HOME
The Info List - Socialist International


--- Advertisement ---



The Socialist International
Socialist International
(SI) is a worldwide association of political parties, most of which seek to establish democratic socialism.[1] It consists mostly of democratic socialist, social-democratic and labour political parties and other organisations. Although formed in 1951 as a successor to the Labour and Socialist International, it has antecedents to the late nineteenth century. The association has grown to include 153 member parties[3] from over 100 countries. Its members have governed in many countries including most of Europe. The Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists
(PES), a major European political party, is an associated organisation of the SI. The current secretary general of the SI is Luis Ayala (Wikidata) (Chile), who has held the post since 1989.[4] The current president of the SI is the former Prime Minister of Greece
Prime Minister of Greece
George Papandreou.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The First and Second Internationals (1864–1916) 1.2 The Labour and Socialist International
Labour and Socialist International
(1919–1940) 1.3 The Socialist International
Socialist International
(1951–present) 1.4 The Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
(2013)

2 Presidents, honorary presidents and secretaries general

2.1 Presidents 2.2 Honorary presidents 2.3 Secretaries general

3 Summits 4 Members

4.1 Full members 4.2 Consultative parties 4.3 Observer parties 4.4 Former members

5 Fraternal organisations 6 Associated organisations 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit] The First and Second Internationals (1864–1916)[edit] The International Workingmen's Association
International Workingmen's Association
(the First International) was the first international body to bring together organisations representing the working class.[5] It was formed in London
London
on 28 September 1864 by socialist, communist and anarchist political groups and trade unions.[6] Tensions between moderates and revolutionaries led to its dissolution in 1876 in Philadelphia.[7] The Second International
Second International
was formed in Paris
Paris
on 14 July 1889 as an association of the socialist parties.[8] Differences over World War I led to the Second International
Second International
being dissolved in 1916. The Labour and Socialist International
Labour and Socialist International
(1919–1940)[edit] International Socialist Commission (ISC, also known as Berne International) was formed in February 1919 at a meeting in Berne
Berne
by parties that wanted to resurrect the Second International.[9] In March 1919 communist parties formed Comintern
Comintern
(the Third International) at a meeting in Moscow.[10] Parties which did not want to be a part of the resurrected Second International (ISC) or Comintern
Comintern
formed the International Working Union of Socialist Parties (IWUSP, also known as Vienna International/ Vienna
Vienna
Union/Two-and-a-Half International) on 27 February 1921 at a conference in Vienna.[11] The ISC and the IWUSP joined to form the Labour and Socialist International
Labour and Socialist International
(LSI) in May 1923 at a meeting in Hamburg.[12] The rise of Nazism
Nazism
and the start of World War II
World War II
led to the dissolution of the LSI in 1940. The Socialist International
Socialist International
(1951–present)[edit] The Socialist International
Socialist International
was formed in Frankfurt
Frankfurt
in July 1951 as a successor to the LSI.[13] During the post- World War II
World War II
period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal
Portugal
(1974) and Spain
Spain
(1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the SI had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America.[14] In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose democratically-elected left-wing government was subject to a campaign to overthrow it backed by the United States, which culminated in the Iran–Contra affair
Iran–Contra affair
after the Reagan administration covertly continued US support for the Contras
Contras
after such support was banned by Congress.

Willy Brandt
Willy Brandt
with outgoing secretary general Bernt Carlsson
Bernt Carlsson
(left) and new secretary general Pentti Väänänen
Pentti Väänänen
(right) at the Socialist International Congress in 1983

In the late 1970s and in the 1980s the SI had extensive contacts and discussion with the two leading powers of the Cold War
Cold War
period, the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union, on issues concerning East–West relations and arms control. The SI supported détente and disarmament agreements, such as SALTII, START and INF. They had several meetings and discussion in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
with President Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
and Vice-President George Bush and in Moscow
Moscow
with Secretaries General Leonid Brezhnev
Leonid Brezhnev
and Mikhail Gorbachev. The SI's delegations to these discussions were led by the Finnish Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa.[15] Since then, the SI has admitted as member parties not only the FSLN but also the left-wing Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as former Communist parties such as the Democratic Party of the Left
Democratic Party of the Left
of Italy
Italy
and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique
Mozambique
(FRELIMO). Following the Tunisian revolution, the Constitutional Democratic Rally was expelled from the SI in January 2011.[16] Later that month, the Egyptian National Democratic Party was also expelled.[17] As a result of the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis, the Ivorian Popular Front was expelled in March 2011.[18] However, according to section 5.1.3 of the statutes of the Socialist International, an expulsion requires a decision of Congress by a majority of two-thirds.[19] The Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
(2013)[edit] On 22 May 2013, the Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD) along with other current and former member parties of the SI founded a rival international network of social-democratic parties known as the Progressive Alliance, out of criticism of their perceived corrupt, undemocratic and outmoded nature of the SI.[20][21][22][23] Presidents, honorary presidents and secretaries general[edit] Presidents[edit]

Morgan Phillips, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(1951–1957) Alsing Andersen, Denmark
Denmark
(1957–1962) Erich Ollenhauer, West Germany
West Germany
(1963) Bruno Pittermann, Austria
Austria
(1964–1976) Willy Brandt, West Germany
West Germany
(1976–1992) Pierre Mauroy, France
France
(1992–1999) António Guterres, Portugal
Portugal
(1999–2005) George Papandreou,[4] Greece
Greece
(2006–present)

Honorary presidents[edit] [24]

