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South London
South London
is the southern part of London, England, south of the River Thames, and includes the historic districts of Southwark, Lambeth, Bankside
Bankside
and Greenwich. South London
South London
emerged from Southwark,[1] first recorded as Suthriganaweorc,[2][3][3] meaning "fort of the men of Surrey".[2][3]

South London's emergence was a result of the existence and location of London Bridge

South of London in 1800, note the border between Surrey
Surrey
and Kent.

South London
South London
includes 11 whole boroughs plus Richmond, which includes land on both sides of the river, with its Twickenham
Twickenham
district lying north of the river in West London.

Contents

1 Transport 2 List of boroughs 3 Formal use

3.1 Constituency review, 2013 3.2 Sub-region policy

4 Climate 5 Associated organisations 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Transport[edit] A significant feature of South London’s economic geography is that while there are more than thirty bridges linking the area with West London and the City, there is only one, Tower Bridge, linking the area with East London. Very little of London’s underground network lies south of the river due to the challenging geology,[4] however 21st century technology makes tunnelling much cheaper than before (though stations are still expensive) and this may lead to an improved underground provision in south London with the Crossrail 2 line proposed alongside extensions to the Northern and Bakerloo Lines. South London
South London
contains an extensive overground network [5] and all of London’s trams operate within the area. List of boroughs[edit] The 12 boroughs included, in whole or part are:

London borough Postcode areas 2008 sub-region London Assembly[6]

Bexley DA, SE South East Bexley and Bromley

Bromley BR, DA, SE, TN, CR South East Bexley and Bromley

Croydon CR, SE, SW, BR South West Croydon and Sutton

Greenwich SE, DA, BR South East Greenwich
Greenwich
and Lewisham

Kingston KT, SW, TW South West South West

Lambeth SE, SW South West Lambeth
Lambeth
and Southwark

Lewisham SE, BR South East Greenwich
Greenwich
and Lewisham

Merton CR, KT, SM, SW South West Merton and Wandsworth

Richmond (part) SW, TW South West South West

Southwark SE South East Lambeth
Lambeth
and Southwark

Sutton CR, KT, SM South West Croydon and Sutton

Wandsworth SW South West Merton and Wandsworth

Formal use[edit] The term 'South London' has been used for a variety of formal purposes with the boundaries defined according to the purposes of the designation. Constituency review, 2013[edit] In 2013 the government asked the Boundary Commission for England
Boundary Commission for England
to reduce the reconsider the boundaries of parliamentary constituencies. The Commission's study,[7] was to start with existing regions of England and then group the local authorities within that area into sub-regions for further sub-division. The South London
South London
sub-region included all 12 boroughs which lay in whole or part south of the river. The recommendations of the report were not adopted, and the 2017 study has taken a different approach. Sub-region policy[edit] For the purposes of progress reporting on the London Plan, there was a South London
South London
sub-region in operation from 2004 to 2008 consisting of Bromley, Croydon, Kingston, Merton, Richmond and Sutton.[8] In 2001 this area had a population of 1,329,000.[9] This definition is used by organisations such as Connexions.[10] Between 2008 and 2011 it was replaced with a South East sub-region consisting of Southwark, Lewisham, Greenwich, Bexley and Bromley and a South West sub-region consisting of Croydon, Kingston, Lambeth, Merton, Sutton, Richmond and Wandsworth.[11] In 2011 a new South London
South London
region was created consisting of Bromley, Croydon, the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, Richmond upon Thames, Merton, Sutton, Wandsworth, Bexley, Greenwich
Greenwich
and Lewisham. Climate[edit] South London
South London
is, like other parts of London and the UK in general, a temperate maritime climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Three Met Office
Met Office
weather stations currently collect climate data south of the river; Kew, Hampton and Kenley Airfield, on the southern edge of the urban area.[12] Long term climate observations dating back to 1763[13] are available for Greenwich, although observations ceased here in 2003. Temperatures increase towards the Thames, firstly because of the urban warming effect of the surrounding area, but secondly due to altitude decreasing towards the river, meaning the southern margins of South London are often a couple of degrees cooler than those areas adjacent to the Thames. Often snow can be seen to lie on the North Downs near Croydon when central London is snow free. The record high temperature at Greenwich
Greenwich
is 37.5 °C (99.5 °F) recorded during August 2003.[14] Sunshine is notably lower than other London area weather stations (by about 50–100 hours a year), suggesting Greenwich
Greenwich
may be a fog trap in winter, and that the hillier land to the south may obscure early morning and late evening sunshine. The highest temperature recorded across South London
South London
was 38.1 °C (100.6 °F) on the same occasion at Kew Gardens. Although the Met Office accepts a higher reading from Brogdale in Kent, many have questioned the accuracy of this[15] and regard the Kew reading as the most reliable highest UK temperature reading.

