HOME
The Info List - Sony BMG


--- Advertisement ---



Sony
Sony
BMG Music Entertainment was a multinational record label, which was a 50–50 joint venture between the Sony
Sony
Corporation of America and Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group. The venture's successor, the revived Sony Music Entertainment, is 100% owned by the Sony
Sony
Corporation of America, following Sony's buyout of the remaining 50% held by Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
AG. BMG was instead rebuilt as BMG Rights Management
BMG Rights Management
on the basis of 200 remaining artists.

Contents

1 History 2 Controversies

2.1 Payola fine 2.2 Rootkit
Rootkit
scandal 2.3 Kazaa
Kazaa
file-sharing lawsuit 2.4 Children's online privacy violations

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Sony
Sony
BMG Music Entertainment began as the result of a 50–50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment
Sony Music Entertainment
(part of Sony) and Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group (part of Bertelsmann) completed on March 4, 2004. It is one of the Big Four music companies, and includes ownership and distribution of recording labels such as Arista Records, Columbia Records, Epic Records, J Records, Mchenry Records, Jive Records, RCA Victor Records, RCA Records, Legacy Recordings, Sonic Wave America, and others. The merger affected all Sony
Sony
Music and Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group companies worldwide except for Japan, where it was felt that it would reduce competition in that country's music industry significantly. Financial analysts covering the merger anticipated that up to 2,000 jobs would be cut as a result, saving Sony
Sony
BMG approximately $350 million annually. The company's chief executive officer (CEO) is Rolf Schmidt-Holtz, who succeeded Andrew Lack on February 10, 2006. In the first half of 2005, the company's share of new releases in the United States
United States
(US) declined from 33% to 26% according to Nielsen SoundScan. This, and Lack's negotiation of what some called an "ill-conceived" deal with Bruce Springsteen led to Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
informing Sony
Sony
that it would not renew Lack's contract. The company signed a content deal with the popular video sharing community YouTube. On August 5, 2008 Sony
Sony
Corporation agreed to buy Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
AG's 50 percent stake in the music company for $1.2 billion to get full control. The music company was renamed Sony Music Entertainment
Sony Music Entertainment
and became a unit of Sony
Sony
Corporation of America.[1] This allowed Sony
Sony
the rights to artists on the current and historic BMG roster and allowed Sony
Sony
Corporation to better integrate its functions with its PlayStation
PlayStation
3 and upcoming new media initiatives. As part of the buyout, Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
kept the rights to master recordings by 200 artists, which formed the basis for a second version of BMG. Sony
Sony
and Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
last teamed up in 2013, in a failed bid to acquire Parlophone
Parlophone
from Universal Music Group. BMG would administer the label's back catalogue, while its current artists would sign with Sony.[2] While Sony
Sony
BMG failed to win Parlophone
Parlophone
(which ultimately went to Warner Music Group), BMG acquired Mute Records' back catalogue and licensed Depeche Mode
Depeche Mode
to Sony.[3] Controversies[edit] Payola fine[edit] In July 2005, Sony
Sony
BMG was fined 10 million dollars after the New York Attorney General's office determined that they had been practicing payola mostly in the form of direct payments to radio stations and bribes to disc jockeys to promote various artists including Franz Ferdinand, Audioslave, and mainly Jessica Simpson. Epic Records, one of their labels, was specifically cited for using fake contests in order to hide the fact that the gifts were going to disc jockeys rather than listeners.[4] Rootkit
Rootkit
scandal[edit] Main article: Sony
Sony
BMG copy protection rootkit scandal On 31 October 2005, a scandal erupted over digital rights management (DRM) software produced and shipped by Sony
Sony
BMG that automatically installed itself on people's computers and made them more vulnerable to computer viruses. The scandal and attendant controversy about the practice of software auto-installation spawned several lawsuits. Sony BMG eventually recalled all of the affected CDs. On November 16, 2005, US-CERT, the United States
United States
Computer Emergency Readiness Team, part of the United States
United States
Department of Homeland Security, issued an advisory on Extended Copy Protection
Extended Copy Protection
DRM, citing the XCP use of rootkit technology to hide certain files from the computer user as a security threat to computer users, saying that a Sony-provided uninstallation option also introduced computer system vulnerabilities. US-CERT
US-CERT
advised, "Do not install software from sources that you do not expect to contain software, such as an audio CD."[5] In its "Top Flops of '05" issue, the enterprise newsweekly eWeek had to create a new category for the " Sony
Sony
BMG root-kit fiasco." Peter Coffee, of eWeek Labs reported, "The Sony
Sony
brand name was already in trouble—it lost 16 percent of its value between 2004 and 2005.... Now it has taken a blow among tech-product opinion leaders. "We've never done it before, and we hope we'll never have [an] occasion to do it again but, for 2005, eWeek Labs awards a Stupid Tech Trick grand prize to Sony." eWeek Vol. 22, No.50 Kazaa
Kazaa
file-sharing lawsuit[edit] See also: Capitol Records, Inc. v. Thomas-Rasset In October 2007, Sony
Sony
BMG, alongside other large music firms, successfully sued Jammie Thomas for making 24 songs available for download on the Kazaa
Kazaa
file-sharing network. Thomas, who made US$36,000 a year, was ordered to pay US$222,000 in damages. Thomas had allegedly shared 1702 files in total; the court upholding the award called it an "aggravated case of willful infringement".[6] Children's online privacy violations[edit] In 2008, the Federal Trade Commission
Federal Trade Commission
sued Sony
Sony
BMG for collecting and displaying personal data of 30,000 minors without parental consent via its websites since 2004, violating the Federal Trade Commission
Federal Trade Commission
Act and the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act. Sony
Sony
did not restrict minor children's participation in its websites. Sony
Sony
paid a $1 million fine.[7] See also[edit]