Pierre Mauroy, former president of the SI Aung San Suu Kyi, special honorary president Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rico Philippe Busquin, Belgium Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexico Mohamed El Yazghi, Morocco Alan García, Peru Anita Gradin, Sweden Elazar Granot, Israel Anker Jørgensen, Denmark Lionel Jospin, France Neil Kinnock, Great Britain Enrique Silva Cimma, Chile Mário Soares, Portugal Hans-Jochen Vogel, Germany Mustapha Ben Jaafar, Tunisia

Secretaries general[edit]

Julius Braunthal, Austria
Austria
(1951–1956) Bjarne Braatoy, Norway
Norway
(1956–1957) Albert Carthy, Great Britain (1957–1969) Hans Janitschek, Austria
Austria
(1969–1976) Bernt Carlsson, Sweden
Sweden
(1976–1983) Pentti Väänänen, Finland
Finland
(1983–1989) Luis Ayala (Wikidata), Chile
Chile
(1989–present)

Summits[edit]

I Frankfurt
Frankfurt
1951 II Milan
Milan
1952 III Stockholm
Stockholm
1953 IV London
London
1955 V Vienna
Vienna
1957 VI Hamburg
Hamburg
1959 VII Rome
Rome
1961 VIII Amsterdam
Amsterdam
1963 IX Brussels
Brussels
1964 X Stockholm
Stockholm
1966

XI Eastbourne
Eastbourne
1969 XII Vienna
Vienna
1972 XIII Geneva
Geneva
1976 XIV Vancouver
Vancouver
1978 XV Madrid
Madrid
1980 XVI Albufeira
Albufeira
1983 XVII Lima
Lima
1986 XVIII Stockholm
Stockholm
1989 XIX Berlin
Berlin
1992 XX New York 1996

XXI Paris
Paris
1999 XXII São Paulo
São Paulo
2003 XXIII Athens
Athens
2008 XXIV Cape Town
Cape Town
2012 XXV Cartagena 2017

Members[edit] Full members[edit] The following parties are full members:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes

 Albania Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Albania[27][28][29] PS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30][29] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]

 Algeria Socialist Forces Front[32][33][34] FFS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][34]

 Andorra Social Democratic Party[37][38] PS in opposition Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][38]

 Angola Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola[39] MPLA in government Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][39]

 Argentina Radical Civic Union[40] UCR junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][40]

 Argentina Socialist Party[41][42] PS in opposition Full member since 1951.[42]

 Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation[43][44] ARF junior party in coalition Admitted (as Armenian Socialist Party) as observer member in 1996.[36][44] Promoted (as ASP) to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted (as ASP) to full member in 2003.[31]

 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria[45] SPÖ in opposition Full member since 1951.[45]

 Azerbaijan Social Democratic Party ASDP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 2003.[31] Readmitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46] Admitted as full member in 2016.[47]

 Belarus Belarusian Social Democratic Party BSDP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1999.[30] Promoted to consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]

 Belgium Socialist Party[49] PS in opposition

 Benin Social Democratic Party[50] PSD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30][50] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][50]

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina[51][38] SDP BiH in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][38]

 Brazil Democratic Labour Party[52] PDT in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[53][52] Promoted to full member in 1989.[52][54]

 Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats[55] PBSD in opposition

 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party[56] BSP in opposition Admitted as full member in 2003.[31][56]

 Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress MPP in government Admitted as full member in 2016.[47]

 Cameroon Social Democratic Front[57] SDF in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][57]

 Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde[58] PAICV in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][58]

 Chile Party for Democracy[59] PPD in government Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][59]

 Chile Radical Social Democratic Party[60] PRSD in government

 Chile Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Chile[61] PS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][61]

 Colombia Colombian Liberal Party[62] PLC in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][62]

 Costa Rica National Liberation Party[63] PLN in opposition Full member since 1987.[63]

 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia[64][65] SDP in opposition Admitted as full member in 1999.[30][65]

 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy[66][67] EDEK in opposition Full member since 1987.[67] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]

 Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2008 (pending consultation).[68] Promoted to full member in June/July 2014.[46]

 Cyprus Communal Democracy
Democracy
Party TDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in November 2015.[48] Promoted to full member in March 2017.

 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party[69][70] ČSSD in opposition

 Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party[71] PRD junior party in coalition Full member since 1987.[71]

 Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP (or HMDI in Arabic) in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2012.[72] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]

 Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy[73] CPDS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][73]

 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP in opposition

 France Socialist Party[74] PS in opposition

 Ghana National Democratic Congress NDC in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement[75] PASOK in opposition Full member since 1990.[75]

 Guatemala National Unity of Hope UNE in opposition Admitted as full member in 2008.[68]

 Guinea Rally of the Guinean People[76][77] RPG in government Admitted (as Guinean People's Assembly) as consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted (as GPA) to full member in 2003.[31][77]

 Haiti Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats[78] PFSDH in opposition Full member since 1989.[78]

 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party[79][80] MSzP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35][80] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36]

 Hungary Social Democratic Party of Hungary MSZDP extra-parliamentary Member since 1990.[81] Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]

 India Indian National Congress INC in opposition Originally joined in 1993.[82] Readmitted as full member December 2014.[83]

 Iran Kurdistan Democratic Party KDP N/A Admitted as a full member in November 2015.[48]

 Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK in government Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

 Ireland Labour Party[84][85]

in opposition

 Israel Meretz[86][67]

in opposition

 Israel Israeli Labor Party[86]

in opposition

 Italy Italian Socialist Party PSI junior party in coalition

 Jamaica People's National Party[87] PNP in opposition Full member since 1952.[87] Temporarily demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]

 Japan Social Democratic Party[88] SDP in opposition Full member since 1951 as the Japan
Japan
Socialist Party.[88]

 Kazakhstan Nationwide Social Democratic Party OSDP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2012.[72] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]

 Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party[89] PSP junior party in coalition Full member since 1980.[89]

 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania[90] LSDP junior party in coalition Full member since the 1990s.[90]

 Luxembourg Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party[91][92] LSAP/POSL junior party in coalition Full member since 1951.[92]

 Mali Alliance for Democracy
Democracy
in Mali[93] ADEMA-PASJ in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][93] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

 Mali Rally for Mali RPM in government Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]

 Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces RFD in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

 Mauritius Labour Party[94] PT in opposition Full member since 1969.[94]

 Mauritius Mauritian Militant Movement[95] MMM in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][95] Part of the Alliance of the Heart.