Climate data for Greenwich
Greenwich
7m asl 1971–2000,

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7.9 (46.2) 8.2 (46.8) 10.9 (51.6) 13.3 (55.9) 17.2 (63) 20.2 (68.4) 22.8 (73) 22.6 (72.7) 19.3 (66.7) 15.2 (59.4) 10.9 (51.6) 8.8 (47.8) 14.8 (58.6)

Average low °C (°F) 2.4 (36.3) 2.2 (36) 3.8 (38.8) 5.2 (41.4) 8.0 (46.4) 11.1 (52) 13.6 (56.5) 13.3 (55.9) 10.9 (51.6) 8.0 (46.4) 4.8 (40.6) 3.3 (37.9) 7.2 (45)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.9 (2.043) 34.0 (1.339) 42.0 (1.654) 45.2 (1.78) 47.2 (1.858) 53.0 (2.087) 38.3 (1.508) 47.3 (1.862) 56.9 (2.24) 61.5 (2.421) 52.3 (2.059) 54.0 (2.126) 583.6 (22.976)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 45.9 66.1 103.2 147.0 185.4 180.6 190.3 194.4 139.2 109.7 60.6 37.8 1,461

Source: MetOffice[16]

Associated organisations[edit]

South London
South London
Gallery South London
South London
Botanical Institute South London
South London
Press South London
South London
Radio South London
South London
Storm South London
South London
Theatre

See also[edit]

South Bank

References[edit]

^ John Strype, Survey of London, 1720 ^ a b Mills, D. (2000). Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford.  ^ a b c David J. Johnson. Southwark
Southwark
and the City. Oxford University Press, 1969. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-19-711630-2 ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.  ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.  ^ London Assembly – London Assembly Constituency Information Archived 17 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 22 February 2008. ^ Boundary Commission for England, London – London 2011 amendment ^ Greater London
Greater London
Authority, The London Plan: Sub-Regional Development Framework – South London
South London
Archived 9 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Greater London
Greater London
Authority, The London Plan: The Sub Regions Archived 27 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Connexions – South London ^ Greater London
Greater London
Authority – Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan Archived 13 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Station Locations". MetOffice. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012.  ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
Long term data". MetOffice.  ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
2003 Maximum". MetOffice. Archived from the original on 19 August 2003.  ^ "August 2003". Weather Journal.  ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
1971–2000". Met Office. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for South London.

Time Out editors (1 May 2009). " North London
North London
v South London
South London
– The debate". Time Out London. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Alan Rutter and Peter Watts (13 December 2005). " North London
North London
v South London – The debate". Time Out London. 

v t e

Sub-regions of London

NUTS 2

Inner London Outer London

Boundary Commission

North London South London

London Plan

Sub-regions used in the London Plan

Other

Central London Docklands East End South Bank Thames Gateway (London Riverside Lower Lea Valley) West End

Mayor of London, (April 2009), A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor's London Plan, (PDF; 1,4 MB), Greater London
Greater London
Authority, ISBN

.