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SMOKING BISHOP is a type of mulled wine , punch or wassail . It was especially popular in Victorian England at Christmas
Christmas
time and it appears in Dickens' story A Christmas Carol
A Christmas Carol
.

“A Merry Christmas, Bob!” said Scrooge with an earnestness that could not be mistaken, as he clapped him on the back. “A merrier Christmas, Bob, my good fellow, than I have given you for many a year! I’ll raise your salary, and endeavour to assist your struggling family, and we will discuss your affairs this very afternoon over a bowl of smoking bishop, Bob!”

Smoking Bishop
Bishop
was made from port , red wine , lemons or Seville oranges , sugar and spices such as cloves. The citrus fruit was roasted to caramelise it and the ingredients then warmed together. There is a persistent myth that the name comes from the shape of the traditional bowl, shaped like a bishop 's mitre , and that in this form, it was served in medieval guildhalls and universities. Other variations of drinks known collectively as "ecclesiastics" included:

* Smoking Archbishop
Archbishop
made with claret * Smoking Beadle
Beadle
made with ginger wine and raisins * Smoking Cardinal made with Champagne
Champagne
or Rhine wine * Smoking Pope
Pope
made with burgundy

RECIPE

The mitre-shaped punchbowl, as illustrated in Eliza Acton's Modern Cookery

Eliza Acton published a recipe in her Modern Cookery in 1845:

Make several incisions in the rind of a lemon, stick cloves in these, and roast the lemon by a slow fire. Put small but equal quantities of cinnamon , cloves , mace , and allspice , with a race of ginger , into a saucepan with half a pint of water: let it boil until it is reduced one-half. Boil one bottle of port wine, burn a portion of the spirit out of it by applying a lighted paper to the saucepan; put the roasted lemon and spice into the wine ; stir it up well, and let it stand near the fire ten minutes. Rub a few knobs of sugar on the rind of a lemon, put the sugar into a bowl or jug, with the juice of half a lemon (not roasted), pour the wine into it, grate in some nutmeg , sweeten it to the taste, and serve it up with the lemon and spice floating in it.

Bishop
Bishop
is frequently made with a Seville orange
Seville orange
stuck with cloves and slowly roasted, and its flavour to many tastes is infinitely finer than that of the lemon.

SEE ALSO

* Drink portal

* List of hot beverages
List of hot beverages

REFERENCES

* ^ Cedric Dickens (1983), Drinking with Dickens, Elevendon Press, p. 54, ISBN 9780882548791 * ^ Bramley, Anne (25 December 2015). "Smoking Bishop: A Boozy Christmas
Christmas
Drink Brimming with English History". NPR . Retrieved 26 December 2015. * ^ Andrea Broomfield (2007), Food and Cooking in Victorian England, Greenwood, p. 154, ISBN 9780275987084 * ^ Jane Struthers (2012), "A Glass of Bishop", The Book of Christmas, Random House, p. 175, ISBN 9781448148936

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