Sool, Somalia
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Sool ( so, Sool, ar, صول) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in south eastern
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
. It borders
Togdheer Togdheer ( so, Togdheer, ar, تُوْجْدَيْر, Tūjdayr) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in central Somaliland. Togdheer is bordered by Maroodi Jeex to the west, Sahil, Somaliland, Saaxil to ...

Togdheer
to the west,
Sanaag Sanag ( so, Sanaag, ar, سَنَاج) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in north eastern Somaliland.
to the north,
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea and Djibouti to the north, Somaliland to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south ...

Ethiopia
to the south and
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional Constitutio ...

Somalia
to the east. Its capital city is
Las Anod Las Anod ( so, Laascaanood; ar, لاس عانود) is the administrative capital of the Sool region of Somaliland. History During the pre-independence period, Las Anod served as an early center for Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish movement (So ...
. The region is partially controlled by
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and r ...

Puntland
State. Due to the prolonged conflict between Somaliland and Puntland, many Dhulbahante and Warsangeli living in the region do not recognize the Sool region and eastern Sanaag, as either Somaliland or Puntland.


Territorial dispute

Throughout the duration of the
Somali Republic The Somali Republic ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, it, Repubblica Somala, ar, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the name of a sovereign state composing of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the ...
Sool was not a separate region but part of the larger
Nugaal The Nugaal an intermittent river that runs along the Nugaal Valley. It begins several miles to the west of Sool, and ends at Eyl where the outlet flows into the Indian Ocean. It evaporates at the onset of the hagaa, the Somali dry season. Due ...
province, with its capital at
Garowe Garowe ( so, Garoowe, ar, غاروي, it, Garoe) is the capital of the Nugaal region and administrative capital of Puntland state in northern Somalia. Overview Garowe is situated in the Nugaal Valley, bounded by gradually ascending high plateau ...
. It was separated from Nugaal in the 1980s, with its new capital at
Las Anod Las Anod ( so, Laascaanood; ar, لاس عانود) is the administrative capital of the Sool region of Somaliland. History During the pre-independence period, Las Anod served as an early center for Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish movement (So ...
. When the independence of Somaliland, the inhabitants of Sool announced that they would join Somaliland. However, Somaliland became a civil war until 1997, and de fact eastern edge was
Burao Burao, also spelt Bur'o or Bur'ao (; so, Burco, , ar, برعو) is the capital of the Togdheer region and the second largest city in Somaliland. Burao was the site of the Somaliland Declaration of Independence, declaration of an independent Som ...

Burao
. In 1998, Puntland declared its independence and all of Dhulbahante's settlements were declared Puntland territory. However, it was run mainly by Majeerteen's settlements and was not keen on running Dhulbahante's settlements. In 2003, Puntland sent troops to
Las Anod Las Anod ( so, Laascaanood; ar, لاس عانود) is the administrative capital of the Sool region of Somaliland. History During the pre-independence period, Las Anod served as an early center for Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish movement (So ...
under the pretext of conflict mediation and occupied it outright. Somaliland and Puntland were in conflict west of Las Anod. In 2007, Somaliland took military control of Las Anod. Somaliland and Puntland were in conflict near Tukaraq. In 2018, the Somaliland army occupied Tukaraq. In April 2019, the Somaliland army took control of Taleh.


Demographics

The Sool region is almost exclusively inhabited by Dhulbahante. Michael Walls reports:
"The residents of Sool overwhelmingly hail from a single clan grouping in the form of the Dhulbahante [...]. Sool boasts a degree of kinship homogeneity that is rare even in the Somali Horn".
The Habr Je'lo clan of the Isaaq clan-family make up the vast majority of the population in western Sool, including the region's second largest town Aynaba, as well as the wider Aynaba District. The Habar Yoonis, Habr Yunis sub-division of the Garhajis Isaaq also inhabits the western parts of Xudun District, Hudun and Las Anod District, Las Anod districts in northern Sool. The Dhulbahante sub-division of the Harti Darod clan primarily inhabits the Taleh District, Taleh, eastern Hudun and Las Anod districts in eastern Sool. The Fiqishini sub-clan of the Habar Gidir, Habr Gidir Hawiye also inhabit the area around Adhi'adeye and Gumays.


Districts

The Sool region consists of 4 districts.


See also

*
Sanaag Sanag ( so, Sanaag, ar, سَنَاج) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in north eastern Somaliland.
*
Togdheer Togdheer ( so, Togdheer, ar, تُوْجْدَيْر, Tūjdayr) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in central Somaliland. Togdheer is bordered by Maroodi Jeex to the west, Sahil, Somaliland, Saaxil to ...

Togdheer
*
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a de facto sovereign s ...

Somaliland
*
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and r ...

Puntland


References


External links


Administrative map of Sool
Sool, Somaliland, Regions of Somaliland {{Somaliland-geo-stub