HOME
The Info List - Sony Music


--- Advertisement ---



Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment (known professionally as Sony
Sony
Music and abbreviated as SME) is an American music company owned by Sony
Sony
that is incorporated as a general partnership of Sony
Sony
Music Holdings Inc. through Sony
Sony
Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Sony
Sony
Corporation of America.[2] The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System. In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS
CBS
Records. Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988 and renamed it Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment in 1991. In 2004, Sony
Sony
and Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
established a 50-50 joint venture called Sony BMG
Sony BMG
Music Entertainment and transferred businesses of Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment (former CBS
CBS
Records) and Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group (BMG; Ariola, Arista, RCA
RCA
Records, etc.) into the joint venture, although later in 2008, Sony
Sony
acquired Bertelsmann's stake and the company reverted to the SME name. The buyout let Sony
Sony
obtain all BMG labels, including former Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
subsidiary Arista as well as important American labels like RCA, and led to the dissolution of BMG, which instead relaunched as BMG Rights Management. Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment is one of the "Big Three" record companies, being the second largest after Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
(UMG) and ahead of Warner Music Group (WMG).

Contents

1 History

1.1 1929–1938: American Record Corporation 1.2 1938–1990: Columbia/ CBS
CBS
Records 1.3 1991–2004: Birth of Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment 1.4 2004–2008: Sony
Sony
BMG: Joint venture with Bertelsmann 1.5 2008–present: Return to Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment and restructuring