Companies portal

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Music Group Big Four Sony Music Entertainment
Sony Music Entertainment
Japan, which was not part of Sony
Sony
BMG, distributed Japanese Music in the US through Columbia or Epic, since around March 2007 when previous distributor, Tofu Records, was closed down List of record labels List of Sony Music Entertainment
Sony Music Entertainment
labels List of Sony Music Entertainment
Sony Music Entertainment
artists Columbia House

References[edit]

^ Thiel, Simon (August 5, 2008). " Sony
Sony
Buys Bertelsmann
Bertelsmann
Sony
Sony
BMG Stake for $1.2 Billion". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved 2008-08-05.  ^ https://nypost.com/2013/01/07/sony-and-bmg-have-number-for-parlophone ^ https://www.bmg.com/de/news/intl-bmg-appoints-distribution-and-marketing-partners-for-sanctuary-and-mute-catalogues.html ^ [1] Archived January 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Current Activity US-CERT". Us-cert.gov. Retrieved 2014-06-22.  ^ Jeffrey, Don (11 September 2012). "Minnesota Song Downloader Must Pay $222,000, Court Says". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved 9 August 2016.  ^ " Sony
Sony
sued for collecting data on children under 13 – San Jose Mercury News". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 

Leonard, Devin (November 28, 2005). "Music Lessons." Fortune, pp. 31–32.

External links[edit]

Sony
Sony
Commercial Music Group (CMG) – Official Site Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment, Incorporated – Company Profile on Yahoo! Music Press Coverage of Sony
Sony
BMG Merger Completion Business press coverage of merger completion Groklaw Page on Sony
Sony
BMG DRM Issues and Litigation Sony
Sony
BMG Litigation and Rootkit
Rootkit
Info Sony
Sony
BMG Sued for Software Piracy – Assets Seized Sony
Sony
BMG's channel on YouTube

v t e

Sony

Founders

Masaru Ibuka Akio Morita

Key personnel

Kaz Hirai
Kaz Hirai
(Chairman) Kenichiro Yoshida (President and CEO)

Primary businesses

Sony
Sony
Corporation Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Mobile Sony
Sony
Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Sony/ATV Music Publishing

Sony
Sony
Financial Holdings

Sony
Sony
Life Sony
Sony
Bank

Technologies and brands

α (Alpha) Betacam Bionz Blu-ray BRAVIA CD Cell Cyber-shot Dash Dream Machine DVD Exmor FeliCa Handycam HDCAM/HDCAM-SR LocationFree Memory Stick MiniDisc MiniDV mylo PlayStation Reader S/PDIF SDDS SXRD Sony
Sony
Tablet Tunnel diode TransferJet UMD Vaio Video8/Hi8/Digital8 Walkman Walkman
Walkman
Phones XDCAM Xperia HMZ-T1

