Solferino is a small town and comune in the province of Mantua,
Lombardy, northern Italy, approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi)
south of Lake Garda.
It is best known as being close to the site of the Battle of Solferino
on 24 June 1859, part of the Second Italian War of Independence. The
battle ended with Italo-French capture of the Rocca, the fortress then
in Austrian hands.
The wounded in the battle were witnessed by the Swiss businessman
Jean-Henri Dunant, who had traveled to
Italy to meet French emperor
Napoléon III with the intention of discussing difficulties in
conducting business in Algeria, at that time occupied by France.
Horrified by the suffering of wounded soldiers left on the
battlefield, Dunant completely abandoned the original intent of his
trip and for several days he devoted himself to helping with the
treatment and care for the wounded. He succeeded in organizing an
overwhelming level of relief assistance by motivating the local
villagers to aid without discrimination.
Back in his home in Geneva, he set about a process that led to the
Geneva Conventions and the establishment of the International
Committee of the Red Cross by writing a book entitled A Memory of
Solferino which he published with his own money in 1862 and thus
initiated the process.
From 23 to 28 June 2009, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of
the battle, a series of events gathering thousands of Red Cross and
Red Crescent Movement volunteers from all around the world took place
in Solferino, under the name of
Solferino 2009 Celebrations.
Solferino is twinned with:
Solférino, France, since 1963
Châtillon-sur-Indre, France, since 2003
^ All demographics and other statistics: Istituto Nazionale di
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Solferino.
Lombardy · Comuni of the Province of Mantua
Acquanegra sul Chiese
Bagnolo San Vito
Borgofranco sul Po
Carbonara di Po
Castiglione delle Stiviere
Gazoldo degli Ippoliti
Ponti sul Mincio
San Benedetto Po
San Giacomo delle Segnate
San Giorgio di Mantova
San Giovanni del Dosso
San Martino dall'Argine
Serravalle a Po
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