The Info List - Solex

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is a French manufacturer of carburetors and the powered bicycle VéloSoleX. Solex
carburetors were used by many top European automobile marques, such as Rolls-Royce, Citroën, Porsche, Volkswagen, SAAB, and Mercedes Benz. They were also licensed, with Japanese maker Mikuni supplying them to Toyota, Suzuki, Yamaha, and others.


1 History 2 Carburetors

2.1 License

3 Powered bicycles 4 Company timeline 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The Solex
company was founded by Marcel Mennesson and Maurice Goudard to manufacture vehicle radiators. These were fitted to several makes of early cars including Delaunay-Belleville
and buses of the Paris General Omnibus company. After World War I, the radiator business went into decline and the company bought the rights to the carburetor patents of Jouffret and Renée and named them Solex
after their business. The Solex
brand is now owned by Magneti Marelli. The original Solex company changed its name in 1994 to Magneti Marelli
Magneti Marelli
France and on May 31, 2001, Magneti Marelli
Magneti Marelli
France partially bought its assets (including the trademark SOLEX) from Magneti Marelli
Magneti Marelli
Motopropulsion France S.A.S. Carburetors[edit] Solex
manufactured carburetors used by some of the most famous European marques, including Rolls-Royce Motors, Citroën, Volvo, and Volkswagen. They were also employed in performance vehicles by makers such as Porsche, BMW, Alfa Romeo, and Mercedes Benz, which also used a 3x2 set-up on its W194 endurance racer. Solex
carburetors remained widely used by many European makers and under licence to Mikuni in Asia until the mid-1980s when fuel injection was widely adopted to conform with increasingly strict auto emissions regulations. Among the makers who used Solex
carburetors were:

Rolls-Royce Motors Alfa Romeo Fiat Audi Ford BMW Citroën Opel Simca Saab Renault Peugeot Lancia Land Rover Series Lada Mercedes Benz Volvo Volkswagen Porsche

License[edit] Solex
carburetors have been made under licence by a number of companies including Mikuni of Japan which entered into a licensed manufacturing agreement with Solex
in 1960 and further developed many of Solex's original designs. Domestic automakers and motorcycle manufacturers using Mikuni carburetors include:

Toyota Mitsubishi Suzuki Yamaha

Powered bicycles[edit] Main article: VéloSoleX


The VéloSoleX
has a 49 cc (3.0 cu in) motor mounted above the front wheel. Power is delivered via a small ceramic roller that rotates directly on the front wheel by friction to the tire. The first prototype of a VéloSoleX
was created in 1941 and used regular bicycle frames such as those under the Alcyon
brand and were powered by a 45 cc (2.7 cu in) engine developed by Solex. VéloSoleX
were produced commercially and sold starting in 1946 with a 45 cc engine without clutch, then later with a 49 cc engine. The solex, although not varying much from one version to the next, was sold in these models:

1946–53: 45 cc 1953–55: 330 (first 49 cc engine; no clutch) 1955–57: 660 1957–58: 1010 1958–59: 1400 1959–61: 1700 (first version equipped with a clutch) 1961–64: 2200 1964–66: 3300 (first frame with a square section) 1966–88: 3800 1971–88: 5000

Export versions were also created (sold outside France)

3800 Export 4600 (V3 Sold only in the US) 5000

Current version (made in France)

2007–2011: VéloSoleX

More than eight million were eventually sold, mostly in Europe. It was also constructed under licence in many countries. Today, the VéloSoleX
is again manufactured in France. The trademark "VELOSOLEX" is the property of Velosolex America, LLC which markets the VéloSoleX motorized bicycle worldwide. Company timeline[edit]

This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this article to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (October 2011)

1905: The company was created by Maurice Goudard and Marcel Mennesson, both graduates of the École Centrale Paris. 1973: the carburetor division is taken over by Matra, and later by Magneti Marelli, then by Renault
and Motobécane
in 1974. 1983: Motobécane
is bought by Yamaha
and becomes MBK. 1988: production in France, at Saint-Quentin, ends. Circa 2001 production ceased in China and restarted in France. In June 2004, the mark "Solex" was bought by the French group CIBIÉ In October 2005 CIBIÉ launches the e-Solex, designed by Pininfarina and produced in China (400 W brushless electric motor, 35 km/h, autonomy of 30 km)[1] In 2009, CIBLE launches the e- Solex
2.0, a new version with a lithium polymer battery Solex, Velosolex and Solexline are trademarks, property of SINBAR SARL The trademark "VELOSOLEX" is the property of Velosolex America LLC who markets the Velosolex worldwide.


^ " Pininfarina
and Cible Present e-Solex; Design News". Dexigner. 2005-10-27. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 

External links[edit]

Mikuni Velosolex America official web site Magneti Marelli Velosolex collection - technical descriptions Steve McQueen rode a Velosolex SoleXin - a list of SoleX resources

v t e

Major and notable French motorcycle marques

CEMEC Dresch Gnome et Rhône Motobécane Peugeot
Motocycles Ratier Scorpa Solex Terrot Voxan

v t e

French bicycle manufacturers


Peugeot Cyfac Gitane Lapierre Look Louison Bobet Motobécane Solex Time VéloSoleX Vitus


Alcyon Clément Corima Follis Gladiator Gnome et Rhône René Herse Hurtu Matra Manufrance Mochet Olivier brothers Stella Terrot Urago Velocar


Clément Tyres Hutchinson SA Look Mafac Mavi