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The Info List - Solubility Chart



A solubility chart is a chart with a list of ions and how, when mixed with other ions, they can become precipitates or remain aqueous. The following chart shows the solubilities of various compounds, in water, at a pressure of 1 atm and at room temperature (approx. 293.15 K). Any box that reads "soluble" results in an aqueous product in which no precipitate has formed, while "slightly soluble" and "insoluble" markings mean that there is a precipitate that will form (usually, this is a solid), however, "slightly soluble" compounds such as Calcium sulfate">calcium sulfate may require heat to form its precipitate. Boxes marked "other" can mean that many different states of products can result. For more detailed information of the exact solubility of the compounds, see the Solubility table">solubility table.

The chemicals have to be exposed to their boiling point to fully dissolve.

  Fluoride
F
Chloride
Cl
Bromide
Br
Iodide
I
Carbonate
CO32−
Chlorate
ClO3
Hydroxide
OH
Cyanide
CN
Cyanate
OCN
Thiocyanate
SCN
Nitrate
NO3
Oxide
O2−
Phosphate
PO43−
Sulfate
SO42−
Dichromate
Cr2O72−
Lithium
Li+
Lithium fluoride">sS Lithium chloride">S Lithium bromide">S Lithium iodide">S Lithium carbonate">sS Lithium chlorate">S Lithium hydroxide">S Lithium cyanide">S ? ? Lithium nitrate">S Lithium oxide">R ? Lithium sulfate">S Lithium dichromate (page does not exist)">S
Sodium
Na+
Sodium fluoride">S Sodium chloride">S Sodium bromide">S Sodium iodide">S Sodium carbonate">S Sodium chlorate">S Sodium hydroxide">S Sodium cyanide">S Sodium cyanate">S Sodium thiocyanate">S Sodium nitrate">S Sodium oxide">R Sodium phosphate">S Sodium sulfate">S Sodium dichromate">S
Potassium
K+
Potassium fluoride">S Potassium chloride">S Potassium bromide">S Potassium iodide">S Potassium carbonate">S Potassium chlorate">S Potassium hydroxide">S Potassium cyanide">S Potassium cyanate">S Potassium thiocyanate">S Potassium nitrate">S Potassium oxide">R Potassium phosphate">S Potassium sulfate">S Potassium dichromate">S
Ammonium
NH4+
Ammonium fluoride">S Ammonium chloride">S Ammonium bromide">S Ammonium iodide">S Ammonium carbonate">S Ammonium chlorate">S Ammonium hydroxide">S Ammonium cyanide">S ? Ammonium thiocyanate">S Ammonium nitrate">S ? Ammonium phosphate">S Ammonium sulfate">S Ammonium dichromate">S
Beryllium
Be2+
Beryllium fluoride">S Beryllium chloride">S Beryllium bromide">S Beryllium iodide">R ? ? ? ? ? ? Beryllium nitrate">S Beryllium oxide">R ? Beryllium sulfate">S ?
Magnesium
Mg2+
Magnesium fluoride">sS Magnesium chloride">S Magnesium bromide">S Magnesium iodide">S Magnesium carbonate">I Magnesium chlorate">S Magnesium hydroxide">I ? ? ? Magnesium nitrate">S Magnesium oxide">I Magnesium phosphate">I Magnesium sulfate">S Magnesium dichromate (page does not exist)">I
Calcium
Ca2+
Calcium fluoride">I Calcium chloride">S Calcium bromide">S Calcium iodide">S Calcium carbonate">I Calcium chlorate">S Calcium hydroxide">sS Calcium cyanide">S ? ? Calcium nitrate">S Calcium oxide">R Calcium phosphate">I Calcium sulfate">sS Calcium dichromate (page does not exist)">I
Strontium
Sr2+
Strontium fluoride">sS Strontium chloride">S Strontium bromide">S Strontium iodide">S Strontium carbonate">I Strontium chlorate">S Strontium hydroxide">S ? ? ? Strontium nitrate">S Strontium oxide">R ? Strontium sulfate">I ?
Barium
Ba2+
Barium fluoride">sS Barium chloride">S Barium bromide">S Barium iodide">S Barium carbonate">I Barium chlorate">S Barium hydroxide">S Barium cyanide">S ? ? Barium nitrate">S Barium oxide">R Barium phosphate (page does not exist)">I[1] Barium sulfate">I ?
Zinc
Zn2+
Zinc fluoride">sS Zinc chloride">S Zinc bromide">S Zinc iodide">S Zinc carbonate">I Zinc chlorate">S Zinc hydroxide">I Zinc cyanide">I ? ? Zinc nitrate">S Zinc oxide">I Zinc phosphate">I Zinc sulfate">S Zinc dichromate (page does not exist)">I
Iron(II)
Fe2+
S S S S I S I ? ? ? S I I S I
Copper(II)
Cu2+
sS S S ? I S I ? ? ? S I I S I
Aluminium
Al3+
Aluminium fluoride">S Aluminium chloride">S Aluminium bromide">S Aluminium iodide">X ? Aluminium chlorate (page does not exist)">S Aluminium hydroxide">I ? ? ? Aluminium nitrate">S Aluminium oxide">R Aluminium phosphate">I Aluminium sulfate">S Aluminium dichromate (page does not exist)">I
Iron(III)
Fe3+
X [note 1] S S ? X S I ? ? ? S I I sS I
Lead(II)
Pb2+
sS sS sS I I S I ? ? sS S I I I ?
Silver
Ag+
S Silver chloride">I Silver bromide">I Silver iodide">I Silver carbonate">I Silver chlorate">S Silver hydroxide">sS Silver cyanide">I Silver cyanate">I Silver thiocyanate">sS Silver nitrate">S Silver oxide">sS Silver phosphate">I Silver sulfate">sS Silver dichromate">I
  Fluoride
F
Chloride
Cl
Bromide
Br
Iodide
I
Carbonate
CO32−
Chlorate
ClO3
Hydroxide
OH
Cyanide
CN
Cyanate
OCN
Thiocyanate
SCN
Nitrate
NO3
Oxide
O2−
Phosphate
PO43−
Sulfate
SO42−
Dichromate
Cr2O72−
Key:
S soluble
I insoluble
sS slightly soluble
X other
R reacts with water
? unavailable

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Anhydrous FeF3 is slightly soluble in water, FeF3·3H2O is much more soluble in water.

References

  1. ^ Hazen (1), Cleary (2), Jeffery L. (1), David A. (2) (July 2, 2014). "Yielding Unexpected Results: Precipitation of Ba3(PO4)2 and Implications for Teaching Solubility Principles in the General Chemistry Curriculum". Journal of Chemical Education. Retrieved November 27, 2017.