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The Info List - Sol De Mayo


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Sun
Sun
of May in the flag of Argentina
Argentina
, 1818 *

Sun
Sun
of May in the flag of Uruguay
Uruguay
, 1830

Sun
Sun
of May on the first Argentine coin , 1813

The SUN OF MAY (Spanish : Sol de Mayo) is a national emblem of Argentina
Argentina
and Uruguay
Uruguay
, and appears on both countries' flags.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Description * 3 Features and specifics * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

According to Diego Abad de Santillán, it is a figurative sun that represents Inti
Inti
, the sun god of the Inca religion . Although most consider Inti
Inti
the sun god, he is more appropriately viewed as a cluster of solar aspects, since the Inca divided his identity according to the stages of the sun. Worshipped as a patron deity of the Inca Empire, he is of unknown mythological origin. The most common story says that he is the son of Viracocha
Viracocha
, the god of civilization.

The specification "of May" is a reference to the May Revolution
May Revolution
which took place in the week from 18 to 25 May 1810, which marked the beginning of the independence from the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
for the countries that were part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
by then. There is a legend that as the new government was proclaimed, the sun broke through the clouds, which was seen as a good omen. Anarchist and economist Diego Abad de Santillán
Diego Abad de Santillán
claimed that the Sun
Sun
of May was a representation of the Inca sun god Inti
Inti
.

DESCRIPTION

In Argentina
Argentina
, the Sun
Sun
of May is the radiant golden yellow sun bearing the human face and thirty-two rays that alternate between sixteen straight and sixteen wavy.

In Uruguay
Uruguay
, the Sun
Sun
of May is the yellow sun bearing the human face and sixteen triangular rays that alternate between eight straight and eight wavy.

FEATURES AND SPECIFICS

The sun , called the Sun
Sun
of May, is a replica of an engraving on the first Argentine coin , approved in 1813 by the Constituent Assembly , whose value was eight escudos (one Spanish dollar).

In form, it is similar to — and may be partially derived from — the sun in splendour , which is common in European heraldry. This, too, is usually depicted with a face, and with alternating straight and wavy rays (representing light and heat respectively), though it normally has only sixteen rays.

A 1978 law describing the official ceremonial flag of Argentina specifies that the sun must be golden yellow in color (amarillo oro), have an inner diameter of 10 cm, and an outer diameter of 25 cm (the diameter of the sun equals  5⁄6 the height of the white stripe, and the sun's face is  2⁄5 of its height), must feature 32 rays (16 undulated and 16 straight in alternation), and must be embroidered in the official ceremonial flag.

SEE ALSO

* Sun
Sun
(heraldry) * Solar symbol * Vergina Sun
Sun