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Solingen
Solingen
(German pronunciation: [ˈzoːlɪŋən] ( listen)) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area, and, with a 2009 population[2] of 161,366, is after Wuppertal the second largest city in the Bergisches Land. It is a member of the regional authority of the Rhineland. Solingen
Solingen
is called the "City of Blades", since it has long been renowned for the manufacturing of fine swords, knives, scissors and razors made by famous firms such as Dreiturm, DOVO, Wüsthof, Zwilling J. A. Henckels, Böker, Clauberg, Eickhorn, and numerous other manufacturers. In Medieval times, the swordsmiths of Solingen
Solingen
coined the town's image, which is preserved to this date. In the latter part of the 17th century, a group of swordsmiths from Solingen
Solingen
broke their guild oaths by taking their sword-making secrets with them to Shotley Bridge, County Durham
County Durham
in England.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Neighbouring cities and communities 1.2 City administration

2 History

2.1 Middle Ages 2.2 Modern Age

2.2.1 Interwar Period 2.2.2 World War II 2.2.3 Skinhead terrorism

3 Population 4 Travel

4.1 Rail 4.2 Trolleybus 4.3 Airtraffic

5 Religion

5.1 Christianity 5.2 Image gallery 5.3 Islam

6 Tourism and culture

6.1 Main sights 6.2 Museums 6.3 Parks and gardens

7 Famous people

7.1 Born before 1900 7.2 Born after 1900

8 Sports

8.1 Baseball 8.2 Chess 8.3 Handball

9 Reception 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit] Solingen
Solingen
lies southwest of Wuppertal
Wuppertal
in the Bergisches Land. The city has an area of 89.45 square kilometres (34.54 sq mi), of which roughly 50% is used for agriculture, horticulture, or forestry. The city's border is 62 kilometres (39 mi) long, and the city's dimensions are 15.6 kilometres (9.7 mi) east to west and 11.7 kilometres (7.3 mi) north to south. The Wupper
Wupper
river, a right tributary of the Rhine, flows through the city for 26 kilometres (16 mi). The city's highest point at 276 metres (906 ft) is in the northern borough of Gräfrath
Gräfrath
at the Light Tower, previously the water tower, and the lowest point at 53 metres (174 ft) is in the southwest. Neighbouring cities and communities[edit] The following cities and communities share a border with Solingen, starting in the northeast and going clockwise around the city:

Wuppertal
Wuppertal
(unitary urban district) Remscheid
Remscheid
(unitary urban district) Wermelskirchen
Wermelskirchen
(within the Rheinisch-Bergischer district) Leichlingen
Leichlingen
(Rheinisch-Bergischer district) Langenfeld (within the district of Mettmann) Hilden
Hilden
(Mettmann) Haan
Haan
(Mettmann)

City administration[edit] Solingen
Solingen
currently consists of five boroughs. Each borough has a municipal council of either 13 or 15 representatives (Bezirksvertreter) elected every five years by the borough's population. The municipal councils are responsible for many of the boroughs' important administrative affairs. The five city boroughs:

Gräfrath Wald (Solingen) (Solingen-)Mitte Ohligs/Aufderhöhe/Merscheid Höhscheid/Burg

The individuals boroughs are in part composed of separate quarters or residential areas with their own names, although they often lack precise borders. These areas are:

Aufderhöhe: Aufderbech, Börkhaus, Gosse, Horn, Holzhof, Josefstal, Landwehr, Löhdorf, Pohligsfeld, Riefnacken, Rupelrath, Siebels, Steinendorf, Ufer, Wiefeldick Burg: Angerscheid, Höhrath Gräfrath: Central, Flachsberg, Flockertsholz, Focher Dahl, Fürkeltrath, Heide, Ketzberg, Külf, Nümmen, Piepersberg, Rathland, Schieten, Zum Holz Höhscheid: Balkhausen, Bünkenberg, Dorperhof, Friedrichstal, Fürkelt, Glüder, Grünewald, Haasenmühle, Hästen, Katternberg, Kohlsberg, Meiswinkel, Nacken, Pfaffenberg, Pilghausen, Rölscheid, Rüden, Schaberg, Schlicken, Unnersberg, Weeg, Widdert, Wippe Merscheid: Büschberg, Dahl, Dingshaus, Fürk, Fürker Irlen, Gönrath, Hübben, Hoffnung, Limminghofen, Scheuren, Schmalzgrube Mitte: Entenpfuhl, Eick, Grunenburg, Hasseldelle, Kannenhof, Kohlfurth, Krahenhöhe, Mangenberg, Meigen, Müngsten, Papiermühle, Scheidt, Schlagbaum, Schrodtberg, Stöcken, Stockdum, Theegarten, Vorspel, Windfeln Ohligs: Brabant, Broßhaus, Buschfeld, Caspersbroich, Deusberg, Engelsberger Hof, Hackhausen, Keusenhof, Mankhaus, Maubes, Monhofer Feld, Poschheide, Scharrenberg, Schnittert, Suppenheide, Unterland, Wilzhaus, Verlach Wald: Bavert, Demmeltrath, Eschbach, Eigen, Fuhr, Garzenhaus, Itter, Kotzert, Lochbachtal, Rolsberg, Vogelsang, Weyer