 Mexico Institutional Revolutionary Party[96] PRI in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][96]

 Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution[97] PRD in opposition Admitted as full member in 1996.[36][97]

 Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova[98] PDM junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[68] Promoted to full member in 2012.[72] Part of Alliance for European Integration.

 Mongolia Mongolian People's Party[99][100] MPP in government Admitted (as Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) as observer member in 1999.[30][100] Promoted (as Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party) to full member in 2003.[31][100]

 Mongolia Mongolian Social Democratic Party[100] MSDP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35][100] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36] Merged with others in 2000 to form the Democratic Party

 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro[101] DPS senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

 Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro[101][102][103] SDP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][103]

 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces[104][105][106] USFP in opposition Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]

 Mozambique Frelimo Party[107] FRELIMO in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30]

 Namibia South West Africa People's Organisation SWAPO in government Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

   Nepal Nepali Congress[108][109] NC in government Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][109]

 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front[110] FSLN in government Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][110]

 Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy
Democracy
and Socialism[111] PNDS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][111]

 Pakistan Pakistan
Pakistan
Peoples Party[112] PPP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][112]

 Palestine Fatah[113][114]

in government Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2012.[72]

 Panama Democratic Revolutionary Party[115] PRD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[53][115] Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]

 Paraguay Democratic Progressive Party PDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[68] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]

 Peru American Popular Revolutionary Alliance[116] APRA in opposition Promoted to full member in 1999.[30]

 Portugal Socialist Party[117] PS in government

 Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Independence Party[118] PIP in opposition Consultative member in 1987, full member in 1994.[118] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]

 Romania Social Democratic Party[119][120] PSD senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30] Consultative member in 1992, full member in 2001.[120] Admitted as full member in 2003.[31]

 Russia A Just Russia[121][122] SR in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008.[68] Promoted to consultative member in 2010. Promoted to full member in 2012.[72][123]

 San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats[111] PSD in opposition Consultative member in 1961, full member in 1980.[111]

 Senegal Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Senegal[124][125] PS N/A Full member since the 1970s.[125] Boycotted last election.

 Serbia Democratic Party[126] DS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy[127] SMER-SD senior party in coalition Full member since 1994.[127]

 South Africa African National Congress[128] ANC in government Admitted as full member in 1999.[30][128]

 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party[129] PSOE in opposition Full member since 1951.[129]

 Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi CCM in government Admitted as full member in 2013.[130]

 Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties FDTL junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Promoted to full member in 2012.[72]

 Turkey Republican People's Party[131][132][133] CHP in opposition Took Social Democratic Populist Party's place in 1995.[133]

 United Kingdom Social Democratic and Labour Party[134][135] SDLP in opposition Full member since 1974.[135]

 Uruguay New Space[136][137] PNE in government Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][137]

 Uruguay Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Uruguay[138] PSUA in government Admitted as full member in 1999.[30][138]

 Venezuela A New Era UNT in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[130] Promoted to full member in November 2015.[48]

 Venezuela Democratic Action[139][140] AD in opposition Observer member in 1966, consultative member in 1981, full member mid 1980s.[140]

 Venezuela Movement for Socialism MAS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]

 Venezuela Popular Will VP in opposition Admitted as full member in December 2014.[83]

 Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party YSP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to consultative member in 2008.[68] Promoted to full member in 2012.[72]

Consultative parties[edit] The following parties are consultative parties:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes

 Algeria National Liberation Front FLN in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]

 Belize People's United Party PUP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46]

 Botswana Botswana
Botswana
Democratic Party BDP in government Admitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46]

 Chad National Union for Democracy
Democracy
and Renewal UNDR in opposition Admitted as observer member in June/July 2014.[46]

 Gabon Gabonese Progress Party PGP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36]

 Gambia United Democratic Party UDP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2012.[72] Boycotted last election.

 Georgia Social Democrats for the Development of Georgia SDD N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]

 Guinea-Bissau African Party for the Independence of Guinea
Guinea
and Cape Verde PAIGC in government Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[68]

 Iran Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan PDKI N/A Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 2008.[68]

 Nigeria All Progressives Congress[114] APC in government Admitted as consultative member in December 2014.[83]

 Palestine Palestinian National Initiative[114] PNI in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008.[68] Promoted to consultative member in 2012.[72]

 Sahrawi Republic Polisario Front POLISARIO in government Admitted as observer member in 2008.[68] Promoted to consultative member in 2017.[141][142]

 São Tomé and Príncipe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party MLSTP/PSD in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]

 Swaziland People's United Democratic Movement PUDEMO N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[130] Political parties are banned in Swaziland.

 Syria Democratic Union Party PYD

Admitted as consultative member in November 2015.[48]

 Togo Democratic Convention of African Peoples CDPA Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30]

 Timor-Leste Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor FRETILIN senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]

 Turkey Peoples' Democratic Party HDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2015.

