South is one of the four cardinal directions or compass points. South
is the polar opposite of north and is perpendicular to east and west.
5 Other uses
7 External links
The word south comes from
Old English sūþ, from earlier
Proto-Germanic *sunþaz ("south"), possibly related to the same
Proto-Indo-European root that the word sun derived from.
By convention, the bottom side of a map is south, although reversed
maps exist that defy this convention. To go south using a compass
for navigation, set a bearing or azimuth of 180°. Alternatively, in
Northern Hemisphere outside the tropics, the
Sun will be roughly
in the south at midday.
True south is the direction towards the southern end of the axis about
which the earth rotates, called the
South Pole. The
South Pole is
located in Antarctica. Magnetic south is the direction towards the
south magnetic pole, some distance away from the south geographic
Roald Amundsen, from Norway, was the first to reach the
South Pole, on
14 December 1911, after
Ernest Shackleton from the UK was forced to
turn back some distance short.
South refers to the socially and economically
less-developed southern half of the globe. 95% of the Global
enough food and shelter, and a functioning education system. In the
South, on the other hand, only 5% of the population has enough food
and shelter. It "lacks appropriate technology, it has no political
stability, the economies are disarticulated, and their foreign
exchange earnings depend on primary product exports".
Use of the term "South" may also be country-relative, particularly in
cases of noticeable economic or cultural divide. For example, the
Southern United States, separated from the Northeastern United States
by the Mason–Dixon line, or the
South of England, which is
politically and economically unmatched with all of the
Southern Cone is the name that is often referred to as the
southernmost area of
South America that, in the form of an inverted
"cone", almost like a large peninsula, encompasses Argentina, Chile,
Uruguay and the entire
Brazil (Brazilian states of
Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina,
Paraná and São Paulo). Rarely
does the meaning broaden to Bolivia, and in the most restricted sense
it only covers Chile,
Argentina and Uruguay.
The country of
South Africa was named in this way because of the
country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon
formation the country was named the Union of
South Africa in English,
reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate
British colonies. The country of
Australia have its name
ethimologically derived from the Latin
Terra Australis ("Southern
Land"), a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern
Hemisphere since ancient times.
In the card game bridge, one of the players is known for scoring
purposes as South.
South partners with
North and plays against East
In Greek religion, Notos, was the south wind and bringer of the storms
of late summer and autumn.
^ "The Upsidedown
Map Page". flourish.org. Retrieved 2 December
^ "How to use a compass". Learn Orienteering. Retrieved 2 December
^ "Geomagnetism Frequently Asked Questions". National Geophysical Data
Center. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
^ "Roald Amundsen". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 2 December
^ a b Mimiko, Oluwafemi (2012). Globalization: The Politics of Global
Economic Relations and International Business. Carolina Academic.
^ Francis, Henry G., Editor-in-Chief; Truscott, Alan F., Executive
Editor; Francis, Dorthy A., Editor, Sixth Edition (2001). The Official
Encyclopedia of Bridge (6th ed.). Memphis, TN: American Contract
Bridge League. p. 81. ISBN 0-943855-44-6.
OCLC 49606900. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
The dictionary definition of south at Wiktionary
Cardinal and ordinal directions
The eight principal winds