History[edit] Middle Ages[edit]

Coins issued after World War I by the City of Solingen

Solingen
Solingen
was first mentioned in 1067 by a chronicler who called the area "Solonchon". Early variations of the name included "Solengen", "Solungen", and "Soleggen", although the modern name seems to have been in use since the late 14th and early 15th centuries. Blacksmith smelters, dating back to over 2000 years, have been found around the town adding to Solingen's fame as a Northern Europe blacksmith centre. Swords from Solingen
Solingen
have turned up in places such as the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in the British Isles. Northern Europe prized the quality of Solingen's manufactured weaponry, and they were traded across the European continent. Solingen
Solingen
today remains the knife-centre of Germany. It was a tiny village for centuries, but became a fortified town in the 15th century. Modern Age[edit]

Bond of the City of Solingen, issued 1. July 1922

Interwar Period[edit] In 1929 Ohligs, located in the Prussian Rhine
Rhine
Province, 17 miles (27 km) by rail north of Cologne
Cologne
became part of Solingen. Its chief manufactures were cutlery and hardware, and there were iron-foundries and flour mills. Other industries are brewing, dyeing, weaving and brick-making. World War II[edit] In World War II
World War II
the Old Town was completely destroyed by an air raid of the British air force in 1944; 1,800 people died and over 1,500 people were badly injured.[3] As such, there are few pre-war sights in the centre. Skinhead terrorism[edit] In 1993 Solingen, the birthplace of Adolf Eichmann
Adolf Eichmann
became once again the scene of racist violence with its 1993 Solingen
Solingen
arson attack. When four skinheads, with neo-Nazi ties, set fire to the house of a large Turkish family. Three girls and two women died; fourteen other family members, including several children, were injured, some of them severely.[4] Population[edit] Solingen's population doubled between the years 1880 and 1890 due to the incorporation of the city Dorp into Solingen
Solingen
in 1889, at which time the population reached 36,000. The population again received a large boost on August 1, 1929 through the incorporation of Ohligs, Wald, Höhscheid, and Gräfrath
Gräfrath
into the city limits. This brought the population above the 100,000 mark, which gave Solingen
Solingen
the distinction of "large city" (Großstadt). The number of inhabitants peaked in 1971 with 177,899 residents, and the 2006 population figure was 163,263. The following chart shows the population figures within Solingen's city limits at the respective points in time. The figures are derived from census estimates or numbers provided by statistical offices or city agencies, with the exception of figures preceding 1843, which were gathered using inconsistent recording techniques.

Year Population

1747 ca. 2,000

1804 ca. 2,871

1818 ca. 4,000

3 December 1846[a] 6,127

3 December 1861[a] 10,100

3 December 1864[a] 11,800

3 December 1867[a] 13,000

1 December 1871[a] 14,040

1 December 1875[a] 15,142

1 December 1880[a] 16,900

1 December 1885[a] 18,641

1 December 1890[a] 36,540

2 December 1895[a] 40,843

1 December 1900[a] 45,260

1 December 1905[a] 49,018

1 December 1910[a] 50,536

1 December 1916[a] 45,720

Year Population

5 December 1917[a] 47,459

8 October 1919[a] 48,912

16 June 1925[a] 52,002

16 June 1933[a] 140,162

17 May 1939[a] 140,466

31 December 1945 129,440

29 October 1946[a] 133,001

13 September 1950[a] 147,845

25 September 1956[a] 161,353

6 June 1961[a] 169,930

31 December 1965 175,634

27 May 1970[a] 176,420

31 December 1975 171,810

31 December 1980 166,085

31 December 1985 157,923

25 May 1987[a] 159,103

31 December 1990 165,401

Year Population

31 December 1995 165,735

31 December 2000 164,973

31 December 2005 163,581

31 December 2006 162,948

31 December 2007 162,575

31 December 2008 161,779

30 April 2009 160,242

9 May 2011[a] 155,265

31 December 2012 155,316

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Census
Census
results

30.9% of the population of Solingen
Solingen
has foreign roots (statistics 2012).