 Ukraine Social Democratic Party of Ukraine[143] SDPU N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]

 Zambia Patriotic Front PF in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[130]

Observer parties[edit] The following parties are observer parties:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes

 Central African Republic Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People MLPC in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008.[68]

 Democratic Republic of the Congo Union for Democracy
Democracy
and Social Progress UDPS in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31]

 Democratic Republic of the Congo Unified Lumumbist Party PALU in opposition Admitted as observer member in December 2014.[83]

 Haiti Struggling People's Organization OPL

Admitted (as Lavalas Political Organisation) as observer member in 1996.[36]

 Iran Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan KPIK

Admitted as observer member in December 2014.[83]

 Iran Komala Party of Kurdistan KPK

Admitted as observer member in December 2014.[83]

 Kenya Labour Party of Kenya

Admitted as observer member in 2012.[72]

 Lesotho Lesotho
Lesotho
Congress for Democracy LCD junior party in coalition government Admitted as observer member in June/July 2014.[46]

 Swaziland Swaziland
Swaziland
Democratic Party SWADEPA

Admitted as observer member in June/July 2014.[46]

 United Kingdom Labour Party[144]

in opposition Member since 1951.[144] In devolved government in Wales. The party asked and obtained to be downgraded to observer status in February 2013 "in view of ethical concerns, and to develop international co-operation through new networks."[145]

Former members[edit]

Country Name Abbr Notes

 Albania Social Democratic Party of Albania[146] PSD Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][146] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Andorra New Democracy ND Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30]

 Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Labour Party ALP Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[68]

 Argentina Popular Socialist Party PSP Admitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with the Democratic Socialist Party
Socialist Party
to form the Socialist Party.

 Aruba People's Electoral Movement[39] MEP Promoted to full member in 1992.[35] Full member since 1994.[39] Delisted in December 2014.

 Australia Australian Labor Party[147] ALP Admitted as full member in 1966.[147] Delisted in December 2014.

 Barbados Barbados
Barbados
Labour Party[148] BLP Admitted as full member in 1987.[148] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Belgium Belgian Socialist Party PSB/BSP Founder member. Split in 1978.

 Belgium Socialist Party
Socialist Party
Different SP.a Delisted in 2017.

 Benin Democratic Union of Progressive Forces UDFP Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35]

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats SNSD Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008[68] Expelled in August 2012.[72]

 Botswana Botswana
Botswana
National Front BNF Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]

 Bolivia Revolutionary Left Movement[149] MIR Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Consultative member in 1987.[149] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35][149]

 Bulgaria European Left BEL[150] Admitted as observer member in 1999.[30]

 Burkina Faso Party for Democracy
Democracy
and Progress / Socialist Party[59] PDP/PS Admitted as full member circa 1995.[59] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Burundi Front for Democracy
Democracy
in Burundi FRODEBU Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Canada Co-operative Commonwealth Federation CCF Became the New Democratic Party
New Democratic Party
in 1961.

 Canada New Democratic Party[151] NDP/NPD Delisted in 2018.

 Central African Republic Movement for Democracy
Democracy
and Social Progress MDPS Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35]

 Ivory Coast Ivorian Popular Front[152] FPI Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][152] Expelled in March 2011.[18]

 Colombia Alternative Democratic Pole PDA Former observer member. Delisted in December 2014.

 Colombia M-19 Democratic Alliance

Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35]

 Curaçao Partido MAN MAN Promoted to full member in 1989.[54] Delisted in 2017.

 Denmark Social Democrats SD Founding member. Withdrew in 2017.

 Dominica Dominica
Dominica
Labour Party DLP Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Ecuador Democratic Left[153] PID Member since 1987.[153] Delisted in 2017.

 Egypt National Democratic Party[63] NDP Admitted as full member in 1989.[54] Full member since 1992.[63] Expelled in January 2011.[17][154][155]

 El Salvador Democratic Party PD Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]

 Estonia Social Democratic Party[156][157] SDE Member since 1990.[157] Withdrew in 2017.

 Fiji Fiji
Fiji
Labour Party FLP Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Expelled in 2008, due to the party's participation in a government issued from a military coup.[68]

 Georgia Union of Citizens of Georgia CUG Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]

 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD Founding member. Withdrew in 2017.

 Greenland Forward

Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Guatemala Social Democratic Convergence[158] CSD Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31][158]

 Haiti Party of the National Congress of Democratic Movements KONAKOM Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36]

 Haiti Revolutionary Progressive Nationalist Party PANPRA Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]

 Iceland Social Democratic Party A Member since 1987.[159] Formed Social Democratic Alliance
Social Democratic Alliance
in 2000.

 Iceland Social Democratic Alliance S Withdrew in 2017.

 Iran League of Iranian Socialists

Joined in 1960.[160] It was dissolved in 1980s.

 Italy Democratic Party of the Left PDS Admitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with others to form Democrats of the Left
Democrats of the Left
in 1998.

 Italy Democrats of the Left[161] DS Full member since 1992 as Democratic Party of the Left.[161] Merged with other movements to form the Democratic Party in 2007. Listed as SI member until XXIV Congress in 2012.

 Italy Italian Socialist Party PSI Party dissolved in 1994 and succeeded by the Italian Socialists
Italian Socialists
(who formed the Italian Democratic Socialists
Italian Democratic Socialists
in 1998 and resumed as the Italian Socialist Party
Socialist Party
PSI in 2007).

 Italy Italian Democratic Socialist Party PSDI Party merged into the Italian Democratic Socialists
Italian Democratic Socialists
in 1998 (renamed into Italian Socialist Party
Socialist Party
PSI in 2007).

 Japan Democratic Socialist Party Minsha-tō Admitted as SI member in 1961.[162] Merged with non-socialist movements to form the New Frontier Party in 1994.