2 Sony
Sony
Music UK 3 Controversy

3.1 CD price fixing 3.2 Prosecution of copyright infringement 3.3 2016 boycott

4 List of Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment labels

4.1 Pre-eminent labels 4.2 Limited Liability companies 4.3 Genre-limited labels 4.4 Previously affiliated labels

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] 1929–1938: American Record Corporation[edit] Main article: American Record Corporation In 1929, ARC was founded through a merger of several record companies.[3] In 1934, in the midst of Great Depression, the Columbia Phonograph Company (founded in the U.S. in 1888), including its Okeh Records subsidiary, was acquired by ARC.[4] 1938–1990: Columbia/ CBS
CBS
Records[edit] ARC was acquired in 1938 by the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), which, in turn, had been formed by the Columbia Phonograph Company, but then sold off. ARC was renamed Columbia Recording Corporation.[5] The Columbia Phonograph Company
Columbia Phonograph Company
had international subsidiaries and affiliates such as the Columbia Graphophone Company
Columbia Graphophone Company
in the United Kingdom, but they were sold off prior to CBS
CBS
acquiring American Columbia. RCA Victor Records
RCA Victor Records
executive Ted Wallerstein convinced CBS head William S. Paley
William S. Paley
to buy ARC and Paley made Wallerstein head of the newly acquired record company.[6][7] The renamed company made Columbia its flagship label and Okeh its subsidiary label, while deemphasizing ARC's other labels. This allowed ARC's leased labels Brunswick Records
Brunswick Records
and Vocalion Records
Vocalion Records
to revert to their former owner Warner Bros., which sold them to Decca Records. Columbia kept the Brunswick catalogue recorded from December 1931 onward on the Columbia label and around the same time the Vocalion label material was reissued on the Okeh label. Wallerstein, who was promoted at the end of 1947 from president to chairman of the record company,[8] restored Columbia's status as a leading record company and spearheaded the successful introduction of the LP record
LP record
before he retired as Columbia's chairman in 1951. He was succeeded by James Conkling as head of Columbia Records.[9] In 1951, Columbia severed its ties with the EMI-owned record label of the same name and began a UK distribution deal with Philips Records. Okeh Records
Okeh Records
continued to be distributed by EMI
EMI
on the Columbia label. Columbia founded Epic Records
Epic Records
in 1953[10] and in 1956, Conkling left Columbia. He would help establish the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences[11] before eventually becoming the first president of the newly launched Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Records. His successor, Goddard Lieberson began the first of two stints as head of the record company.[9] and in 1958, Columbia founded another label, Date Records, which initially issued rockabilly music.[12] In 1960, Columbia/ CBS
CBS
began negotiations with its main international distributor Philips Records
Philips Records
with the goal of starting its own global record company.[13][14] Philips' acquisition of US-based Mercury Records in 1961 paved the way for this.[15] CBS
CBS
only had the rights to the Columbia name in North America; thus, the international arm that was founded in 1961 and launched in 1962 used the name " CBS
CBS
Records", with Philips Records
Philips Records
distributing the label in Europe.[16] Elsewhere, CBS's Mexican record company, Discos Columbia, was renamed Discos CBS by 1963.[17] By 1962, the Columbia Records
Columbia Records
productions unit was operating four plants around the United States
United States
located in Los Angeles, California; Terre Haute, Indiana; Bridgeport, Connecticut; and Pitman, New Jersey, which also manufactured records for independent record labels.[18] In 1964, Columbia set out acquiring record companies in other countries for its CBS
CBS
Records International unit[19] and established its own UK distribution outfit with the acquisition of Oriole Records.[20] EMI
EMI
continued to distribute Epic and Okeh label material on the Columbia label in the UK until the distribution deal with EMI expired in 1968 when CBS
CBS
took over distribution.[21] With the record company a global operation by 1965, the Columbia Broadcasting System upper management started pondering changing the name of their record company subsidiary from Columbia Records
Columbia Records
to CBS Records.[22] In late 1965, the Date subsidiary label was revived.[23] This label released the first string of hits for Peaches & Herb and scored a few minor hits from various other artists. Date's biggest success was "Time of the Season" by the Zombies, peaking at No. 2 in 1969. The label was discontinued in 1970. In 1966, CBS
CBS
reorganized its corporate structure and promoted Leiberson to head the new "CBS-Columbia Group" which made the now renamed CBS
CBS
Records a separate unit of this new group run by Clive Davis.[24][25] Epic distributed Ode Records between 1967 and 1969 and between 1976 and 1979.[26] In March 1968, CBS
CBS
and Sony
Sony
formed CBS/ Sony
Sony
Records, a Japanese business joint venture.[27] With Sony
Sony
being one of the developers behind the compact disc digital music media, a compact disc production plant was constructed in Japan under the joint venture, allowing CBS to begin supplying some of the first compact disc releases for the American market in 1983.[28] In 1970, CBS
CBS
Records revived the Embassy Records imprint in UK and Europe, which had been defunct since CBS
CBS
had taken control of Embassy's parent company, Oriole, in 1964. The purpose of the revived Embassy imprint was to release budget reissues of albums that had originally been released in the United States
United States
on Columbia Records
Columbia Records
(or its subsidiaries).[29] Many albums, by artists as diverse as Andy Williams, Johnny Cash, Barbra Streisand, The Byrds, Tammy Wynette, Laura Nyro
Laura Nyro
and Sly & the Family Stone were issued on Embassy,[30] before the label was once again discontinued in 1980.[31] In 1971, CBS Records was expanded into its own " CBS
CBS
Records Group" headed by Davis.[32] The CBS
CBS
Records Group was led very successfully by Clive Davis
Clive Davis
until his dismissal in 1972, after it was discovered that Davis had used CBS funds to finance his personal life, including an expensive bar mitzvah party for his son.[33] He was replaced first by former head Goddard Lieberson, and then in 1975 by the colourful and controversial lawyer Walter Yetnikoff, who led the company until 1990. In the 1980s to the early 1990s, there was a CBS
CBS
imprint label in the US known as CBS
CBS
Associated Records.[34] Tony Martell, veteran CBS
CBS
and Epic Records
Epic Records
A&R Vice President was head of this label and signed artists including Ozzy Osbourne, the Fabulous Thunderbirds, Electric Light Orchestra, Joan Jett, and Henry Lee Summer.[35] This label was a part of the Epic/Portrait/Associated wing of sub-labels at CBS, which shared the same national and regional staff as the rest of Epic Records and was part of the global CBS
CBS
Records distribution system. In 1986, CBS
CBS
sold its music publishing arm, CBS
CBS
Songs, to Stephen Swid, Martin Bandier, and Charles Koppelman for $125 million making it the foundation of their SBK Entertainment.[36] By 1987, CBS
CBS
was the only "big three" American TV network to have a co-owned record company. ABC had sold its record division to MCA Records in 1979, and in 1986, NBC's parent company RCA
RCA
was sold to General Electric, who then sold off all other RCA
RCA
units, including the record division (which was bought by Ariola Records, later known as BMG).[37] On November 17, 1987, Sony
Sony
acquired CBS
CBS
Records, which hosted acts such as Michael Jackson, for US$2 billion. CBS
CBS
Inc., now CBS Corporation, retained the rights to the CBS
CBS
name for music recordings but granted Sony
Sony
a temporary license to use the CBS
CBS
name.[38] The sale was completed on January 5, 1988.[39] CBS
CBS
Corporation founded a new CBS
CBS
Records in 2006, which was distributed by Sony
Sony
through its RED subsidiary.[40] In 1989, CBS
CBS
Records re-entered the music publishing business by acquiring Nashville
Nashville
music publisher Tree International Publishing for more than $30 million.[36] In 1990, CBS
CBS
Records renamed the CBS
CBS
Masterworks classical music label to Sony
Sony
Classical Records.[41] 1991–2004: Birth of Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment[edit] Sony
Sony
renamed the record company Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment (SME) on January 1, 1991, fulfilling the terms set under the 1988 buyout, which granted only a transitional license to the CBS
CBS
trademark.[42] The CBS Associated label was renamed Epic Associated.[43] Also on January 1, 1991, to replace the CBS
CBS
label, Sony
Sony
reintroduced the Columbia label worldwide, which it previously held in the United States
United States
and Canada only, after it acquired the international rights to the trademark from EMI
EMI
in 1990.[42] Japan is the only country where Sony
Sony
does not have rights to the Columbia name as it is controlled by Nippon Columbia, an unrelated company.[44] Thus, until this day, Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan does not use the Columbia trademark for Columbia label recordings from outside Japan which are issued in Japan under Sony Records. The Columbia Records
Columbia Records
trademark's rightsholder in Spain was Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group, Germany, which Sony
Sony
Music subsequently subsumed via a 2004 merger, and a subsequent 2008 buyout.[45] In 1995, Sony
Sony
and Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
formed a joint venture which merged Sony's music publishing operations with Jackson's ATV Music to form Sony/ATV Music Publishing.[46] 2004–2008: Sony
Sony
BMG: Joint venture with Bertelsmann[edit]