Historical products

AIBO CV-2000 DAT Betamax Sony
Sony
CLIÉ Discman Jumbotron Lissa Mavica NEWS Qualia Rolly TR-55 Trinitron 1 inch Type C (BVH series) U-matic Watchman WEGA

Electronics

Sony
Sony
Electronics (US subsidiary) Sony
Sony
Energy Devices Sony
Sony
Creative Software FeliCa
FeliCa
Networks (57%)

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Key personnel

Andrew House Shawn Layden Shuhei Yoshida

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

Franchises

Ape Escape Arc the Lad ATV Offroad Fury Boku no Natsuyasumi Buzz! Colony Wars Cool Boarders DanceStar Party Dark Cloud Destruction Derby Devil Dice Echochrome EverQuest Everybody's Golf Everybody's Tennis EyePet EyeToy FantaVision Fat Princess G-Police Genji God of War Gran Turismo Gravity Rush Hustle Kings Infamous Invizimals Jak and Daxter Jet Moto Jumping Flash! Killzone Knack Legend of Legaia Lemmings LittleBigPlanet LocoRoco MediEvil MLB: The Show ModNation Racers MotorStorm Motor Toon Grand Prix Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/Oreshika PaRappa the Rapper Patapon PlanetSide Pursuit Force Rally Cross Ratchet & Clank Resistance Savage Moon Shadow of the Beast SingStar Siren Sly Cooper Socom Soul Sacrifice Sports Champions Start the Party! Super Stardust Syphon Filter The Eye of Judgment The Getaway The Last of Us This Is Football Twisted Metal Uncharted Vib-Ribbon Warhawk What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?/No Heroes Allowed White Knight Chronicles Wild Arms Wipeout Wonderbook World Tour Soccer

Divisions

Bend Studio Foster City Studio Japan Studio London Studio San Diego Studio Santa Monica Studio

Subsidiaries

Guerrilla Games J.S.E.E.D. PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. Team Gravity Team Ico Media Molecule Naughty Dog PixelOpus Polyphony Digital Sucker Punch Productions XDev

Former subsidiaries

989 Studios Bigbig Studios Contrail Evolution Studios Guerrilla Cambridge Incognito Entertainment Psygnosis Team Soho Zipper Interactive

v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3 games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16 Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3 accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

Other

Gaikai SN Systems Cellius
Cellius
(49%) Dimps

Category Portal

v t e

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment

Key personnel

Rob Stringer Kevin Kelleher

Flagship

Columbia Records RCA Records Epic Records

Sony
Sony
Music Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville Provident Label Group

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Sony Music Entertainment
Sony Music Entertainment
Japan

Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan Ki/oon Music Sony Music Entertainment
Sony Music Entertainment
Japan Ariola Japan BMG Japan mora Sacra Music Aniplex

Aniplex
Aniplex
of America A-1 Pictures

Music On! TV

Distribution

The Orchard

IODA RED Distribution Red Essential

Other Labels

RCA Inspiration Phonogenic Records Ultra Music Century Media Records Legacy Recordings Black Butter Records Kemosabe Records Robbins Entertainment Syco Music
Syco Music
(50%) Sony
Sony
Music Australia Sony
Sony
Music UK Sony
Sony
Music India Sony
Sony
Music Latin Vevo Volcano Entertainment

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment

Key personnel

Tony Vinciquerra Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

Columbia Pictures TriStar Pictures TriStar Productions Screen Gems Sony
Sony
Pictures Classics Sony
Sony
Pictures Releasing Sony
Sony
Pictures Imageworks Sony
Sony
Pictures Animation Sony
Sony
Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions

Destination Films Stage 6 Films Affirm Films

Sony
Sony
Pictures Home Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. production

Adelaide Productions Sony
Sony
Crackle

The Minisode Network

Culver Entertainment Embassy Row TriStar Television

U.S. distribution

Funimation
Funimation
(95%)

International production

2waytraffic Left Bank Pictures Playmaker Media Stellify Media Teleset

TV channels & VOD

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

Americas

US networks

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with AT&T Entertainment Group) getTV Cine Sony Sony
Sony
CrackleO Defunct 3net
3net
(joint venture with Discovery and IMAX) Fearnet
Fearnet
(joint venture with Comcast
Comcast
and Lions Gate Entertainment)

Canada

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel and AXN
AXN
Movies (rebranded)

Latin America

Canal Sony AXN Defunct Animax Locomotion Sony
Sony
Spin

Asia

Indian sub-continent

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Networks India Pvt. Ltd.