 Jordan Jordanian Democratic Party of the Left JDPL Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31]

 Kyrgyzstan Ata Meken Socialist Party[163]

Admitted as observer member in 2008.[68]

 Latvia Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party[164] LSDSP Full member since 1994.[164] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" SDPS Admitted as consultative member in June/July 2014.[46] Withdrew in 2017.

 Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia[165][166][167] SDSM Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][167] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Madagascar Party for National Unity VITM Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[54]

 Malaysia Democratic Action
Democratic Action
Party[168][140] DAP Full member since 1987.[140] Delisted in 2017.

 Malta Labour Party[169] PL Full member since 1955.[169] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Moldova Social Democratic Party of Moldova PSDM Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]

 Namibia Congress of Democrats CoD Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Netherlands Labour Party[170] PvdA Decided to minimise involvement in SI in December 2012.[171] Delisted in December 2014.

 New Zealand New Zealand
New Zealand
Labour Party[137] NZLP Member since 1952.[137] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 North Vietnam Vietnamese Socialist Party[172]

Consultative member between 1955 and 1969.[172]

 Norway Labour Party[173][174] DNA Member since 1951.[174] Withdrew in 2016.

 Paraguay Party for a Country of Solidarity[175] PPS Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68]

 Paraguay Revolutionary Febrerista Party[176][177] PRF Admitted as full member in the 1970s.[177]

 Philippines Philippines
Philippines
Democratic Socialist Party PDSP Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Philippines Akbayan Citizens' Action Party AKBAYAN Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]

 Poland Democratic Left Alliance[178][179] SLD Full member since 1996.[179] Withdrew in 2017.

 Poland Labour Union[180] UP Admitted as full member in 1996.[36][180] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Poland Social Democracy
Democracy
of the Republic of Poland SdRP Admitted as full member in 1996.[36] Absorbed into the Democratic Left Alliance in 1999.

 Romania Democratic Party PD Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30] Merged with the Liberal Democratic Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party.

 Russia Social Democratic Party of Russia SDPR Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]

 Saint Lucia Progressive Labour Party

Expelled in 1992.[35]

 Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Labour Party SKNLP Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Labour Party SLP Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent Labour Party SVGLP Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[54] Merged with the Movement for National Unity in 1994 to form the Unity Labour Party.

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Unity Labour Party ULP Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Serbia Social Democratic Party[126] SDP Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[68] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Ceased to exist in 2009[126]

 Singapore People's Action Party PAP Resigned in 1976 due to Dutch concerns over suppression of free speech.

 Slovakia Party of the Democratic Left SDĽ Admitted as full member in 1996.[36] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy
Democracy
in 2005.

 Slovakia Social Democratic Party of Slovakia SDSS Admitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy
Democracy
in 2005.

 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS Admitted (as the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia) as observer member in 1992.[35]

 Slovenia Social Democrats[181] SD Admitted (as United List of Social Democrats) as full member in 1996.[36][181] Demoted to observer member in 2012 due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Delisted in December 2014.

 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP Withdrew in March 2017.[182][183]

  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland[184] SP/PS Withdrew in 2017.

 Tunisia Constitutional Democratic Rally[52] RCD Admitted as full member in 1989.[54] Full member since 1993.[52] Expelled in January 2011.[16]

 Tunisia Popular Unity Movement MUP Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[54]

 Turkey Democratic Left Party DSP Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Expelled in 1992.[35]

 Turkey Democratic People's Party DEHAP Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Merged with the Democratic Society Movement to form the Democratic Society Party
Democratic Society Party
which in turn was succeeded by the Peace and Democracy
Democracy
Party.

 Turkey Social Democracy
Democracy
Party[133] SODEP Full member since 1990.[133] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995.[133]

 Turkey Social Democratic Populist Party SHP Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[53] Promoted to full member in 1989.[54] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995.

 Ukraine Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Ukraine SPU Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Expelled in July 2011.[185]

 United States Democratic Socialists of America DSA Had been a member of SI since founding in 1982, withdrew in August 2017.[186]

 United States Social Democrats, USA[181] SDUSA Member since 1972.[181] Exited SI in 2005.

 Uruguay Party for the Government of the People PGP Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Merged with the Colorado Party in 1994.

 Venezuela For Social Democracy PODEMOS Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[68]

 Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change MDC Admitted as full member in 2008.[68] Delisted in 2017.

Fraternal organisations[edit]

International Falcon Movement – Socialist Educational International[187] International Union of Socialist Youth[188] Socialist International
Socialist International
Women[189]

Associated organisations[edit]

International Federation of the Socialist and Democratic Press[187] International Jewish Labor Bund[190] International Labour Sports Confederation[190] International League of Religious Socialists[191][36][192]

International Social Democratic Union for Education[191] Labor Zionism National Democratic Institute for International Affairs[193]

Party of European Socialists[111] Social Democratic Group of the Latin American Parliament

See also[edit]

Socialism
Socialism
portal

French Section of the Workers' International Reformism

Notes[edit]