In August 2004, Sony
Sony
entered joint venture with equal partner Bertelsmann, by merging Sony
Sony
Music and Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group, Germany, to establish Sony BMG
Sony BMG
Music Entertainment.[47] However Sony continued to operate its Japanese music business independently from Sony BMG
Sony BMG
while BMG Japan was made part of the merger.[48] The merger made Columbia and Epic sister labels to RCA
RCA
Records, which was once owned by RCA
RCA
and thereby the CBS
CBS
rival, NBC.[49] It also started the process of bringing BMG's Arista Records
Arista Records
back under common ownership with its former parent Columbia Pictures, a Sony
Sony
division since 1989, and also brought Arista founder Clive Davis
Clive Davis
back into the fold.[50] Davis is still with Sony
Sony
Music as Chief Creative Officer.[51] 2008–present: Return to Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment and restructuring[edit] On August 5, 2008, Sony
Sony
Corporation of America (SCA) and Bertelsmann announced that Sony
Sony
had agreed to acquire Bertelsmann's 50% stake in Sony
Sony
BMG. Sony
Sony
completed its acquisition of Bertelsmann's 50% stake in the joint venture on October 1, 2008.[52] The company became a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony
Sony
Corporation through its US subsidiary SCA. Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Inc. (formerly CBS
CBS
Records Inc.) that had existed as an equity holder of Sony BMG
Sony BMG
renamed Sony
Sony
Music Holdings Inc. in December 2008,[2] and Sony BMG
Sony BMG
subsequently renamed Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment in January 2009. The last few albums to feature a Sony BMG logo were Thriller 25
Thriller 25
by Michael Jackson, I Am... Sasha Fierce
I Am... Sasha Fierce
by Beyoncé, Keeps Gettin' Better: A Decade of Hits by Christina Aguilera, and Safe Trip Home
Safe Trip Home
by Dido. A temporary logo was unveiled beginning December 1, 2008 and the present one in March 2009. On July 1, 2009, SME and IODA
IODA
announced a strategic partnership to leverage worldwide online retail distribution networks and complementary technologies to support independent labels and music rightsholders.[53][54] In March 2010, Sony
Sony
Corp partnered with The Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
Company in a contract of more than $250 million, the largest deal in recorded music history.[55] RCA/Jive Label Group
RCA/Jive Label Group
CEO Barry Weiss left the company in March 2011 to become the new CEO of Island Def Jam and Universal Republic, both of which were part of Universal Music
Universal Music
Group.[56] Weiss had been the RCA/Jive Label Group
RCA/Jive Label Group
CEO since 2008 and was head of Jive Records
Jive Records
since 1991. Doug Morris, who was head of Warner Music Group, and later Universal Music, became chairman and CEO of the company on July 1, 2011.[57] Sony
Sony
Music undertook a restructuring upon Morris' arrival; he was joined by L.A. Reid, who became the chairman and CEO of Epic Records. Under Reid, several artists from the Jive half of the former RCA/Jive Label Group moved to Epic.[58][59][60] Peter Edge became the new CEO of the RCA Records
RCA Records
unit.[61][62][63][64] The RCA
RCA
Music Group closed down Arista, J Records
J Records
and Jive Records
Jive Records
in October 2011, and the artists from those labels were transferred to RCA
RCA
Records.[65][66] On the night of August 8, 2011, the Sony
Sony
music distribution centre in Enfield, London, UK, was destroyed in an arson attack during the 2011 England riots.[67] On October 11, 2011, Doug Morris
Doug Morris
announced that Mel Lewinter had been named Executive Vice President of Label Strategy. Lewinter previously served as chairman and CEO of Universal Motown
Motown
Republic Group.[68] In January 2012, Dennis Kooker was named President of Global Digital Business and US Sales.[69] In March 2012, Sony
Sony
Music reportedly closed its Philippines
Philippines
office due to piracy, causing it to move distribution of SME in the Philippines to Ivory Music.[70] In June 2012, a consortium led by Sony/ATV acquired EMI
EMI
Music Publishing, making Sony/ATV the world's largest music publisher.[71] In July 2013, Sony
Sony
Music withdrew from the Greek market due to an economic crisis.[72] Albums released by Sony
Sony
Music in Greece from domestic and foreign artists are carried by Feelgood Records.[73] In 2015, Sony
Sony
fully acquired its independent distributor The Orchard,[74] as well as the metal label Century Media Records.[75] In 2016, it was reported that Sony
Sony
Music (thanks to its recent mergers with The Orchard and RED) gathered 27.5% of the total corporate market share worldwide.[76][77] On April 18, 2016, SME and Legacy Recordings joined Genius Brands International to launch GBI's kids music label, Genius Brands Music.[78] In August 2016, Sony
Sony
acquired Minsub Limited for £68.5m. During the 18-month period that followed, Sony
Sony
also acquired a 49% stake in Promised Land Recordings, a 49% stake in Black Butter Records , a 51% stake in Sign Of The Times Records, and Wildstar Records (home of Craig David's earliest releases) for £1.8m.[79] In June 2017, Sony
Sony
announced that by March 2018 it would be producing vinyl records in-house for the first time since ceasing their production in 1989.[80] Reporting the decision, the BBC
BBC
noted that, "Sony's move comes a few months after it equipped its Tokyo studio with a cutting lathe, used to produce the master discs needed for manufacturing vinyl records" but added that " Sony
Sony
is even struggling to find older engineers who know how to make records".[80] Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment announced the launch of its first video game publishing label, Unties, in October 2017. Unties will publish indie games for the PlayStation
PlayStation
4, PlayStation
PlayStation
VR, Nintendo Switch, and PC. The name was selected by Sony
Sony
as representative of helping to "unleash" the power of independent video game development and "unshackle" such developers from the traditional video game publishing process.[81] Sony
Sony
Music UK[edit] Sony
Sony
Music UK is owned and operated by Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment in the United Kingdom. Since 2014, Jason Iley has been Chairman and CEO of Sony
Sony
Music UK. Though owned by Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment, Sony
Sony
Music UK has standalone operations in the UK to promote musicians within the UK.[82] Iley was recently named as one of Billboard's (magazine) 53 International Power Players in the music industry. In June 2017, it was announced that Sony
Sony
would be merging it's two independent distribution companies The Orchard and Red Essential.[83] 2014 saw Sony’s best singles success for 33 years, with 11 number 1 singles. Sony
Sony
Music artists won a total of five individual awards at the BRITs 2015, including Best Female Solo Artist for Paloma Faith
Paloma Faith
and Mark Ronson’s ‘Uptown Funk’, which picked up Best British Single. Several other of the label's artists - Foo Fighters, One Direction and Pharrell Williams
Pharrell Williams
- also collected awards.[84][85] Sony's performance at the BRITs 2015 was the label's best in nearly 20 years, winning a total of 5 awards. In 2017, Sony
Sony
Music UK celebrated the most successful BRIT Awards in the company’s history, winning seven of the 11 awards. Jason Iley, Chairman and CEO, Sony
Sony
Music UK and Ireland, said: “This is a truly momentous and historic night for Sony
Sony
Music’s artists – and is just reward for so many people’s dedication and hard work. I would like to congratulate and pay tribute to all of our artists from around the world. Everyone at Sony
Sony
Music is proud and humbled every day to work alongside people with such exceptional creativity, drive and musicianship. I would also like to thank all the brilliant people at Sony
Sony
Music, whose passion and determination has helped deliver the artists’ vision.” In the last three years, Sony
Sony
Music UK has made key acquisitions including forming Insanity Records with Insanity Management. Craig David became the first artist to sign an album deal with Insanity Records. Sony
Sony
Music UK signed Robbie Williams, who released his 11th album The Heavy Entertainment in 2016. Jason Iley commented that the agreement was "a once in a lifetime signing with the biggest male solo artist of our generation.” [86][87] Sony
Sony
Music UK also incorporated the independent sales and distribution company Essential Music and Marketing - renamed to Red Essential. In August 2016 Sony
Sony
Music acquired Ministry of Sound
Ministry of Sound
Recordings, home to London Grammar, DJ Fresh
DJ Fresh
and Sigala.[88][89] On April 5, 2017, two of Sony
Sony
Music UK's labels won awards at the annual Music Week Awards. Columbia Records
Columbia Records
received the 'A&R of the Year' Award, while Syco were awarded the 'Record Company of the Year' Award.[90] On November 6, 2017, Sony
Sony
Music CEO Rob Stringer was feted with the Music Industry Trusts Award at a star-studded gala in London.[91] Controversy[edit] CD price fixing[edit] Main article: CD price fixing Between 1995 and 2000, music companies were found to have used illegal marketing agreements such as minimum advertised pricing to artificially inflate prices of compact discs. This was done in order to end price wars of the early 1990s among discounters such as Best Buy and Target.[92] A settlement was reached in 2002 that included music publishers and distributors Sony
Sony
Music, Warner Music, Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group, EMI
EMI
Music and Universal Music. In restitution for price fixing, they agreed to pay a $67.4 million fine and distribute $75.7 million in CDs to public and non-profit groups but admitted no wrongdoing.[93] It is estimated that customers were overcharged by nearly $500 million overall and up to $5 per album.[92] Prosecution of copyright infringement[edit] In May 2012, Sony
Sony
Music filed charges against the website IsoHunt.[94] The plaintiff's claims in the court document filed at the Supreme Court of British Columbia read: "The IsoHunt
IsoHunt
Websites have been designed and are operated by the defendants with the sole purpose of profiting from rampant copyright infringement which defendants actively encourage, promote, authorize, induce, aid, abet, materially contribute to and commercially profit from."[95] On February 2016, in a lawsuit filed at a California federal court, Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment and its associated brands ( Arista Records
Arista Records
and LaFace Records) accused Belgian radio aggregator Radionomy
Radionomy
(owned by Universal Music
Universal Music
Group's parent Vivendi) of copyright infringement.[96] 2016 boycott[edit] In February 2016, 100,000 people signed an online petition in less than 24 hours, calling for a boycott of Sony
Sony
Music and all other Sony-affiliated businesses after rape allegations against music producer Dr. Luke
Dr. Luke
were made by musical artist Kesha. Kesha
Kesha
asked a New York City Supreme Court to free her from her contract with Sony
Sony
Music but the court denied the request, prompting a widespread public and media response.[97] List of Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment labels[edit] For a complete list of SME record labels, see List of Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment labels. Pre-eminent labels[edit]