Hindi entertainment

SET

International

Sony
Sony
Sab Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Max 2 Sony
Sony
Pal Sony
Sony
Wah

English entertainment

AXN Sony
Sony
Le Plex Sony
Sony
Pix

Bengali entertainment

Sony
Sony
Aath

Sports

Sony
Sony
Six Sony
Sony
ESPN (50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc.) Sony
Sony
Ten

Sony
Sony
Ten 1 Sony
Sony
Ten 2 Sony
Sony
Ten 3 Sony
Sony
Ten Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

Music

Sony
Sony
Mix Sony
Sony
Rox

Other channels

Sony
Sony
BBC Earth (50%; Joint venture with BBC Studios) Sony
Sony
Yay

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
LIV (Online VOD platform)

Japan

Animax

Animax PlusO

AXN

AXN
AXN
Mystery AXN
AXN
PlusO

Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation, Tohokushinsha Film, and Itochu)

South Korea

Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife)

Animax PlusO

AXN
AXN
(50% joint venture with IHQ)

Taiwan

AXN Animax

Animax HD

south-east Asia

Animax AXN Gem

south-east Asia (50% joint venture with Nippon Television Network Corporation) Vietnam

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
One Defunct AXN
AXN
Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

Germany

AnimaxO AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

Italy

Cine Sony Pop Defunct AXN AXN
AXN
Sci Fi

The Netherlands

Film1

Film1
Film1
Action Film1
Film1
Drama Film1
Film1
Family Film1
Film1
Premiere

Defunct Film1
Film1
Festival Film1
Film1
Sundance

Portugal

AXN

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Russia

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

Spain

AXN

AXN
AXN
SyncO AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Turkey

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Çocuk Planet Mutfak Planet Türk

UK & Ireland

v t e

Television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland operated by Sony Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

Entertainment channels

Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony
Sony
Crime Channel 2 Sony
Sony
Movie Channel truTV

CSC True Entertainment True Movies

Music channels

CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

Children's channels

CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

Former channels

More Than Movies Movies4Men
Movies4Men
2 Sony
Sony
Channel

CSC The Amp AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME
NME
TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Crime True Drama True Movies
True Movies
2

Miscellaneous

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

Baltics

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

AXN

Adria Hungary

AXN
AXN
NowO

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
Spin AXN
AXN
White

Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary

Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6

Defunct Animax AXN
AXN
Crime

Middle East

AXN
AXN
Middle East

Arabic English

Defunct AXN
AXN
Israel

Africa

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

Other

Sony
Sony
Pictures Digital

Sony
Sony
Pictures Mobile

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Japan Sony
Sony
Pictures Family Entertainment Group Sony
Sony
Pictures Studios Madison Gate Records

Defunct

Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television Columbia TriStar Television Merv Griffin Enterprises ELP Communications

Online distribution platforms

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue) The Minisode Network Sony
Sony
Crackle Sony
Sony
Liv

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
DADC Sony
Sony
Network Communications Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions M3 (39.4%) Sony/ATV Music Publishing EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
(19%) Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

Other assets

Sony Corporation of America
Sony Corporation of America
(umbrella company in the US) Other subsidiaries List of acquisitions

Nonprofit organizations

Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

Other

History of Sony Sony
Sony
Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Cell Processor

v t e

Bertelsmann

RTL Group (75.1%)

DE, AT, CH

TV n-tv RTL RTL IIJV RTL Crime RTL Living RTL Nitro RTL Passion RTLplus Super RTLJV VOX Radio 89.0 RTL 104.6 RTL BigFM Radio Hamburg RTL Radio

RTL Nederland
RTL Nederland
(NL)

TV RTL 4 RTL 5 RTL 7 RTL 8 RTL Z RTL Crime RTL Lounge RTL Telekids Radio RTL Lounge
RTL Lounge
Radio Catchup and Video on Demand RTL XL Videoland

M6 Group (FR; 48.6%)

TV 6ter M6 W9 TF6 Paris Première M6 Boutique & Co M6 Music M6 Music
M6 Music
Black RTL9 Radio Fun Radio RTL RTL 2