^ a b "Statutes of the Socialist International". Socialist International.  ^ "Finances of the International". Socialist International.  ^ "About Us". Socialist International.  ^ a b c "Presidium". Socialist International.  ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 176. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxiv. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxv. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 302. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 52. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 77. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 177. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 197. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 320. ^ The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989 ^ Väänänen, Pentti (2012). Purppuraruusu ja samettinyrkki (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Kellastupa. pp. 192–194. ISBN 9789525787115.  ^ a b "SI decision on Tunisia". Socialist International. 17 January 2011.  ^ a b "Letter to the General Secretary of the National Democratic Party, NDP Egypt" (PDF). Socialist International. 31 January 2011.  ^ a b "SI Presidium addresses situation in Côte d'Ivoire". Socialist International. 19 March 2011.  ^ "SI Statutes". Socialist International. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011.  ^ Bruderzwist unter Sozialisten - Politik - Süddeutsche.de. Sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved on 15 July 2013. ^ Progressive Alliance: Sozialdemokraten gründen weltweites Netzwerk - SPIEGEL ONLINE. Spiegel.de (22 May 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-15. ^ Sozialdemokratie: „Progressive Alliance“ gegründet - Politik. FAZ. Retrieved on 15 July 2013. ^ (in German) Sozialistische Internationale hat ausgedient: SPD gründet "Progressive Alliance". n-tv.de. Retrieved on 15 July 2013. ^ "Honorary Presidents of the Socialist International". Socialist International.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Member Parties". Socialist International.  ^ a b c "Social Democratic Parties". Broad Left. 1 June 2005.  ^ "Key Political Parties in Albania". Balkan Insight.  ^ "Albania". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 323. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "XXI Congress of the Socialist International, Paris
Paris
- Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "XXII Congress of the Socialist International, São Paulo
São Paulo
- Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International.  ^ "FFS (Socialist Forces Front)". European Institute for Research on Euro-Arab Co-operation.  ^ "Algeria". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 319. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "XIX Congress of the Socialist International, Berlin
Berlin
- Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap "XX Congress of the Socialist International, New York - Congress Decisions Regarding Membership". Socialist International.  ^ "Benvinguts" (in Catalan). Social Democratic Party (Andorra).  ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 311. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 270. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 286. ^ "Historia del Partido Socialista" (in Spanish). Socialist Party (Argentina).  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 35. ^ "In the Socialist International". Armenian Revolutionary Federation.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 37. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 44. ^ a b c d e f g h "SI Council Meeting in Mexico
Mexico
City". Socialist International.  ^ a b " Socialist International
Socialist International
- Progressive Politics For A Fairer World". www.socialistinternational.org. Retrieved 7 August 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Meeting of the SI Council in Luanda, Angola
Angola
27-28 November 2015". Socialist International.  ^ "L'Action Internationale" (in French). Parti Socialiste (Belgium).  ^ a b c Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 310. ^ "Bosnia Herzegovina". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 101. ^ a b c d e f "XVII Congress of the Socialist International, Lima
Lima
- Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "XVIII Congress of the Socialist International, Stockholm
Stockholm
- Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International.  ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 67. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 68. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 307. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 25. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 265. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 314. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 325. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 211. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 245. ^ "Croatia". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 312. ^ "Movement for Social Democracy". Movement for Social Democracy.  ^ a b c Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 308. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "XXIII Congress of the Socialist International, Athens
Athens
- Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International.  ^ "Our Party". Czech Social Democratic Party.  ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 95. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 108. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "XXIV Congress of the Socialist International, Cape Town
Cape Town
- Decisions on Membership". Socialist International.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 87. ^ "L'internationale socialiste" (in French). Socialist Party (France).  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 262. ^ "Attack on President Condé an assault on democracy". Socialist International. 19 July 2011.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 148. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 351. ^ "A Magyar Szocialista Párt..." (in Hungarian). Hungarian Socialist Party.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 158. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 156. ^ Gabriel Sheffer (1993). Innovative Leaders in International Politics. SUNY Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-7914-1520-7. Retrieved 30 January 2013.  ^ a b c d e f "Meeting of the SI Council at the United Nations in Geneva". Socialist International.  ^ "International Solidarity". Labour Party (Ireland).  ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 180. ^ a b "Israel". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 271. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 186. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 283. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 214. ^ "LSAP aujourd'hui" (in French). Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 217. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 29. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 230. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 229. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 167. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 268. ^ "Moldova". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ "Party History". Mongolian People's Party.  ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 238. ^ a b "Montenegro". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ "Socijalistička internacionala" (in Montenegrin). Social Democratic Party of Montenegro. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 313. ^ "Relations internationales" (in French). Socialist Union of Popular Forces.  ^ "Morocco". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 328. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 132. ^ "Introduction". Nepali Congress.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 250. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 296. ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 267. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 261. ^ " Fatah
Fatah
becomes member of Socialist International". Ma'an News Agency. 2 July 2011.  ^ a b c "Palestinian Territories". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 290. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 273. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 280. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 285. ^ "Afiliere internationala" (in Romanian). Social Democratic Party (Romania).  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 293. ^ "Russia". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ "Just Russia
Russia
– member of Socialist International". Sergey Mironov.  ^ (in Russian). A Just Russia http://www.spravedlivo.ru/news/anews/19005.php.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Le Parti en bref" (in French). Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Senegal.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 326. ^ a b c "Serbia". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 107. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 24. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 336. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.socialistinternational.org/images/dynamicImages/files/Council%20decisions-1.pdf ^ "European Union Representation". Republican People's Party (Turkey).  ^ "Turkey". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 289. ^ "Our History". Social Democratic and Labour Party.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 305. ^ "Nuevo Espacio" (in Spanish). New Space (Uruguay).  ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 253. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 327. ^ "Propuestas" (in Spanish). Democratic Action.  ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 100. ^ Polisario Front
Polisario Front
becomes consultative member of Socialist International association Sahara Press Service, March 4, 2017 ^ MEMBER PARTIES of the SOCIALIST INTERNATIONAL - Consultative parties Socialist International ^ "Ukraine". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 63. ^ Black, Ann. (6 February 2013) Report from Labour’s January executive. Left Futures. Retrieved on 2013-07-15. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 27. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 41. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 46. ^ a b c Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 241. ^ Janusz Bugajski (2002). Political Parties of Eastern Europe: A Guide to Politics in the Post-Communist Era. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 790–. ISBN 978-1-56324-676-0. Retrieved 6 February 2013.  ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 251. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 184. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 102. ^ Gültaşli, Selçuk (4 February 2011). "Socialist International cancels Mubarak's party membership". Today's Zaman.  ^ Weigel, David (4 February 2011). " Socialist International
Socialist International
Kicks Out Mubarak". Slate.  ^ "History". Social Democratic Party (Estonia).  ^ a b Peter Lamb; James C. Docherty (2006). Historical Dictionary of Socialism
Socialism
(Second ed.). The Scarecrow Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8108-5560-1.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 306. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 160. ^ "Socialist League", Iran
Iran
Almanac and Book of Facts (5) (5th ed.), Echo of Iran, 1966, p. 240  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 105. ^ James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2 October 2006). Historical Dictionary of Socialism. Scarecrow Press. pp. 187–. ISBN 978-0-8108-6477-1. Retrieved 28 January 2013.  ^ "Kyrgyzstan". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 203. ^ "International cooperation". Social Democratic Union of Macedonia.  ^ "FYR Macedonia". European Forum for Democracy
Democracy
and Solidarity.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 315. ^ "International Solidarity". Democratic Action
Democratic Action
Party.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 220. ^ "Partners". Labour Party (Netherlands).  ^ PvdA steunt oprichting Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
PvdA. Pvda.nl (19 December 2012). Retrieved on 2013-07-15. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 355. ^ "Information in English". Labour Party (Norway).  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 255. ^ "Party for a Country of Solidarity" (in Spanish). Party for a Country of Solidarity.  ^ " Socialist International
Socialist International
met in Paraguay
Paraguay
ahead of presidential elections". Socialist International.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 121. ^ "English". Democratic Left Alliance.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 103. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 352. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 316. ^ http://www.aftonbladet.se/senastenytt/ttnyheter/inrikes/article24473893.ab ^ http://www.vk.se/1953407/lofven-till-styrelsen-for-ny-organisation ^ "Internationale socialiste" (in French). Social Democratic Party of Switzerland.  ^ Партію Мороза виключили з Соцінтерну, Ukrainian Pravda, 03, July 2011 ^ Ferre, Juan Cruz. "DSA Votes for BDS, Reparations, and Out of the Socialist International". Retrieved 7 August 2017.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 170. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 175. ^ " Socialist International
Socialist International
Women". Socialist International Women.  ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 173. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 174. ^ "What is the ILRS?". International League of Religious Socialists.  ^ "Political Parties". National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. 