Columbia Records RCA
RCA
Records Epic Records

Limited Liability companies[edit]

Roc Nation
Roc Nation
(distributed by Universal Music
Universal Music
Group)[98]

Genre-limited labels[edit]

Country

Sony
Sony
Music Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville

Christian/Gospel

Provident Label Group RCA
RCA
Inspiration Kingdom Life Records DeJountae Records

Dance/Electronic

Epic Amsterdam[99] STMPD RCRDS Revealed Recordings Ultra Music Ministry of Sound[100]

Latin

Sony
Sony
Music Latin

Classical/Jazz

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA
RCA
Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Metal

Century Media Records

Independent distribution

The Orchard

RED Distribution IODA

Inside Out Music

Catalog

Legacy Recordings Follow That Dream Records Louder Than Life Records

Distributed Labels

Robbins Entertainment Syco Music

International

Ariola Records Defstar Records

Previously affiliated labels[edit]

19 Recordings (2001–2010) (previously through BMG and RCA
RCA
Music Group, now part of Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
through Interscope Geffen A&M) Def Jam Recordings
Def Jam Recordings
(1985–1994) (previously through Columbia Records, now part of Universal Music
Universal Music
Group) Loud Records
Loud Records
(1992–2002) (previously through Zoo Entertainment, then RCA
RCA
Records, and later Columbia Records, now a new company called SRC Records through Universal Music
Universal Music
Group) Chaos Recordings (1993–1995) (previously part of Columbia Records, now dissolved) The Work Group (1993–2000) (previously through Epic Records, now dissolved) Date Records (1958–1970) (previously through Columbia Records, now dissolved) Aware Records
Aware Records
(1997–2010) (now part of Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
through Republic Records) PiperWorld Entertainment (2008–2013) (previously through Columbia Records) The Echo Label (2013-2017) (owned by BMG Chrysalis; now distributed by Warner Music Group)

See also[edit]

Music portal Companies portal

List of Sony
Sony
Music artists Sony/ATV Music Publishing Sony
Sony
BMG Sony BMG
Sony BMG
CD copy protection scandal Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan Sony
Sony
Music Australia Sony
Sony
Music UK Sony
Sony
Music India List of record labels

References[edit]