Belgium

TV Club RTL Plug RTL RTL-TVI Radio Bel RTL Radio Contact

Luxembourg

TV RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg Radio RTL Radio

Croatia

TV RTL Televizija RTL 2

Hungary

TV Cool Film+ Muzsika TV RTL Klub RTL II RTL+ RTL Gold Sorozat+

Atresmedia
Atresmedia
(ES)

TV Antena 3 (HD) laSexta (HD) Neox Nova Mega Radio Europa FM Onda Cero

FremantleMedia

Buzzr RadicalMedia Random House Studio Talkback Thames

Penguin Random House (53%)

Random House

Bantam Books Crown Del Rey Doubleday Ebury Hutchinson Knopf McClelland & Stewart Rider Villard Virgin

Penguin Group

Ace Books Alpha Berkley Books Dorling Kindersley Hamish Hamilton Penguin Books Penguin Classics Viking

Gruner + Jahr

Brigitte Capital Der Spiegel
Der Spiegel
(25%) GEO Sächsische Zeitung (60%) Stern

News (56%)

News Profil

Prisma Press

Capital Femme Actuelle Prima Voici VSD

Motor Presse Stuttgart

Aerokurier Auto, Motor und Sport Sport Auto

other assets

Alliant International University Arvato

Brockhaus

Arvato
Arvato
Entertainment (Sonopress) BMG Rights Management Relias Learning Verlagsgruppe Random House

Blanvalet Goldmann Heyne Luchterhand Manesse Prestel

Category

v t e

Music industry

Companies and organizations

Representatives

ARIA BVMI BPI Music Canada FIMI IFPI (worldwide) PROMUSICAE RIAA SNEP

Music publishers

BMG Rights Management EMI Music Publishing Fox Music Imagem MGM Music Music catalog Sony/ATV Music Publishing Universal Music Publishing Group Warner/Chappell Music

Record labels

Major: Sony
Sony
Music Universal Music Group Warner Music Group Independent: Independent UK record labels

Live music

CTS Eventim Live Nation LiveStyle Ticketmaster

Genres

Avant-garde Blues Contemporary R&B Country Crossover Dance Disco Drum and bass Easy listening Electronica Experimental Folk Funk Gospel Hip hop Instrumental Jazz Latin Metal Motown New Age Operatic pop Pop Punk Reggae Rock Soul Soundtrack World

Sectors and roles

Album
Album
cover design Artists and repertoire (A&R) Disc jockey Distribution Entertainment law Music education Music executive Music journalism Music publisher Music store Music venue Musical instruments Professional audio store Promotion Radio promotion Record label Record shop Road crew Talent manager Tour promoter

Production

Arrangement Composer Conductor Disc jockey Hip hop producer Horn section Record producer Recording artist Rhythm section Orchestrator Session musician Singer

Backup singer Ghost singer Vocal coach

Songwriter

Ghostwriter

Sound engineer

Release formats

Album Extended play
Extended play
(EP)/Mini album Single Music video Promotional recording Phonograph record Eight-track Compact cassette CD DVD Airplay Music download Streaming media

Live shows

Concert Concert
Concert
tour Concert
Concert
residency Music festival Music competition

Charts

ARIA Charts Billboard Hot 100 Brasil Hot 100 Airplay Canadian Hot 100 Gaon Music Chart Irish Singles Chart Italian Singles Chart GfK Entertainment Charts Entertainment Monitoring Africa Oricon
Oricon
Charts New Zealand Singles Chart SNEP Singles Chart Sverigetopplistan UK Singles Chart

Publications

Billboard HitQuarters Hot Press Kerrang! Mojo Musica e dischi NME Q Rolling Stone Smash Hits Top of the Pops

Television

Channels

CMT TheCoolTV Fuse Heartland Juice MTV MTV2 Tr3s MuchMusic The Music Factory Viva VH1 The Country Network

Series

Idol franchise Popstars Star Academy The Voice The X Factor Rising Star

Achievements

Music award Best-selling music artists Best-selling albums Best-selling albums by country Best-selling singles Highest-grossing concert tours Highest-attended concerts Global Recording Artist of the Year

Other

Album
Album
sales Album-equivalent unit A-side and B-side Backmasking Christian music industry Hidden track Grammy Museum White lab

.