Largest groups of foreign residents

Nationality Population (2017)

 Turkey 6,936

 Italy 6,705

 Greece 2,192

 Poland 2,175

 Serbia 1,546

 Syria 810

Travel[edit] Rail[edit] Solingen Hauptbahnhof
Solingen Hauptbahnhof
is served by Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
S-Bahn line S1 from Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Airport Station. S-Bahn line S7 links Solingen
Solingen
(including the station nearest the town centre, Solingen Mitte, and Solingen-Grünewald) to Wuppertal
Wuppertal
via Remscheid, Remscheid-Lennep and Wuppertal-Ronsdorf. This line has been operated by Abellio Deutschland
Abellio Deutschland
starting 15 Dec. 2013. The Rhein-Wupper-Bahn (RB 48) runs over the Gruiten–Köln-Deutz line to Bonn-Mehlem via Opladen and Cologne. It has been operated by National Express
National Express
starting 13 Dec. 2015.

Railway stations of Solingen

Station Lines served Destinations Notes

Solingen
Solingen
Hauptbahnhof ICE42 Dortmund
Dortmund
Solingen
Solingen
Mannheim
Mannheim
Munich
Munich
(InterCity Express) Interchange with Obus Solingen
Solingen
(trolleybus) lines 681, 682.

ICE43 Hannover – Solingen
Solingen
Cologne
Cologne
Mannheim
Mannheim
– Basel (InterCity Express)

ICE91 Dortmund
Dortmund
Solingen
Solingen
Frankfurt
Frankfurt
– Vienna (InterCity Express)

IC31 Hamburg
Hamburg
Solingen
Solingen
Cologne
Cologne
Frankfurt
Frankfurt
(InterCity)

IC55 Leipzig
Leipzig
– Hannover – Solingen
Solingen
– Cologne

RE7 Krefeld
Krefeld
Cologne
Cologne
Solingen
Solingen
Wuppertal
Wuppertal
Hagen
Hagen
Hamm
Hamm
Münster
Münster
Rheine
Rheine
(RegionalExpress)

S7 S-Bahn to Wuppertal
Wuppertal
Hauptbahnhof via Remscheid

RB48 Wuppertal-Oberbarmen – Solingen
Solingen
Cologne
Cologne
– Bonn-Mehlem (RegionalBahn)

S1 S-Bahn to Dortmund

S7 S-Bahn to Wuppertal
Wuppertal
via Remscheid

Solingen
Solingen
Mitte S7 Nearest station to historic centre. Interchange with trolleybus lines 681, 683, 684, 686.

Solingen
Solingen
Grünewald S7 Interchange with trolleybus line 682.

Solingen
Solingen
Vogelpark S1

Solingen
Solingen
Schaberg S7

Trolleybus[edit]

Solingen
Solingen
trolleybus network map

[5] Solingen
Solingen
has a Trolleybus
Trolleybus
network, one of only three in Germany remaining besides Eberswalde
Eberswalde
and Esslingen am Neckar. The network centres on Graf-Wilhelm-Platz (Count William Square).

History

The first trolleybus was brought into service on 19 June 1952. The network was a conversion of the previous tram services. Conversion from tramway was completed on 2 December 1959. Extensions to the system were opened in 1981–82 – Schlagbaum to Hasselstraße (2.6 kilometres (1.6 mi)) and Höhscheid to Brockenberg (0.8 kilometres (0.50 mi)) respectively – and in 1993 from Aufderhöhe to Mangenberg/Graf-Wilhem-Platz (8.2 kilometres (5.1 mi)). The mid-1990s saw plans to replace the trolleybuses with diesel buses, but this was never pursued; trolleybuses being preferred over diesel vehicles because of superior acceleration and better suitability for the hilly terrain.