^ a b FY 2014 revenue & operating income: "Consolidated Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2014" (PDF). Tokyo, Japan: Sony. May 9, 2014. p. 7. Retrieved July 29, 2014.  ^ a b FY2015 Securities Report (in Japanese), Sony
Sony
Corporation ^ Elijah Wald (2002). Josh White: Society Blues. Routledge Chapman & Hall. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-415-94204-1. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ "Creativity and Innovation in the Music Industry – Peter Tschmuck – Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved June 21, 2015.  ^ Raymond E. White (July 1, 2006). King of the Cowboys, Queen of the West: Roy Rogers And Dale Evans. Popular Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-299-21004-5. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Philip Hart (1994). Fritz Reiner: A Biography. Northwestern University Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-8101-1125-7. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ "LPs historic". Musicinthemail.com. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ "Billboard – Google Books". Books.google.com. January 3, 1948. Retrieved June 13, 2015.  ^ a b Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (June 9, 1956). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (September 19, 1953). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (June 10, 1957). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 18–. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved June 5, 2013.  ^ "Date (N.Y.)". Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2009.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (August 29, 1960). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 3.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (November 14, 1960). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 3. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (June 26, 1961). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 3. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (March 16, 1963). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 40. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (March 16, 1963). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 60. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (June 30, 1962). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 15–. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved June 24, 2013.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (May 16, 1964). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 1. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved June 11, 2016.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (October 3, 1964). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 3. ISSN 0006-2510.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (May 11, 1968). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 46. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ Billboard – Google Books. Books.google.com. April 17, 1965. Retrieved June 13, 2015.  ^ "Date Album
Album
Discography". Bsnpubs.com. Retrieved June 16, 2015.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (June 18, 1966). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 10. ISSN 0006-2510. CBS
CBS
Records, under [Clive] Davis who had been administrative vice-president of Columbia Records, will continue to produce and market the Columbia, Epic, Harmony, Date, and Okeh record lines and the Columbia Legacy Collection. ...  ^ "Lieberson Heads New C.B.S. Group. Put in Charge of Activities Outside Broadcasting". The New York Times. June 10, 1966. Retrieved August 25, 2012. Goddard Lieberson, one of the more prominent figures in the phonograph recording industry, has been named president of the C.B.S./Columbia Group, a new unit of the Columbia Broadcasting System for expanded activities in education and music. The unit is part of the company's longrange plans to achieve greater diversification outside the field of broadcasting.  ^ "Ode Album
Album
Discography". Bsnpubs.com. August 27, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2015.  ^ "CBS/ Sony
Sony
Records is Established in First Round of Capital Deregulation". Sony
Sony
Global. Archived from the original on February 16, 2009.  ^ "CBS/ Sony
Sony
Inc". The New York Times. December 8, 1982. Retrieved July 20, 2009.  ^ "Rare Record Labels". Vinyl Record Collector's Guide. Retrieved September 2, 2009.  ^ "List of selected Embassy releases". Discogs. Retrieved September 3, 2009.  ^ "Embassy Records". Rate Your Music. Retrieved September 2, 2009.  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (July 24, 1971). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 3. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ "Let CBS
CBS
Tell Its Own Ugly Story". New York Times
New York Times
News Service. June 22, 1973. Retrieved August 23, 2012. Beginning what may be the second most massive cover-up of the past months, CBS
CBS
fired its records division president, Clive Davis, charging him …  ^ "Billboard – Google Books". Books.google.com. July 21, 1984. Retrieved June 16, 2015.  ^ "Billboard – Google Books". Books.google.com. December 27, 1986. Retrieved June 16, 2015.  ^ a b " CBS
CBS
Records to Buy Tree, Ending an Era in Nashville". New York Times. January 4, 1989. Retrieved August 29, 2012. CBS
CBS
Songs, the record company's publishing arm, was sold in 1986 for $125 million to Stephen Swid, Martin Bandier and Charles Koppelman, who renamed it SBK Entertainment. It is now the second-largest music publishing company.  ^ "Billboard – Google Books". Books.google.com. January 16, 1999. Retrieved June 21, 2015.  ^ " Sony
Sony
Global – Sony
Sony
History Chapter22 CBS/ Sony
Sony
Records is Established in First Round of Capital Deregulation". Sony.net. Retrieved June 16, 2015.  ^ Sony
Sony
completes $2 billion purchase of CBS
CBS
Records upi.com January 5, 1988, Retrieved on December 3, 2017 ^ "Labels". RED Music. Retrieved June 16, 2015.  ^ "Globalization of the media: hearing before the Subcommittee on … - United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Telecommunications and Finance – Google Books". Books.google.com. November 15, 1989. Retrieved June 21, 2015.  ^ a b " CBS
CBS
Records Changes Name". Reuters. October 16, 1990. Retrieved July 31, 2009.  ^ "Epic Records:The vanishing label to-be? – SH Forums". Stevehoffman.tv. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ " Sony
Sony
Global – TIME CAPSULE vol.15". Sony.net. March 11, 1968. Retrieved June 21, 2015.  ^ "Billboard – Google Books". Books.google.com. May 27, 2000. Retrieved June 21, 2015.  ^ Johnson Publishing Company (November 27, 1995). Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. p. 36. ISSN 0021-5996. Retrieved July 1, 2013.  ^ " Sony
Sony
buys Bertelsmann's Sony BMG
Sony BMG
stake for $1.2b -- china.org.cn". china.org.cn.  ^ "Acquisition of Shares in BMG Japan Inc. by Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan Inc. for Sony
