spin: representing the Neolithic
Neolithic
landscapes of South Uist in Internet Archaeology Rocket launches at South Uist Corporal missile inaccuracy revealed, The Guardian Sept 6 2003 Askernish Golf Club Google Maps:Rocket launch site Am Paipear Community Newspaper Local Free Community Newspaper  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Uist, North and South". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

v t e

Inhabited islands of the Hebrides

Inner Hebrides

Canna Coll Colonsay Danna Eigg Eilean dà Mhèinn Eilean Shona Eilean Tioram Erraid Gigha Gometra Iona Islay Isle of Ewe Jura Kerrera Lismore Muck Mull Oronsay Raasay Sanday Scalpay Rona Rùm Skye Slate Islands Soay Summer Isles Tiree Ulva

Outer Hebrides

Baleshare Barra Benbecula Berneray Eriskay Flodaigh Fraoch-eilean Great Bernera Grimsay
Grimsay
(North) Grimsay
Grimsay
(South) Lewis and Harris North Uist Scalpay South Uist Vatersay

v t e

Islands of Scotland

Geography

Northern Isles

Shetland

list

Orkney

list

Hebrides

Outer Hebrides

list

Inner Hebrides

list

St Kilda

Other

Islands of the Clyde Islands of the Forth Freshwater Islands Outlying Islands

Prehistory

Prehistoric
Prehistoric
Orkney

Heart of Neolithic
Neolithic
Orkney
Orkney
World Heritage Site: Maeshowe Ness of Brodgar Ring of Brodgar Skara Brae Standing Stones of Stenness

Prehistoric
Prehistoric
Shetland

Crucible of Iron Age
Iron Age
Shetland: Broch
Broch
of Mousa Jarlshof Old Scatness

Prehistoric
Prehistoric
Western Isles

Callanish Stones Dun Carloway Rubha an Dùnain Dun Nosebridge

History

Dál Riata

Columba

Kingdom of the Isles

Scandinavian Scotland Rulers of the Kingdom of the Isles Bishop of the Isles

Lordship of the Isles

Treaty of Perth Treaty of Ardtornish-Westminster Finlaggan

Earldom of Orkney

Buckquoy spindle-whorl Udal law

18th and 19th Century

Clearances Jacobite risings Flora MacDonald

Literature

Orkneyinga Saga Description of the Western Isles of Scotland
Scotland
(Monro) A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland
Scotland
(Martin) A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland
Scotland
(Johnson) The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides
Hebrides
(Boswell)

Etymology

General

Scottish island names Northern Isles Hebrides Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba

Specific

Arran Gigha Skye St Kilda

Economy

Towns

Kirkwall Lerwick Rothesay Stornoway Stromness

Agencies

Community Energy Scotland Crofters Commission DTA Scotland Highlands and Islands Enterprise Scottish Islands Federation

Oil industry

Flotta Sullom Voe

Culture

Shetland

Aly Bain Thomas Fraser Peerie Willie Johnson Shetland
Shetland
Amenity Trust Up Helly Aa Vagaland

Orkney

George Mackay Brown Peter Maxwell Davies F. Marian McNeill Kirkwall
Kirkwall
Ba game Orkney
Orkney
Heritage Society St Magnus Festival

Outer Hebrides

Compton Mackenzie Fèis Bharraigh Free Church of Scotland Iain Crichton Smith

Inner Hebrides

Islay
Islay
whisky Runrig Sorley MacLean West Highland Free Press

Politics

Local authorities

Shetland
Shetland
Islands Council Orkney
Orkney
Islands Council Comhairle nan Eilean Siar Highland Council Argyll and Bute North Ayrshire

Wildlife

Fauna

Fair Isle wren Orkney
Orkney
vole Shetland
Shetland
wren St Kilda field mouse St Kilda wren

Flora

Arran whitebeams Scottish Primrose Shetland
Shetland
Mouse-ear

Domesticated animals

Cairn Terrier Eriskay
Eriskay
Pony Hebridean Blackface Luing cattle North Ronaldsay sheep Scottie Sheltie Shetland
Shetland
cattle Shetland
Shetland
Goose Shetland
Shetland
pony Shetland
Shetland
sheep Soay sheep Westie

Geology

Shetland

Geopark Shetland

Geology of Orkney

Eday Group Orcadian Basin Yesnaby Sandstone Group

Hebrides

Colonsay
Colonsay
Group Great Estuarine Group Hebridean Terrane Lewisian complex Lorne plateau lavas Moine Supergroup Moine Thrust Belt Rhinns complex Skye Staffa Torridonian

Islands of the Clyde

Highland Boundary Fault

v t e

National scenic areas in Scotland

Aberdeenshire

Deeside and Lochnagar

Argyll and Bute

Jura Ben Nevis and Glen Coe (part) Knapdale Kyles of Bute Loch
Loch
Lomond (part) Loch
Loch
na Keal Lynn of Lorn Scarba, Lunga and the Garvellachs

Dumfries and Galloway

East Stewartry Coast Fleet Valley Nith Estuary

Highland

Assynt-Coigach Ben Nevis and Glen Coe (part) Cairngorms
Cairngorms
(part) Cuillin
Cuillin
Hills Dornoch Firth Glen Affric Glen Strathfarrar Kintail Knoydart Kyle of Tongue Loch
Loch
Shiel Morar, Moidart
Moidart
and Ardnamurchan North West Sutherland Small Isles Trotternish Wester Ross

Moray

Cairngorms
Cairngorms
(part)

Na h-Eileanan Siar

South Lewis, Harris and North Uist South Uist
South Uist
Machair St Kilda

North Ayrshire

North Arran

Orkney

Hoy and West Mainland

Perth and Kinross

Ben Nevis and Glen Coe (part) Loch
Loch
Rannoch and Glen Lyon (part) Loch
Loch
Tummel River Earn River Tay

Scottish Borders

Eildon and Leaderfoot Upper Tweeddale

Shetland

Shetland

Stirling

Loch
Loch
Lomond (part) Loch
Loch
Rannoch and Glen Lyon (part) The Trossachs

West Dunbartonshire

Loch
Loch
Lomond (part)

Coordinates: 57°16′N 7°19′W / 57.267°N 7.317°W / 57

.