A Solingen
Solingen
trolleybus at Graf-Wilhelm-Platz

Network

As of 2007[update], 6 lines are in operation. The older lines (681–684) are served every ten minutes, and the newer lines (685–686, opened 22 August 1993) run every half-hour, although they are duplicated by each other for the majority of their route. Routes 681 and 682 interchange with the city's principal railway station – Solingen
Solingen
Hbf – which lies in the western suburbs. Line 683 – at 14.5 kilometres (9.0 mi), by far the network's longest – also connects to the Wuppertal
Wuppertal
Schwebebahn at Vohwinkel, the northern end of the route and the western terminus of the Schwebebahn. The southern extent of 683 is the town of Burg an der Wupper, which contains Schloss Burg (Burg Castle). Burg is also home to the world's only trolleybus turntable, owing to lack of space to provide a full turning circle. This precludes the use of articulated vehicles like on the rest of the network. Until November 2009 this turntable was in regular use for line 683. Since November 2009 line 683 has been extended to Burger Bahnhof. On the new section, the buses use their diesel engine instead of electricity, as no overhead wires were constructed here.

Fleet

As of early 2007[update] the fleet stands at 49 vehicles: 15 articulated Berkhof buses (2001/2), 20 articulated Van Hool
Van Hool
buses (2002/3), and 14 three-axle MAN buses (1986-7). The latter are due for replacement during 2008. The power supply is 600 V DC. Airtraffic[edit] The nearest Airports are Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Airport and Cologne/ Bonn
Bonn
Airport. Both International Airports can be reached by train from Solingen-Hauptbahnhof (change trains at Köln-Messe/Deutz Station for the S-Bahn 13 to Cologne/ Bonn
Bonn
Airport). Other easily reached airports are the airports of Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main (ICE train stop), Dortmund (railway station "Holzwickede" on the RE7 trainline) and the low cost airport Weeze (coaches from Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Hauptbahnhof). Religion[edit] Christianity[edit] Solingen
Solingen
has belonged from its beginnings to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne
Cologne
(Erzbistum Köln), and more specifically to the Archdeaconry of the Probst (provost) of St. Kunibert, the deanery of Deutz. Although the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
gradually made gains in the city, which was under the control of the Counts of Berg, the population by and large remained Catholic for a while. The Catholic community was newly endowed by the local lord in 1658 and in 1701 received a new church building. In 1827 Solingen
Solingen
became the seat of its own deanery within the newly defined Archdiocese of Cologne, to which the city's current parishes still belong. As mentioned, the Reformation only gradually gained a foothold in Solingen. A reformed church affiliated with the Bergisch synod was established in 1590, and the city's parish church became reformed in 1649. Lutherans had been present in Solingen
Solingen
since the beginning of the 17th century, and a Lutheran congregation was founded in 1635. In 1672 a formalized religious agreement was reached between the city's religious groups. The Reformation was also introduced in Gräfrath
Gräfrath
in 1590, where a church council was apparently established in 1629. The Reformed and Lutheran churches were formed into a united church community in 1838 following the general merger of Reformed and Lutheran churches in Prussia
Prussia
in 1817. The Protestant
Protestant
parishes originally belonged to the district synod of Lennep, today part of the city Remscheid. A new synod was established in Solingen
Solingen
in 1843, and the city acquired its own superintendent, a form of church administrator. This formed the basis for the present-day Church District of Solingen, a member of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland. With the exception of the free churches, most Protestant
Protestant
churches belong to the Church District of Solingen. Today approximately 34% of Solingen's population belongs to Protestant churches, and roughly 26% belong to Catholic churches. Other church communities in Solingen
Solingen
include Greek Orthodox, Evangelical Free (including Baptist
Baptist
and Brethren), Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal, Salvation Army, and free churches. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses
and the New Apostolic Church also have communities in Solingen. Image gallery[edit]

Catholic Church St. Clemens

Protestant
Protestant
Church Wald

Protestant
Protestant
Chapel St. Reinoldi in Rupelrath

Martin-Luther-Church in Solingen-Mitte

Protestant
Protestant
Church Burg

Protestant
Protestant
Church Gräfrath

Protestant
Protestant
Church Dorp

Islam[edit] Most of the Turkish immigrants belong to the Muslim faith and they have several mosques/worship places in Solingen:

DITIB
DITIB
Solingen
Solingen
Wald Mesjid Nur Islamische Gemeinde Milli Görüs (IGMG) Islamisches Kulturzentrum Solingen
Solingen
Camii (Verband der Islamischen Kulturzentren, VIKZ)

Tourism and culture[edit]

Schloss Burg, Burg-on-Wupper

Müngstener Brücke, a railroad bridge between Solingen
Solingen
and Remscheid.