Sony
(SNE)". wikinvest.com.  ^ "SALE TALK FOR RCA
RCA
RECORDS". The New York Times. September 6, 1986.  ^ " Clive Davis
Clive Davis
Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 2016-11-08.  ^ "At 80, no break planned for music exec Clive Davis". yahoo.com. March 1, 2013.  ^ Nakashima, Ryan (October 14, 2008). " Sony BMG
Sony BMG
split-up gives Sony more options". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 31, 2009.  ^ " Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment and IODA
IODA
announce strategic partnership". Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment. Archived from the original on October 27, 2010.  ^ Adegoke, Yinka (July 1, 2009). " Sony
Sony
Music, IODA
IODA
Create Digital Network". Reuters News Agency. Retrieved July 1, 2009.  ^ " Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
Estate, Sony
Sony
Strike Massive $250 Million Deal to Release King of Pop's Music". Rolling Stone.  ^ "A Sony
Sony
Executive Joins Universal Music". The New York Times. December 8, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2016.  ^ Smith, Ethan (March 3, 2011). " Sony
Sony
Music Recruits CEO". The Wall Street Journal.  ^ " L.A. Reid
L.A. Reid
to Run Restructured Epic Records". Billboard.biz. June 15, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ "L.A. Reid's First Week at Epic Has Some Staffers Feeling 'Energized'". Billboard.biz. July 12, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ " L.A. Reid
L.A. Reid
Officially Named Chairman & CEO of Epic Records". Billboard.biz. July 18, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ "Can Doug Morris
Doug Morris
Lead Sony
Sony
Past Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
to Be the No. 1 Label?". Billboard.biz. June 24, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ " Peter Edge Appointed CEO of RCA
RCA
Music Group". Billboard.biz. August 8, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ "Brandon Creed Joins Universal Republic And Island Def Jam Motown". Universal Music. August 15, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ "Ethiopia Habtemariam Named Senior Vice President of Motown Records". Billboard.biz. August 10, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ industry record labels RCA's Peter Edge, Tom Corson on the shuttering. Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2011. ^ Industry record labels RCA's new executive team named under CEO. Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2011. ^ "London riots: Sony
Sony
distribution centre on fire in Enfield". mirror.co.uk. August 9, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.  ^ Industry record labels Mel Lewinter named EVP of label strategy. Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2011. ^ " Sony
Sony
Names Dennis Kooker New President, Global Digital Business and U.S. Sales". Billboard.  ^ " Sony
Sony
Music succumbs to piracy, closes Philippine office". InterAksyon. News5. Retrieved June 9, 2012.  ^ " EMI
EMI
Acquisition Makes Sony/ATV Top Music Publisher". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 28, 2013.  ^ "Κλείνει η ιστορική δισκογραφική Sony Music Greece". I-news (in Greek). June 27, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2014.  ^ "Feelgood Records (2)".  ^ " Sony
Sony
Music Completes Orchard Buy-Out". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ " Sony
Sony
Music Acquires German Hard Rock Label Century Media Records". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-03-15.  ^ "Universal and Sony
Sony
neck-and-neck in US video streaming market share - as Tunecore leads the indies". Music Business Worldwide. January 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-08.  ^ "Why has Universal lost market share this year? - Music Business Worldwide". Music Business Worldwide. November 21, 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-08.  ^ Genius Brands International Joins With Sony
Sony
Music/Legacy Recordings to Launch Innovative Kids Music Label, Genius Brands Music gnusbrands.com April 18, 2016, Retrieved on June 29, 2017 ^ https://www.musicbusinessworldwide.com/sony-music-uk-acquired-wildstar-records-last-year-1-8m ^ a b " Sony
Sony
Music goes back to vinyl records". BBC
BBC
News Online. BBC. June 29, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2017.  ^ Phillips, Tom (October 17, 2017). " Sony
Sony
to release indie game on Nintendo Switch". Eurogamer. Retrieved October 17, 2017.  ^ " Jason Iley Named CEO Of Sony
Sony
Music U.K." Billboard. Retrieved 2017-03-20.  ^ " Sony
Sony
merges The Orchard and Red Essential
Red Essential
in UK market - Music Business Worldwide". Music Business Worldwide. June 1, 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-06.  ^ " Brit Awards
Brit Awards
2014: the winners in full". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ "BRIT Awards 2015 Winners List - Full List Of This Year's Awards". Capital. Retrieved 2017-03-20.  ^ "Insanity Records Sony
Sony
Music UK – Labels". Sony
Sony
Music UK. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ " Robbie Williams
Robbie Williams
signs to Sony
Sony
Music". Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ "Universal and Sony
Sony
neck-and-neck in US video streaming market share - as Tunecore leads the indies - Music Business Worldwide". Music Business Worldwide. January 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ "Why has Universal lost market share this year? - Music Business Worldwide". Music Business Worldwide. November 21, 2016. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ "2017 Music Week Awards: And the winners are..." Retrieved 2017-04-12.  ^ Halperin, Shirley (November 7, 2017). "Harry Styles, Camila Cabello Honor Sony
Sony
Music CEO Rob Stringer in London". Variety. Retrieved 2017-11-08.  ^ a b Stephen Labaton (May 11, 2000). "5 Music Companies Settle Federal Case On CD Price-Fixing". The New York Times. Retrieved April 26, 2016.  ^ David Lieberman (September 30, 2002). "5 Music Companies Settle Federal Case On CD Price-Fixing". USA Today. Retrieved April 26, 2016.  ^ "Record Labels Threaten the Open Internet, isoHunt Tells Court". TorrentFreak. February 29, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2013.  ^ "Isohunt-scbc". Scribd.com. February 29, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2013.  ^ Sony
Sony
Music sues Universal sister company Radionomy
Radionomy
Music Business Worldwide. Retrieved July 5, 2016. ^ "Over 100,000 Kesha
Kesha
supporters call for Sony
Sony
Music boycott after judge rules she must honor contract despite Dr. Luke
Dr. Luke
rape allegations". New York Daily News. February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2016.  ^ "Labels". Sony
Sony
Music. Retrieved June 13, 2015.  ^ "Epic Amsterdam". Retrieved October 31, 2017.  ^ " Sony
Sony
Music UK Acquires Ministry of Sound". 

