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The Socialist Workers' Party of Germany
Germany
(German: Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, SAPD) was a centrist Marxist political party in Germany. It was formed by a left-wing party with around 20,000 members which split off from the SPD in the autumn of 1931. In 1931, the remnants of USPD merged into the party, and in 1932 some Communist Party dissenters joined the group too, as well as a part from the Communist Party Opposition. Nevertheless, its membership remained small. From 1933, the group's members worked illegally against National Socialism. In his home town of Lübeck, the young Herbert Karl Frahm, later known as Willy Brandt, joined the SAPD, against the advice of his mentor Julius Leber. In his autobiography, Brandt wrote:

In autumn 1931, Nazis and German nationalists, the SA and the Stahlhelm joined together to form the "Harzburg Front". ... It was just at this time that the left wing of the social democrats split off, as a result of measures connected to organisation and discipline by the party leaders. A few Reichstag assemblymen, a number of active party groups – above all in Saxony – and not least a large proportion of young Socialists followed the people who were calling for the founding of a Socialist Workers' Party.[citation needed]

In 1934, the youth of SAPD took part in the foundation of the International Bureau of Revolutionary Youth Organizations. The congress, which was held in the Netherlands, was broken up by Dutch police. Several SAPD delegates were handed over to German authorities. The congress then re-convened in Lille. Brandt was elected to the Secretariat of the organization, and worked in Norway
Norway
for the Bureau. The SAPD was affiliated to the International Revolutionary Marxist Centre, but broke with the main party of that international, the Independent Labour Party, over the question of the united front and popular front. During the Second World War
Second World War
some SAPD members emigrated to Great Britain and worked for the party there. Many of those became members of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Therefore the SAPD was not re-founded anew after the Second World War. Willy Brandt
Willy Brandt
eventually became the leader of the Social Democratic Party, one of West Germany's major political parties of the modern era, and was elected Chancellor of Germany. See also[edit]

Sozialistische Arbeiter-Zeitung Sozialistischer Schutzbund

Bibliography[edit]

Hanno Drechsler, Die Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands (SAPD): Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Deutschen Arbeiterbewegung am Ende der Weimarer Republik, Meisenheim am Glan: Hain, 1963; Repr. Hannover: Politladen, 1971; 2. Repr. Hamburg: Junius, 1999. (The classic account)

External links[edit]

Where is the SAP going?

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Political parties in Germany
Germany
in the Weimar Republic (1918–1933)

Communist

Communist Party of Germany
Germany
(KPD) Communist Workers Party of Germany
Germany
(KAPD) Communist Party Opposition
Communist Party Opposition
(KPO)

Socialist Social Democratic

Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD) Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(USPD) Majority Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(MSPD) Socialist Workers' Party of Germany
Germany
(SAPD)

Catholic

Bavarian People's Party
Bavarian People's Party
(BVP) Centre Party (Zentrum) Christian People's Party (CVP)

Agrarian

Bavarian Peasants' League (BB) Agricultural League Schleswig-Holstein Farmers and Farmworkers Democracy (SHBLD) Christian National Peasants' and Farmers' Party (CNBL) German Farmers' Party (DBP)

Liberal

German Democratic Party
German Democratic Party
(DDP) German People's Party
German People's Party
(DVP) German State Party
German State Party
(DStP)

Conservative

German National People's Party
German National People's Party
(DNVP) People's Right Party (VRP) Christian Social People's Service
Christian Social People's Service
(CSVD) Conservative People's Party (KVP)

Völkische and Nazi

German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party
(DAP) German Social Party (DSP) German Socialist Party (DSP) National Socialist German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party
(NSDAP)-Nazi Party German Völkisch Freedom Party (DVFP) National Socialist Freedom Movement (NSFB)

Miscellaneous

German-Hanoverian Party
German-Hanoverian Party
(DHP) Economic Party (WP)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 122639622 ISNI: 0000 0000 8500 5564 G

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