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Sool (Somali: Sool, Arabic: سول‎) is an administrative region in Somaliland.

History

With its capital at Las Anod, Sool was historically the seat of the anti-colonial Dervish (Darwiish) movement.

Demographics

The region is mainly inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with Habar Jeclo & Habar Yoonis sub-clans of Isaaq and Dhulbahante subdivision of the Harti Darod especially well represented.[1]

Territorial dispute

Under the government of Siad Barre of Somali Republic, Sool was not a separate region but part of the larger Burco province (there were two provinces in Somaliland, Burco and Hargeisa, with its capital at Burao.) It was Siad Barre's government that made Sool a region in the 80s, with its capital at Lasanod.

From 2003 until October 2007, Sool was administered by Puntland, a territory with a similar clan composition.[2] In 2007, forces from Somaliland assumed control of the region.

In the late 2000s, HBM-SSC (Hoggaanka Badbaadada iyo Mideynta SSC), a local unionist opposition group whose goal is to establish its own regional administration (Sool, Sanaag and Cayn or SSC), was formed.[2] The group engaged with talks with the government of Somaliland which resulted in their participation in the political process, and as a result of the negotiations SSC has been included in the current government of Somaliland [3]

Districts

The Sool region consists of four districts:[4]

Major towns

Minor towns

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 8°23′46″N 47°41′29″E / 8.39611°N 47.69139°E / 8.39611; 47.69139