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South London
London, south of the Thames
South London's emergence was a result of the existence and location of London Bridge
South London's emergence was a result of the existence and location of London Bridge
Coordinates: 51°27′N 0°06′W / 51.45°N 0.1°W / 51.45; -0.1Coordinates: 51°27′N 0°06′W / 51.45°N 0.1°W / 51.45; -0.1
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionLondon
ComprisesBexley, Bromley, Croydon, Greenwich, Kingston, Lambeth, Lewisham, Merton, Richmond, Southwark, Sutton and Wandsworth
Area
 • Total249.34 sq mi (645.78 km2)
Population
 • Total2,835,200
 • Density11,000/sq mi (4,400/km2)

South London is the southern part of London, England. Situated south of the River Thames, it consists of the boroughs of Bexley, Bromley, Croydon, Greenwich, Kingston, England. Situated south of the River Thames, it consists of the boroughs of Bexley, Bromley, Croydon, Greenwich, Kingston, Lambeth, Lewisham, Merton, Richmond (in part), Southwark, Sutton and Wandsworth.

South London originally emerged from Southwark,[1] first recorded as Suthriganaweorc,[2][3][3] meaning ‘fort of the men of Surrey’.[2][3] From Southwark, London then extended further down into northern Surrey and then western Kent.

South of London in 1800, note the border between Surrey and Kent.
The heads of traitors were displayed on spikes, on the southern gatehouse of London Bridge

South London consists of 11 whole boroughs and part of the cross-river borough of Richmond Upon Thames.

Emergence and gr

South London originally emerged from Southwark,[1] first recorded as Suthriganaweorc,[2][3][3] meaning ‘fort of the men of Surrey’.[2][3] From Southwark, London then extended further down into northern Surrey and then western Kent.

South London consists of 11 whole boroughs and part of the cross-river borough of Richmond Upon Thames.

Emergence and growth

The term ‘south London' has been used for a variety of formal purposes with the boundaries defined according to the purposes of the designation.

Constituency review, 2017

In 2017 the government asked the Boundary Commission for England to reconsider the boundaries of parliamentary constituencies. The commission's study, was to start with existing regions of England and then group the local authorities within that area into sub-regions for further sub-division. The South London sub-region included the 11 boroughs which lay south of the river, plus the parts of cross-river Richmond upon Thames that did so.[6]

An earlier 2013 study, whose recommendations were not adopted, took a different approach by including all of Richmond in its South London sub-region.[7]

Sub-region policy

For the purposes of progress reporting on the London Plan, there was a south London sub-region in operation from 2004 to 2008 consisting of Bromley, Croydon, Kingston, Merton, Richmond and Sutton.[8] In 2001 this area had a population of 1,329,000.[9] This definition is used by organisations such as Connexions.[10]

Between 2008 and 2011 it was replaced with a South East sub-region consisting of Southwark, Lewisham, Greenwich, Bexley and Bromley and a South West sub-region consisting of Croydon, Kingston, Lambeth, Merton, Sutton, Richmond and Wandsworth.[11]

In 2011 a new south London region was created consisting of Bromley, Croydon, the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, Richmond upon Thames, Merton, Sutton, Wandsworth, Bexley, Greenwich and Lewisham.

Climate

South London is, like other parts of London and the UK in general, a temperate maritime climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Three Met Office weather stations currently collect climate data south of the river; Kew, Hampton and Kenley Airfield, on the southern edge of the urban area.[12] Long term climate observations dating back to 1763[13] are available for Greenwich, although observations ceased here in 2003.

Temperatures increase towards the Thames, firstly because of the urban warming effect of the surrounding area, but secondly due to altitude decreasing towards the river, meaning the southern margins of south London are often a couple of degrees cooler than those areas adjacent to the Thames. Often snow can be seen to lie on the North Downs near Croydon when central London is snow free.

The record high temperature at Greenwich is 37.5 °C (99.5 °F) recorded during August 2003.[14] Sunshine is notably lower than other London area weather stations (by about 50–100 hours a year), suggesting Greenwich may be a fog trap in winter, and that the hillier land to the south may obscure early morning and late evening sunshine.

The highest temperature recorded across south London was 38.1 °C (100.6 °F) on the same occasion at Kew Gardens. Although the Met Office accepts a higher reading from Brogdale in Kent, many have questioned the accuracy of this[15] and regard the Kew reading as the most reliable highest UK temperature reading.

Climate data for Greenwich 7m asl 1971–2000,
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
8.2
(46.8)
10.9
(51.6)
13.3
(55.9)
17.2
(63.0)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
19.3
(66.7)
15.2
(59.4)
10.9
(51.6)
8.8
(47.8)
14.8
(58.6)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
2.2
(36.0)
3.8
(38.8)
5.2
(41.4)
8.0
(46.4)
11.1
(52.0)
13.6
(56.5)
13.3
(55.9)
10.9
(51.6)
8.0
(46.4)
4.8
(40.6)
3.3
(37.9)
7.2
(45.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.9
(2.04)
34.0
(1.34)
42.0
(1.65)
45.2
(1.78)
47.2
(1.86)
53.0
(2.09)
38.3
(1.51)
47.3
(1.86)
56.9
(2.24)
61.5
(2.42)
52.3
(2.06)
54.0
(2.13)
583.6
(22.98)
Mean monthly Constituency review, 2017 Normal Exit PeriodicService.php