Locations of note in the city include: Main sights[edit]

Schloss Burg, the castle of the counts of Berg Müngsten Bridge, a railroad bridge connecting Solingen
Solingen
with the neighbour town of Remscheid. Standing at 107 m above the ground, it is the highest railroad bridge of Germany. It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke after Wilhelm I Klosterkirche, former convent church (1690)

Museums[edit]

Rhineland
Rhineland
Industrial Museum Hendrichs Drop Forge, an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage Deutsches Klingenmuseum (German Blade Museum), presenting swords and cutlery of all epochs Kunstmuseum Solingen
Solingen
(Museum of Art) Museum Plagiarius, the Plagiarius exhibition shows more than 350 product units – i.e. original products and their brazen plagiarisms – in direct comparison. The registered society conducts an annual competition that awards the anti-prize "Plagiarius" to those manufacturers and distributors that a jury of peers have found guilty of making or selling "the most flagrant" imitations. Laurel & Hardy Museum

Parks and gardens[edit]

Botanischer Garten Solingen, a botanical garden Bärenloch Walder Stadtpark in Solingen-Wald Gustav-Coppel-Park Süd-Park Brückenpark beneath the Müngsten Bridge

Famous people[edit]

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Born before 1900[edit]

Heinz Bender, Chief White House Pastry Chef during U.S. Presidents Johnson, Nixon, Ford and Carter's administrations Johann Wilhelm Meigen
Johann Wilhelm Meigen
(1764–1845), an insect collector, specialist of Diptera

J. C. C. Devaranne

J. C. C. Devaranne
J. C. C. Devaranne
(1784–1813), helped to lead resistance against Napoleonic occupation in 1813. Wilhelm von Voss (1784–1818), Prussian Administrative Officer and District Administrator of Solingen Karl Mager (1810–1858), school educator and school politician Karl Adams (mathematician) (1811–1849), mathematician and teacher Albert Bierstadt
Albert Bierstadt
(1830–1902), landscape painter Adolf Kamphausen, (1829–1909), biblical scholar Georg Keßler (1851–1910), Prussian Administrative Officer Ernst Otto Beckmann
Ernst Otto Beckmann
(1853–1923), chemist Friedrich Haumann (1857–1924), municipal politician first Lord Mayor of Solingen Ludwig Woltmann (1871–1907), anthropologist, zoologist and neo-Kantian Artur Möller van den Bruck (1876–1925) writer Albert Müller (1891–1954), communist and politician Paul Voss (1894–1976), designer Paul Franken (1894–1944), socialist politician, victims of Stalinism Karl Allmenröder, (1896–1917), fighter pilot of the Luftstreitkräfte during World War I. Carl Clauberg
Carl Clauberg
(1898–1957), gynecologist, who, as an SS physician, carried out massive forced sterilizations on concentration camp prisoners

Born after 1900[edit]

Hermann Friedrich Graebe
Hermann Friedrich Graebe
(1900–1986), manager and engineer, 'Righteous Among the Nations' by Israel Josef Dahmen (1903–1985), theater and film actor Adolf Eichmann
Adolf Eichmann
(1906–1962), major organiser of the Holocaust Georg Meistermann (1911–1990), painter of numerous sacred and profane glass windows Jürgen Thorwald (1915–2006, pseudonym for: Heinz Bongartz), author of popular scientific representations Christel Rupke (1919–1998), swimmer Walter Scheel
Walter Scheel
(1919–2016), politician (FDP), was the 4th Federal President (1974–1979) Klaus Lehnertz
Klaus Lehnertz
(born 1938), athlete Adolf Weil (1938–2011), the most successful motocross rider in the Federal Republic of Germany Christoph Wolff
Christoph Wolff
(born 1940), musicologist (Bach, researcher and director of the Bach Archive, at the Harvard University Pina Bausch
Pina Bausch
(1940–2009), dancer, choreographer and director of the dance theater of the same name in Wuppertal Hans-Joachim Freund (born 1951), chemist, director at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society Michael Schade (born 1952), spokesman of the management of Bayer 04 Leverkusen
Leverkusen
Fußball GmbH Wolfgang Schwerk (born 1955), Ultramarathon
Ultramarathon
runner Michael Lesch (born 1956), actor Andreas Schäfer (born 1957), director and author Trumpeter and Solingen
Solingen
Youth Orchestra founder Alois Mansfeld Ulay
Ulay
(Frank Uwe Laysiepen), artist, photographer and performer who used to perform with Marina Abramović. Timotheus Höttges
Timotheus Höttges
(born 1962), manager and board member of Deutsche Telekom Richard David Precht
Richard David Precht
(born 1964), philosopher, writer and publicist Bernd Schneider (de) (born 1965), German champion in chess Veronica Ferres
Veronica Ferres
(born 1965), actress Sebastian Thrun
Sebastian Thrun
(born 1967), former professor at Stanford University, founder of the online university Udacity Jens Weidmann
Jens Weidmann
(born 1968), President of the Deutsche Bundesbank Mola Adebisi, (born 1973) German TV-presenter grew up and lives in Solingen Accept, Heavy Metal band formed in Solingen
Solingen
in the early 1970s Marco Matias (musician) (born 1975), German-Portuguese singer Fahriye Evcen
Fahriye Evcen
(born 1986), actress Kevin Kampl
Kevin Kampl
(born 1990), Slovenian footballer Christoph Kramer
Christoph Kramer
(born 1991), soccer player

