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The Songze Culture was a
Neolithic The Neolithic period is the final division of the Stone Age, with a wide-ranging set of developments that appear to have arisen independently in several parts of the world. It is first seen about 12,000 years ago when the first developments of ...
culture that existed between 3800 and 3300 BCE in the Lake Tai area near
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China, governed by the State Council o ...
.


Dates

Three radiocarbon dates were taken from Songze culture layers at Jiangli near Lake Tai. Two of the dates were obtained from charred rice grains, returning dates of 3360–3090 BCE and 3540–3370 BCE. The third date was taken from knotgrass and produced a date of 3660–3620 BCE. Although it is accepted to be the successor of the
Majiabang culture The Majiabang culture was a Chinese Neolithic The Neolithic period is the final division of the Stone Age, with a wide-ranging set of developments that appear to have arisen independently in several parts of the world. It is first seen about ...
, others have suggested that Songze was a successor phase to the Hemudu culture.


Sites


Songze

In 1957, archaeologists discovered a site north of Songze Village near Zhaoxiang Town in Shanghai's Qingpu District. Excavations have been conducted throughout 1961, 1974–1976, 1987, 1994–1995, and 2004. These revealed three cultural layers: the most recent had
pottery Pottery is the process and the products of forming vessels and other objects with clay and other ceramic materials, which are fired at high temperatures to give them a hard, durable form. Major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelai ...
from the
Spring and Autumn period The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC), during the king Wu Ding's reign, who was men ...
; the middle layer was a cemetery with 148 graves and numerous artefacts; the oldest layer belonged to a village of the
Majiabang culture The Majiabang culture was a Chinese Neolithic The Neolithic period is the final division of the Stone Age, with a wide-ranging set of developments that appear to have arisen independently in several parts of the world. It is first seen about ...
.


Nanhebang

92 graves have been excavated from a Songze cemetery at Nanhebang.


Pishan

The Pishan cemetery contained 61 burials.


Dongshan

Dongshan Village is located near Jingang Town 18 km west of Zhangjiagang. It was discovered in 1989 and has undergone excavations by the
Suzhou Museum
Suzhou Museum
(1989–1990), followed by two large rescue excavations led by the Nanjing Museum in 2008–2009. The site is divided into three areas: area 1 was a small cemetery of 27 burials, all of which had different quantities of grave goods, which has been used to suggest the existence of a Social_stratification#Anthropological_theories, stratified society; area 2 was a residential comprising five buildings in the centre of the site; area 3 was another burial ground in the site's west, with 10 tombs.


Notes


References

* * * * * * {{Neolithic cultures of China Neolithic cultures of China Yangtze River Delta History of Jiangsu History of Shanghai History of Zhejiang