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1994 map of Caucasus region prepared by the U.S. State Department

Transcaucasia (Russian: Закавказье, romanizedZakavkazye; Armenian: Անդրկովկաս, romanizedAndrkovkas), also known as the South Caucasus (Azerbaijani: Cənubi Qafqaz, Ҹәнуби Гафгаз; Georgian: სამხრეთ კავკასია, romanized: Samkhret K’avk’asia; Russian: Южный Кавказ, romanizedYuzhnyy Kavkaz), is a geographical region in the vicinity of the southern Caucasus Mountains on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.[1][2] Transcaucasia roughly corresponds to modern Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. The total area of these countries measures about 186,100 square kilometres (71,850 square miles).[3] Transcaucasia and Ciscaucasia (North Caucasus) together comprise the larger Caucasus geographical region that divides Eurasia.

Geography

Possible definitions of the boundary between Europe and Asia on the territory of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan

Transcaucasia spans the southern portion of the Caucasus Mountains and their lowlands, straddling the border between the continents of Europe and Asia, and extending southwards from the southern part of the Greater Caucasus mountain range of southwestern Transcaucasia (Russian: Закавказье, romanizedZakavkazye; Armenian: Անդրկովկաս, romanizedAndrkovkas), also known as the South Caucasus (Azerbaijani: Cənubi Qafqaz, Ҹәнуби Гафгаз; Georgian: სამხრეთ კავკასია, romanized: Samkhret K’avk’asia; Russian: Южный Кавказ, romanizedYuzhnyy Kavkaz), is a geographical region in the vicinity of the southern Caucasus Mountains on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.[1][2] Transcaucasia roughly corresponds to modern Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. The total area of these countries measures about 186,100 square kilometres (71,850 square miles).[3] Transcaucasia and Ciscaucasia (North Caucasus) together comprise the larger Caucasus geographical region that divides Eurasia.