External links[edit]

Official site Yahoo! – Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Company Profile Sony
Sony
Music's channel on YouTube Sony
Sony
Music on IMDbPro (subscription required) Sony
Sony
Music TV Sony
Sony
Music publishing catalog at MusicBrainz

v t e

Sony

Founders

Masaru Ibuka Akio Morita

Key personnel

Kaz Hirai
Kaz Hirai
(Chairman) Kenichiro Yoshida (President and CEO)

Primary businesses

Sony
Sony
Corporation Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Mobile Sony
Sony
Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Sony/ATV Music Publishing

Sony
Sony
Financial Holdings

Sony
Sony
Life Sony
Sony
Bank

Technologies and brands

α (Alpha) Betacam Bionz Blu-ray BRAVIA CD Cell Cyber-shot Dash Dream Machine DVD Exmor FeliCa Handycam HDCAM/HDCAM-SR LocationFree Memory Stick MiniDisc MiniDV mylo PlayStation Reader S/PDIF SDDS SXRD Sony
Sony
Tablet Tunnel diode TransferJet UMD Vaio Video8/Hi8/Digital8 Walkman Walkman
Walkman
Phones XDCAM Xperia HMZ-T1

Historical products

AIBO CV-2000 DAT Betamax Sony
Sony
CLIÉ Discman Jumbotron Lissa Mavica NEWS Qualia Rolly TR-55 Trinitron 1 inch Type C (BVH series) U-matic Watchman WEGA

Electronics

Sony
Sony
Electronics (US subsidiary) Sony
Sony
Energy Devices Sony
Sony
Creative Software FeliCa
FeliCa
Networks (57%)

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Key personnel

Andrew House Shawn Layden Shuhei Yoshida

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

Franchises

Ape Escape Arc the Lad ATV Offroad Fury Boku no Natsuyasumi Buzz! Colony Wars Cool Boarders DanceStar Party Dark Cloud Destruction Derby Devil Dice Echochrome EverQuest Everybody's Golf Everybody's Tennis EyePet EyeToy FantaVision Fat Princess G-Police Genji God of War Gran Turismo Gravity Rush Hustle Kings Infamous Invizimals Jak and Daxter Jet Moto Jumping Flash! Killzone Knack Legend of Legaia Lemmings LittleBigPlanet LocoRoco MediEvil MLB: The Show ModNation Racers MotorStorm Motor Toon Grand Prix Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/Oreshika PaRappa the Rapper Patapon PlanetSide Pursuit Force Rally Cross Ratchet & Clank Resistance Savage Moon Shadow of the Beast SingStar Siren Sly Cooper Socom Soul Sacrifice Sports Champions Start the Party! Super Stardust Syphon Filter The Eye of Judgment The Getaway The Last of Us This Is Football Twisted Metal Uncharted Vib-Ribbon Warhawk What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?/No Heroes Allowed White Knight Chronicles Wild Arms Wipeout Wonderbook World Tour Soccer

Divisions

Bend Studio Foster City Studio Japan Studio London Studio San Diego Studio Santa Monica Studio

Subsidiaries

Guerrilla Games J.S.E.E.D. PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. Team Gravity Team Ico Media Molecule Naughty Dog PixelOpus Polyphony Digital Sucker Punch Productions XDev

Former subsidiaries

989 Studios Bigbig Studios Contrail Evolution Studios Guerrilla Cambridge Incognito Entertainment Psygnosis Team Soho Zipper Interactive

v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3 games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16 Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3 accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

Other

Gaikai SN Systems Cellius
Cellius
(49%) Dimps

Category Portal

v t e

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment

Key personnel

Rob Stringer Kevin Kelleher

Flagship

Columbia Records RCA
RCA
Records Epic Records

Sony
Sony
Music Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville Provident Label Group

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA
RCA
Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan

Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan Ki/oon Music Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan Ariola Japan BMG Japan mora Sacra Music Aniplex

Aniplex
Aniplex
of America A-1 Pictures

Music On! TV

Distribution

The Orchard

IODA RED Distribution Red Essential

Other Labels

RCA
RCA
Inspiration Phonogenic Records Ultra Music Century Media Records Legacy Recordings Black Butter Records Kemosabe Records Robbins Entertainment Syco Music
Syco Music
(50%) Sony
Sony
Music Australia Sony
Sony
Music UK Sony
Sony
Music India Sony
Sony
Music Latin Vevo Volcano Entertainment

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment

Key personnel

Tony Vinciquerra Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

Columbia Pictures TriStar Pictures TriStar Productions Screen Gems Sony
Sony
Pictures Classics Sony
Sony
Pictures Releasing Sony
Sony
Pictures Imageworks Sony
Sony
Pictures Animation Sony
Sony
Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions

Destination Films Stage 6 Films Affirm Films

Sony
Sony
Pictures Home Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. production

Adelaide Productions Sony
Sony
Crackle

The Minisode Network

Culver Entertainment Embassy Row TriStar Television

U.S. distribution

Funimation
Funimation
(95%)

International production

2waytraffic Left Bank Pictures Playmaker Media Stellify Media Teleset

TV channels & VOD

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

Americas

US networks

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with AT&T Entertainment Group) getTV Cine Sony Sony
Sony
CrackleO Defunct 3net
3net
(joint venture with Discovery and IMAX) Fearnet
Fearnet
(joint venture with Comcast
Comcast
and Lions Gate Entertainment)

Canada

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel and AXN
AXN
Movies (rebranded)

Latin America

Canal Sony AXN Defunct Animax Locomotion Sony
Sony
Spin

Asia

Indian sub-continent

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Networks India Pvt. Ltd.