Walter Scheel
Walter Scheel
(1974)

Richard David Precht
Richard David Precht
(2009)

Veronica Ferres
Veronica Ferres
(2012)

Christoph Kramer
Christoph Kramer
(2014)

Pina Bausch
Pina Bausch
(2009)

The founders of Studebaker
Studebaker
Brothers Manufacturing Company, which later became the automobile company Studebaker, trace their lineage to bladesmen from the region that migrated to America in 1736.[6][7] Sports[edit] Baseball[edit] The Solingen Alligators are a baseball and softball club from Solingen. The club was founded in 1991 and the first men's team was promoted to the first division of the Baseball Bundesliga for the 2003 season. It has played there in every season since, winning the league championship in 2006 and 2014. The club claims over 250 members. Chess[edit] The Schachgesellschaft Solingen
Solingen
e.V. 1868 is best known for its chess team, which plays in the Schachbundesliga (Chess Bundesliga), the top tier of the German chess league system, and is the most successful club in German chess history, having won a record 12 national titles (1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1980/81, 1986/87, 1987/88, 1996/97 and 2015/16), three national cups (1986, 2006 und 2009) and 2 European cups (1976 and 1990). Handball[edit] In handball, Solingen's most successful team is Bergischer HC, playing in the top-tier Handball-Bundesliga
Handball-Bundesliga
which they were promoted to for the second time in 2013, reaching 15th place in the 2013–14 campaign and therefore staying in the top flight for a second consecutive season. BHC originates from a 2006 cooperation between the SG Solingen and rivals LTV Wuppertal
Wuppertal
from the nearby city of the same name. The club advertises itself as a representative of the entire Bergisches Land region. The team plays its home games at both Solingen's Klingenhalle (2,600 seats) and Wuppertal's Uni-Halle (3,200 seats). Reception[edit]

The cargo ship Solingen
Solingen
in 1966

In May 1955, the city of Solingen
Solingen
took over the partnership of the German general cargo ship Solingen
Solingen
of the Hamburg-American Packet Transit Actien-Gesellschaft (Hapag). International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Solingen
Solingen
is twinned with:

Złotoryja, Poland, since 1955 Gouda, Netherlands, since 1957 Chalon-sur-Saône, France, since 1960 Blyth, United Kingdom, since 1962 Jinotega, Jinotega, Nicaragua, since 1985 Ness Ziona, Israel, since 1986 Thiès, Senegal, since 1990 Aue, Germany, since 1990 sponsorship: citizens from the former district (Landkreis) Goldberg/Silesia, since 1955

References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.  ^ "Bevölkerung im Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
Detmold" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 22 April 2010.  ^ http://solinger-bote.de/nachrichten/2014/11/05/solingen-gedenken-an-solinger-bombenopfer-vor-70-jahren/ ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1993-05-30/news/mn-41574_1_arson-attack ^ Groneck, Christoph; Lohkemper, Paul (2007). Wuppertal
Wuppertal
Schwebebahn Album. Berlin: Robert Schwandl. pp. 58–61.  ^ DeWitt, Bill. "Family Origins and The Wagon Business". Studebaker 100. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2017.  ^ "History of the Studebaker
Studebaker
Family and Company". Studebaker
Studebaker
Family National Association. Archived from the original on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

(in German) Solingen
Solingen
official website Travel guide from die-bergischen-drei.de Media related to Solingen
Solingen
at Wikimedia Commons Solingen
Solingen
travel guide from Wikivoyage  "Ohligs". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

v t e

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Germany
by population

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Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal

100,000+

Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 265231507 GND: 4055431-4 BNF:

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