References[edit]

Lamb, Peter; Docherty, James C. (2006). Historical Dictionary of Socialism
Socialism
(Second ed.). The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5560-1. 

Further reading[edit]

The Socialist International
Socialist International
by Nikolai Sibilev, 1984. Social Democracy
Democracy
and Southern Africa by Vladimir Shubin (pseudonym of Vladimir Bushin), 1989. Julius Braunthal, "The Rebirth of Social Democracy," Foreign Affairs, vol. 27, no. 4 (July 1949), pp. 586–600. In JSTOR Pentti Vaananen, The Rose and the Fist, SYS Print, 2014, pp. 50–230. ISBN 978-952-93-3706-4

External links[edit]

Official website

v t e

Socialist International

African Socialist International International Falcon Movement – Socialist Educational International International League of Religious Socialists International Union of Socialist Youth Party of European Socialists Progressive Alliance
Progressive Alliance
of Socialists and Democrats Socialist International
Socialist International
Women

Member parties

   

Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Albania Socialist Forces Front Social Democratic Party MPLA Radical Civic Union Socialist Party Armenian Revolutionary Federation People's Electoral Movement Australian Labor Party Social Democratic Party of Austria Socialist Party
Socialist Party
Different Socialist Party Social Democratic Party Revolutionary Left Movement Social Democratic Party Democratic Labour Party Bulgarian Socialist Party PBSD Social Democratic Front New Democratic Party PAICV Party for Democracy Socialist Party Social Democrat Radical Party Colombian Liberal Party National Liberation Party Social Democratic Party Movement for Social Democracy Partido MAN Czech Social Democratic Party Social Democrats Revolutionary Party Democratic Left CPDS

Social Democratic Party Socialist Party Social Democratic Party of Germany National Democratic Congress Panhellenic Socialist Movement National Unity of Hope Rally of the Guinean People PFSDH Hungarian Socialist Party Social Democratic Alliance Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Labour Party Meretz Italian Socialist Party Social Democratic Party Progressive Socialist Party Social Democratic Party Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party Democratic Action
Democratic Action
Party ADEMA-PASJ Rally for Mali Rally of Democratic Forces Mauritian Militant Movement Labour Party Institutional Revolutionary Party Party of the Democratic Revolution Democratic Party of Moldova People's Party Social Democratic Party Democratic Party of Socialists Social Democratic Party USFP Frelimo Party SWAPO

Nepali Congress FSLN PNDS Peoples Party Fatah Democratic Revolutionary Party PPS Revolutionary Febrerista Party APRA Democratic Left Alliance Socialist Party Independence Party Social Democratic Party A Just Russia Party of Socialists and Democrats Socialist Party Democratic Party Direction – Social Democracy African National Congress PSOE Social Democratic Party Social Democratic Party Chama Cha Mapinduzi FDTL Republican People's Party Social Democratic and Labour Party New Space Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Uruguay Democratic Action Movement for Socialism Popular Will Socialist Party Movement for Democratic Change

