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Solel Boneh (Hebrewסולל בונה‎, lit. Paving and Building) is the oldest, and one of the largest, construction and civil engineering companies in Israel.[citation needed]

Headquarters in Ramat Gan

In 1984, a subsidiary, Solel Boneh Building and Infrastructure, was founded under full control of the parent company.[citation needed] In 1989, control of Solel Boneh was passed on to the Housing & Construction Holding Company Limited (Shikun U'Binui).[Solel Boneh was founded in 1921 in British-ruled Palestine, during the first conference of the Jewish trade union, the General Histadrut, under the name of Batz (בע"ץ‎), an acronym of Binyan veAvodot Tziburiot (בניין ועבודות ציבוריות‎, lit. Construction and Public Works). Its first project was to pave a road from Tiberias to Samakh, which is now part of Highway 90. The company was founded as a cooperative organisation in the spirit of socialist workers' groups, but it encountered financial difficulties, which led in 1923 to the founding of a company named "Solel Boneh", based on the organisation but managed as a business corporation.{cn|date=August 2020}}

Solel Boneh had an integral role in major building activities in Mandate Palestine. Among other projects, the company built Tegart's wall in 1938. During the Mandate era it built bridges, airfields, bases for the British Army[1] and army projects in Iraq, Egypt, Bahrain and Cyprus.{cn|date=August 2020}} In 1926, it employed 3,000 workers in various public works projects, included 139 women who worked in construction.[2]

Israel, trade union ownership (1948-1996)

After statehood was achieved in 1948, Solel Boneh continued to play a major role in Israeli construction projects.[2]

Solel Boneh helped strengthen the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and it built strongholds and systems to supply water, in practice becoming the basis of the first logistics unit in the IDF.{cn|date=August 2020}}

In 1961, shares of Solel Boneh were first traded on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange.{cn|date=August 2020}}

Israeli firms, such as Solel Boneh, were often involved in building projects in Africa during the 1960s and 1970s. One reason Operation Entebbe in 1976 was so well-planned was that the building in which the hostages were being held had been built by Solel Boneh, which still had the blueprints, and supplied them to the Israeli government.{cn|date=August 2020}}

During the years 1960-69, Solel Boneh carried out the construction of the Basilica of the Annunciation in Mandate Palestine. Among other projects, the company built Tegart's wall in 1938. During the Mandate era it built bridges, airfields, bases for the British Army[1] and army projects in Iraq, Egypt, Bahrain and Cyprus.{cn|date=August 2020}} In 1926, it employed 3,000 workers in various public works projects, included 139 women who worked in construction.[2]

After statehood was achieved in 1948, Solel Boneh continued to play a major role in Israeli construction projects.[2]

Solel Boneh helped strengthen the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and it built strongholds and systems to supply water, in practice becoming the basis of the first logistics unit in the IDF.{cn|date=August 2020}}

In 1961,

Solel Boneh helped strengthen the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and it built strongholds and systems to supply water, in practice becoming the basis of the first logistics unit in the IDF.{cn|date=August 2020}}

In 1961, shares of Solel Boneh were first traded on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange.{cn|date=August 2020}}

Israeli firms, such as Solel Boneh, were often involved in building projects in Africa during the 1960s and 1970s. One reason Operation Entebbe in 1976 was so well-planned was that the building in which the hostages were being held had been built by Solel Boneh, which still had the blueprints, and supplied them to the Israeli government.{cn|date=August 2020}}

During the years 1960-69, Solel Boneh carried out the construction of the Basilica of the Annunciation in Nazareth.{cn|date=August 2020}}

In 1984, a subsidiary, Solel Boneh Building and Infrastructure, was founded under full control of the parent company.[citation needed] In 1989, control of Solel Boneh was passed on to the Housing & Construction Holding Company Limited (Shikun U'Binui).[dubious ]

Privatisation (1996)

In 1996, control of that holding company, including Solel Boneh, was obtained by Ted Arison and after his death in 1999 later it was passed on to his daughter, Shari Arison.holding company, including Solel Boneh, was obtained by Ted Arison and after his death in 1999 later it was passed on to his daughter, Shari Arison.[citation needed]

See also