Hindi entertainment

SET

International

Sony
Sony
Sab Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Max 2 Sony
Sony
Pal Sony
Sony
Wah

English entertainment

AXN Sony
Sony
Le Plex Sony
Sony
Pix

Bengali entertainment

Sony
Sony
Aath

Sports

Sony
Sony
Six Sony
Sony
ESPN (50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc.) Sony
Sony
Ten

Sony
Sony
Ten 1 Sony
Sony
Ten 2 Sony
Sony
Ten 3 Sony
Sony
Ten Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

Music

Sony
Sony
Mix Sony
Sony
Rox

Other channels

Sony
Sony
BBC
BBC
Earth (50%; Joint venture with BBC
BBC
Studios) Sony
Sony
Yay

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
LIV (Online VOD platform)

Japan

Animax

Animax PlusO

AXN

AXN
AXN
Mystery AXN
AXN
PlusO

Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation, Tohokushinsha Film, and Itochu)

South Korea

Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife)

Animax PlusO

AXN
AXN
(50% joint venture with IHQ)

Taiwan

AXN Animax

Animax HD

south-east Asia

Animax AXN Gem

south-east Asia (50% joint venture with Nippon Television Network Corporation) Vietnam

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
One Defunct AXN
AXN
Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

Germany

AnimaxO AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

Italy

Cine Sony Pop Defunct AXN AXN
AXN
Sci Fi

The Netherlands

Film1

Film1
Film1
Action Film1
Film1
Drama Film1
Film1
Family Film1
Film1
Premiere

Defunct Film1
Film1
Festival Film1
Film1
Sundance

Portugal

AXN

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Russia

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

Spain

AXN

AXN
AXN
SyncO AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Turkey

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Çocuk Planet Mutfak Planet Türk

UK & Ireland

v t e

Television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland operated by Sony Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

Entertainment channels

Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony
Sony
Crime Channel 2 Sony
Sony
Movie Channel truTV

CSC True Entertainment True Movies

Music channels

CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

Children's channels

CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

Former channels

More Than Movies Movies4Men
Movies4Men
2 Sony
Sony
Channel

CSC The Amp AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME
NME
TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Crime True Drama True Movies
True Movies
2

Miscellaneous

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

Baltics

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

AXN

Adria Hungary

AXN
AXN
NowO

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
Spin AXN
AXN
White

Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary

Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6

Defunct Animax AXN
AXN
Crime

Middle East

AXN
AXN
Middle East

Arabic English

Defunct AXN
AXN
Israel

Africa

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

Other

Sony
Sony
Pictures Digital

Sony
Sony
Pictures Mobile

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Japan Sony
Sony
Pictures Family Entertainment Group Sony
Sony
Pictures Studios Madison Gate Records

Defunct

Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television Columbia TriStar Television Merv Griffin Enterprises ELP Communications

Online distribution platforms

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue) The Minisode Network Sony
Sony
Crackle Sony
Sony
Liv

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
DADC Sony
Sony
Network Communications Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions M3 (39.4%) Sony/ATV Music Publishing EMI
EMI
Music Publishing (19%) Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

Other assets

Sony
Sony
Corporation of America (umbrella company in the US) Other subsidiaries List of acquisitions

Nonprofit organizations

Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

Other

History of Sony Sony
Sony
Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Cell Processor

v t e

Music industry

Companies and organizations

Representatives

ARIA BVMI BPI Music Canada FIMI IFPI (worldwide) PROMUSICAE RIAA SNEP

Music publishers

BMG Rights Management EMI
EMI
Music Publishing Fox Music Imagem MGM Music Music catalog Sony/ATV Music Publishing Universal Music
Universal Music
Publishing Group Warner/Chappell Music

Record labels

Major: Sony
Sony
Music Universal Music
Universal Music
Group Warner Music Group Independent: Independent UK record labels

Live music

CTS Eventim Live Nation LiveStyle Ticketmaster

Genres

Avant-garde Blues Contemporary R&B Country Crossover Dance Disco Drum and bass Easy listening Electronica Experimental Folk Funk Gospel Hip hop Instrumental Jazz Latin Metal Motown New Age Operatic pop Pop Punk Reggae Rock Soul Soundtrack World

Sectors and roles

Album
Album
cover design Artists and repertoire (A&R) Disc jockey Distribution Entertainment law Music education Music executive Music journalism Music publisher Music store Music venue Musical instruments Professional audio store Promotion Radio promotion Record label Record shop Road crew Talent manager Tour promoter

Production

Arrangement Composer Conductor Disc jockey Hip hop producer Horn section Record producer Recording artist Rhythm section Orchestrator Session musician Singer

Backup singer Ghost singer Vocal coach

Songwriter

Ghostwriter

Sound engineer

Release formats

Album Extended play
Extended play
(EP)/Mini album Single Music video Promotional recording Phonograph record Eight-track Compact cassette CD DVD Airplay Music download Streaming media

Live shows

Concert Concert
Concert
tour Concert
Concert
residency Music festival Music competition

Charts

ARIA Charts Billboard Hot 100 Brasil Hot 100 Airplay Canadian Hot 100 Gaon Music Chart Irish Singles Chart Italian Singles Chart GfK Entertainment Charts Entertainment Monitoring Africa Oricon
Oricon
Charts New Zealand Singles Chart SNEP Singles Chart Sverigetopplistan UK Singles Chart

Publications

Billboard HitQuarters Hot Press Kerrang! Mojo Musica e dischi NME Q Rolling Stone Smash Hits Top of the Pops

Television

Channels

CMT TheCoolTV Fuse Heartland Juice MTV MTV2 Tr3s MuchMusic The Music Factory Viva VH1 The Country Network

Series

Idol franchise Popstars Star Academy The Voice The X Factor Rising Star

Achievements

Music award Best-selling music artists Best-selling albums Best-selling albums by country Best-selling singles Highest-grossing concert tours Highest-attended concerts Global Recording Artist of the Year

Other

Album
Album
sales Album-equivalent unit A-side and B-side Backmasking Christian music industry Hidden track Grammy Museum White lab

.