Links to related articles

v t e

Political internationals

Active

Centrist Democrat International Committee for a Workers' International E2D International Foro de São Paulo Fourth International
Fourth International
(post-reunification) Global Greens Humanist International International Alliance of Libertarian Parties International Committee of the Fourth International International Democrat Union International League of Peoples' Struggle International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties International Communist Seminar International of Anarchist Federations International Workers' Association Liberal International Liberty International Muslim Brotherhood Pirate Parties International Progressive Alliance Socialist International

Historical

First International Anarchist St. Imier International Black International Second International Vienna
Vienna
International Third International Communist Workers' International Fourth International Labour and Socialist International International Revolutionary Marxist Centre Fascist International Situationist International Revolutionary Internationalist Movement

Pan-European political parties

v t e

Socialism

Variants

Agrarian Communism Democratic Ecological Ethical Guild Liberal Libertarian Market Marxism Religious Revolutionary Scientific Social democracy Socialist feminism Social anarchism State Syndicalism Utopian

Key topics and issues

History of socialism Economics State Criticism

Concepts

Socialist mode of production Commune (model of government) Economic planning Free association Equal opportunity Direct democracy Adhocracy Technocracy Self-management Industrial democracy Economic democracy Public ownership Common ownership Cooperative
Cooperative
ownership Social dividend Basic income Production for use Calculation in kind Labour voucher Workplace democracy

People

Thomas More Tommaso Campanella Gracchus Babeuf Henri Saint-Simon Charles Fourier Robert Owen William Thompson Étienne Cabet Thomas Hodgskin Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Louis Blanc Mikhail Bakunin Karl Marx Friedrich Engels Ferdinand Lassalle William Morris Mary Harris Jones Peter Kropotkin Eduard Bernstein Errico Malatesta Fred M. Taylor Eugene Debs Georgi Plekhanov John Dewey Enrico Barone W. E. B. Du Bois Emma Goldman Rosa Luxemburg Vladimir Lenin Léon Blum Antonie Pannekoek Bertrand Russell Luis Emilio Recabarren Albert Einstein Clement Attlee Karl Polanyi Nestor Makhno G. D. H. Cole Imre Nagy Einar Gerhardsen George Orwell Léopold Sédar Senghor Salvador Allende François Mitterrand Nelson Mandela Gamal Abdel Nasser Murray Bookchin Alexander Dubček Howard Zinn Noam Chomsky Martin Luther King Jr. Mikhail Gorbachev Bernie Sanders Tariq Ali Abdullah Öcalan Slavoj Žižek Jeremy Corbyn Cornel West Jack Layton Hugo Chávez Chris Hedges Yanis Varoufakis Pablo Iglesias

Organizations

First International (International Workingmen's Association) Second International Third International (Comintern) Fourth International Fifth International Socialist International Foro de São Paulo World Federation of Democratic Youth
World Federation of Democratic Youth
(WFDI) International Union of Socialist Youth
International Union of Socialist Youth
(IUSY) World Socialist Movement International League of Religious Socialists International Marxist Tendency

Religious socialism

Buddhist socialism Christian socialism Islamic socialism Jewish left

Regional variants

African socialism Arab socialism Bolivarianism Gandhian socialism Indian socialism Labor Zionism Marhaenism Naxalism Neozapatismo Socialism
Socialism
in One Country Socialism
Socialism
of the 21st century Socialist nationalism Third World Socialism

Related topics

Criticism of capitalism Class struggle Democracy Dictatorship of the proletariat Egalitarianism Equality of outcome Impossibilism Internationalism State-owned enterprise Left-wing
Left-wing
politics Marxism Mixed economy Nanosocialism Nationalization Socialisation of production Planned economy Proletarian revolution Reformism Socialism
Socialism
in One Country Socialist market economy Post-capitalism Trade union Mode of production

Anthem

"The Internationale"

Politics portal Socialism
Socialism
portal

v t e

Social democracy

Precursors

Humanism Age of Enlightenment French Revolution Utopian socialism Trade unionism Revolutions of 1848 Orthodox Marxism

Development

Revisionism Reformism Gradualism Democratic socialism Frankfurt
Frankfurt
Declaration Keynesianism Welfare
Welfare
capitalism Third Way Modern European socialism

Policies

Representative democracy Civil liberties Labor rights Mixed economy Land reform Nationalization Welfare
Welfare
state Fair trade Environmental protection Secularism

Organizations

Social democratic parties Socialist International Party of European Socialists Progressive Alliance International Trade Union Confederation
International Trade Union Confederation
(ITUC)

People

Jacinda Ardern Clement Attlee Obafemi Awolowo José Batlle y Ordóñez David Ben-Gurion Eduard Bernstein Rómulo Betancourt Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Tony Blair Louis Blanc Willy Brandt Hjalmar Branting Gro Harlem Brundtland Jeremy Corbyn Bettino Craxi Ignacy Daszyński Eugene V. Debs Tommy Douglas Willem Drees Émile Durkheim Friedrich Ebert Bülent Ecevit Albert Einstein Tage Erlander Einar Gerhardsen Felipe González João Goulart Bob Hawke Rudolf Hilferding Jean Jaurès Zhang Junmai Tetsu Katayama Karl Kautsky Charles Kennedy Alexander Kerensky Martin Luther King Jr. Wim Kok Ricardo Lagos Ferdinand Lassalle Jack Layton René Lévesque Ramsay MacDonald Nelson Mandela Evo Morales Jawaharlal Nehru Olof Palme Georgi Plekhanov Romano Prodi John Ruskin Bertrand Russell Bernie Sanders Michael Joseph Savage Thorvald Stauning Norman Thomas Joop den Uyl

Anthem

The Internationale

Portal:Politics Portal:Economic

.